The aim of this article is, through two case
studies, to demonstrate that focus group interviews constitute a particularly
useful method with which to examine topics which may seem sensitive to the
informants. The central point of the article is that focus group interviews can
help to establish a safe setting for the informants in which, they can create
shared meanings, interpretations and understandings in relation to the topic on
which the researchers wish to collect a group’s accumulated statements,
opinions and experiences. It is argued that this process possesses a
politically democratic potential, as the framework for the focus group
interview creates an arena in which critical statements may be made about the
sphere of possibilities of working life. The focus group interview thereby
becomes a free zone, which not only enables the sensitive issue to be subjected
to the group’s reciprocal interpretation process, but also generates
emancipatory processes.

Abstract:
Drawing on a social phenomenological perspective in the sociology of everyday life, this ethno-graphic field study explores different ways in which women with rheumatoid arthritis perceive participation in a patient education programme as significant to their everyday lives. In particular, there are three ways in which this participation is perceived as significant to everyday life: as identity work, as an extension of “action space” in the practicalities of everyday life, and as a special community based on a common chronic condition. Furthermore, we uncover a difference in terms of what programme participation means to recently diagnosed participants, on one hand, and experienced participants, on the other hand, which is related to differences in their lived experiences of living with and managing chronic illness. This ethnographic study provides an important understanding of how these women create meaning inter-subjectively through social interaction but interpret this meaning individually based on their individual biographical experiences. The findings are relevant both to those who study the significance of patient education (both practitioners and researchers) and to those who are exploring how individuals make sense of living with chronic illness.

Abstract:
The article argues that the so-called life-coaches can be seen as
exponents of the ongoing institutionali- zation of the introverted criticism that
apparently leads to more self-criticism and to a feeling of failure rather than
to an actual extroverted criticism of the structural conditions of society.
Thus, the hypothesis is that the inner work with the resources of the self is
so exhausting that it leads to a mental breakdown. The self becomes so
exhausted that if it should make up its mind to criticize the structural
conditions of society; the critique will be dismantled beforehand. But what
then can be understood by the strong concept of “emancipation” today? In line
with Critical Theory’s model for emancipation, the article suggests that the
historical alternative for our time consists in the liberation of the
extroverted criticism. An actual and radical liberation of the possibilities
for practicing criticism—that is, a democratization
and establishment of a critical culture—is the moral potential for development, which must be promoted to pave
the way for any future emancipatory movements.

Abstract:
A quite common practice, even in academic literature, is to simplify a decision problem and model it as a cost-minimizing problem. In fact, some type of models has been standardized to minimization problems, like Quadratic Assignment Problems (QAPs), where a maximization formulation would be treated as a “generalized” QAP and not solvable by many of the specially designed softwares for QAP. Ignoring revenues when modeling a decision problem works only if costs can be separated from the decisions influencing revenues. More often than we think this is not the case, and minimizing costs will not lead to maximized profit. This will be demonstrated using spreadsheets to solve a small example. The example is also used to demonstrate other pitfalls in network models: the inability to generally balance the problem or allocate costs in advance, and the tendency to anticipate a specific type of solution and thereby make constraints too limiting when formulating the problem.

Abstract:
Uddannelsesminister Morten stergaard pr senterer lidt om den nye regerings visioner for universiteterne, n r det g lder digitalisering af eksamener og pr ver i den indledende klumme "5 hurtige sp rgsm l til ministeren".

Abstract:
F rste gang publiceret i UNEV nr. 2: E-l ringsplatforme - muligheder og potentialer, januar - marts 2004, red. Tom Nyvand og Michael Pedersen. ISSN 1603-5518. Artiklen introducerer tekstbaserede computermedierede konferencer (CMC) og beskriver en r kke af de fordele (og ulemper) benyttelsen af denne teknologi, efter forfatterens erfaring og viden, kan have for undervisningen. Samtidigt fokuseres p den s regne karakteristik, som kommunikationen via computermedierede konferencer iscenes tter og peger p forskellige tilgange til en fordelagtig benyttelse af den. Endelig vil der til sidst v re et kort afsnit om de muligheder CMC i vrigt kan tilbyde uddannelsesinstitutionerne, n r CMC allerede benyttes til e-l ring.

Abstract:
The impact of SES on mortality is an established finding in mortality research. I examine, whether this impact decreases with age. Most research finds evidence for this decrease but it is unknown whether the decline is due to mortality selection. My data come from the US-HRS Study and includes 9376 persons aged 59+, which are followed over 8 years. The variables allow a time varying measurement of SES, health and behavior. Event-history-analysis is applied to analyze mortality differentials. My results show that socioeconomic mortality differences are stable across ages whereas they decline clearly with decreasing health. The first finding that health rather than age is the equalizer combined with the second finding of unequally distributed health leads to the conclusion that in old age, the impact of SES is transferred to health and is stable across ages.

Abstract:
For low to moderate supersaturations, crystals grow by lateral build-up of new layers. The edges of the layers are known as "steps". We consider the rate of step advance on a flat crystal face under the influence of bulk diffusion in the complete absence of advection, assuming a steady-state. In such circumstances, the step velocity tends asymptotically to zero as the radius of curvature increases. This counters the Gibbs-Thomson effect according to which the rate of step advance should asymptotically increase \textit{ceteris paribus} with increasing radius of curvature. Because of these competing effects, the rate of step advance is expected to be non-monotonous in the radius of curvature.

Abstract:
Motivated by the problems of computing sample covariance matrices, and of transforming a collection of vectors to a basis where they are sparse, we present a simple algorithm that computes an approximation of the product of two n-by-n real matrices A and B. Let ||AB||_F denote the Frobenius norm of AB, and b be a parameter determining the time/accuracy trade-off. Given 2-wise independent hash functions $_1,h_2: [n] -> [b], and s_1,s_2: [n] -> {-1,+1} the algorithm works by first "compressing" the matrix product into the polynomial p(x) = sum_{k=1}^n (sum_{i=1}^n A_{ik} s_1(i) x^{h_1(i)}) (sum_{j=1}^n B_{kj} s_2(j) x^{h_2(j)}) Using FFT for polynomial multiplication, we can compute c_0,...,c_{b-1} such that sum_i c_i x^i = (p(x) mod x^b) + (p(x) div x^b) in time \~O(n^2+ n b). An unbiased estimator of (AB)_{ij} with variance at most ||AB||_F^2 / b can then be computed as: C_{ij} = s_1(i) s_2(j) c_{(h_1(i)+h_2(j)) mod b. Our approach also leads to an algorithm for computing AB exactly, whp., in time \~O(N + nb) in the case where A and B have at most N nonzero entries, and AB has at most b nonzero entries. Also, we use error-correcting codes in a novel way to recover significant entries of AB in near-linear time.