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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5354 matches for " Rita Campillo Motilva "
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El ingreso en el hogar y la municipalizacion de la ense?anza de la medicina
Campillo Motilva,Rita;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: a review of home admission since its origins up to now is made, since it is a continuous home medical attention to patients with specific requirements that are well implemented in the methodological folder of the ministry of public health, which rules its functioning. one of its advantages is that it does not separate the patient from his environment and that it compromises the family and the community in his care. the characteristics of medical education in cuba, starting especially from its municipalization with the creation of the teaching polyclinics that require new teaching settings and, particularly, of what is related to the grand medical round, an exclusive educational activity of the medical sciences, are analyzed. to this end, we count on home admission at the primary health care level, where the professor and the medical students can join teaching and health care objectives by visiting those patients admitted at home and they can also analyze the health problems affecting them with a clinical, epidemiological and social approach.
Embarazo y lupus eritematoso sistémico
Campillo Motilva,Rita;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2001,
Abstract: systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune and systemic disease that appears frequently in young women and, therefore, during the reproductive stage. it is associated with a high risk of morbidity and perinatal mortality. the most common complications are abortions, fetal death, prematurity, retarded intrauterine growth and neonatal lupus.the potentially harmful antibodies for gestation are the antiphospholipids (lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipins) and anti-ro and anti-la. with a correct preconceptional counselling and an adequate follow-up during pregnancy and puerperium, maternity may be faced with great probabilities of success in these patients.
Violencia con el anciano
Campillo Motilva,Rita;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2002,
Abstract: domestic violence is as old as humanity itself. child, women and elderly abuse are mainly recognized. the elderly group is increasing due to the higher life expectancy experimented during the last years. as a result, the number of battered elderly will grow and the impact of this abuse on health should be adequately considered. the range of abuse is very wide and it includes physical, emotional, financial and sexual abuse, negligence, rejection to give assistance and others. the elderly with cognitive deterioration are the most vulnerable. the physician at the primary health care level is an important milestone in the prevention and education of this problem.
El ingreso en el hogar y la municipalizacion de la ense anza de la medicina Home admission and the municipalization of medical education
Rita Campillo Motilva
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: Se hace una revisión sobre el ingreso en el hogar, desde sus orígenes hasta la actualidad, pues se trata de una atención médica domiciliaria continua a pacientes con determinados requisitos bien implementados en la Carpeta Metodológica del MINSAP, la cual rige su funcionamiento, y dentro de cuyas ventajas se cita la de no separar al paciente de su medio, y comprometer a la familia y la comunidad en su cuidado. Se analizan, además, las características de la ense anza de la medicina en Cuba, especialmente con su municipalización, al crearse los Policlínicos Universitarios que requieren de nuevos escenarios docentes, y, particularmente, lo relacionado con el pase de visita médico, actividad esta de educación en el trabajo exclusiva de las ciencias médicas, para lo cual contamos en la atención primaria de salud con el ingreso en el hogar, donde el profesor y los alumnos podrán unir objetivos docentes y asistenciales al visitar a los pacientes ingresados en su domicilio, así como analizar los problemas de salud que lo aquejan con un enfoque clínico, epidemiológico y social. A review of home admission since its origins up to now is made, since it is a continuous home medical attention to patients with specific requirements that are well implemented in the Methodological Folder of the Ministry of Public Health, which rules its functioning. One of its advantages is that it does not separate the patient from his environment and that it compromises the family and the community in his care. The characteristics of medical education in Cuba, starting especially from its municipalization with the creation of the Teaching Polyclinics that require new teaching settings and, particularly, of what is related to the grand medical round, an exclusive educational activity of the medical sciences, are analyzed. To this end, we count on home admission at the primary health care level, where the professor and the medical students can join teaching and health care objectives by visiting those patients admitted at home and they can also analyze the health problems affecting them with a clinical, epidemiological and social approach.
Violencia con el anciano
Rita Campillo Motilva
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2002,
Abstract: La violencia doméstica es tan antigua como la humanidad misma y se reconocen la violencia infantil, contra la mujer y al anciano, fundamentalmente; siendo este último grupo una población en ascenso por las mayores expectativas de vida de los últimos a os. Como resultado de ello, el número de casos de abuso en el anciano se incrementará y el impacto de este abuso sobre la salud debe ser considerado de forma adecuada. La gama de maltratos es variadísima e incluye el abuso físico, emocional, financiero, sexual, por negligencia, negación a brindarle ayuda y otras formas más. Los ancianos con deterioro cognitivo son los más vulnerables. El médico en la atención primaria de salud es un pilar importante en la prevención y educación de este problema. Domestic violence is as old as humanity itself. Child, women and elderly abuse are mainly recognized. The elderly group is increasing due to the higher life expectancy experimented during the last years. As a result, the number of battered elderly will grow and the impact of this abuse on health should be adequately considered. The range of abuse is very wide and it includes physical, emotional, financial and sexual abuse, negligence, rejection to give assistance and others. The elderly with cognitive deterioration are the most vulnerable. The physician at the primary health care level is an important milestone in the prevention and education of this problem.
Embarazo y lupus eritematoso sistémico
Rita Campillo Motilva
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2001,
Abstract: El lupus eritematoso sistémico es una enfermedad autoinmune y sistémica, que se presenta con frecuencia en mujeres jóvenes y por tanto en su etapa reproductiva; se asocia a un alto riesgo de morbilidad y mortalidad perinatal. Las complicaciones más frecuentes son los abortos, la muerte fetal, la prematurez, el retardo del crecimiento intrauterino y el lupus neonatal. Los anticuerpos potencialmente perjudiciales sobre la gestación son los antifosfolípidos (anticoagulante lúpico y anticardiolipinas) y anti-Ro y anti-La. Con un correcto asesoramiento preconcepcional y un adecuado seguimiento durante el embarazo y el puerperio, se puede encarar con una gran probabilidad de éxito la maternidad en estas pacientes. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune and systemic disease that appears frequently in young women and, therefore, during the reproductive stage. It is associated with a high risk of morbidity and perinatal mortality. The most common complications are abortions, fetal death, prematurity, retarded intrauterine growth and neonatal lupus.The potentially harmful antibodies for gestation are the antiphospholipids (lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipins) and anti-Ro and anti-La. With a correct preconceptional counselling and an adequate follow-up during pregnancy and puerperium, maternity may be faced with great probabilities of success in these patients.
Evaluación de la marcha y el equilibrio como factor de riesgo en las caídas del anciano
Vera Sánchez,Mayté; Campillo Motilva,Rita;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2003,
Abstract: a descriptive study of 104 older people from a physician′s office of "mario escalona reguera" teaching polyclinics was performed. these aged persons were administered a survey to evaluate several parameters related to gait and balance, with the purpose of determining fall risks according to the variations found. chi square statistical method for association of variables and the percentage method were used. we found that risk of falling increases with the age as a result of altered gait and balance. besides, the risk of falling down was more common in females and the most frequent risk factors were the need of using arms to stand up and sit down and a stick to be on one′s feet, gait characterized by separated heels and not raising completely the feet when walking.
Caracterización del consumo de bebidas alcohólicas en adolescentes de un consultorio médico
Campillo Motilva,Rita; Vizcay Basabe,Vladimir;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2003,
Abstract: a descriptive cross-sectional study was made on the alcohol consumption by teenagers. one-hundred and four teenagers from a physician?s office subordinated to "mario escalona regueira" teaching polyclinics located in habana del este municipality were taken as samples. they were administered a survey that included the classification of alcoholism by doctor gonzález menéndez to determine the prevalence of alcohol drinking in addition to other parameters related to the topic such as age at the first alcohol drinking, psychosocial motivations, events associated with consumption, the most consumed types of alcohol beverages and others. for data analysis, chi square statistical method was used to associate variables and also the percentage method. it was found that 75 % of the sample were alcohol drinkers, with predominance of the social drinker, the most frequent age at first consumption was 15 years old, being the males the earlier consumers. the most taken alcohol beverage was beer and the most frequent psychosocial motivation was to have fun.
Caracterización del consumo de bebidas alcohólicas en adolescentes de un consultorio médico
Rita Campillo Motilva,Vladimir Vizcay Basabe
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2003,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas en adolescentes. Se tomaron como muestras 104 adolescentes de un consultorio médico perteneciente al Policlínico Docente "Mario Escalona Reguera" del municipio Habana del Este, a los cuales se les realizó una encuesta que incluyó la clasificación de alcoholismo del doctor González Menéndez para determinar la prevalencia de ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas, además de otros parámetros relacionados con el tema como la edad de inicio de la ingestión, las motivaciones psicosociales, los eventos relacionados con la ingestión, los tipos de bebidas alcohólicas más consumidas y otros. Para analizar los datos se utilizó el método estadístico Chi cuadrado para asociar variables y el método porcentual. Se encontró que la prevalencia fue de 75 % de consumidores, con predominio del bebedor social, la edad de inicio más frecuente fue a los 15 a os, con un inicio más temprano en el sexo masculino. La bebida alcohólica más consumida fue la cerveza, y la motivación psicosocial más frecuente fue la diversión en tiempo libre. A descriptive cross-sectional study was made on the alcohol consumption by teenagers. One-hundred and four teenagers from a physician’s office subordinated to "Mario Escalona Regueira" teaching polyclinics located in Habana del Este municipality were taken as samples. They were administered a survey that included the classification of alcoholism by Doctor González Menéndez to determine the prevalence of alcohol drinking in addition to other parameters related to the topic such as age at the first alcohol drinking, psychosocial motivations, events associated with consumption, the most consumed types of alcohol beverages and others. For data analysis, Chi square statistical method was used to associate variables and also the percentage method. It was found that 75 % of the sample were alcohol drinkers, with predominance of the social drinker, the most frequent age at first consumption was 15 years old, being the males the earlier consumers. The most taken alcohol beverage was beer and the most frequent psychosocial motivation was to have fun.
Evaluación de la marcha y el equilibrio como factor de riesgo en las caídas del anciano
Mayté Vera Sánchez,Rita Campillo Motilva
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2003,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en el que participaron 104 ancianos de un consultorio médico perteneciente al Policlínico Docente"Mario Escalona Reguera", a los cuales se les realizó una encuesta donde se evalúan varios parámetros relacionados con la marcha y el equilibrio, para determinar el riesgo de caídas según las variaciones encotradas. Se utilizó el método estadístico del Chi cuadrado para asociación de variables y el método porcentual. Encontramos que mientras más edad tienen los ancianos, más riesgo de caídas presentan y esto se relaciona con las alteraciones de la marcha y el equilibrio. Además, el riesgo de sufrir caídas fue más frecuente en el sexo femenino, y los factores de riesgo más frecuentes fueron la necesidad de usar los brazos para levantarse y sentarse, la necesidad del bastón para estar de pie, la marcha con talones separados y no levantar el pie completamente del suelo. A descriptive study of 104 older people from a physician′s office of "Mario Escalona Reguera" teaching polyclinics was performed. These aged persons were administered a survey to evaluate several parameters related to gait and balance, with the purpose of determining fall risks according to the variations found. Chi square statistical method for association of variables and the percentage method were used. We found that risk of falling increases with the age as a result of altered gait and balance. Besides, the risk of falling down was more common in females and the most frequent risk factors were the need of using arms to stand up and sit down and a stick to be on one′s feet, gait characterized by separated heels and not raising completely the feet when walking.
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