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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5949 matches for " Reza Sarhangnejad "
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Comparing Absorbable and Nonabsorbable Sutures in Corporeal Plication for Treatment of Congenital Penile Curvature
Abbas Basiri,Reza Sarhangnejad,Seyyed Mohammad Ghahestani,Mohammad Hadi Radfar
Urology Journal , 2011,
Abstract: PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of corporeal plication using absorbable versus nonabsorbable sutures for the treatment of congenital penile curvature.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight men older than 15 years old with congenital penile curvature were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly divided into two equal groups based on the suture material (Nylon versus Vicryl) used in corporeal plication. Patients were followed up for a mean period of 8.1 ± 1.4 months (range, 6 to 9.1 months). A standardized questionnaire was used to evaluate long-term outcome and patient’s satisfaction. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients (17 in Vicryl group and 18 in Nylon group) completed the study. Mean age of the patients and degree of penile curvature were not significantly different between the two groups (P = .74). Postoperatively, 15 (88.2%) and 16 (88.9%) patients in Vicryl and Nylon groups had 75% or greater correction in penile curvature, respectively (P = .61). Patient’s satisfaction rate differed between two groups (82% in Vicryl group versus 66% in Nylon group), which did not reach statistical significance (P = .44). Palpable sutures were reported by 7 (39%) patients in Nylon group and only 1 (6%) in Vicryl group (P = .04). Shortening of penile length was reported by 3 (16.7%) patients in Nylon group and 4 (23.5%) in Vicryl group (P = .69).CONCLUSION: Corporeal plication technique using absorbable suture provides reasonable success rate with less frequent palpable suture knots.
Acne and smoking: is there a relationship?
Alireza Firooz, Reza Sarhangnejad, Seyyed Massoud Davoudi, Mansour Nassiri-Kashani
BMC Dermatology , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1471-5945-5-2
Abstract: A questionnaire on smoking habits was offered to 350 patients with acne vulgaris and 350 patients suffering from skin diseases other than acne, aged 15 – 40 years, attending in a skin clinic in Tehran, Iran. The patients completed the questionnaires anonymously in the waiting room.Two hundred and ninety-three patients with acne (response rate 83.7 %) and 301 patients with other skin diseases (response rate 86.0 %) completed the questionnaires. Twelve acne patients (4.1 %) and 27 control patients (9.0 %) were current smokers (odds ratio = 0.43, 95% confidence limits 0.22 – 0.87, p < 0.05). But after adjustment for sex, this difference was not significant (odds ratio: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.30–1.26, p > 0.05, Mantel-Haenszel test).An association between acne and cigarette smoking was not found in this study.Acne vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory disease of pilosebaceous follicles. Several factors have been suggested to influence acne including diet, menstruation, sweating, UV radiation, stress, and occupation [1]. Although some studies have shown that cigarette smoking aggravate acne [2,3], others did not confirm this association [4], or even showed a protective effect [5]. Therefore this study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between acne vulgaris and cigarette smoking.Three hundred and fifty patients with acne vulgaris and a similar number of patients with skin diseases other than acne, aged 15 – 40 years, attending in a skin clinic in Tehran, Iran were asked to complete a questionnaire on smoking habits anonymously in the waiting room. Acne was diagnosed on a clinical basis by the presence of either of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules or cysts but those with only acne scars and no active lesions were not included.Current smoking was defined as smoking at least one cigarette in a week. All data were analyzed with the SPSS for windows (release 11.5).Two hundred and ninety-three patients with acne and 301 patients with other skin diseases completed t
A Note on Change Point Detection Using Weighted Least Square  [PDF]
Reza Habibi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.210182
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the application of weighted least square method in change point analysis. Testing shift in the mean normal observations with time varying variances as well as of a GARCH time series are considered. For both cases, the weighted estimators are given and their asymptotic behaviors are studied. It is also described that how the resampling methods like Monte Carlo and bootstrap may be applied to compute the finite sample behavior of estimators.
Exponential B-Spline Solution of Convection-Diffusion Equations  [PDF]
Reza Mohammadi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.46129
Abstract: We present an exponential B-spline collocation method for solving convection-diffusion equation with Dirichlet’s type boundary conditions. The method is based on the Crank-Nicolson formulation for time integration and exponential B-spline functions for space integration. Using the Von Neumann method, the proposed method is shown to be unconditionally stable. Numerical experiments have been conducted to demonstrate the accuracy of the current algorithm with relatively minimal computational effort. The results showed that use of the present approach in the simulation is very applicable for the solution of convection-diffusion equation. The current results are also seen to be more accurate than some results given in the literature. The proposed algorithm is seen to be very good alternatives to existing approaches for such physical applications.
Complex Matter Space and Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  [PDF]
Reza Ahangar
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.521317
Abstract: The Special Relativity Theory cannot recognize speed faster than light. New assumption will be imposed that matter has two intrinsic components, 1) mass, and 2) charge, that is M = m + iq. The mass will be measured by real number system and charged by an imaginary unit. This article presents a Complex Matter Space in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. We are hoping that this approach will help us to present a general view of energy and momentum in Complex Matter Space. The conclusion of this article on Complex Matter Space (CMS) theory will lead help to a better understanding toward the conversion of mass and energy equation, unifying the forces, and unifying relativity and quantum mechanics.
The Relativistic Geometry of the Complex Matter Space  [PDF]
Reza Ahangar
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2017.52037
Abstract: Duality behavior of photons in wave-particle property has posed challenges and opportunities to discover other frontiers of fundamental particles leading to the relativistic and quantum description of matter. The speed of particles faster than the speed of light could not be recognized, and matter was always described as a real number. A new fundamental view on matter as a complex value has been introduced by many authors who present a paradigm that is shifted from real or pure imaginary particles to Complex Matter Space. A new assumption will be imposed that matter has two intrinsic components: i) mass, and ii) charge. The mass will be measured by real number systems and charged by an imaginary unit. The relativistic concept of Complex Matter Space on energy and momentum is investigated and we can conclude that the new Complex Matter Space (CMS) theory will help get one step closer to a better understanding toward: 1) Un-Euclidean description of Minkowski Geometry in the context of the Complex Matter Space, 2) transformation from Euclidean to Minkowski space and its relativistic interpretation. Finally, geometrical foundations are essential to have a real picture of space, matter, and the universe.
Spatial Reactor Dynamics and Thermo Hydraulic Behavior Simulation of a Large AGR Nuclear Power Reactor in Response to a Reactivity Step Change Disturbance  [PDF]
Mohammad Reza Ansari, Reza Marzooghi
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2011.33047
Abstract: In this article, two-dimensional partial differential equations with time representation of nuclear power reactor kinetics are considered for spatial reactor dynamics and thermo hydraulic behavior analysis of a large thermal advanced gas cooled reactor (AGR) type used for nuclear power generation. The equations include the neutron flux equation and delayed neutron precursor concentration, together with taking into account the equations to represent the thermo hydraulic behavior of the fuel, coolant and moderator temperatures. These equations are solved numerically using the finite difference method. For time propagation, an implicit method is applied. The desired initial condition for the reactor to stay at stable critical condition is established by finding the correct value of reactivity. The reactivity disturbance effect in the reactor is studied for different cases and presented for high reactivity values. The model was developed for the analysis of a large AGR with 2000 MWe for future power generation. The results show that the model not only behaves stably but also predicts the results physically for all the various parameters.
3D Analysis and Investigation of Traffic Noise Impact from Hemmat Highway Located in Tehran on Buildings and Surrounding Areas  [PDF]
Hamid Reza Ranjbar, Ali Reza Gharagozlou, Ali Reza Vafaei Nejad
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.44037
Abstract: This study analyzes and investigates the impact of traffic noise on high rise buildings and surrounding areas by the side of Hemmat Highway that links west of Tehran to the east. In this study, a 3D traffic noise simulation model is applied on a GIS system. Visualized noise levels are formulated by the proposed model for noise mapping on all surfaces of the buildings and surrounding ground in a 3D platform. The investigation shows that there is a high traffic noise impact on the foreground and front facades of buildings, rendering these areas unsuitable for residential purposes. The ground area by the sides of buildings and the building side panels receive a lower noise impact. Most of these areas are still not acceptable for residential and even commercial use, only the back yards and back panels, have the lowest traffic noise impact. It also shows that the building height is not an effective factor for reducing motorway noise on the upper part of the building. Finally, construction cantilever barriers with a height of seven meters, close to the outer edge of the highway was presented as an effective way to reduce noise within the allowable range of noise pollution for commercial and residential purposes.
An Evaluation of Educational Development in Sistan and Baluchestan Province  [PDF]
Ali Reza Mir, Mahmoud Reza Anvari, Gholam Reza Miri
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2016.63013
Abstract: Every country tries for development because it is considered necessary and essential by most people. Economic development is only one type, meaning that development is not only an economic phenomenon. In order to strengthen development foundations, most countries need to pay attention to other aspects of development including the level of education. This article aims to measure and rank relative level of educational development in Sistan and Baluchistan (S & B) Province, Iran using 18 educational indicators. An applied, descriptive, documentary, and analytical study was performed. Documentary method and S&B education statistics were utilized to collect the data. We also used Morris model to analyze data and determine the level of development, educational ranks, and the relationship between variables. Then, we rated educational development in seven mentioned cities in S & B by creating values in ArcGIS. Concerning educational development, findings indicated that Zahedan scored the top, while Nikshahr ranked the last. As a result, an inequality is found among these cities and planning is felt ever than before to reduce such inequality.
A Solution for Scalable Routing in Depth Divisions-Based DUSNs via Adding a Scalable Parameter to Control Depth Clusters: Creating an Energy Efficient and Low Delay NI-Independent Communication Protocol  [PDF]
Mohammad Reza Khosravi, Reza Salari, Habib Rostami
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2016.47008
Abstract: Due to effectiveness of network layer on general performance of networks, designing routing protocols is very important for lifetime and traffic efficiency in wireless sensor networks. So in this paper, we are going to represent an efficient and scalable version of depth-based routing (DBR) protocol that is limited by depth divisions-policy. In fact the new version is a network information independent routing protocol for acoustic communications. Proposed method by use of depth clustering is able to reduce consumed energy and end-to-end delay in dense underwater sensor networks (DUSNs) and this issue is proved by simulation.
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