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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 15077 matches for " René Fournet "
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Etude cinétique de CVD de pyrocarbone obtenu par pyrolyse de propane
Isabelle Ziegler-Devin,René Fournet,Paul-Marie Marquaire
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: High temeperature (900-1000\degree C) low pressure (<< 1 atm) pyrolysis of propane yields a pyrocarbon deposit, but also mainly hydrogen and hydrocarbons from methane to polyaromatics. 30 reaction products were exeperimentally quantified at different operating conditions. A detailed kinetic pyrolysis model (600 reactions) has been developed and validated based on the totality of experiments. This model includes a homogeneous model (describing the gas phase pyrolysis of propane) coupled with a heterogeneous model describing the pyrocarbon deposit.
Rich methane laminar flames doped with light unsaturated hydrocarbons. Part III : cyclopentene
Hadj-Ali Gueniche,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,René Fournet,Frédérique Battin-Leclerc
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2007.07.012
Abstract: In line with the studies presented in the parts I and II of this paper, the structure of a laminar rich premixed methane flame doped with cyclopentene has been investigated. The gases of this flame contains 15.3% (molar) of methane, 26.7% of oxygen and 2.4% cyclopentene corresponding to an equivalence ratio of 1.79 and a ratio C5H8 / CH4 of 16 %. The flame has been stabilized on a burner at a pressure of 6.7 kPa using argon as dilutant, with a gas velocity at the burner of 36 cm/s at 333 K. The temperature ranged from 627 K close to the burner up to 2027 K. Quantified species included usual methane C0-C2 combustion products, but also propyne, allene, propene, propane, 1-butene, 1,3-butadiene, 1,2-butadiene, vinylacetylene, diacetylene, cyclopentadiene, 1,3-pentadiene, benzene and toluene. A new mechanism for the oxidation of cyclopentene has been proposed. The main reaction pathways of consumption of cyclopentene and of formation of benzene and toluene have been derived from flow rate analyses.
Theoretical Study of the Thermal Decomposition of a Jet Fuel Surrogate
Baptiste Sirjean,Olivier Herbinet,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,M. F. Ruiz-Lopez,René Fournet
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In a scramjet, the fuel can be used to cool down the engine walls. The thermal decomposition of the jet fuel changes the reacting mixture before its combustion. A numerical study of the pyrolysis of norbornane, a jet fuel surrogate, has been performed. Rate constants of some sensitive reaction channels have been calculated by means of quantum chemical calculations at the CBS-QB3 level of theory. The mechanism has been validated against experimental results obtained in a jet-stirred reactor and important and/or sensitive pathways have been derived.
Theoretical Kinetic Study of the Ring Opening of Cyclic Alkanes
Baptiste Sirjean,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,M. F. Ruiz-Lopez,René Fournet
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: This work reports a theoretical study of the gas phase unimolecular decomposition of cyclobutane, cyclopentane and cyclohexane by means of quantum chemical calculations. A biradical mechanism has been envisaged for each cycloalkane, and the main routes for the decomposition of the biradicals formed have been investigated at the CBS-QB3 level of theory. Thermochemical data (?H\degree f, S\degree, C\degree p) for all the involved species have been obtained by means of isodesmic reactions. Rate constants have been derived for all elementary reactions using transition state theory at 1 atm and temperatures ranging from 600 to 2000 K. These values have been compared with the few data available in the literature and showed a rather good agreement.
Theoretical kinetic study of the low temperature oxidation of ethanol
René Fournet,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,Roda Bounaceur,Michel Molière
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In order to improve the understanding of the low temperature combustion of ethanol, high-level ab initio calculations were performed for elementary reactions involving hydroxyethylperoxy radicals. These radicals come from the addition of hydroxethyl radicals (?CH3CHOH and ?CH2CH2OH) on oxygen molecule. Unimolecular reactions involving hydroxyethylperoxy radicals and their radical products were studied at the CBS-QB3 level of theory. The results allowed to highlight the principal ways of decomposition of these radicals. Calculations of potential energy surfaces showed that the principal channels lead to the formation of HO2 radicals which can be considered, at low temperature, as slightly reactive. However, in the case of CH3CH(OOH)O? radicals, a route of decomposition yields H atom and formic peracid, which is a branching agent that can strongly enhance the reactivity of ethanol in low temperature oxidation. In addition to these analyses, high-pressure limit rate constants were derived in the temperature range 400 to 1000 K.
Hydrocarbons Heterogeneous Pyrolysis: Experiments and Modeling for Scramjet Thermal Management
Marc Bouchez,Emeric Daniau,Nicolas Visez,Olivier Herbinet,René Fournet,Paul-Marie Marquaire
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The last years saw a renewal of interest for hypersonic research in general and regenerative cooling specifically, with a large increase of the number of dedicated facilities and technical studies. In order to quantify the heat transfer in the cooled structures and the composition of the cracked fuel entering the combustor, an accurate model of the thermal decomposition of the fuel is required. This model should be able to predict the fuel chemical composition and physical properties for a broad range of pressures, temperatures and cooling geometries. For this purpose, an experimental and modeling study of the thermal decomposition of generic molecules (long-chain or polycyclic alkanes) that could be good surrogates of real fuels, has been started at the DCPR laboratory located in Nancy (France). This successful effort leads to several versions of a complete kinetic model. These models do not assume any effect from the material that constitutes the cooling channel. A specific experimental study was performed with two different types of steel (regular: E37, stainless: 316L). Some results are given in the present paper.
Theoretical kinetic study of thermal unimolecular decomposition of cyclic alkyl radicals
Baptiste Sirjean,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,M. F. Ruiz-Lopez,René Fournet
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: While many studies have been reported on the reactions of aliphatic hydrocarbons, the chemistry of cyclic hydrocarbons has not been explored extensively. In the present work, a theoretical study of the gas-phase unimolecular decomposition of cyclic alkyl radicals was performed by means of quantum chemical calculations at the CBS-QB3 level of theory. Energy barrier and high-pressure limit rate constants were calculated systematically. Thermochemical data were obtained from isodesmic reactions and the contribution of hindered rotors was taken into account. Classical transition state ...
Rich methane laminar flames doped with light unsaturated hydrocarbons. Part II: 1,3butadiene
Hadj-Ali Gueniche,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,René Fournet,Frédérique Battin-Leclerc
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2007.05.007
Abstract: In line with the study presented in the part I of this paper, the structure of a laminar rich premixed methane flame doped with 1,3-butadiene has been investigated. The flame contains 20.7% (molar) of methane, 31.4% of oxygen and 3.3% of 1,3-butadiene, corresponding to an equivalence ratio of 1.8, and a ratio C4H6 / CH4 of 16 %. The flame has been stabilized on a burner at a pressure of 6.7 kPa using argon as dilutant, with a gas velocity at the burner of 36 cm/s at 333 K. The temperature ranged from 600 K close to the burner up to 2150 K. Quantified species included usual methane C0-C2 combustion products and 1,3-butadiene, but also propyne, allene, propene, propane, 1,2-butadiene, butynes, vinylacetylene, diacetylene, 1,3-pentadiene, 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene (isoprene), 1-pentene, 3-methyl-1-butene, benzene and toluene. In order to model these new results, some improvements have been made to a mechanism previously developed in our laboratory for the reactions of C3-C4 unsaturated hydrocarbons. The main reaction pathways of consumption of 1,3-butadiene and of formation of C6 aromatic species have been derived from flow rate analyses. In this case, the C4 route to benzene formation plays an important role in comparison to the C3 pathway.
Experimental study of the structure of a lean premixed indane/CH4/O2/Ar flame
Emir Pousse,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,René Fournet,Frédérique Battin-Leclerc
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In order to better understand the chemistry involved during the combustion of components of diesel fuel, the structure of a laminar lean premixed methane flame doped with indane has been investigated. The gases of this flame contains 7.1% (molar) of methane, 36.8% of oxygen and 0.90% of indane corresponding to an equivalence ratio of 0.74 and a ratio C9H10/CH4 of 12.75%. The flame has been stabilized on a burner at a pressure of 6.7 kPa using argon as dilutant, with a gas velocity at the burner of 49.2 cm/s at 333 K. Quantified species included usual methane C0-C2 combustion products, but also 11 C3-C5 hydrocarbons and 3 C1-C3 oxygenated compounds, as well as 17 aromatic products, namely benzene, toluene, phenylacetylene, styrene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, trimethylbenzenes, ethyltoluenes, indene methylindane, methylindene, naphthalene, phenol, benzaldehyde, benzofuran. The temperature was measured thanks to a thermocouple in PtRh (6%)-PtRh (30%) settled inside the enclosure and ranged from 800 K close to the burner up to 2000 K in the burned gases.
Formation of aromatics in rich methane flames doped by unsaturated compounds
Hadj-Ali Gueniche,Pierre-Alexandre Glaude,René Fournet,Frédérique Battin-Leclerc
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In order to better understand the importance of the different channels leading to the first aromatic ring, we have investigated, the structure of a laminar rich premixed methane flame doped with several unsaturated hydrocarbons: allene and propyne, as they are precursors of propargyl radicals, which are well known as having an important role in forming benzene, 1,3-butadiene, to put in evidence a possible production of benzene due to reactions of C4 compounds, and, finally, cyclopentene, which is a source of cyclopentadienyl methylene radicals which are supposed to easily isomerizes to give benzene. A ratio additive / CH4 of 16 % and an equivalence ratio of 1.79 have been used. These flames have been stabilized on a burner at a pressure of 6.7 kPa using argon as dilutant. A new mechanism for the oxidation of allene, propyne, 1,3 butadiene and cyclopentene has been proposed including the formation and decomposition of benzene and toluene. The main reaction pathways of formation of aromatics have been derived from flow rate analyses and have been compared for the three types of additives.
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