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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 597 matches for " Reiter Herwig "
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Contexto, experiencia, expectativa, y acción. Hacia un modelo general, empíricamente fundado para el análisis de la incertidumbre biográfica Kontext, Erfahrung, Erwartung und Handeln – ein empirisch begründetes, allgemeines Modell zur Analyse biografischer Unsicherheit Context, Experience, Expectation, and Action—Towards an Empirically Grounded, General Model for Analyzing Biographical Uncertainty
Herwig Reiter
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: El artículo propone un modelo general, empíricamente fundado para el análisis de la incertidumbre biográfica. El modelo se basa en los hallazgos de un estudio exploratorio cualitativo de la transformación de los significados de desempleo entre los jóvenes en la Lituania post-soviética. En una primera etapa, se discuten brevemente las características particulares del rompecabezas de la incertidumbre en las transiciones de la juventud postcomunista. Un hecho histórico como el colapso del socialismo de estado en Europa, similar a la crisis financiera y económica reciente, es un generador de incertidumbre por excelencia: socava los cimientos de las sociedades y "lo que se da por hecho" de las expectativas relacionadas. En este contexto, se presenta el caso de una mujer joven y cómo responde a la nueva amenaza de desempleo en la transición al mundo del trabajo. Su gestión de la incertidumbre en la perspectiva de tiempo específico de la producción de seguridad es entonces conceptualmente reformulado para distinguir tres tipos o niveles de incertidumbre biográfica: incertidumbre de conocimiento, incertidumbre de resultados e incertidumbre de reconocimiento. Se argumenta que la incertidumbre biográfica es empíricamente observable a través del análisis de la actuación y la proyección en el plano biográfico. En la parte final se resumen los resultados empíricos y la discusión conceptual en un modelo de estratificación de la incertidumbre biográfica como una herramienta general para el análisis biográfico de los fenómenos de incertidumbre. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100120 Auf der Grundlage einer qualitativ-explorativen Untersuchung der Bedeutung von Arbeitslosigkeit unter Jugendlichen im post-sowjetischen Litauen schl gt der Artikel ein empirisch begründetes Model zur Analyse biografischer Unsicherheit vor. Der erste Teil widmet sich der Diskussion der besonderen Unsicherheitsfaktoren in überg ngen Jugendlicher in die Arbeitswelt im post-kommunistischen Kontext. Der Zusammenbruch sozialistischer Regime in Europa ist, wie die gegenw rtige Wirtschaftskrise, ein historisches Ereignis von besonderer Tragweite und gleichzeitig Ausl ser von Unsicherheit schlechthin: er erschüttert nicht nur die Grundlagen von Gesellschaften, sondern auch die Selbstverst ndlichkeit damit verbundener Erwartungen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird der Fall einer jungen Frau vorgestellt und wie sie mit der, im übergang in die Arbeitswelt durch den Systemwechsel nunmehr drohenden Arbeitslosigkeit umgeht. In einem n chsten Schritt wird ihre besondere Art der Bearbeitung von Unsicherheit in der Zeitper
Frozen transitions to adulthood of young people in Slovenia?
Kuhar Metka,Reiter Herwig
Sociologija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/soc1202211k
Abstract: This article reviews key-indicators of youth transitions in Slovenia over the last decades and highlights some of the inherent tensions. Against the background of the metaphor of ‘frozen transitions’, which tries to grasp some of the contradictions between the speed of societal change and the stagnating development of youth towards independence, the article describes and reflects the development of youth transitions in the three domains of employment, housing and parenthood. The basis is a selection of indicators available in international data sets and surveys that allow to trace the change at least over the last two decades after the breakdown of Yugoslavia. Our findings indicate that transitions in Slovenia are frozen in all three domains, which challenges the usefulness of the conventional life course framework for studying post-communist contexts.
The Misleading Use of “Enthalpy” in an Energy Conversion Analysis  [PDF]
Heinz Herwig
Natural Science (NS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.611085
Abstract: The frequently used thermodynamic state quantity enthalpy H turns out to be very problematic when applied in an energy conversion analysis. Due to the fact that H combines two terms, the internal energy U and the product pV, the interpretation of what H means in physical terms is often obscure and leads to various misinterpretations. Several examples are given and interpreted twice,i.e.with and without referring to enthalpy.
Meaningful Learning in Special Education Teaching and Learning Based on the Cycle of Internalized Learning: A Review  [PDF]
Shunit Reiter
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39016
Abstract:

Meaningful Learning implies the active involvement of the learners/students in whatever is being taught. It is based on a holistic approach to the learners, calling for their cognitive, emotional and behavioral attention. It is also holistic in the sense that it takes into account the ecological status of the learners, their family ties; the neighborhood where they live; their formal milieu, be it a school, a social club, place of work, etc.; and their ethnic and national backgrounds. In holistic teaching the learner is perceived as a person—a subject who is undergoing development, rather than an object that is called upon to learn by rote, so that retention of information can be assessed by tests and scores. The Cycle of Internalized Learning—CIL model (Reiter, 2008) was established on the premise that individuals with disabilities were highly influenced by their environment, in the sense that there was an inseparable connection between the disability and the environment. The model addresses three levels of social behavior: the operative—what, the cultural normative—when and the moral—why. The CIL, founded on the humanistic philosophy, is relevant and applicable to people in general, and specifically to people with disabilities. Its premise states that individuals possess cognitive and rational abilities, are capable of introspection based on their understanding of their surroundings, and are capable of gaining an insight into their own motives. Thus, they are responsible for their behavior and can regulate it, by critically evaluating the outcome of their behavior and making changes, if necessary. The CIL focuses on personal progression and development. The article describes in some detail evidence-based research studies that are performed in order to further validate the CIL’s contribution to student development.

Risk management in patients with severe acute pancreatitis
Herwig Gerlach
Critical Care , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/cc3007
Abstract: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) can progress to a critical condition within a few hours or days after the onset of symptoms. Particularly during the early course of the disease, patients are at high risk for developing infections with subsequent multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Therefore, early surgical intervention has been favoured, although evidence-based data are lacking. In this issue of Critical Care, De Waele and coworkers [1] present findings from a critical review conducted over nearly a decade. In contrast to many prior recommendations, the authors could not find any significant association between the timing of surgery and patient outcomes. Moreover, they identified patient age, severity of organ dysfunction at the time of surgery, and the presence of sterile necrosis as the main risk factors, and concluded that an early surgical intervention is not justified in the absence of proven infection when necrosis is detected after computed tomography (CT) scan [1]. These important findings once again raise the issue of risk assessment in the individual patient with SAP.A major problem in the treatment of patients with SAP is the lack of randomized trials. Recently, King and coworkers [2] reported results from the first pan-European survey conducted among specialists in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery of surgical strategies for management of SAP, with the aim being to highlight areas of discordance and thus provide a rational focus for future research. A questionnaire survey of 866 surgeons was undertaken, and the response rate was 38%. Severity stratification was used by 324 respondents (99%), with the Ranson score being the most popular. Antibiotic prophylaxis was utilized by 73%, and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was undertaken by 53% of respondents. Furthermore, the results show that there were further aspects of practice that were concordant among surgeons, such as use of early CT and agreement that infected necrosis should be treated surgically
An "encyclopaedia" for anaesthesia and intensive care medicine: is it possible?
Herwig Gerlach
Critical Care , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/cc3056
Abstract: As one leafs through the book, the high quality of the 166 figures and 35 tables is striking. Combining due simplicity and necessary accuracy, the figures present elementary facts about basic anatomy, physiology, pharmacology and specific topics. Within the text, numerous cross-references are of considerable help to the reader in finding related topics and important basic information. The short historical reviews support a better understanding of the complex background. Another feature of the book is the parallelism of scientific basics and practical issues; for example, cartoons and precise descriptions of a chest drainage system or symbols of electrical equipment are presented with the same care as complex plans of the lumbar plexus or the anatomy of the mediastinal tract. This kind of high-quality work has clearly required years of careful analysis, and I am sure that this will be valued by a broad readership.Some criticisms, however, have to be raised. After thorough review, this book refers predominantly to topics about anaesthesia, whereas intensive care medicine is not always presented in an updated manner. Let us take some examples. The management of severe sepsis and septic shock is not in accordance with current recommendations. Very often, the authors refer to recent (2003) review articles dealing with pathophysiological aspects of the disease. In contrast, none of the major randomized clinical trials from 2001 and 2002, which are part of current guidelines, are cited. Time cannot be the problem, because more recent publications are mentioned. Surprisingly, terms such as 'antithrombin' and 'immunonutrition' are not mentioned. Furthermore, there is no statement regarding immunoglobulins, and no clear recommendation for catecholamine therapy in septic patients is to be found. Finally, recommendations for preventive measures against ventilator-associated pneumonia (such as daily sedation vacation, head-up positioning and low tidal volume) are not mentioned.
Pyogenic liver abscess: Differences in etiology and treatment in Southeast Asia and Central Europe
Herwig Cerwenka
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: Knowledge of etiology and timely treatment of underlying causes, when possible, play an important role in the successful therapy of patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). Recent publications from Central Europe and Southeast Asia hint at considerable differences in etiology. In this article, we aim to elaborate these differences and their therapeutic implications. Apart from some special types of PLA that are comparable in Southeast Asia and Central Europe (such as posttraumatic or postprocedural PLA), there are clear differences in the microbiological spectrum, which implies different risk factors and disease courses. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) PLA is predominantly seen in Southeast Asia, whereas, in Central Europe, PLA is typically caused by Escherichia coli, Streptococcus or Staphylococcus, and these patients are more likely to be older and to have a biliary abnormality or malignancy. K. pneumoniae patients are more likely to have diabetes mellitus. Control of septic spread is crucial in K. pneumoniae patients, whereas treatment of the underlying diseases is decisive in many Central European PLA patients.
Neuroendocrine liver metastases: Contributions of endoscopy and surgery to primary tumor search
Herwig Cerwenka
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2012, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i10.1009
Abstract: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are diagnosed with increasing frequency and patients often present with liver metastases at the time of diagnosis. Apart from treatment of the metastases, resection of the primary tumor at an early phase is recommended to prevent complications, although it may be difficult to locate, especially in patients with functionally inactive NETs. Small and multifocal tumors in the jejunum and ileum represent a particular challenge. Primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma is extremely rare and is diagnosed only after exclusion of other primary tumors. Therefore, some uncertainty may remain, as small non-hepatic primary tumors may escape detection. Diagnostic work-up in these patients includes biochemical assays and imaging modalities (also comprising specific techniques of scintigraphy and positron emission tomography). This editorial highlights the contributions of endoscopy and operative exploration to the search for the primary tumor. Besides esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography, colonoscopy and bronchoscopy, special endoscopic techniques such as balloon enteroscopy or capsule endoscopy are used with growing experience. Compared with balloon enteroscopy, capsule endoscopy is non-invasive and better tolerated, but it cannot localize a lesion precisely and does not allow biopsy or removal of lesions. Before proceeding to surgery, a discussion of the findings by a tumor board should be a standard procedure. Improvements in diagnostic tools have created new perspectives for the detection of obscure primary tumors in patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases, and these searches are best coordinated by a multidisciplinary team.
Die Web - Seel – Sorge“ - 10 Jahre Seelsorge im Internet
Herwig Hohenberger
E-Beratungsjournal , 2007,
Abstract: Der Artikel beschreibt die Anf nge der Internetseelsorge in sterreich, die mit Hilfe der Universit t Graz seit 1997 besteht und damit eine Pionierstellung in der Online-Beratung in sterreich hat.
Web Engineering as a Specialization of Software Engineering: Differences in Project Management Education
Herwig Mayr
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2005,
Abstract: We present the motivation and our concept of introducing "Web Engineering" as a specialization of our "Software Engineering" curriculum. Our main focus lies on the differences in project management education for both areas as well as the necessary process models and tools. First we discuss the principal differences of software project management and web project management, focusing on the main difficulties of teaching such management skills to primarily technophile students. Then we analyze the composition of modern software development teams and changes within such teams implied by the development of web applications. We illustrate this transition showing how a merely document-driven process - as can be found in many traditional software development projects - is turned into a highly tool-supported, agile development process, which is characteristic for web development projects.
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