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PARTICIPA O E CONTROLE SOCIAL: PERCEP O DOS TRABALHADORES DA SAúDE DA FAMíLIA
Jacks Soratto,Regina Rigatto Witt
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Se realizó una investigación para analizar las percepciones del equipo de salud sobre la participación de la familia y la salud social. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo. El estudio se realizó con los trabajadores en un Equipo de Salud de la Familia en el sur de Santa Catarina. Los datos fueron recolectados con el Método Creativo Sensible y se analizaron mediante análisis de contenido temático. Sobre la participación en salud se identificaron dos categorías empíricas: la pasividad de la participación en la salud y la participación en el proceso de diálogo como el Equipo de Salud de la Familia. Para el control social en las categorías de salud fueron: el espacio institucionalizado de control social en la vigilancia de la salud y la enfermedad como el control social en salud. Los resultados mostraron reflexiones relacionadas con la percepción del modelo de salud y otros que indican la posibilidad de avance de las conversaciones con el aporte local para la participación en la salud y el control social.
Competências da enfermeira para a triagem clínica de doadores de sangue
Padilha, Débora Zmuda;Witt, Regina Rigatto;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672011000200003
Abstract: this investigation aimed at identifying nurse's competencies necessary to screen blood donors, from those recommended by the international council of nurses. a qualitative, descriptive case study was developed at the hemotherapy service blood bank of a teaching hospital in porto alegre, rs, brazil. twenty five interviews performed by five nurses hired by the service were observed. for observations analysis standard adequacy was used. six competencies of the professional, ethics and legal area and eleven from care provision and management were identified. competencies identified in this study will serve as a basis for practice and to prepare generalist nurses to perform clinic screening of blood donors.
Fun??es essenciais de saúde pública no currículo de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Rodrigues, Carla Daiane Silva;Witt, Regina Rigatto;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342010000100012
Abstract: the pan american health organization referential of essential public health functions (ephf) was developed to improve public health performance, which depends on professional education. a case study with the objective of identifying the insertion of ephf in the curriculum of the nursing undergraduate course at federal university of rio grande do sul was developed. keywords were defined from the definitions of the eleven ephf. these were searched for in the class plans of the curriculum courses. ten ephf were identified, with major occurrence of the human health resources development and training in public health. contemplating more intensively some of the ephf, the curriculum under study should propitiate the education of nurses capable of contributing towards their performance. it is necessary to insert the other ephf into the curriculum, contributing to the excellent performance of public health by the professionals educated in this institution.
Exposition pesticides among brazilian land squatters Exposi o a agrotóxicos em agricultores do Movimento Sem Terra
Regina Rigatto Witt,Melissa Bueno Ambrosini
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade , 2010, DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc2(6)33
Abstract: In 1993 rural workers of a social movement occupied a farm in the south of Brazil where organoclorides pesticides were stored. This study was taken to evaluate health conditions of rural workers exposed to these organoclorides pesticides. This is a retrospective transversal study with collection of reminded data in the periods of: life before 1993, during the occupation in 1993 and after settlement in 1996. Demographic data, exposition, signs and symptoms were collected with the application of an instrument. Individuals (140) adults workers were interviewed. The form of the exposure reported was the preparation and application of products and/or working in determinate cultures. The outcome studied was three or more simultaneous signs or symptoms after the report of exposure. Reports of 16 workers before 1993, 8 during occupation and 29 after 1996 were compatible with the outcome. Individual protection equipment were rarely and unadequately used. There are evidences of the need of further studies to elucidate health consequences of pesticides exposition and recommend the implementation of health education programs in order to prevent further poisoning on rural health workers. Em 1993 agricultores do Movimento Sem-Terra ocuparam uma fazenda no sul do Brasil onde havia um depósito de agrotóxicos organoclorados. O objetivo desta investiga o foi avaliar as condi es de saúde dos agricultores expostos. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico do tipo descritivo transversal, com informa o recordatória nos períodos: anterior ao acampamento (vida anterior a 1993), durante o acampamento (oito meses em 1993) e após o assentamento (até 1998). Para coleta dos dados foi elaborado um instrumento com quest es de caracteriza o demográfica, história de exposi o e de sinais e sintomas. Foram entrevistados 140 indivíduos trabalhadores adultos. A forma de exposi o relatada foi o preparo, a aplica o dos produtos e/ou relato de trabalho em culturas determinadas. O desfecho estudado foram três ou mais sinais ou sintomas simultaneos após o relato de exposi o. Os resultados apontam 16, 8 e 29 agricultores com relato compatível com o desfecho, antes, durante a ocupa o e após o assentamento respectivamente. Os equipamentos de prote o individual foram rara e inadequadamente utilizados. Há evidências da necessidade de realiza o de estudos posteriores visando à compreens o dos efeitos da exposi o aos agrotóxicos e indicam a necessidade da elabora o de programas educativos para serem desenvolvidos junto a agricultores para a preven o das intoxica es.
Participa??o popular e controle social em saúde: desafios da Estratégia Saúde da Família
Soratto, Jacks;Witt, Regina Rigatto;Faria, Eliana Marília;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312010000400009
Abstract: social control in brazil has come through a process of social struggle, specially starting with the social movements. a qualitative study with the technique of action research was developed, aiming at building a popular participation and social control process within a family health team in the south of santa catarina state, brazil. the subjects of the study were the population who attended the healthcare service, participating or not in the organized social movements, and the health workers. data collection comprised participant observation and interviews. the construction of citizen participation and social control process was developed in three moments: awareness of the situation, independent dialogue and "d" moment. the study presents alternatives for this process. in this case, dialogue was the essential instrument to encourage and search of other ways for the unified health system.
Competências dos profissionais de saúde no referencial das fun??es essenciais de saúde pública: contribui??o para a constru??o de projetos pedagógicos na enfermagem
Witt, Regina Rigatto;Almeida, Maria Cecília Puntel de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672003000400027
Abstract: the development of competencies among health professionals in relation to the essential public health functions (ephf) is part of a number of initiatives that are meant to face the need for services that can lead to the resolution of health problems, considering the transformations occurred in the health sector and in the workplace. this article's objective is to make a theorical reflection on the theme of professional competencies, so that we can contribute to the development of political-pedagogical projects for health training and primarily for nursing training. for that matter, we introduce the competency-based model. these competencies are in accordance with the ephf and with the competencies proposed so far, and are aimed at contributing to the development of interdisciplinary, critical, and reflexive education models..
O fazer das enfermeiras da estratégia de saúde da família na aten o domiciliária El quehacer de las enfermeras de la estrategia de salud de la familia en la atención domiciliaria The performance of family health nurses in home care
Cristiane Dantas Laitano Lionello,Carmen Lúcia Mottin Duro,Andria Machado da Silva,Regina Rigatto Witt
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: Este estudo objetivou conhecer o fazer das enfermeiras da Estratégia de Saúde de Família (ESF) na aten o domiciliária. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. Foram entrevistadas seis enfermeiras atuantes da ESF de um distrito sanitário de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. As informa es foram submetidas à análise de conteúdo temática, resultando em três categorias: a visita domiciliária (VD) na ESF, avalia o das demandas de VD e intera o com a equipe de saúde na aten o domiciliária. A visita domiciliária (VD) tem oportunizado a identifica o das necessidades por meio do conhecimento do contexto de vida dos usuários. Esta tem sido realizada no atendimento de doentes cr nicos, acamados e idosos, efetuada a partir das informa es trazidas pelos agentes comunitários de saúde. Todas as enfermeiras relataram realizar VD, sendo que gostariam de ter mais tempo para se dedicar a essa atividade. Este estudio objetivó conocer el quehacer de las enfermeras de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia (ESF) en la atención domiciliaria. Se desarrolló un estudio exploratorio descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo. Se entrevistó a seis enfermeras que actúan en la ESF en un distrito sanitario en Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Las informaciones fueron sometidas al análisis de contenido temático y resutando en tres categorías: visita domiciliaria en la ESF, evaluación de las demandas de la visita domiciliaria e interacción con el equipo en la visita domiciliaria. La visita domiciliaria (VD) ha alimentado la identificación de necesidades con conocimiento del contexto de vida de los usuarios. Se la viene realizando en la atención de enfermos crónicos, acamados, ancianos, efectuada a partir de los agentes comunitarios de salud. Todas las enfermeras dicen hacer VD, pero que les gustaría más tiempo para esta actividad. This study aimed at identifying the performance of Family Health Strategy (FHS) nurses in home care. It consists of an exploratory descriptive study using a qualitative approach. Six FHS nurses from a health district of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were interviewed. Data were submitted to thematic content analysis, revealing three categories: home visit (HV) in the FHS, assessment of HV demands and interaction with the health team in home care. Home visits (HV) have allowed the identification of health needs through the recognition of the patients' life context. This approach has been used for chronic, bedridden and elderly patients care, based on information brought by community health agents. All nu
Nurses’ competencies in primary health care: a Delphy technique study
Regina R Witt,Maria Cecília Puntel de Almeida,Vivian Elizabeth Araujo
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2006,
Abstract: An investigation on nurses′ primary health care practice was developed to identify and analyze nurses’ general and specific competencies at the Brazilian Health System. This quantitative-qualitative research adopted the Delphi Technique as a method of study. Two groups of participants were selected. Fifty-two nurses and fifty-seven specialists accepted to participate in the study. Questionnaires were developed for data collection, including a Likert scale. A 75 percentage was adopted as a consensus criterion for scores 4 or 5 of this scale. Results showed 17 general and 8 specific competencies for the nursing group and 19 general and 9 specific competencies for the specialist group. These competencies were classified into ten areas of domain. This paper presents and discusses health care competencies found in this investigation.
Rethinking and Reframing Leadership of Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Distributed Perspective  [PDF]
De Witt Scott, Resche Hines
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.513128
Abstract:

In recent years, many Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have experienced a decline in enrollment and prestige. Several leading scholars attribute this to societal shifts that have challenged the historical mission of HBCUs. Higher education’s current environment demands a transformation of how HBCU leadership is administered if these institutions are to survive. Distributed leadership focuses primarily on the process of leadership rather than the traditional perspective of a single, dynamic leader at the top of a hierarchical chain, as is typically experienced at most HBCUs. This paper will contend that distributed leadership is an effective leadership strategy for the maintenance, sustainability, and advancement of HBCUs.

Francesco Petrarca and the Parameters of Historical Research
Ronald Witt
Religions , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/rel3030699
Abstract: Although scholars in the first two generations of humanism wrote the histories drawing heavily on ancient Roman sources, Petrarca was the first humanist historian to focuses on the history of ancient Roma. Because he was also the earliest to approach ancient Romans as historically conditioned human beings, he was able to see the achievements of the Romans in historical perspective. At the same time he was unable to separate mythology from history and acknowledged the effect of divine and diabolical forces on the course of human events.
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