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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4104 matches for " Recurrent Infections "
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Diminishing demandingness of parents; children with recurrent infections  [PDF]
Ellen van der Gaag, Miriam Münow
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.48077
Abstract: Background and Method: Parenting and parenting styles are in favor of authoritative parents compared with non-authoritative parents. These parents display higher levels of both responsiveness and demandingness. We studied the aspect of demandingness using a questionnaire aimed at children aged between 1 and 4 years. 82 Children with recurrent respiratory infections (RRI) and 399 control children were included. Results: Parents of RRI children regulated the quantitative dietary intake of their child less; likewise they gave less stimulation to their children to eat. They also taught their children less on what they can or cannot touch and they argued more with their children (all p < 0.05). However, when it comes to simple rules like watching television or not, the parents of RRI children were very clear. There were however no differences in rules about television watching, computer time or bedtimes. Conclusions: Our study shows that parents of children with RRI are less demanding in complex pedagogic situations that ask for creativity from the parents. However, they are demanding with respect to simple rules. We found no child factors that could explain why children give their parents a hard time. We hypothesize that the parents of RRI children could be less capable of handling complex pedagogic situations (even more complicated by the infections) instead of being unwilling.
Upper respiratory tract infections in children: A normal stage or high parental concern?  [PDF]
Ellen J. Van Der Gaag, Nicole Van Droffelaar
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2012.23038
Abstract: Background: Families function less efficiently when one of the children suffers from illness. Upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are common among children. Though the child may have no critical or serious health problem, the parents may frequently get worried and visit the general practitioner or pediatrician. Do children with URTI who visit the doctor frequently pass through a normal stage in childhood or are their parents more concerned than usual? Methods: A questionnaire was filled out for 76 children between 1 and 4 years of age. Two groups were created: a URTI group and a control group. Results: The URTI group suffered from these infections for 19.4 days a month, compared with 5.9 days in the control group. In addition, they also suffered from fever for a longer duration and used more antibiotics. The parents of these children were found to be more concerned, caused by a fear of a serious disease. They often keep their child at home and make their child consume more medicines. Conclusions: Parents of children with recurrent infections are found to be more concerned and a hypothesis of high parental concern and child's illness is discussed. Minimizing parental concern can therefore be a possible preventive treatment.
Infec??es de repeti??o: o que é importante para o pediatra
Roxo Júnior, Pérsio;Carvalho, Beatriz Tavares C.;Tavares, Fabíola Scancetti;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822009000400013
Abstract: objective: to present an up-to-date review about recurrent infections in children, addressing important aspects for pediatricians related to infections in healthy children and in children with primary immunodeficiencies. data source: articles related to the subject were collected from medline and lilacs databases between 1980 and 2008, selecting articles of meta-analysis, review and clinical trials in humans, with well-structured methodology and discussion. national and international textbooks relevant to the subject were also included. data synthesis: recurrent infections are frequent in pediatric clinics. approximately 50% of these children are healthy and 10% may be immunodeficient. the healthy child presents normal growth and development and is well between infections. most times, infections do not have prolonged or complicated evolution, and they occur due to exposure to infectious agents from the environment during the first years of life. primary immunodeficiencies usually manifest as recurrent infections by specific microorganisms or by low virulence germs. most of the times, these infections are prolonged, they present inadequate response to antibiotics and a high risk of complications. conclusions: an early diagnosis of primary immunodeficiencies is essential so that therapeutic measures may be taken quickly, reducing risks of death and complications.
Infección urinaria recurrente en la mujer
Valdevenito S,Juan Pablo;
Revista chilena de infectología , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-10182008000400004
Abstract: recurrent urinary tract infections (r-uti) are common among women even though they generally have a normal urinary tract. women with r-uti have an increased susceptibility to vaginal colonization with uropathogens due to a greater propensity for them to adhere to their epithelial cells. risk factors include frequent sexual intercourse, spermicide use, first uti at an early age and maternal history of uti. prevention of recurrences can be done with low-dose continuous antimicrobial prophylaxis or with post-coital antimicrobial prophylaxis, a method that may be more efficient and acceptable. estrogen replacement therapy using a vaginal administration in postmenopausal women is also effective in preventing r-uti. the vaginal vaccine only diminishes percentage of women with escherichia coli uti. the oral vaccine reduces r-uti with inferior results than antimicrobial prophylaxis; cranberry intake shows some evidence in favor, although further trials are needed. finally r-uti can also be effectively managed with self-start antimicrobial therapy
Infecciones respiratorias altas recurrentes en ni?os menores de 5 a?os. Jagüey Grande. 2008-2009
Prieto Gómez,Elsa; Robaina Rivero,Estela del Rosario; González González,Gonzalo Antonio; Soto García,Erasmo; Fleitas Echeverría,Domingo; García Marín,Milaydis;
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2011,
Abstract: the high respiratory infections are an important cause of morbidity in children aged less than 5 years old. for its magnitude among the infantile population, we carried out an analytical retrospective study of cases and controls, to determine the risk facts in the recurrent high respiratory infections in children less than 5 years old of the teaching policlinic 7 de diciembre, jaguey grande, matanzas, from may 2008 to may 2009. the universe were the 352 children with high respiratory infections who assisted the allergy consultation; the sample was formed by 85 children for each group. we took into account the variables socio-demographic and environmental factors. we determined that the main risk factors are the atopy, the exposition to the tobacco smoke, the lack of breastfeeding, the wrong ablactation, the low maternal scholarship, living in rural areas, the deficient hygienic-sanitary conditions like animals presence, old houses, bad ventilation and climatologic factors as cold, temperature and humidity changes.
Infecciones respiratorias recurrentes y estado nutricional en ni?os de 0 a 6 a?os
Tamayo Pérez,Vilma Inés; Esquivel Lauzurique,Mercedes; González Fernández,Ciro;
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: introduction: the recurrent respiratory infections (rri) are frequently accompanied by nutritional disorders that affect the growth of the children.objectives: describe the nutrition state of the children studied and its relationship with the presence of rri. method: it was carried out an observational, descriptive and transverse study in which the behavior of a group of anthropometric indexes (height / age, bmi/age, fat area / age and muscle/age was evaluated in 116 children 0-6 year-old suffering from rri assisted in the consultation of immunology of the teaching hospital "ángel a. aballí" (2005 - 2007). result: this study showed that in this population the upper rri were more frequent than the lower ones with a higher incidence in the male sex and of those under five years, high values of the anthropometrics index prevailed except in the bmi but there was a greater nutritional affectation in this population than the one reported in a previous study in havana. those that presented lower rri showed deficit in values more frecuently than those that suffered from upper rri. conclusions: the studied population had bigger nutritional affectation that the children of the previous study of the province of origin. it was more evident in the low rri.
Polypodium leucotomos Extract use to prevent and reduce the risk of infectious diseases in high performance athletes
Marí Solivellas B, Cabanes Martín T
Infection and Drug Resistance , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S29113
Abstract: lypodium leucotomos Extract use to prevent and reduce the risk of infectious diseases in high performance athletes Original Research (774) Total Article Views Authors: Marí Solivellas B, Cabanes Martín T Published Date October 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 149 - 153 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S29113 Received: 09 January 2012 Accepted: 10 July 2012 Published: 16 October 2012 Bartolomé Marí Solivellas, Teo Cabanes Martín Sports Medicine Service, Mallorca Regional Government, Mallorca, Spain Objective: Many components of the immune system undergo adverse changes during intense physical activity in athletes, leading to a heightened risk of respiratory tract infections. This study evaluated the reduction in infectious processes in athletes due to intensive training with anapsos. Methods: The study compared athletes who took 480 mg Polypodium leucotomos Extract (Armaya fuerte; Centrum laboratories, Alicante, Spain) twice daily for 3 months (n = 50) with a control group (n = 50) in the evaluation of the onset of infectious processes and relapses during an 8-month period (June 2010 to January 2011). Results: The onset of infectious processes in the Polypodium leucotomos Extract group was lower when compared to the control group (14% versus 56%). Relapse in the Polypodium leucotomos Extract group was seen in just one athlete (14.2%) compared to ten athletes (37.5%) in the control group. Conclusion: Polypodium leucotomos Extract has been shown to be useful in the prevention of infectious processes, as well as reducing recurring episodes in athletes.
The clinical immunological and long-term follow-up of pediatric patients with common variable immunodeficiency
Abdollahzade S,Aghamohammadi A,Soheili H,Salehi Sadaghiani M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: "n 800x600 Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Background: Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary immunodeficiency disease, characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and heterogeneous clinical manifestations. This study was performed to evaluate the clinical and immunological features of pediatric patients with CVID. "n"nMethods: We reviewed the records of 69 children diagnosed under age of 16 years with CVID (35 males and 34 females)."n"nResults: By the year 2008, 15 patients (21%) had died. The total follow-up period was 333 patient-years. The mean diagnostic time between onset and diagnosis in our patient group was 4.40 years. The overall rate of consanguineous marriages was 58%. 10 patients had a positive family history of immunodeficiency. At the time of diagnosis, the mean levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA levels were 286.86, 39.92, and 18.39 mg/dl, respectively which were below the normal levels for age. All of the patients presented with infectious diseases at the time of onset, the most common of which were pneumonia, diarrhea and sinusitis. Acute and recurrent infections were also found in almost all of the patients, particularly involving respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. The most common infections during follow-up period were pneumonia (31.9%), acute diarrhea (18.8%), acute sinusitis (18.8%), and otitis media (14.5%). Post-diagnosis survival was estimated to be 79% during the first five years. The survival rate was not shown to be influenced by delayed diagnosis, serum levels of IgG and B-lymphocyte count at the time of diagnosis."n"nConclusions: Any child with a history of recurrent infections, decreased levels of serum immunoglobulin isotypes and consanguineous parents should be considered as a CVID patient.
Ataxia-telengiectasia: A case report
Metin Uysalol,Nur?ah Eker,Ahmet ?ncio?lu,Ezgi Pasl?
Medical Journal of Bakirk?y , 2007,
Abstract: Ataxia-telengiectasia (AT) is a rare multisystemic autosomal-recessive disease characterized with oculocutaneous telengiectasies, recurrent sinopulmonary infections associated with humoral and cellular immune deficiencies, increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation and susceptibility to malignancies. Prevalence of the disease is known to be 1–3/40000- 100.000. Our case is a 6 years old female patient who was admitted to our hospital with recurrent sinopulmoner infections and imbalanced walking. She is diagnosed as ataxia telengiectasia. In this article we reviewed the literature and discussed AT with clinic and pathologic properties which are rarely seen.
The Approach to Children with Recurrent Infections
Asghar Aghamohammadi,Hassan Abolhassani,Payam Mohammadinejad,Nima Rezaei
Iranian Journal Of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology , 2012,
Abstract: Recurrent and chronic infections in children are one of the most common reasons for physicians' visits that make a diagnostic challenge to pediatricians. Although the majority of referred children with recurrent infections are normal, underlying causes of recurrent infection such as atopy, anatomical and functional defects, and primary or secondary immunodeficiency must be considered in evaluation of children with this complaint.Although primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) were originally felt to be rare, it has became clear that they are much more common than routinely appreciated. Early and accurate detection of PIDs in children is essential to institute early lifesaving care and optimized treatments.Therefore in the approach to children with recurrent infections, careful medical history taking and physical examination with more attention to warning PIDs signs and symptoms are essential to distinguish those children with underlying PIDs from those who are normal or having other underlying disorders. If indicated, appropriate laboratory studies including simple screening and advanced tests must be performed.
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