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Characterization of the hospitalization of children and adolescents with cancer
Pan, Raquel;Marques, Amanda Rossi;Costa Júnior, Moacyr Lobo da;Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692011000600019
Abstract: this study characterizes hospitalizations of children and adolescents with cancer, from 1998 to 2008, to describe the clientele in follow-up in the regional health area of ribeir?o preto, sp, brazil. morbidity was surveyed in ribeir?o preto, sp, brazil, using hospitalization data from the unified health system. the studied variables included: origin, residence, year when care was provided, deaths, age and gender of patients diagnosed with child and adolescent cancer according to the international classification of disease 10th edition, chapter ii. the results indicated 7,234 hospitalizations of individuals younger than 18 years old diagnosed with neoplasm, 95% of which were from ribeir?o preto, sp, brazil, and the remainder from cities located in all five of the brazilian regions. identifying the characteristics of patients contributes to the identification of information to broaden the sensitization of health professionals concerning the need for secondary preventive actions, such as early diagnosis.
Perfil dos atendimentos a crian?as e adolescentes vítimas de causas externas de morbimortalidade, 2000-2006
Silva, Marta Angélica Iossi;Pan, Raquel;Melo, Ludimila;Bortoli, Paula Saud de;Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472010000200021
Abstract: external causes are important factors of child morbidity and mortality and permanent disabilities around the world. this quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study aimed to characterize emergency care for children and adolescents aged from zero to 19 years victims of external causes of morbidity and mortality in a university hospital in the interior of the state of sao paulo, brazil, between 2000 and 2006. at the end of the study period researchers found 6302 emergency attendances and the majority of reported cases occurred among adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, males, between saturday and monday and from 7 to 12 pm. the main diagnoses of external causes were transport accidents, followed by assault. in conclusion, the nurses' role in caring for patients who are recovering from accidents, violence and aggression is of fundamental importance for the families and community. it is essential in order to contribute to the planning and development of preventive and assistance actions.
ESPIRITUALIDADE E RELIGIOSIDADE NA PERSPECTIVA DE ENFERMEIROS
Lucila Castanheira Nascimento,Tabatha de Freitas Moreira Santos,Fabiane Cristina Santos de Oliveira,Raquel Pan
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Al considerar el ser humano como una unidad formada por cuerpo, mente y espíritu, es importante que los enfermeros evalúen la necesidad de intervención en el campo espiritual. Este estudio describe la comprensión del significado de la espiritualidad y la religiosidad de los enfermeros que actúan en hospitales. Esta es una investigación exploratoria y cualitativa y fue desarrollada con 17 enfermeros. La recolección de datos fue realizada con entrevistas semiestructuradas y analizadas a través de análisis de contenido. Los resultados muestran que los enfermeros identifican las particularidades involucradas en los conceptos de espiritualidad y religiosidad, así como reconocen el vínculo entre ellos. La aplicabilidad de estos términos en la práctica clínica de los enfermeros es influenciada directamente por su propia espiritualidad y religiosidad, su formación académica y el miedo de las repercusiones negativas derivadas de la aproximación directa de estas cuestiones con los pacientes.
Gram-Negative Enterobacteria Induce Tolerogenic Maturation in Dexamethasone Conditioned Dendritic Cells
Raquel Cabezón, Elena Ricart, Carolina Espa?a, Julián Panés, Daniel Benitez-Ribas
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052456
Abstract: Dendritic cells have been investigated in clinical trials, predominantly with the aim of stimulating immune responses against tumours or infectious diseases. Thus far, however, no clinical studies have taken advantage of their specific immunosuppressive potential. Tolerogenic DCs may represent a new therapeutic strategy for human immune-based diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, where the perturbations of the finely tuned balance between the immune system and the microflora result in disease. In the present report, we describe the generation of tolerogenic DCs from healthy donors and Crohn’s disease patients using clinical-grade reagents in combination with dexamethasone as immunosuppressive agent and characterize their response to maturation stimuli. Interestingly, we found out that dexamethasone-conditioned DCs keep their tolerogenic properties to Gram-negative bacteria. Other findings included in this study demonstrate that the combination of dexamethasone with a specific cytokine cocktail yielded clinical-grade DCs with the following characteristics: a semi-mature phenotype, a pronounced shift towards anti-inflammatory versus inflammatory cytokine production and low T-cell stimulatory properties. Importantly, in regard to their clinical application, the tolerogenic phenotype of DCs remained stable after the elimination of dexamethasone and after a second stimulation with LPS or bacteria. All these properties make this cell product suitable to be tested in clinical trials of inflammatory conditions including Crohn’s disease.
A Contextual Item-Based Collaborative Filtering Technology  [PDF]
Xueqing Tan, Pan Pan
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2012.43013
Abstract: This paper proposes a contextual item-based collaborative filtering technology, which is based on the traditional item-based collaborative filtering technology. In the process of the recommendation, user’s important mobile contextual information are taken into account, and the technology combines with those ratings on the items in the users’ historical contextual information who are familiar with user’s current context information in order to predict that which items will be preferred by user in his or her current context. At the end, an experiment is used to prove that the technology proposed in this paper can predict user’s preference in his or her mobile environment more accurately.
The Impact of Macro Factors on the Profitability of China’s Commercial Banks in the Decade after WTO Accession  [PDF]
Qinhua Pan, Meiling Pan
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.29011
Abstract:

Profitability of China’s commercial banks has increased significantly since it joined the World Trade Organization (WTO). Constantly advancing of deepening the reform and increasingly fierce of international competition make us to be concerned more about macroeconomic factors. This paper makes an empirical analysis with a panel of 10 Chinese listed banks during the period 1998- 2012 to make a study of the potential impact of external factors may bring to China’s capital market. The results confirm that macroeconomic do have a substantial influence to the earning power of commercial banks, according to which some suggestions are made at the end of the paper.

Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and their friends: the influence of this interaction in the management of the disease
Sparapani, Valéria de Cássia;Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela;Dantas, Isa Ribeiro de Oliveira;Pan, Raquel;Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000100016
Abstract: friends' support is a key element in the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus. this study describes the influence of friends on the lives of children with diabetes mellitus and its implications for managing the disease. empirical data were collected through semi-structured interviews, supported with the use of puppets, with 19 children aged between seven and 12 years old. the qualitative analysis of the testimonies allowed understanding the phenomenon from two perspectives: the attitude of friends towards the child, positively or negatively affecting the disease's management, and the attitude of the child toward friends. the knowledge of those involved and the interaction between the children with dm1 and their friends impacts the management of the disease. understanding the implications of these interactions contributes to the delivery of qualified nursing care to this population.
Linearization of the Liouville Equation, Multiple Splits of the Chandler Frequency, Markowitz Wobbles, and Error Analysis  [PDF]
Cheh Pan
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.325095
Abstract: The rotation of the physical Earth is far more complex than the rotation of a biaxial or slightly triaxial rigid body can represent. The linearization of the Liouville equation via the Munk and MacDonal perturbation scheme has oversimplified polar excitation physics. A more conventional linearization of the Liouville equation as the generalized equation of motion for free rotation of the physical Earth reveals: 1) The reference frame is most essential, which needs to be unique and physically located in the Earth; 2) Physical angular momentum perturbation arises from motion and mass redistribution to appear as relative angular momentum in a rotating Earth, which excites polar motion and length of day variations; 3) At polar excitation, the direction of the rotation axis in space does not change besides nutation and precession around the invariant angular momentum axis, while the principal axes shift responding only to mass redistribution; 4) Two inertia changes appear simultaneously at polar excitation; one is due to mass redistribution, and the other arises from the axial near-symmetry of the perturbed Earth; 5) The Earth at polar excitation becomes slightly triaxial and axially near-symmetrical even it was originally biaxial; 6) At polar excitation, the rotation of a non-rigid Earth becomes unstable; 7) The instantaneous figure axis or mean excitation axis around which the rotation axis physically wobbles is not a principal axis; 8) In addition to amplitude excitation, the Chandler wobble possesses also multiple frequency-splits and is slow damping; 9) Secular polar drift is after the products of inertia and always associated with the Chandler wobble; both belong to polar motion; 10) The Earth will reach its stable rotation only after its rotation axis, major principal axis, and instantaneous figure axis or mean excitation axis are all completely aligned with each other to arrive at the minimum energy configuration of the system; 11) The observation of the multiple splits of the Chandler frequency is further examined by means of exact-bandwidth filtering and spectral analysis, which confirms the theoretical prediction of the linearized Liouville equation. After the removal of the Gibbs phenomenon from the polar motion spectra, Markowitz wobbles are also observed; 12) Error analysis of the ILS data demonstrates that the incoherent noises from the Wars in 1920-1945 are separable from polar motion and removable, so the ILS data are still reliable and useful for the study of the continuation of polar motion.
Study on Turbulence Effects for Beam Propagation in Turbulent Atmosphere  [PDF]
Pingping Pan
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B035
Abstract:

Based on the theory for the turbulence and the Rytov method, the propagation formulas of the scintillation index and the mean square angle-of-arrival fluctuation for the beam propagation in atmospheric turbulence have been derived respectively. The propagation properties of the two turbulence effects have been investigated, and the effects of the characteristic parameters of turbulence and the beam parameters have been discussed. The results show that the variation of the two turbulence effects depends on the structure constant of the refractive index fluctuations Cn2, the inner scale of the turbulence l0, the waist width of source beam w0 and the wave length λ. Moreover, there are two parameters including Cn2 and l0 which show more significant effects in atmosphere. Consequently, a new method for determining the characteristics parameters of the turbulence by using the measurement of the scintillation index and the angle-of-arrival fluctuation has been proposed.

Non-Rigid Rotation, Global Geodynamics and Free Nutation  [PDF]
Cheh Pan
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.51008
Abstract:

The rotation of the physical Earth not only obeys the law of conservation of angular momentum but follows also the three-finger rule of the right-handed system. The reference frame in the Earth is most essential. The generalized Eulerian equation of motion or the Liouville equation is to represent global geodynamics in general, which is examined directly through the observation of the Earth’s rotation and surface motions, with no additional assumptions after fundamental physics. Rotational acceleration, polar motion, plate tectonics, and seismicity observed on the Earth’s surface indicate that the Earth’s angular momentum is perturbed and adjusting independently of external torques. (For more information,please refer to the PDF.)


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