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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5159 matches for " Rendong Nan "
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FAST low frequency pulsar survey
Youling Yue,Di Li,Rendong Nan
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1017/S174392131300001X
Abstract: The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) is under construction and will be commissioned in September 2016. A low frequency 7-beam receiver working around 400 MHz is proposed for FAST early science. It will be optimized for a whole FAST sky drift-scan pulsar survey. Simulations show that about 1500 new normal pulsars will be discovered, as while as about 200 millisecond pulsars.
The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope Project and its Early Science Opportunities
Di Li,Rendong Nan,Zhichen Pan
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1017/S1743921312024015
Abstract: The National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Science (NAOC), has started building the largest antenna in the world. Known as FAST, the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope is a Chinese mega-science project funded by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). FAST also represents part of Chinese contribution to the international efforts to build the square kilometer array (SKA). Upon its finishing around September of 2016, FAST will be the most sensitive single-dish radio telescope in the low frequency radio bands between 70 MHz and 3 GHz. The design specifications of FAST, its expected capabilities, and its main scientific aspirations were described in an overview paper by Nan et al. (2011). In this paper, we briefly review the design and the key science goals of FAST, speculate the likely limitations at the initial stages of FAST operation, and discuss the opportunities for astronomical discoveries in the so-called early science phase.
Inverse kinematics model of parallel macro-micro manipulator system
Wenli Wang,Baoyan Duan,Hong Liu,Rendong Nan,Bo Peng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/BF02886357
Abstract: An improved design, which employs the integration of optic, mechanical and electronic technologies for the next generation large radio telescope, is presented in this note. The authors propose the concept of parallel macro-micro manipulator system from the feed support structure with a rough tuning subsystem based on a cable structure and a fine tuning subsystem based on the Stewart platform. According to the requirement of astronomical observation, the inverse kinematics model of this parallel macro-micro manipulator system is deduced. This inverse kinematics model is necessary for the computer-controlled motion of feed.
The Five-Hundred-Meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) Project
Rendong Nan,Di Li,Chengjin Jin,Qiming Wang,Lichun Zhu,Wenbai Zhu,Haiyan Zhang,Youling Yue,Lei Qian
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1142/S0218271811019335
Abstract: Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) is a Chinese mega-science project to build the largest single dish radio telescope in the world. Its innovative engineering concept and design pave a new road to realize a huge single dish in the most effective way. FAST also represents Chinese contribution in the international efforts to build the square kilometer array (SKA). Being the most sensitive single dish radio telescope, FAST will enable astronomers to jump-start many science goals, for example, surveying the neutral hydrogen in the Milky Way and other galaxies, detecting faint pulsars, looking for the first shining stars, hearing the possible signals from other civilizations, etc. The idea of sitting a large spherical dish in a karst depression is rooted in Arecibo telescope. FAST is an Arecibo-type antenna with three outstanding aspects: the karst depression used as the site, which is large to host the 500-meter telescope and deep to allow a zenith angle of 40 degrees; the active main reflector correcting for spherical aberration on the ground to achieve a full polarization and a wide band without involving complex feed systems; and the light-weight feed cabin driven by cables and servomechanism plus a parallel robot as a secondary adjustable system to move with high precision. The feasibility studies for FAST have been carried out for 14 years, supported by Chinese and world astronomical communities. The project time is 5.5 years from the commencement of work in March of 2011 and the first light is expected to be in 2016. This review intends to introduce FAST project with emphasis on the recent progress since 2006. In this paper, the subsystems of FAST are described in modest details followed by discussions of the fundamental science goals and examples of early science projects.
Neural Network Approach for Solving Singular Convex Optimization with Bounded Variables  [PDF]
Rendong Ge, Lijun Liu, Yi Xu
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.33036

Although frequently encountered in many practical applications, singular nonlinear optimization has been always recognized as a difficult problem. In the last decades, classical numerical techniques have been proposed to deal with the singular problem. However, the issue of numerical instability and high computational complexity has not found a satisfactory solution so far. In this paper, we consider the singular optimization problem with bounded variables constraint rather than the common unconstraint model. A novel neural network model was proposed for solving the problem of singular convex optimization with bounded variables. Under the assumption of rank one defect, the original difficult problem is transformed into nonsingular constrained optimization problem by enforcing a tensor term. By using the augmented Lagrangian method and the projection technique, it is proven that the proposed continuous model is convergent to the solution of the singular optimization problem. Numerical simulation further confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed neural network approach.

Spatial patterns and driving forces of land use change in China during the early 21st century

LIU Jiyuan,ZHANG Zengxiang,XU Xinliang,KUANG Wenhui,ZHOU Wancun,ZHANG Shuwen,LI Rendong,YAN Changzhen,YU Dongsheng,WU Shixin,JIANG Nan,

地理学报 , 2010,
Abstract: Land use and land cover change as the core of coupled human-environment systems has become a potential field of land change science (LCS) in the study of global environmental change. Based on remotely sensed data of land use change with a spatial resolution of 1 km × 1 km on national scale among every 5 years, this paper designed a new dynamic regionalization according to the comprehensive characteristics of land use change including regional differentiation, physical, economic, and macro-policy factors as well. Spatial pattern of land use change and its driving forces were investigated in China in the early 21st century. To sum up, land use change pattern of this period was characterized by rapid changes in the whole country. Over the agricultural zones, e.g., Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, the southeast coastal areas and Sichuan Basin, a great proportion of fine arable land were engrossed owing to considerable expansion of the built-up and residential areas, resulting in decrease of paddy land area in southern China. The development of oasis agriculture in Northwest China and the reclamation in Northeast China led to a slight increase in arable land area in northern China. Due to the “Grain for Green” policy, forest area was significantly increased in the middle and western developing regions, where the vegetation coverage was substantially enlarged, likewise. This paper argued the main driving forces as the implementation of the strategy on land use and regional development, such as policies of “Western Development”, “Revitalization of Northeast”, coupled with rapidly economic development during this period.
Outflows and Bubbles in Taurus: Star-formation Feedback Sufficient to Maintain Turbulence
Huixian Li,Di Li,Lei Qian,Duo Xu,Paul F. Goldsmith,Alberto Noriega-Crespo,Yuefang Wu,Yuzhe Song,Rendong Nan
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/219/2/20
Abstract: We have identified outflows and bubbles in the Taurus molecular cloud based on the $\sim 100$ deg$^2$ Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory $^{12}$CO(1-0) and $^{13}$CO(1-0) maps and the Spitzer young stellar object catalogs. In the main 44 deg$^2$ area of Taurus we found 55 outflows, of which 31 were previously unknown. We also found 37 bubbles in the entire 100 deg$^2$ area of Taurus, all of which had not been found before. The total kinetic energy of the identified outflows is estimated to be $\bf \sim 3.9 \times 10^{45}$ erg, which is \textbf{1\%} of the cloud turbulent energy. The total kinetic energy of the detected bubbles is estimated to be $\sim 9.2 \times 10^{46}$ erg, which is 29\% of the turbulent energy of Taurus. The energy injection rate from outflows is $\bf \sim 1.3 \times 10^{33}~\rm erg\ s^{-1}$, \textbf{0.4 - 2 times} the dissipation rate of the cloud turbulence. The energy injection rate from bubbles is $\sim 6.4 \times 10^{33}$ erg s$^{-1}$, \textbf{2 - 10 times} the turbulent dissipation rate of the cloud. The gravitational binding energy of the cloud is $\bf \sim 1.5 \times 10^{48}$ {\bf erg}, \textbf{385} and 16 times the energy of outflows and bubbles, respectively. We conclude that neither outflows nor bubbles can \textbf{provide enough energy to balance the overall gravitational binding energy and the turbulent energy of Taurus. However,} in the current epoch, stellar feedback is sufficient to maintain the observed turbulence in Taurus.
Spatiotemporal Imaging of Glutamate-Induced Biophotonic Activities and Transmission in Neural Circuits
Rendong Tang, Jiapei Dai
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085643
Abstract: The processing of neural information in neural circuits plays key roles in neural functions. Biophotons, also called ultra-weak photon emissions (UPE), may play potential roles in neural signal transmission, contributing to the understanding of the high functions of nervous system such as vision, learning and memory, cognition and consciousness. However, the experimental analysis of biophotonic activities (emissions) in neural circuits has been hampered due to technical limitations. Here by developing and optimizing an in vitro biophoton imaging method, we characterize the spatiotemporal biophotonic activities and transmission in mouse brain slices. We show that the long-lasting application of glutamate to coronal brain slices produces a gradual and significant increase of biophotonic activities and achieves the maximal effect within approximately 90 min, which then lasts for a relatively long time (>200 min). The initiation and/or maintenance of biophotonic activities by glutamate can be significantly blocked by oxygen and glucose deprivation, together with the application of a cytochrome c oxidase inhibitor (sodium azide), but only partly by an action potential inhibitor (TTX), an anesthetic (procaine), or the removal of intracellular and extracellular Ca2+. We also show that the detected biophotonic activities in the corpus callosum and thalamus in sagittal brain slices mostly originate from axons or axonal terminals of cortical projection neurons, and that the hyperphosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein tau leads to a significant decrease of biophotonic activities in these two areas. Furthermore, the application of glutamate in the hippocampal dentate gyrus results in increased biophotonic activities in its intrahippocampal projection areas. These results suggest that the glutamate-induced biophotonic activities reflect biophotonic transmission along the axons and in neural circuits, which may be a new mechanism for the processing of neural information.
The Impact of the Land Use Change on the Floodwater Adjustment and Storage--A Case Study on the Dongting Lake Area

LI Rendong,

地理科学进展 , 2004,
Abstract: 本文在中国资源与环境时空数据库的支持下,利用20世纪70年代末期、90年代末期获取的陆地资源卫星图像和GIS分析方法,对洞庭湖区近20年的土地利用/覆盖变化进行了遥感调查,进而以水域与其他土地利用类型之间的转移变化为基础,对区域洪水调蓄能力的变化进行了估算.结果表明,变化比较显著的地类有3类:耕地减少了1.97%,各类建设用地总计增加了14.88%,水域面积增加的幅度为8.77%.因土地利用变化导致的区域洪水调蓄能力增加估计为6.23亿m3,由此增加的湖泊容积,最大为13.01亿m3.
The spatial-temporal changes of the land use/cover in the Dongting Lake area during the last decade

LI Rendong,LIU Jiyuan,ZHUANG Dafang,WANG Hongzhi,

地理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: The research on the land use/cover change is one of the frontiers and the hot spots in the global change research. Based on the Chinese resource and environment spatial-temporal database, and using the Landsat TM and ETM data of 1990 and 2000 respectively, we analyzed the spatial-temporal characteristics of land use/cover changes in the Dongting Lake area during the last decade. The result shows that during the last ten years there were three land-use types that had changed remarkably. The cultivated land decreased by 0.57% of the total cultivated land. The built-up land and water area expanded, with an increase of 8.97% and 0.43% respectively. The conversion between land use types mostly happened among these three land-use types, especially frequently between cultivated land and water area. The land-use change speed of land-use type is different. Three cities experienced the greatest degree of land-use change among all the administrative districts, which means that the land use in these cities changed much quickly. The following changed area was the west and south of the Dongting Lake area. The slowest changed area is the north and east area.
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