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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 318813 matches for " Robert J. Taormina "
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Social Harmony in Decision Making: Costs and Benefits in Chinese Society  [PDF]
Robert J. Taormina
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25026
Abstract: Social harmony in Chinese society was examined in relation to decision making. From a historical perspective, it was noted that social harmony evolved as a consequence of the prescriptions Confucius developed in response to thousands of years of war in Chinese history. Social harmony was found to have not only benefits, but also some costs in regard to decision making, especially group decision making, in the hierarchically structured Chinese society. The costs were examined in relation to the problems of groupthink that affect group decisions when there is a strong power hierarchy in society. Groupthink was analyzed for factors that cause it, and those factors were found to be characteristic of Chinese society. Confucian principles of virtuous behavior, namely, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and wisdom, were examined to assess whether they could prevent
groupthink, and were found to provide the means by which Chinese leaders could avoid problems in group decision making. It was thus proposed that leaders could benefit by developing such virtues in their personal lives, which would facilitate harmony in decision making.
Factors Influencing Work Efficiency in China  [PDF]
Wei Wei, Robert J. Taormina
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2011.11005
Abstract: The preferred methods of conflict handling are largely sociologically prescribed in China, but those methods could reduce efficiency in the workplace. This study examined factors that could influence the efficiency of working people since efficiency is important to the successful operation of organizations. Some relatively unexplored personality variables, i.e., Creativity and Resilience, Esteem from Others, Attribution for Success (to Self), and Attribution for Success (to Others), and some more usual variables, i.e., Conscientiousness, Self-Confidence, and Organizational Socialization (Training, Understanding, Coworker Support, Future Prospects), were tested for their expected positive relationships to three dependent variables, i.e., Work Efficiency, Conflict Handling-Avoidance, and Conflict Handling-Compromising. Questionnaire data from 192 Chinese employees in Mainland China were analyzed to assess these relationships. Correlation results indicated that all variables (except Future Prospects and Attribution to Others) were positively related to Work Efficiency, and most were positively related to both Conflict Handling-Avoidance, and Conflict Handling-Compromising. Results for the relationships of the personality and social variables to conflict handling and work efficiency are discussed in terms of Chinese culture.
Social Capital as Dehumanizing Terminology  [PDF]
Robert J. Taormina, Angus C. H. Kuok, Wei Wei
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.22019
Abstract: This paper argues that the term “social capital” is an inappropriate terminology that is unsuited for theory or scientific empirical research. The arguments challenge the metaphor and definition by revealing the phrase to be dehumanizing, oxymoronic, anachronistic, and demeaning, which makes it incorrect, and even immoral, for proper use. It is also argued that the term is 1984-ish vis-à-vis Doublethink and Newspeak. It is recommended that the metaphors for “social capital” and its related term, “human capital,” should be dropped from use. It is further recommended, for the purpose of increased clarity for theory building and for empirical research, and to avoid using dehumanizing terminology, that it is more appropriate to retain the term “social networking” as the general name for the process; such that, when attempting to measure related social networking concepts, researchers should specify operationally defined variable names that are more suited to proper scientific measurement of the research domains. For example, if “friends” are studied as helpers in a social network, that term may be used as a variable name, but under no circumstances should one’s friends, or other people, be referred to or regarded as “capital.”
Coset Construction and Character Sumrules for the Doubly Extended $N=4$ Superconformal Algebras
J. L. Petersen,A. Taormina
Physics , 1992, DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(93)90118-9
Abstract: Character sumrules associated with the realization of the $N=4$ superconformal algebra $\At$ on manifolds corresponding to the group cosets $SU(3)_{\ktp }/U(1)$ are derived and developed as an important tool in obtaining the modular properties of $\At$ characters as well as information on certain extensions of that algebra. Their structure strongly suggests the existence of rational conformal field theories with central charges in the range $1 \le c\le 4$. The corresponding characters appear in the massive sector of the sumrules and are completely specified in terms of the characters for the parafermionic theory $SU(3)/(SU(2)\times U(1))$ and in terms of the branching functions of massless $\At$ characters into $SU(2)_{\ktp }\times SU(2)_1$ characters.
Virasoro character identities and Artin L-functions
A. Taormina,S. M. J. Wilson
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/s002200050415
Abstract: Some identities between unitary minimal Virasoro characters at levels 3, 4 and 5 are shown to arise as a consequence of relations between Artin L-functions of different quadratic fields. The definitions and concepts of number theory necessary to present the theta function identities which can be derived from these relations are introduced. A new infinite family of identities between Virasoro characters is obtained as a by-product.
New Identities between Unitary Minimal Virasoro Characters
Anne Taormina
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1007/BF02099738
Abstract: Two sets of identities between unitary minimal Virasoro characters at levels $m=3,4,5$ are presented and proven. The first identity suggests a connection between the Ising and tricritical Ising models since the $m=3$ Virasoro characters are obtained as bilinears of $m=4$ Virasoro characters. The second identity gives the tricritical Ising model characters as bilinears in the Ising model characters and the six combinations of $m=5$ Virasoro characters which do not appear in the spectrum of the three state Potts model. The implication of these identities on the study of the branching rules of $N=4$ superconformal characters into $\widehat{SU(2)} \times \widehat{SU(2)}$ characters is discussed.
Dynamics of Icosahedral Viruses: What Does Viral Tiling Theory Teach Us?
Kasper Peeters,Anne Taormina
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1080/17486700802168270
Abstract: We present a top-down approach to the study of the dynamics of icosahedral virus capsids, in which each protein is approximated by a point mass. Although this represents a rather crude coarse-graining, we argue that it highlights several generic features of vibrational spectra which have been overlooked so far. We furthermore discuss the consequences of approximate inversion symmetry as well as the role played by viral tiling theory in the study of virus capsid vibrations.
"Todos los seres son seres en virtud del uno": Unidad y multiplicidad en el principio jambliqueo de causalidad universal
Taormina, Daniela Patrizia;
Signos filosóficos , 2009,
Abstract: the universal causality problem is exposed and solved by the neoplatonic philosophers of the later ancient period, according with the principle that all being gets his own origin from a superior and transcendent principle: the one. however, on this join line, this principle works as an explanation of several architectures of the real that are not superposed. in the paragraph of the letter to macedonius, of johannes stobaeus' anthologion (i 5. 17 pp. 80. 10-81-6 w.), iamblichus takes literarily plotinus's statement that "all beings, are beings due to the one" (tratise 9, 1. 1), but he submit it to a sensitive and divine hierarchy, alien to plotinus's philosophy. indeed, he uses it to describe the modality in which are based the constitution of the diferent levels of reality that pertains to his own system: from the first being form -the so called "what is in a primary way"-, to the destine, through the principles of universal types of beings -"total causes"-, and natural causes. in each one of these levels, the participated unity is placed on the origin of the ontological line derived from her, and constitutes its fundament, morover, it constitutes the fundament of causes themselves: it confers to them her efficient power, and provides the relation model to all that is a precedent to them, also the modalities that regulate their reciprocal correspondences. finally, that paradigm works for the sake of a definition of "destiny" as a previous order of the ordenered things; an order which is one, simple and superior.
Admissible sl(2/1) Characters and Parafermions
M. Hayes,A. Taormina
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00522-7
Abstract: The branching functions of the affine superalgebra $sl(2/1)$ characters into characters of the affine subalgebra $sl(2)$ are calculated for fractional levels $k=1/u-1$, u positive integer. They involve rational torus $A_{u(u-1)}$ and $Z_{u-1}$ parafermion characters.
Reflection factors and a two-parameter family of boundary bound states in the sinh-Gordon model
E. Corrigan,A. Taormina
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/33/48/312
Abstract: The investigation of boundary breather states of the sinh-Gordon model restricted to a half-line is revisited. Properties of the classical boundary breathers for the two-parameter family of integrable boundary conditions are reviewed and extended. The energy spectrum of the quantized boundary states is computed, firstly by using a bootstrap technique and, subsequently using a WKB approximation. Requiring that the two descriptions of the spectrum agree with one another allows a determination of the relationship between the boundary parameters, the bulk coupling constant, and the two parameters appearing in the reflection factor describing the scattering of the sinh-Gordon particle from the boundary. These calculations had been performed previously for the case in which the boundary conditions preserve the bulk $Z_2$ symmetry of the model. The significantly more difficult case of general boundary conditions which violate the bulk symmetry is treated in this article. The results clarify the weak-strong coupling duality of the sinh-Gordon model with integrable boundary conditions.
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