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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4815 matches for " Renata Palandri Sigolo "
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PENSAMENTO MéDICO E HISTóRIA: UM BREVE ENSAIO
Renata Palandri Sigolo
Revista de História Regional , 2007,
Abstract: This article considers the process of the construction of the medical representations as a scientific elaborated knowledge. In this sense, based on the reflections of Ernest Cassirer and Michel Foucault the author takes as his object of analysis the construction of homeopathic medicine among the medical tendencies in he 19th century. O artigo discute o processo de constru o das representa es médicas enquanto saber cientificamente elaborado. Nesse sentido, a partir das reflex es de Ernest Cassirer e Michel Foucault, a autora toma como objeto de análise a constru o da medicina homeopática em meio às correntes médicas do séc. XIX.
Diretividade materna e socializa??o de crian?as com atraso de desenvolvimento
Sigolo, Silvia Regina Ricco Lucato;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2000000200007
Abstract: maternal directiveness is, usually, described as a uniform concept in literature and it has been causing a lot of discussion according to its implications to child development. this work tries to verify the presence of directive behavior on developmentally delayed children's mothers and the meaning of this variable in the interactive process of dyads mother - child. four pairs were observed in daily routine situations and also in free playing, during a twelve months period. the results show that, generally, the mothers are directive, although individual differences among the patterns were noticed. the children have show raising levels of opposition, reaching an apex around twenty-four months old. it was concluded that directiveness can be a variable that promotes children development according to its meaning in the mother-child relationship, but it cannot be the only responsible dimension for the quality of the maternal interactive stile.
Romiplostim as early treatment of immune thrombocytopenia with severe immunodeficiency
Francesca Palandri,Nicola Polverelli,Francesca Lifrieri,Lucia Catani
Hematology Reports , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/hr.2012.e10
Abstract: Immunosuppressive agents are the standard therapeutic approach for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Their prolonged use may increase the risk of infectious complications, particularly when the patient is already at higher infectious risk. In this setting, the use of drugs with a mechanism of action alternative to immunosuppression, like thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TRAs), may find particular indication. We report the unique case of a patient with severe immunodeficiency and ITP, who experienced a serious infectious complication while on steroids treatment, and who was successfully treated with Romiplostim second- line. The present experience supports the effectiveness and safety of TRAs as early treatment of ITP patients with drug-induced immunodeficiency or with active infections.
Análise de instrumentos para triagem do desenvolvimento infantil
Sigolo, Ana Regina Lucato;Aiello, Ana Lúcia Rossito;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2011000100007
Abstract: the literature shows the importance of early identification of child development delays and difficulty in choosing assessment instruments. the objectives of this study were to compare the denver ii and rdb with a scale of reference (eedp) concerning children identification with delay of development; to verify difference in the results considering gender of the participants and to investigate results convergence of the scales. participants were 24 babies with ages ranging from five to 11 months, both sex, attending to local nurseries. the instruments were administered individually and sequentially pre-defined. statistical analysis revealed that the scale rdb and the denver ii may not be considered similar to the scale eedp. considering sex, there was no significant difference. there was no convergence of faulty items in the areas. therefore, important to be careful on the choice of instruments for screening and obtaining information from different sources on child development.
Comunica o e envolvimento: possibilidades de interconex es entre família-escola? Comunicación y envolvimiento Communication and Involvement: what are the Possibilities of Interconnection between Family-school?
Keila Hellen Barbato Marcondes,Silvia Regina Ricco Lucato Sigolo
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-863x2012000100011
Abstract: Família e escola s o considerados contextos primordiais para o desenvolvimento humano, sendo desejável que haja um elo adequado entre esses espa os. Pautado nessa premissa, este artigo objetiva analisar as rela es estabelecidas entre a escola e a família de crian as com baixo rendimento escolar, salientando que a escola pesquisada adota o regime de progress o continuada. O referencial teórico do estudo foi a perspectiva bioecológica de Bronfenbrenner. Participaram da pesquisa seis crian as, seus respectivos responsáveis e professoras. A coleta de dados consistiu de entrevistas semiestruturadas e observa es. Os dados foram coligidos em duas categorias: envolvimento e comunica o. Embora os resultados destaquem a comunica o como principal veículo de trocas entre os dois contextos, essa necessita ser aprimorada. A família e a escola compreendem que devem trabalhar em colabora o, mas tal rela o precisa ser reconstruída, pois se mostra assimétrica e repleta de preconceitos. La familia y la escuela son consideradas dos contextos primordiales para el desarrollo humano y es deseable que haya un enlace adecuado entre esos dos ambientes. Partiendo de esa premisa, el objetivo de este estudio es analizar las relaciones establecidas entre la escuela y la familia de ni os con bajo rendimiento escolar dentro de un contexto que adopta la progresión continua. La perspectiva bioecológica de Bronfenbrenner es el referencial teórico utilizado en este estudio. Participaron de la encuesta seis ni os, sus respectivos responsables y profesoras. Se utilizó para recolectar los datos entrevistas semiestructuradas y observaciones. Los datos fueron evaluados en relación a dos categorías: envolvimiento y comunicación. Los resultados destacan la comunicación como principal vía de cambio entre los dos contextos, aún necesitada de mejorías. La familia y la escuela comprenden que deben trabajar en colaboración, pero esta relación necesita ser re-construida, ya que actualmente se muestra asimétrica y contaminada por prejuicios. Family and school are considered essential environments for human development and it is desirable that a close bond be established between them. Based on this premise, this study analyzes the relationships established between school and the families of children with low school performance in a context in which the school adopts the Continuous Progression system - an educational system that avoids holding students in the same grade at the end of the school year. Bronfenbrenner’s bio-ecological perspective is the theoretical framework used in this study. Six ch
High-protein maize in diets for growing broilers
Aldo Prandini,Samantha Sigolo,Mauro Morlacchini,Adriano Marocco
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2011.e55
Abstract: The nutritional performance of three high-protein maize hybrids was compared with conventional maize in a 42-day feeding trial in broilers. The following experimental diets were compared: i) control diet (CTR) containing conventional maize; ii) diet containing hybrid IPM1; iii) diet containing hybrid IPM2; iv) diet containing hybrid IPM3. The diets were offered to male broilers (Hubbard Ultra-Yield; 120 birds per treatment) in 3 phases: starter, grower and finisher. All the diets were iso-nitrogenous and iso-energetic. The IPM2 and IPM3 diets (containing maize grains with the highest protein and essential and non-essential amino acid contents) resulted in a higher final weight in broilers (2622 and 2632 g, respectively, versus IPM1 and CTR diets; P<0.05), a higher average daily gain (60.8 and 61.4 g/d, respectively, versus IPM1 and CTR diets; P<0.05) and better feed to gain ratios (1.70 and 1.69, respectively, versus the CTR diet; P<0.05) throughout the experimental period. The nutritional characteristics of the different maize varieties were also evaluated using a 9-day digestibility trial in male rats (6 rats per treatment). Higher percentages of nitrogen retention were obtained from the IPM2 (54.02%) and IPM3 (53.51%) diets compared with the CTR (44.20%) and IPM1 (41.87%) diets (P<0.05). These results suggest a greater amino acid availability in the diets based on high-protein maize varieties. Therefore, high-protein maize can profitably be included in broiler diets with the advantage of reducing the use of imported protein sources (such as soybean meal) because of its higher protein content and consequently, providing savings on feed costs.
Anticatabolic activity of alpha-ketoglutaric acid in growing rats
Aldo Prandini,Mauro Morlacchini,Samantha Sigolo,Lucia Fiorentini
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2012.e52
Abstract: This study evaluated the anti-catabolic effect of α-ketoglutaric acid (AKG) in rats. Thirty Sprague Dowley male rats were divided into 3 groups of 10 animals each and fed ad libitum with protein-free diet (PFD) supplemented with 0, 3, and 6 g/kg feed of AKG for 14 consecutive days. The AKG administration had no effect on the growth performance of rats in the global trial period (0-14 d). After 7 d of excreta collection, the losses of endogenous nitrogen (N), both urinary and total, linearly reduced (P<0.05) following the administration of AKG, ranging from 35.00 mg/d to 28.00 mg/d, and from 45.28 mg/d to 36.36 mg/d, respectively. The villi and microvilli heights were lower when animals received 3 g/kg of AKG respecting to other tested AKG levels. Indeed, enterocytes length linearly increased (P<0.05) as the level of AKG increased in the diet by 25.0% (3 g/kg) and 49.0% (6 g/kg). The AKG levels quadratically influenced (P<0.05) the essential amino acids (EAA) concentrations in the blood, being EAA lower for animals treated with 6 g/kg of AKG (-21.6%) compared to the animals fed the control PFD and the PFD with 3 g/kg of AKG. In conclusion, AKG was effective in reducing catabolism and EAA depletion.
Pea (Pisum sativum) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds as protein sources in growing-finishing heavy pig diets: effect on growth performance, carcass characteristics and on fresh and seasoned Parma ham quality
Aldo Prandini,Samantha Sigolo,Mauro Morlacchini,Carla Cerioli
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2011.e45
Abstract: The effect of pea and faba bean inclusion in growing-finishing heavy pig diets was evaluated. The following iso-lysinic and iso-energetic diets offered to the pigs in three phases (40-80; 80-120; 120-160 kg) were compared: CTR, control diet with soybean meal (SBM) as protein source; RP, CTR diet where pea replaced SBM; RF, CTR diet where faba bean replaced SBM. 126 animals were randomly distributed in 3 homogeneous groups with 42 animals each (7 pens with 6 animals each per treatment). The RP and RF diets did not negatively affect the carcass characteristics both of the pigs slaughtered at the conventional weight (127.5 kg) and heavy pigs (158.5 kg). The pigs fed the RP and RF diets ate similarly to the pigs fed the CTR overall the trial but RF pigs grew better than CTR animals. The subcutaneous fat of the fresh hams destined for Parma ham production and obtained from pigs fed RP diet had a higher omega 3 fatty acid percentage. Moreover, the RP and RF diets resulted in fat with better omega 3/omega 6 ratio compared with CTR. All the fat samples had iodine numbers within the limit value (70) reported by the Production Disciplinary of Parma ham. No treatment effect was found on the analytical and sensorial characteristics of the Parma hams, except for the aged taste which was more intense in the hams obtained from pigs fed the RF diet. These results indicate that pea and faba bean may be used as an alternative to imported SBM.
Survey on conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content and fatty acid composition of Grana Padano cheese produced in different seasons and areas
Aldo Prandini,Samantha Sigolo,Carla Cerioli,Gianfranco Piva
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2009.531
Abstract: A study was carried out to determine the content of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and fatty acid composition of Grana Padano P.D.O. (Protected Designation of Origin) Italian cheese. Samples were obtained from spring and summer cow’s milk in different areas of Grana Padano production district and from all present dairies. In particular, 253 samples of lowland-hill Grana Padano (LH-GP) were analysed: 137 produced from spring milk, and 116 from summer milk. Forty-three mountain Grana Padano (M-GP) samples were also analysed: 25 obtained from spring milk, and 18 from summer milk. The results were subjected to statistical analysis; a factorial arrangement was used, and the fixed effects in the model included season, the manufacturing area of the Grana Padano cheese, and the first order interaction (season x area). Further, cheese β-carotene concentration was measured in a representative number of summer samples (32), selected according to the CLA level (9 with CLA concentration <5; 10 with CLA value ranging from 5 to 7; 13 with CLA level >7 mg/g total fat), in order to investigate the correlation between CLA content and β-carotene concentration. M-GP had higher levels of CLA, vaccenic (TVA) and α-linolenic (LNA) acid than LH-GP. CLA concentrations increased from spring to summer both in M-GP and LH-GP. This rise was greater in M-GP showing an effect of interaction between season and production area (P<0.001). An effect of first order interaction (P<0.001) was also seen for TVA with values increasing from spring to summer in M-GP, whereas there only was an effect of the manufacturing area on LNA. During summer, M-GP had the highest polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) percentage. An increase in PUFA from spring to summer was observed only in M-GP (first order interaction, P<0.001). The saturated fatty acids (SFA) decreased from spring to summer both in LH-GP and M-GP and with major entity in M-GP (first order interaction, P<0.001). The β-carotene concentration resulted positively correlated with CLA level (r=0.92; P<0.01) in summer cheese. The present results underline the role of mountain cheese obtained from summer milk as a natural source of CLA and beneficial fatty acids for human health.
Pea (Pisum sativum) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds as protein sources in growing-finishing heavy pig diets: effect on growth performance, carcass characteristics and on fresh and seasoned Parma ham quality
Aldo Prandini,Samantha Sigolo,Mauro Morlacchini,Carla Cerioli
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2011,
Abstract: The effect of pea and faba bean inclusion in growing-finishing heavy pig diets was evaluated. The following iso-lysinic and iso-energetic diets offered to the pigs in three phases (40-80; 80-120; 120-160 kg) were compared: CTR, control diet with soybean meal (SBM) as protein source; RP, CTR diet where pea replaced SBM; RF, CTR diet where faba bean replaced SBM. 126 animals were randomly distributed in 3 homogeneous groups with 42 animals each (7 pens with 6 animals each per treatment). The RP and RF diets did not negatively affect the carcass characteristics both of the pigs slaughtered at the conventional weight (127.5 kg) and heavy pigs (158.5 kg). The pigs fed the RP and RF diets ate similarly to the pigs fed the CTR overall the trial but RF pigs grew better than CTR animals. The subcutaneous fat of the fresh hams destined for Parma ham production and obtained from pigs fed RP diet had a higher omega 3 fatty acid percentage. Moreover, the RP and RF diets resulted in fat with better omega 3/omega 6 ratio compared with CTR. All the fat samples had iodine numbers within the limit value (70) reported by the Production Disciplinary of Parma ham. No treatment effect was found on the analytical and sensorial characteristics of the Parma hams, except for the aged taste which was more intense in the hams obtained from pigs fed the RF diet. These results indicate that pea and faba bean may be used as an alternative to imported SBM.
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