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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5157 matches for " Rita Tojeiro "
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The evolution of Luminous Red Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey 7th data release
Rita Tojeiro,Will J. Percival
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16630.x
Abstract: We present a comprehensive study of the evolution of Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs) in the latest and final spectroscopic data release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We test the scenario of passive evolution of LRGs in 0.15
Disentangling star formation and merger growth in the evolution of Luminous Red Galaxies
Rita Tojeiro,Will J. Percival
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19330.x
Abstract: We introduce a novel technique for empirically understanding galaxy evolution. We use empirically determined stellar evolution models to predict the past evolution of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-II) Luminous Red Galaxy (LRG) sample without any a-priori assumption about galaxy evolution. By carefully contrasting the evolution of the predicted and observed number and luminosity densities we test the passive evolution scenario for galaxies of different luminosity, and determine minimum merger rates. We find that the LRG population is not purely coeval, with some of galaxies targeted at z<0.23 and at z>0.34 showing different dynamical growth than galaxies targeted throughout the sample. Our results show that the LRG population is dynamically growing, and that this growth must be dominated by the faint end. For the most luminous galaxies, we find lower minimum merger rates than required by previous studies that assume passive stellar evolution, suggesting that some of the dynamical evolution measured previously was actually due to galaxies with non-passive stellar evolution being incorrectly modelled. Our methodology can be used to identify and match coeval populations of galaxies across cosmic times, over one or more surveys.
Understanding the faint red galaxy population using large-scale clustering measurements from SDSS DR7
Ashley J. Ross,Rita Tojeiro,Will J. Percival
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18285.x
Abstract: We use data from the SDSS to investigate the evolution of the large-scale galaxy bias as a function of luminosity for red galaxies. We carefully consider correlation functions of galaxies selected from both photometric and spectroscopic data, and cross-correlations between them, to obtain multiple measurements of the large-scale bias. We find, for our most robust analyses, a strong increase in bias with luminosity for the most luminous galaxies, an intermediate regime where bias does not evolve strongly over a range of two magnitudes in galaxy luminosity, and no evidence for an upturn in bias for fainter red galaxies. Previous work has found an increase in bias to low luminosities that has been widely interpreted as being caused by a strong preference for red dwarf galaxies to be satellites in the most massive halos. We can recover such an upturn in bias to faint luminosities if we push our measurements to small scales, and include galaxy clustering measurements along the line-of-sight, where we expect non-linear effects to be the strongest. The results that we expect to be most robust suggest that the low luminosity population of red galaxies is not dominated by satellite galaxies occupying the most massive haloes.
Radio Emission and AGN Feedback in Post-starburst Galaxies
Min-Su Shin,Michael A. Strauss,Rita Tojeiro
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17541.x
Abstract: We investigate radio-mode AGN activity among post-starburst galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey to determine whether AGN feedback may be responsible for the cessation of star formation. Based on radio morphology and radio-loudness from the FIRST and NVSS data, we separate objects with radio activity due to an AGN from ongoing residual star formation. Of 513 SDSS galaxies with strong A-star spectra, 12 objects have 21-cm flux density above 1 mJy. These galaxies do not show optical AGN emission lines. Considering that the lifetime of radio emission is much shorter than the typical time-scale of the spectroscopic features of post-starburst galaxies, we conclude that the radio-emitting AGN activity in these objects was triggered after the end of the recent starburst, and thus cannot be an important feedback process to explain the post-starburst phase. The radio luminosities show a positive correlation with total galaxy stellar mass, but not with the mass of recently formed stars. Thus the mechanical power of AGN feedback derived from the radio luminosity is related to old stellar populations dominating the stellar mass, which in turn are related to the masses of central supermassive black holes.
The stellar evolution of Luminous Red Galaxies, and its dependence on colour, redshift, luminosity and modelling
Rita Tojeiro,Will J. Percival,Alan F. Heavens,Raul Jimenez
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.18148.x
Abstract: We present a series of colour evolution models for Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs) in the 7th spectroscopic data release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), computed using the full-spectrum fitting code VESPA on high signal-to-noise stacked spectra. The colour-evolution models are computed as a function of colour, luminosity and redshift, and we do not a-priori assume that LRGs constitute a uniform population of galaxies in terms of stellar evolution. By computing star-formation histories from the fossil record, the measured stellar evolution of the galaxies is decoupled from the survey's selection function, which also evolves with redshift. We present these evolutionary models computed using three different sets of Stellar Population Synthesis (SPS) codes. We show that the traditional fiducial model of purely passive stellar evolution of LRGs is broadly correct, but it is not sufficient to explain the full spectral signature. We also find that higher-order corrections to this model are dependent on the SPS used, particularly when calculating the amount of recent star formation. The amount of young stars can be non-negligible in some cases, and has important implications for the interpretation of the number density of LRGs within the selection box as a function of redshift. Dust extinction, however, is more robust to the SPS modelling: extinction increases with decreasing luminosity, increasing redshift, and increasing r-i colour. We are making the colour evolution tracks publicly available at http://www.icg.port.ac.uk/~tojeiror/lrg_evolution/.
The Ages of Type Ia Supernova Progenitors
Timothy D. Brandt,Rita Tojeiro,éric Aubourg,Alan Heavens,Raul Jimenez,Michael A. Strauss
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/140/3/804
Abstract: Using light curves and host galaxy spectra of 101 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with redshift $z \lesssim 0.3$ from the SDSS Supernova Survey (SDSS-SN), we derive the SN Ia rate as a function of progenitor age (the delay time distribution, or DTD). We use the VESPA stellar population synthesis algorithm to analyze the SDSS spectra of all galaxies in the field searched by SDSS-SN, giving us a reference sample of 77,000 galaxies for our SN Ia hosts. Our method does not assume any a priori shape for the DTD and therefore is minimally parametric. We present the DTD in physical units for high stretch (luminous, slow declining) and low stretch (subluminous, fast declining) supernovae in three progenitor age bins. We find strong evidence of two progenitor channels: one that produces high stretch SNe Ia $\lesssim 400$ Myr after the birth of the progenitor system, and one that produces low stretch SNe Ia with a delay $\gtrsim 2.4$ Gyr. We find that each channel contributes roughly half of the Type Ia rate in our reference sample. We also construct the average spectra of high stretch and low stretch SN Ia host galaxies, and find that the difference of these spectra looks like a main sequence B star with nebular emission lines indicative of star formation. This supports our finding that there are two populations of SNe Ia, and indicates that the progenitors of high stretch SNe are at the least associated with very recent star formation in the last few tens of Myr. Our results provide valuable constraints for models of Type Ia progenitors and may help improve the calibration of SNe Ia as standard candles.
A public catalogue of stellar masses, star formation and metallicity histories and dust content from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey using VESPA
Rita Tojeiro,Stephen Wilkins,Alan F. Heavens,Ben Panter,Raul Jimenez
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/185/1/1
Abstract: We applied the VESPA algorithm to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey final data release of the Main Galaxies and Luminous Red Galaxies samples. The result is a catalogue of stellar masses, detailed star formation and metallicity histories and dust content of nearly 800,000 galaxies. We make the catalogue public via a T-SQL database, which is described in detail in this paper. We present the results using a range of stellar population and dust models, and will continue to update the catalogue as new and improved models are made public. The data and documentation are currently online, and can be found at http://www-wfau.roe.ac.uk/vespa/. We also present a brief exploration of the catalogue, and show that the quantities derived are robust: luminous red galaxies can be described by one to three populations, whereas a main galaxy sample galaxy needs on average two to five; red galaxies are older and less dusty; the dust values we recover are well correlated with measured Balmer decrements and star formation rates are also in agreement with previous measurements.
Testing Homogeneity with Galaxy Star Formation Histories
Ben Hoyle,Rita Tojeiro,Raul Jimenez,Alan Heavens,Chris Clarkson,Roy Maartens
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/762/1/L9
Abstract: Observationally confirming spatial homogeneity on sufficiently large cosmological scales is of importance to test one of the underpinning assumptions of cosmology, and is also imperative for correctly interpreting dark energy. A challenging aspect of this is that homogeneity must be probed inside our past lightcone, while observations take place on the lightcone. The star formation history (SFH) in the galaxy fossil record provides a novel way to do this. We calculate the SFH of stacked Luminous Red Galaxy (LRG) spectra obtained from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We divide the LRG sample into 12 equal area contiguous sky patches and 10 redshift slices (0.2 < z < 0.5), which correspond to 120 blocks of volume 0.04Gpc3. Using the SFH in a time period which samples the history of the Universe between look-back times 11.5 to 13.4 Gyrs as a proxy for homogeneity, we calculate the posterior distribution for the excess large-scale variance due to inhomogeneity, and find that the most likely solution is no extra variance at all. At 95% credibility, there is no evidence of deviations larger than 5.8%.
Riemannian G-manifolds as Euclidean submanifolds
Revista de la Uni?3n Matem??tica Argentina , 2006,
Abstract: we survey on some recent developments on the study of riemannian g-manifolds as euclidean submanifolds.
Isothermic submanifolds of Euclidean space
Ruy Tojeiro
Mathematics , 2004,
Abstract: We study the problem posed by F. Burstall of developing a theory of isothermic Euclidean submanifolds of dimension greater than or equal to three. As a natural extension of the definition in the surface case, we call a Euclidean submanifold {\it isothermic} if it is locally the image of a conformal immersion of a Riemannian product of Riemannian manifolds whose second fundamental form is adapted to the product net of the manifold. Our main result is a complete classification of all such conformal immersions of Riemannian products of dimension greater than or equal to three. We derive several consequences of this result. We also study whether the classical characterizations of isothermic surfaces as solutions of Christoffel's problem and as envelopes of nontrivial conformal sphere congruences extend to higher dimensions.
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