In Portugal, over the last 20 years, we have seen great strides in
addressing intimate partner violence against
women by their male partners. Measuring and understanding progress,
and achieving sustainable systems change is a major challenge and to
achieve this aim we need to identify events, persons and settings that contribute
for the critical factors that create long term transformations in the systems
and the creation of new resources . Since the healthcare system is one of
the main actors of intervention with survivors, the goal of this project was to
interview key stakeholders from the healthcare system in order to understand the main changes they perceive have happened over the past two decades. Based on interviews with key stakeholders,
our study explores the evidences of the changes that occurred in the healthcare
system, the intersections with other systems and their visions for the future.
A water distribution problem in the Mexican Valley is modeled first as a three-person noncooperative game. Each player has a five-dimensional strategy vector, the strategy sets are defined by 15 linear constraints, and the three payoff functions are also linear. A nonlinear optimization problem is first formulated to obtain the Nash equilibrium based on the Kuhn-Tucker conditions, and then, duality theorem is used to develop a computational procedure. The problem can also be considered as a conflict between the three players. The non-symmetric Nash bargaining solution is suggested to find the solution. Multiobjective programming is an alternative solution concept, when the water supply of the three players are the objectives, and the water authority is considered to be the decision maker. The optimal water distribution strategies are determined by using these solution concepts and methods.