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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 324 matches for " Ritam Mallick "
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Solving the relativistic rankine-hugoniot condition in presence of magnetic field in astrophysical scenario
Ritam Mallick
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.84.065805
Abstract: Rankine-Hugoniot condition has been solved to study phase transition in astrophysical scenario mainly in the case of phase transition from neutron star (NS) to quark star (QS). The phase transition is brought about by a combustion front, which travels from the center to the surface. The equations of state and temperature plays a huge role in determining the nature of the front propagation, which brings about the phase transition in neutron stars (NSs). Magnetic field has been introduced and the modified conservation condition for the perpendicular and oblique shocks is obtained. Numerical solution of the perpendicular shock has been shown in the figures, which finds that the magnetic field helps in shock generation. It indirectly hints at the instability of the matter and thereby the NS for very high magnetic field, implying that NSs can only support finite magnetic field strength.
Maximum mass of a hybrid star having a mixed phase region in the light of pulsar PSR J1614-2230
Ritam Mallick
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.87.025804
Abstract: Recent observation of pulsar PSR J1614-2230 with mass about 2 solar masses poses a severe constraint on the equations of state (EOS) of matter describing stars under extreme conditions. Neutron stars (NS) can reach the mass limits set by PSR J1614-2230. But stars having hyperons or quark stars (QS) having boson condensates, with softer EOS can barely reach such limits and are ruled out. QS with pure strange matter also cannot have such high mass unless the effect of strong coupling constant or colour superconductivity are taken into account. In this work I try to calculate the upper mass limit for a hybrid stars (HS) having a quark-hadron mixed phase. The hadronic matter (having hyperons) EOS is described by relativistic mean field theory and for the quark phase I use the simple MIT bag model. I construct the intermediate mixed phase using Glendenning construction. HS with a mixed phase cannot reach the mass limit set by PSR J1614-2230 unless I assume a density dependent bag constant. For such case the mixed phase region is small. The maximum mass of a mixed hybrid star obtained with such mixed phase region is $2.01 M_{\odot}$.
Possibility of conversion of neutron star to quark star in presence of high magnetic field
Ritam Mallick,Monika Sinha
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18586.x
Abstract: Recent results and data suggests that high magnetic field in neutron stars (NS) strongly affects the characteristic (radius, mass) of the star. They are even separated as a class known as magnetars, for whom the surface magnetic field are greater than $10^{14}$ G. In this work we discuss the effect of such high magnetic field on the phase transition of NS to quark star (QS). We study the effect of magnetic field on the transition from NS to QS including the magnetic field effect in equation of state (EoS). The inclusion of the magnetic field increases the range of baryon number density, for which the flow velocities of the matter in the respective phase are finite. The magnetic field helps in initiation of the conversion process. The velocity of the conversion front however decreases due to the presence of magnetic field, as the presence of magnetic field reduces the effective pressure (P). The magnetic field of the star gets decreased by the conversion process, and the resultant QS has lower magnetic field than that of the initial NS.
Oblique MHD shocks: space-like and time-like
Ritam Mallick,Stefan Schramm
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Shock waves constitute discontinuities in matter which are relevant in studying the plasma behaviour in astrophysical scenarios and in heavy-ion collision. They can produce conical emission in relativistic collisions and are also thought to be the mechanism behind the acceleration of energetic particles in active galactic nuclei and gamma ray bursts. The shocks are mostly hydrodynamic shocks. In a magnetic background they become magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shocks. For that reason we study the space-like and time-like shock discontinuity in a magnetic plasma. The shocks induce a phase transition in the plasma, here assuming a transition from hadron to quarks. The MHD conservation conditions are derived across the shock. The conservation conditions are solved for downstream velocities and flow angles for given upstream variables. The shock conditions are solved at different baryon densities. For the space-like shocks the anisotropy in the downstream velocity arises due to the magnetic field. The downstream velocity vector always points downward with respect to the shock normal. With the increase in density the anisotropy is somewhat reduced. The magnetic field has effectively no effect on time-like shocks. The slight anisotropy in the downstream flow velocities is caused by the boosting that brings the quantities from the fluid frame to normal incidence (NI) frame.
Deformation of a magnetized neutron star
Ritam Mallick,Stefan Schramm
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.89.045805
Abstract: Magnetars are compact stars which are observationally determined to have very strong surface magnetic fields of the order of $10^{14}-10^{15}$G. The centre of the star can potentially have a magnetic field several orders of magnitude larger. We study the effect of the field on the mass and shape of such a star. In general, we assume a non-uniform magnetic field inside the star which varies with density. The magnetic energy and pressure as well as the metric are expanded as multipoles in spherical harmonics up to the quadrupole term. Solving the Einstein equations for the gravitational potential, one obtains the correction terms as functions of the magnetic field. Using a nonlinear model for the hadronic EoS the excess mass and change in equatorial radius of the star due to the magnetic field are quite significant if the surface field is $10^{15}$G and the central field is about $10^{18}$ G. For a value of the central magnetic field strength of $1.75\times10^{18}$ G, we find that both the excess mass and the equatorial radius of the star changes by about $3-4\%$ compared to the spherical solution.
Mixed phase in a compact star with strong magnetic field
Ritam Mallick,P. K. Sahu
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Compact stars can have either hadronic matter or can have exotic states of matter like strange quark matter or color superconducting matter. Stars also can have a quark core surrounded by hadronic matter, known as hybrid stars (HS). The HS is likely to have a mixed phase in between the hadron and quark phase. Observational results suggest huge surface magnetic field in certain neutron stars (NS) called magnetars. Here we study the effect of strong magnetic field on the respective EOS of matter under extreme conditions. We further study the hadron-quark phase transition in the interiors of NS giving rise to hybrid stars (HS) in presence of strong magnetic field. The hadronic matter EOS is described based on relativistic mean field theory and we include the effect of strong magnetic fields leading to Landau quantization of the charged particles. For the quark phase we use the simple MIT bag model. We assume density dependent bag pressure and magnetic field. The magnetic field strength increases going from the surface to the center of the star. We construct the intermediate mixed phase using Glendenning conjecture. The magnetic field softens the EOS of both the matter phases. The effect of magnetic field is insignificant unless the field strength is above $10^{14}$G. A varying magnetic field, with surface field strength of $10^{14}$G and the central field strength of the order of $10^{17}$G has significant effect on both the stiffness and the mixed phase regime of the EOS. We finally study the mass-radius relationship for such type of mixed HS, calculating their maximum mass, and compare them with the recent observation of pulsar PSR J1614-2230, which is about 2 solar mass. The observations puts a severe constraint on the EOS of matter at extreme conditions. The maximum mass with our EOS can reach the limit set by the observation.
Phase transitions in neutron star and magnetars and their connection with high energetic bursts in astrophysics
Ritam Mallick,P. K. Sahu
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.11.009
Abstract: The phase transition from normal hadronic matter to quark matter in neutron stars (NS) could give rise to several interesting phenomena. Compact stars can have such exotic states up to their surface (called strange stars (SS)) or they can have quark core surrounded by hadronic matter, known as hybrid stars (HS). As the state of matter of the resultant SS/HS is different from the initial hadronic matter, their masses also differ. Therefore, such conversion leads to huge energy release, sometimes of the order of $10^{53}$ ergs. In the present work we study the qualitative energy released by such conversion. Recent observations reveal huge surface magnetic field in certain stars, termed magnetars. Such huge magnetic fields can modify the equations of state (EOS) of the matter describing the star. Therefore, the mass of magnetars are different from normal NS. The energy released during the conversion process from neutron magnetar (NM) to strange magnetar/hybrid magnetar (SS/HS) is different from normal NS to SS/HS conversion. In this work we calculate the energy release during the phase transition in magnetars. The energy released during NS to SS/HS conversion exceeds the energy released during NM to SM/HM conversion. The energy released during the conversion of NS to SS is always of the order of $10^{53}$ ergs. The amount of energy released during such conversion can only be compared to the energy observed during the gamma ray bursts (GRB). The energy liberated during NM to HM conversion is few times lesser, and is not likely to power GRB at cosmological distances. However, the magnetars are more likely to lose their energy from the magnetic poles and can produce giant flares, which are usually associated with magnetars.
Magnetic field inhibits the conversion of neutron stars to quark stars
Ritam Mallick,Sanjay K. Ghosh,Sibaji Raha
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Neutron stars provide a natural laboratory to test some unique implications of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)- the underlying theory of strong interactions- at extreme conditions of very high baryon density. It has been suggested that the true ground state of QCD is strange quark matter, and, consequently, neutron stars should convert to strange quark stars under suitable conditions. Substantial efforts have been, and are being, spent in studying the details of such conversion. In this letter, we show that the presence of high magnetic field, an essential feature of neutron stars, strongly inhibits the conversion of neutron stars to bare quark stars.
Effect of General Relativity and rotation on the energy deposition rate for $\nu + \bar{\nu} \to e^+ + e^- $ inside a compact star
Bhattacharyya, Abhijit;Ghosh, Sanjay K.;Mallick, Ritam;Raha, Sibaji
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007,
Abstract: We have studied the $\nu + \bar{\nu} \to e^+ + e^- $ energy deposition rate in a rotating compact star. This reaction is important for the study of gamma ray bursts. The General Relativistic (GR) effects on the energy deposition rate have been incorporated. We find that the efficiency of the process is larger for a rotating star. The total energy deposition rate increases by more than an order of magnitude due to rotation. The dependence of this energy deposition rate on the deformation parameter of the star has also been discussed.
General Relativistic effect on the energy deposition rate for neutrino pair annihilation above the equatorial plane along the symmetry axis near a rotating neutron star
Ritam Mallick,Abhijit Bhattacharyya,Sanjay K. Ghosh,Sibaji Raha
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1142/S0218301313500080
Abstract: The estimate of the energy deposition rate (EDR) for neutrino pair annihilation has been carried out. The EDR for the neutrinos coming from the equatorial plane of a rotating neutron star is calculated along the rotation axis using the Cook-Shapiro-Teukolsky (CST) metric. The neutrino trajectories and hence the neutrino emitted from the disk is affected by the redshift due to disk rotation and gravitation. The EDR is very sensitive to the value of the temperature and its variation along the disk. The rotation of the star has a negative effect on the EDR; it decreases with increase in rotational velocity.
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