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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5962 matches for " Reza Chaman "
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Prevalence of smoking among universities students of Shahroud in 2010  [PDF]
Saeid Nazemi, Reza Chaman
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.22034
Abstract: This study in 2010 determined the prevalence of smoking and its associated factors among universities students in Shahroud located in the North Eastern of Iran. 1800 students were selected randomly among 20000 students of Shahroud universities, to complete a questionnaire Which was prepared based on the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. The prevalence of current smoking was 20% (80% male and 20% female). The most important factors in the tendency to smoking were: friends smoking, stress, separation from family and fun.
Drug Abuse Pattern and High Risk Behaviors among Addicts in Shahroud County of Semnan Province, Northeast Iran in 2009
Mohammad Amiri,Ahmad Khosravi,Reza Chaman
Journal of Research in Health Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Background: This study aimed at determining the drug abuse pattern and the frequency of high-risk behaviors among the clients of Methadone Maintenance Treatment Centers and Drop-in Centers in Shahroud County of Semnan Province. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the data collection tool was a questionnaire including 10 general and 32 specific items about drug abuse pattern and high-risk behaviors. The data were collected via interview. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 34.8 year. The patterns of opium consumption among the
Estimating the Costs of Services Provided by Health House and Health Centers in Shahroud
mohammad amiri,Mohammad Shariati,Reza Chaman,Ali Reza Yaghooti
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Introduction: Calculating cost is an important management tool for programming, control, supervision and evaluation of health services in order that informed decisions can be done. This study was done to determine the cost of services provided by health centers, and health house in Shahroud in 2009.Methods: In this study, all health centers in urban and rural regions were studied. 70 forms for provided services, public and specific materials used for each service, medicine and equipment, time required for each service and activities, buildings and equipment depreciation costs were used to collect the data. Then the costs of each unit including direct and indirect costs (overhead), as well as the costs of one center and one health care home were calculated through cost analysis software. Results: Findings from data analysis showed that 44.4% of health care providers were male and 55.6% were female. 22.8% of the personnel were working in health house, 26.1% in rural health centers, 9.1% in urban health centers, health centers 24.5% in urban boarding health centers, 2.6% in health care posts and 14.9% were working in Healthcare Department. The highest cost were personnel costs (66.1%) followed by central department costs (12.8%). Next were the costs for drug consumption with 11.0% and specific use with 3.8%. The highest cost was also for training healthcare providers (1325209 RLS) and lowest cost was for sampling of influenza (3872 RLS). Conclusion: Due to high personnel costs, increasing of productivity will play an important role in reducing labor costs .Also, moderating workforce and the using private sector participation in services and outsourcing costly units can play an important role in optimum utilization of resources.
Hospital Preparedness of Semnan Province to Deal with Disasters
Mohammad Amiri,Gholamreza Mohammadi,Ahmad Khosravi,Reza Chaman
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Hospitals are major health service places which deal with disasters and whose preparedness and offering on time services play vital role in reduction of injuries and death. This research was conducted to determine preparedness of hospitals in Semnan province to deal with disasters (2010). Methods: In this practical, cross-sectional study, all head managers of hospitals in Semnan Province were selected through the census method, and a questionnaire comprising 40 questions and a checklist include of 133 questions were completed through observation and interview. The collected data were analyzed using ANOVA. Results: Out of the 10 studied hospitals, 50% were teaching hospitals and the rest were therapeutic. Average preparedness of programming support for vital services was 80%, for natural disasters management programs in hospital was 65%, for programming for environmental health activities against disasters was 56.2%, for security of equipments and hazardous material was 64.2%, for programming for reduction in structural dangers was 43.8%, for evacuation and field treatment was 49.5%, and average score for hospital educational planning to deal with disasters was 42.2%. ANOVA test has shown significant relationship between manager’s awareness and hospital preparedness, (P=0.001). Hence province hospitals with 58.4±15.7% average, attain medium level against disasters. Conclusion: Results indicate that managers require to be trained in confronting disasters and it is essential to retrain managers in all the fields including environmental health activities against disasters reduction in structural dangers and programming for evacuation and field treatment for confronting disasters.
Investigating the Prevalence of Calcium Deficiency and Some of its Influencing Factors in Pregnant Women and their Neonates
Maryam Abbasian,Reza Chaman,Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh,Mohammad Amiri
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Calcium (Ca) is one of the important nutrients during pregnancy. Ca and vitamin D deficiency have irreparable effects on fetal bone growth and development and on the health of pregnant women. This study investigated the effect of serum Ca and vitamin D metabolite and some of its influencing factors on pregnant women and their neonates in Shahroud. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 284 pregnant women who referred to Fatimiyeh Hospital in Shahroud. In this study, in addition to collecting demographic data, samples of maternal and cord blood were taken, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D, Ca and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistical tests and correlation tests. The level of significance for all tests was 0.05. Results: The mean (±standard deviation) age of women was 26.62±5.32 years. Ca deficiency was observed in 33.5% of mothers and in 25% of neonates. There was a significant relationship between maternal Ca level and neonate cord blood Ca (P>0.001, r= 0.25). There were no significant relationships between maternal Ca level and mother’s age (P=0.69), birth weight (P=0.67), the number of pregnancy (P=0.35) and serum levels of vitamin D (P=0.23). Conclusion: With regard to the high prevalence of Ca and vitamin D deficiency which was found in this study, and the detrimental effects this might have on the health of mothers and neonates, we suggest, in addition to using Ca and vitamin D supplements by pregnant women, appropriate health training also be provided to mothers to promote suitable nutrition and encourage greater exposure to sunlight.
The investigation of Risk factors of influenza pandemic H1N1
koorosh Holakooyi Naeini,Reza Chaman,Abbas Rahimi,Masoomeh Javaheri
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Introduction: Influenza pandemic H1N1 is an acute respiratory infectious disease that is combination of two types of influenza virus type A (H1N1). This study aimed to identify risk factors affecting influenza pandemic H1N1. Methods: In this case-control study, the cases were 18 positive cases of pandemic influenza H1N1 and the controls were the patients who were admitted during the same time as the cases to sections of Orthopedics, Urology, Surgery and Women of the same hospital for reasons other than influenza. The data were collected through a form by two experienced nurses and then were fed into SPSS, and were analyzed using independent T-test and chi-square. Results: A significant relationship was observed between pandemic H1N1 influenza infection and a history of domestic travel, contact with confirmed patients, respiratory diseases, and diabetes (P0.05). Conclusion: People with underlying diseases, especially respiratory diseases, diabetes, heart disease and a secondary infection and cardiovascular disease most likely are susceptible to influenza pandemic H1N1.
Investigating Hypertension Prevalence and Some of Its Influential Factors in an Ethnically Variant Rural Sample
Reza Chaman,Masoud Yunesian,Amir Hajimohamadi,Mahshid Gholami Taramsari
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Introduction: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors in a rural population with ethnic variation. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted in rural areas of Agh- Ghola in Golestan province. 1500 thirty-plus- year-old participants were selected by cluster sampling method. Due to the nature of the variables, the data were collected through interview, measurement and observation, and they were analyzed through logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 18.4% and women suffered more from the disease than men did. Hypertension prevalence in Turkmen was greater than that in Baluchi and Sistani ethnic groups. There was also a significant relationship between hypertension and lack of physical activity, and with the age increase, the hypertension prevalence also showed an increasing trend. Major risk factors were: age over 60, high BMI, lack of physical activity and high proportion of abdominal to hip circumference. Conclusion: The higher prevalence of hypertension among Turkmen was firstly because of the weight-gain and higher BMI, and secondly due to lack of physical activity. The higher susceptibility of women to hypertension was due to the higher frequency of risk factors among them, no the effect of their gender
Investigating HIV/AIDS Patients’ Immune Response to Hepatitis B Vaccination
Negin Esmaeilpour,Nahid Mirzaei,Reza Chaman,Mehrnaz Rasoulinejad
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Introduction: Because of the increased risk of chronicity of hepatitis B in HIV infected patients, immunization against HBV is recommended in patients infected with human immune deficiency virus. This study aims at determining the factors which affect the response to HBV vaccination in Iranian HIV positive adults, compared with a healthy control group. Methods: From April 2007 to May 2008, 50 HIV+ and 50 healthy control subjects who were seronegative for HBV received 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine at 0, 1 and 3-month points. About 1-2 months after the last dose of vaccine, HBS antibodies were tested in the two groups. Persons were considered vaccine responders if their HBS antibody levels were greater than 10 mIU/ml. Results: In the HIV+ group 40 cases (80%) were vaccine responder and in control group, 46(92%) people responded to vaccine .The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.8). There were no significant relationships between age, gender, BMI, smoking, alcohol drinking and the method infection and HARRT treatment. In the HIV group vaccine response was associated with CD4 count level (P=0.03). Conclusion: HIV infected patients are recommended to be HBV vaccinated at the regular doses and intervals. If CD4 count is less than 200/μl, HBS antibody should be tested in certain period for HIV+ individuals.
Frequency and Correlates of Co-Infection Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B with HIV
Banafsheh Moradmand Badie,SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi,Reza Chaman,Mostafa Hosseini
Knowledge & Health Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Two of the most critical co-infection associated in patients with HIV is hepatitis C and hepatitis B. Thus considering the adverse effects of these co-infections and the paucity of research in this area, this study was conducted to describe the frequency of co-infection hepatitis B and hepatitis C in patients with HIV and the related factors. Methods: Three hundred and sixty five infected patients from the voluntary counselling and testing center of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran participated in this cross sectional study. The individuals who co-infected with hepatitis B, C and also HIV were selected. Then the information like demographic factors, routes of transmission, history of vaccination, stage of disease and HBs Ab were extracted from their records. Results: Our results showed that 26.3% of patients were co-infected with HIV / HBV/ HCV. One hundred and eighty eight infected patients (51.5%) were between 21 to 40 years. Out of all co-infected patients 34.9% were infected through drug injection. Moreover 30.1% of them were in incubation stage of disease. Furthermore, 22.3% of patients with co-infection had the positive history of Hepatitis B vaccination and 30.7% of all co-infected participants revealed HBs Ab positive. Conclusion: We recommend that HIV positive patients should inject hepatitis B vaccine. Also, it is emphasized to take Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in patients suffering from co-infection with HIV, HBV and HCV.
Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables in Shahroud, Semnan
Saeid Nazemi,Mehdi Raei,Mohammad Amiri,Reza Chaman
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Given the importance of healthy vegetables, the present study was conducted to determine parasitic infection of vegetable consumed in Shahroud.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study has been conducted on 92 samples of various vegetables collected from 16 vegetable growing farms and 1 vegetable process workshop. Results: Sixty two percent of tested vegetables lacked parasites and the highest amount of parasites observed (34.78%) was related to Giardia lamblia. A significant relationship was observed between parasite and having toilets in the farms as well as the extent of farms.Conclusion: safety of fertilizers consumed by farms and healthy fruits can have an effective role in reducing the parasitic infections.
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