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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 176500 matches for " Rita Schwenstesius de Rindermann "
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Consideraciones e importancia social en torno al cultivo del frijol en el centro de México Considerations and social importance of the bean crop in central Mexico
Dora Ma. Sangerman-Jarquín,Jorge A. Acosta-Gallego,Rita Schwenstesius de Rindermann,Miguel ángel Damián Huato
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2010,
Abstract: En México, el grano de frijol por su alto contenido de proteína es básico para la alimentación de su población; ocupa el segundo lugar en importancia nacional después del maíz. La producción de las leguminosas, principalmente el frijol ha disminuido una tasa de 3.2%, con respecto a un crecimiento de población más rápido que la producción. El frijol es una leguminosa que constituye una fuente de proteínas e hidratos de carbono natural; además es abundante en vitamina B como: niacina, ácido fólico y tianina; también proporciona hierro, cobre, zinc, fósforo, potasio, magnesio y calcio, contiene un alto contenido de fibra. Existen múltiples variedades de frijol que se caracterizan por su tama o, color, forma y tipo de crecimiento. Se considera que en total existen 70 especies; en México estás ascienden a 50, destacan cinco especies que se han domesticado Phaseolus vulgaris L. (frijol común), Phaseolus coccineus L. (frijol ayocote), Phaseolus lunatus L. (frijol comba), Phaseolus dumosus (frijol gordo) y Phaseolus acutifolius Gray (frijol tepari). En México se cultivan cerca de 70 variedades, de acuerdo a la norma son: negros, pintos, bayos, amarillos y rosados. El cultivo del frijol presenta características propias y definidas en el marco de la soberanía alimentaria, en virtud de que representa un alimento principal para la población rural y urbana. El programa de mejoramiento genético de frijol del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP) del Campo Experimental Valle de México (CEVAMEX), ha contribuido en gran medida en generar la tecnología necesaria para que el país alcance la autosuficiencia alimentaria sostenida en este cultivo. Esta tecnología incluye la liberación de variedades con mayor capacidad de rendimiento y mejor calidad alimentaria y culinaria. In Mexico, common bean is an essential component in the diet of the population due to its high protein content; it ranks second in national importance after maize. The production of pulses, mainly of dry beans, has dropped to a 3.2% rate, whereas population growth is higher than dry bean production. The dry bean seed is a natural source of protein and carbohydrates, is also rich in vitamin B such as niacin, folic acid and thiamine, provides iron, copper, zinc, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium, and contains high fiber content. There exist many classes of beans that are characterized by their seed size, color, shape and the type of plant growth. It is considered that in total there are 70 species in the genus, and at least 50 in Mexico; five species have
Consideraciones e importancia social en torno al cultivo del frijol en el centro de México
Sangerman-Jarquín, Dora Ma.;Acosta-Gallego, Jorge A.;Schwenstesius de Rindermann, Rita;Damián Huato, Miguel ángel;Larqué Saavedra, Bertha Sofía;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2010,
Abstract: in mexico, common bean is an essential component in the diet of the population due to its high protein content; it ranks second in national importance after maize. the production of pulses, mainly of dry beans, has dropped to a 3.2% rate, whereas population growth is higher than dry bean production. the dry bean seed is a natural source of protein and carbohydrates, is also rich in vitamin b such as niacin, folic acid and thiamine, provides iron, copper, zinc, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium, and contains high fiber content. there exist many classes of beans that are characterized by their seed size, color, shape and the type of plant growth. it is considered that in total there are 70 species in the genus, and at least 50 in mexico; five species have been domesticated phaseolus vulgaris l. (common bean), phaseolus coccineus l. (runner bean), phaseolus lunatus l. (lima bean), phaseolus dumosus l. (fat kidney bean) and phaseolus acutifolius gray (tepari bean). in mexico, around 70 cultivars are grown, according to the standard seed classification they are: black, pinto, brown, yellow and pink. the bean crop possesses particular characteristics that are important in the context of food sovereignty, considering it as a staple food for rural and urban poor. the bean breeding program of the national research institute, forestry, agriculture and livestock (inifap), at the campo experimental valle de mexico (cevamex), has contributed in the development of the technology required for the country to achieve self-sufficiency in this crop. this technology includes improved varieties with higher yielding ability and better seed nutritive and cooking quality.
Metaevaluación de tres evaluaciones oficiales de la SAGARPA del programa de pagos directos (PROCAMPO) a la agricultura mexicana
Schwentesius Rindermann, Rita;Gómez Cruz, Manuel ángel;Trujillo, Juan de Dios;Durán Ferman, Pedro;
Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.) , 2007,
Abstract: the procampo evaluations in this research cover the years 1998, 2001 y 2003, and take several operating and management indicators into account. the results suggest that procampo is a successful program when it comes to the impact and multiplying effects it has on the benefited farmers. however, the critical analysis made, hardly detects the elements that support this optimistic vision, but rather describes inconsistencies in evaluations as related to goals, methodology employed, result interpretation, and conclusions reached. lastly, several proposals are presented which could help to reinforce the important role of having consistent and impartial evaluations regarding procampo's operations and management.
Las políticas agrícolas de EUA, la Unión Europea y México. Resultados de las Reformas
Juan de Dios Trujillo Félix,Rita Schwentesius Rindermann,Manuel ángel Gómez Cruz
Análisis Económico , 2007,
Abstract: En el artículo se hace un análisis de los cambios en las políticas agrícolas de las dos últimas décadas. Para ello se recurre a los casos de Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea y México. Se destaca la incosistencia en la trayectoria de los cambios respecto a los enfoques de origen; en general, ha habido un desplazamiento de las medidas de sostén de precioshacia otras qeu descansan en los contribuyentes y/o en servicios generales de apoyo a la agricultura. En el caso de México se concluye que dada su capacidad limitada de gasto y de distorsionar los precios internacionales, en general no debió minimizar sus medidas de sostén de precios. Más bien debió hacer uso de los márgenes permitido pro la OMC para compensar desventajas de mercado e inducir la transformación de las unidades productivas.
Metaevaluación de tres evaluaciones oficiales de la SAGARPA del programa de pagos directos (PROCAMPO) a la agricultura mexicana
Rita Schwentesius Rindermann,Manuel ángel Gómez Cruz,Juan de Dios Trujillo,Pedro Durán Ferman
Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.) , 2007,
Abstract: En esta investigación se analizan las evaluaciones de Procampo para los a os 1998, 2001 y 2003, considerando diversos indicadores de operación y gestión. Los resultados de estas evaluaciones se alan al Procampo como un programa exitoso en cuanto a su impacto y efectos multiplicadores sobre los productores beneficiarios. Sin embargo, el análisis crítico detecta pocos elementos que fundamentan esta visión optimista y se puntualizan las inconsistencias de las evaluaciones respecto a los objetivos, la metodología utilizada, la interpretación de resultados y las conclusiones a las que se llega. Por último, se plantean diversas propuestas que podrían reforzar el importante papel que las evaluaciones consistentes e imparciales tienen con relación al manejo y operación de Procampo.
Fortalecimiento de la competitividad del sector agropecuario en Hidalgo Strengthening the competitivenes of the agricultural sector in Hidalgo
Alma Velia Ayala Garay,Dora Ma. Sangerman-Jarquín,Rita Schwentesius de Rindermann,Miguel ángel Damían Huato
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2010,
Abstract: La producción agrícola en el estado de Hidalgo presenta múltiples características como: propiedad atomizada, minifundio, existencia de monocultivo, productos agrícolas con mínimo valor agregado y escasa integración a nivel de cadena diferentes a la producción primaria, baja productividad, precios bajos y altos costos de producción unitarios; así como bajos ingresos. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la competitividad del sector agropecuario en el estado de Hidalgo, con el fin de proponer alternativas para mejorar su posición en 2008-2009. Los costos de producción unitarios elevados están relacionados con los bajos rendimientos que los productores han obtenido en los últimos a os. En el caso del estado de Hidalgo sólo con la existencia de apoyos económicos, como el Programa de Apoyos Directos al Campo la producción se vuelve rentable. La innovación (investigación, asesoría técnica y adopción), se convierte en el fundamento de la productividad y competitividad de las empresas y países, sin perder de vista que los procesos de integración económica, modifican tanto los sistemas nacionales de innovación, como los regionales. En esta investigación se concluyó que los costos de insumos y medios de producción, tales como: semilla, fertilizantes, renta de maquinaria, mano de obra, costo de oportunidad de la inversión y renta de la tierra; así como, la falta de registros de los costos de producción por parte de los agricultores; razón por la cual no existe un conocimiento real de los costos y de ingresos netos de éstos. Agricultural production in the state of Hidalgo has many characteristics: fragmented ownership, monoculture, agricultural products with low added value and minimal integration at different levels to primary production, low productivity, low prices and high costs unit production, as well as low income. This aim of this study was to analyze the competitiveness of the agricultural sector in the state of Hidalgo, in order to propose alternatives to improve its position in 2008-2009. The high unit production costs are related to low yields that producers have had in recent years. If the state only supports the existence of programs such as the direct countryside support program, production becomes profitable. Innovation (research, technical assistance and adoption), becomes the foundation of productivity and competitiveness of companies and countries without losing sight of the fact that economic integration processes, would change the national and regional innovation Systems. This research concluded that the costs of inputs and mea
Fortalecimiento de la competitividad del sector agropecuario en Hidalgo
Ayala Garay, Alma Velia;Sangerman-Jarquín, Dora Ma.;Schwentesius de Rindermann, Rita;Damían Huato, Miguel ángel;Juárez Rivera, Carmen Guadalupe;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2010,
Abstract: agricultural production in the state of hidalgo has many characteristics: fragmented ownership, monoculture, agricultural products with low added value and minimal integration at different levels to primary production, low productivity, low prices and high costs unit production, as well as low income. this aim of this study was to analyze the competitiveness of the agricultural sector in the state of hidalgo, in order to propose alternatives to improve its position in 2008-2009. the high unit production costs are related to low yields that producers have had in recent years. if the state only supports the existence of programs such as the direct countryside support program, production becomes profitable. innovation (research, technical assistance and adoption), becomes the foundation of productivity and competitiveness of companies and countries without losing sight of the fact that economic integration processes, would change the national and regional innovation systems. this research concluded that the costs of inputs and means of production such as seed, fertilizer, machinery rental, labor and the opportunity cost of investment and land rent, as well as the lack of production records by farmers; are the reason there is no real knowledge of costs and the net incomes of these.
Alternativas a la producción y mercadeo para la carne de conejo en Tlaxcala, México
Olivares Pineda, Rodrigo;Gómez Cruz, Manuel ángel;Schwentesius Rindermann, Rita;Carrera Chávez, Benjamín;
Región y sociedad , 2009,
Abstract: given the importance of rabbit farming in tlaxcala, particularly when compared to other mexican rabbit producing states, this article describes a technical diagnostic of the activity. the purpose of this diagnostic was to analyze some of the available channels for marketing and sale, and to propose strategies to facilitate sales. in order to conduct this work, technical analyses were conducted on participating farms. these analyses were complemented by semi-structured interviews with randomly selected producers and key informants involved in the chain of production, as well as by periodic visits to locations where rabbit meat is sold. one result of this study is that the rabbit producers intlaxcala use a predominantly extensive system of production, while incorporating some elements of semi-intensive or corporate systems. some alternatives that could improve the marketing and sale of rabbit meat include: increasing the efficiency of product storage; creating distribution centers and points of sale; taking advantage of economies of scale; and differentiating the product that is sold to the consumer.
Competitividad del frijol mexicano frente al de Estados Unidos en un contexto de liberalización comercial
Ayala Garay, Alma Velia;Schwentesius Rindermann, Rita;Gómez Cruz, Manuel ángel;Almaguer Vargas, Gustavo;
Región y sociedad , 2008,
Abstract: the loss of profitability of bean farming in mexico, together with an increase in imports and free market conditions, makes beans less competitiveness in comparison to the united states, mexico's main trade partner.the objective of this research was to analyze mexico's bean production competitiveness under free market conditions; at the macro level, competitiveness was negative, due to an overvalued currency that favors import dumping, and also to the fact that bean production is no longer protected by the north american free trade agreement (nafta), because protective tariff were canceled. at the meso level, the establishment of farmers' organizations has favored producers, who have been able to achieve market scale economies, although consolidation is needed. a field study at the micro level, in the state of chihuahua, showed that production costs are high and yield costs are low, which generates lower competitiveness compared to the united states.
Efectos de la liberalización de los mercados agrarios. Valoraciones acerca de las políticas de desarrollo rural implementadas en México
Schwentesius Rindermann, Rita;Martínez-Carrasco Pleite, Federico;Perní Llorente, Angel;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2012,
Abstract: poverty in rural areas of countries with medium income, as in the case of the mexican economy, is still one of the priorities in their development agendas. the efforts that have been made in the scope of rural development and agrarian policies have been important in the majority of latin american countries, and mexico has been one of the countries in which the largest budgetary effort has been aimed at this purpose. the advances in the growth of the levels of well being of the rural population have been limited, and for this reason, this work suggests the study, by means of a questionnaire sent to experts on the sector, of the impact of market liberalization policies implemented since the 1990's. the analysis of the qualitative information gathered from experts provides their valuable opinions on their assessment of the current structure on local development policies implemented in mexico, with numerous aspects being objects discussion, with the sole purpose of proposing a modest reflection that, in at least some cases, may guide possible suggestions for the modification of policies implemented from their public administrations.
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