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Lazy or Greedy? Impact of Xenophobic Beliefs on Natives’ Attitudes towards Redistribution  [PDF]
Raul Magni Berton
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.31005

Several recent accounts have shown that anti-immigrant feeling among citizens seems to reduce the support for the welfare state. As a consequence, the rise of immigration could produce a deep change in industrialized countries’ social security systems. This paper provides evidence that support for redistribution is not decreased by generic xenophobia, but by a specific kind of xenophobic belief. It also shows that some other xenophobic beliefs tend rather to produce a demand for governmental protection programs. Based on a multivariate analysis on individual and contextual French data, findings show that the support for social protection programs is positively related to the fear of competition from immigrants and negatively with the fear that immigrants strain the welfare state. This result can be generalized to other countries where “redistributive xenophobia” is much more widespread.

à propos de The Practice of Liberal Pluralism de William Galston : un dialogue avec l’auteur
Roberto Merrill,Bernardo Bolagnos,Raul Magni Berton,Geneviève Rousselière
Les Ateliers de l’éthique , 2006,
Abstract: The publication of "The Practice of Liberal Pluralism" by Willam Galston has appeared as an event of first importance regarding contemporary theory about the relation between pluralism and liberalism. William Galston’s theory has had a visible evolution: in "Liberal Purposes", the main object is a critique of neutralism and a defence of perfectionist liberalism, whereas "Liberal Pluralism" main concern was to draw the limits of state intervention. This evolution is the object of numerous questions in the following discussion. "The Practice of Liberal Pluralism" operates an interesting synthesis on this point. Galston defines himself as a liberal pluralist such as Berlin, but although he acknowledges that conflict between values can be tragic, he minimizes this aspect in the following discussions, and considers the possibility of having prima facie duties (cf. the discussion on his rejection of moral particularism). One of the main arguments for the defence of value pluralism is its capacity to explain the complexity of the moral universe (cf. the discussion on pluralism and regret). Galston endorses a political pluralism, which means that the sources of authority are multiple. Galston’s liberalism is very tolerant regarding non-liberal communitarian practices, although this tolerance is based on the defence of an exit right, which is a fundamental notion in his theory. In the following discussion, Galston proposes how to understand this right of exit in an adequate manner (cf. the questions regarding expressive liberty, exit rights and autonomy).
The theatrical communic-action of science
Magni Francesca
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2002,
Abstract: In the writer’s opinion the frequently used expression “scientific theatre” is actually an ambiguous term, since it refers to a number of widely differing experiences. For this reason, the word “theatre” is preferred in this paper when referring to those events which take place in institutionalised settings, while the term “theatrical communic-action” is deemed more appropriate when referring to those taking place in settings devoted to scientific communication, such as museums. After a brief historical analysis of the various approaches of theatre to science and some examples of plays in Italy and abroad, the writer investigates how theatre can produce effective scientific communication in museums. Theatrical action can bring out the value of the exhibits of a museum, while creating a new way of experiencing the exhibitions. Theatrical actions link education and entertainment, consequently becoming a highly effective didactic instrument. The advantages of theatre are briefly outlined, considering it as an interpretative technique to communicate science from the point of view of the goals pursued by museums, of epistemology and of theatrical research. Hopefully, theatrical communic -action of science will become common practice in Italy, just like in Europe and the United States, where it has established itself for decades. In Italy this technique has been very seldom applied, thus hindering a thorough analysis of it. On the basis of various experiences abroad, however, the conclusion is drawn that there is probably no all-encompassing magical solution, and that the effectiveness of all different techniques of theatrical communic-action should be tested case by case.
A cr nica por Luís Martins: dissolu o das fronteiras entre jornalismo e literatura
Carlos Magni
Conex?o : Comunica??o e Cultura , 2009,
Abstract: Este trabalho entenderá a cr nica como um gênero híbrido, ligado tanto ao mundo objetivo das notícias quanto ao mundo subjetivo do cronista. Pelo estudo de algumas cr nicas de Luís Martins, cujo temário é a própria produ o dessa escrita, recolhemos algumas estruturas discursivas que est o na gênese dessa escrita. Luís Martins foi jornalista e escritor, trabalhou em diversos jornais cariocas e paulistas entre as décadas de 30 a 80 do século XX. Assim, numa aproxima o metalinguística, será dada voz ao cronista e jornalista Luís Martins, para que sejam exploradas as fronteiras entre a produ o jornalística e a literária. Podemos também entender que esses limites, de fato, deixam de existir quando estamos diante de um produtor que se prop e a rompê-los.
Hysteresis properties at zero temperature in the Dipolar-Random Field Ising Model
Alessandro Magni
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.59.985
Abstract: We present a modified two-dimensional random field Ising model, where a dipolar interaction term is added to the classic random field Hamiltonian. In a similar model it was already verified that the system state can exhibit domains in the form of stripe patterns, typical of thin materials with strong perpendicular anisotropy. In this work we show that the hysteresis loops obtained at zero temperature can display a strict similarity with the loops obtained in thin magnetic materials such as garnet films. In our model the processes of domain nucleation and domain wall motion are well separated in time as the system evolves. This remarkable fact allowed us to better understand the nucleation process in this family of spin systems.
Backreaction and the Covariant Formalism of General Relativity
Stefano Magni
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: This thesis is a review of backreaction, which is a possible alternative to dark energy and modified gravity. We describe in detail the 3+1 covariant formalism and Frobenius' theorem. We present the averaging procedure developed by Buchert, the Buchert equations and the generalization of these equations to the case of general matter. We then generalize to arbitrary number of spatial dimensions. We focus on the case of 2+1 dimensions, where the relation between the topology and the geometry of a surface imposes a global constraint on backreaction.
A Convergence Result for the Gradient Flow of $\int |A|^2$ in Riemannian Manifolds
Annibale Magni
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We study the gradient flow of the $L^2-$norm of the second fundamental form of smooth immersions of two-dimensional surfaces into compact Riemannian manifolds. By analogy with the results obtained for the Willmore flow in Riemannian manifolds, we prove lifespan estimates in terms of the $L^2-$concentration of the second fundamental form of the initial data and we show existence of blowup limits. Under special condition both on the initial data and on the target manifold, we prove a long time existence result for the flow and subconvergence to a critical immersion.
St. John le calviniste, ou l’émule de Gil-Martin Charlotte Bront ’s Calvinist St. John Emulating James Hogg’s Gil-Martin
Jean Berton
Revue LISA / LISA e-journal , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/lisa.833
Abstract: This article aims to show how far Hogg’s archetypal character, Gil-Martin, influenced Charlotte Bront ’s enigmatic character, St. John, who appears in chapters XXVI to XXXV and is mentioned again in the conclusion of Jane Eyre. Some unexpected words, like “glen”, in a greater Yorkshire area, operate as keywords to a “deep context” study in a neo-contextualist approach. Even though St. John cannot be mistaken for a double of Gil-Martin, a fair number of details tend to prove that James Hogg’s Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner deeply influenced Charlotte Bront —both pride-driven St. John and Gil-Martin stand for demonic despotism. Yet, if Gil-Martin is a straightforward Gothic illustration of Satan, St. John is a reincarnation of a marble-cold Apollo in a dogma-trapped Calvinist. Bront ’s intention was not so much to denounce noxious excesses in religious beliefs as to set her heroine’s wise independence against nefarious male domination: whereas victimised Robert Wringhim is driven to despair and suicide, self-reliant Jane Eyre escapes from St. John’s grip. In both narratives relationships between men and women are shown as tragically warped by religious behavioural extravagance, but only the female character is granted a positive outcome to serve an optimistic view on life: Robert Wringhim is violently wrung out of the society of men and women, St. John Rivers, from “Marsh End”, blindly drifts away to his death in India, and airy Jane, of “Moor House”, wafts away to anchor to Edward Rochester, the sender of the airwave-born call.
Esther Schor, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley
E-rea : Revue électronique d’études sur le Monde Anglophone , 2006,
Abstract: “Today, whether she is found between staid cloth covers, in paperback, on the screen or in cyberspace, Mary Shelley is everywhere,” writes Esther Schor in her Introduction to this collection of essays (2). Interest in “the Author of Frankenstein” and of other works has grown steadily over the last twenty years, thanks notably to the publication of her Journals (The Journals of Mary Shelley, 1814-1844, ed. Paula R. Feldman and Diana Scott-Kilvert, 2 vols, Oxford: Clarendon, 1987), of her Lette...
Designing a Nano Infrastructure for Brazil’s Amazon Water Resources: A Quadruple Helix Approach  [PDF]
Raul Gouvea
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.71005
Abstract: This paper elaborates on the role of green technologies and innovations in “greening” Brazil’s Amazon region fresh water resources. The paper elaborates on the development of an innovation quadruple helix to better manage the region’s water resources. Brazil accounts for close to 12% of the earth’s fresh water reserves, while most of it is in the Amazon region. The preservation of water reserves on a global scale is of paramount importance in the 21st century. Brazil, however, has not managed its water resources effectively leading to the increasing pollution and contamination of its Amazonian water resources.
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