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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16937 matches for " Raquel Fabiana Lopes Sparemberger "
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A Eficácia da Lei Brasileira na Prote o de Ecossistemas como Requisito Para Conserva o da Diversidade Biológica
Naura Teresinha Rech,Raquel Fabiana Lopes Sparemberger
Desenvolvimento em Quest?o , 2005,
Abstract: This work intends to analyze the importance of the protection to national ecosystems as conditio sine qua non for the conservation of the national biological diversity. Of the theoretical analysis of the subject, starting of the legal concepts conferred its nomenclature-key (biological diversity, ecosystems and conservation), it is arrived a boarding of the Brazilian ambient legislation, with prominence to the Forest Code, in intention to inside verify the effectiveness of the rule of law of this process. Will it be the legislation capable to protect ecosystems and, thus, to guarantee the conservation of the biological diversity in Brazil? In face of the amplitude of the subject and the national wealth of biomas (forests Mata Atlantica and Amaz nia , hedge, scrub savanna, etc), the subject will be focused under the point of view of the conservation the national forests, opposing its necessities to the protection that the national legislation excuses to them, observing the Forest Code (Law n 4,771, of 15 of September of 1995).
Precau o e Desenvolvimento: a importancia do estudo de impacto ambiental para a sustentabilidade
Raquel Fabiana Sparemberger Lopes,Cátia Sarreta Liczbinski
Desenvolvimento em Quest?o , 2004,
Abstract: This article approaches extremely important theme nowadays: the environmental crisis. The development model, in the root of this crisis, allowed and caused the environmental deterioration. Throughout this work, it is aimed as showing the urgency in the materialization of the sustainable, the participation of the Environmental Law and mainly the necessity of precaution of study of the environmetal impact for the guarantee of the present and future generations.
Temporal changes in cai?ara artisanal fishing and alternatives for management: a case study on the southeastern Brazilian coast
Lopes, Priscila Fabiana Macedo;Begossi, Alpina;
Biota Neotropica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032008000200005
Abstract: this paper describes a case study of the changes in fishing that occurred in a brazilian coastal community after a 10 year interval (1992-2002). there was a decrease in the mean amount of fish caught daily (from 14 kg to 11.32 kg) and annually (from 4.2 t to 3.4 t) and in the richness of species caught (from 21 to 17 species); there was also a low similarity in the species composition of the fish landings (morisita-horn index ch = 0.24). these changes suggested a decline in the locally exploited fish populations, which probably caused the discontinuation of commercial artisanal fishing. however, the diversity of fish caught by hook and line and purse-seine fishing was higher in the second period, whereas there was no significant difference in the diversity of fish caught using gillnets. despite these changes, the cpue showed no significant alteration and non-intensive fishing is still practiced by a few (6-35) people in the community. co-management alternatives (fishing regulations, oysterfarms, ecotourism, etc.) are suggested and may be applicable to other coastal communities after appropriate adaptation for each location.
Cooperativas populares: a (re)qualifica o do trabalho dos catadores de resíduos sólidos recicláveis em Ourinhos e Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo - SP
Fabiana Lopes da Cunha,Lirian Melchior
Revista Ciência em Extens?o , 2010,
Abstract: Um dos maiores problemas de nosso século tem sido encontrar uma solu o para o crescimento das cidades, pois a sociedade urbana é amplamente consumidora e, conseqüentemente, é também um grande produtor de lixo. Durante décadas o “lixo foi colocado de lado na agenda das administra es governamentais e da própria sociedade. Mas como numa revolta da ‘criatura contra o criador’, o lixo passou a interferir dramaticamente na qualidade de vida da sociedade”. O crescimento populacional, o aumento do consumo e de produ o de lixo, aliados a um certo descaso na resolu o do problema tem trazido consigo inúmeras conseqüências, como a queda da qualidade de vida dos cidad os, pois quando os resíduos sólidos n o s o tratados de forma adequada, pode ocorrer a contamina o do solo e da água, além de propiciar a prolifera o de inúmeras doen as através de diferentes vetores. “Dessa forma, a quest o do lixo envolve aspectos sanitários, ambientais e de saúde pública. Essa situa o tem sido agravada com a presen a constante de catadores em lix es, e que com muita freqüência tem sido desconsiderados ou relegados a um segundo plano pelos administradores públicos e privados”. Nossa preocupa o é exatamente com a ponta desta cadeia: os catadores de material reciclável. O crescimento do desemprego juntamente com as modifica es no mercado de trabalho e na própria organiza o econ mica no Brasil e no mundo está desencadeando um forte processo de expans o de novas formas de organiza o do trabalho e da produ o. Um grande número de experiências coletivas de trabalho e produ o está se disseminando em todo o país. S o diversas formas de cooperativas de produ o, de servi os, de crédito e de consumo, associa es de produtores, empresas em regime de autogest o, bancos comunitários e organiza es populares, no campo e na cidade, que comp em a chamada "economia solidária".
Brincar aprendendo ou aprender brincando? O inglês na infancia
Cristov?o, Vera Lucia Lopes;Gamero, Raquel;
Trabalhos em Linguística Aplicada , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-18132009000200005
Abstract: this paper aims at contributing to a significant debate about english language teaching for children. our objective is to raise issues regarding the teaching of english in childhood by discussing the role of english in the construction of children's identities as well as statements related to digital inclusion, teacher education and the use of text and activity genres. to ground our proposal, we present some relevant concepts in order to situate our assumptions: language and identity; teacher education and text and activity genres.
Reconceptualizar a paz e a violência: Uma análise crítica Reconceptualising Peace and Violence: A Critical Analysis Re-conceptualiser la paix et la violence: une analyse critique
Maria Raquel Freire,Paula Duarte Lopes
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.614
Abstract: Os estudos para a paz encontram-se actualmente numa encruzilhada, sendo criticados pelo seu programa de investiga o demasiado amplo, pela sua posi o acrítica relativamente à terminologia utilizada e pela desconex o entre investiga o e ac o. Este artigo prop e a reconceptualiza o do núcleo teórico dos estudos para a paz, n o só retomando a paz como valor central, mas também enquadrando o binómio investiga o-ac o numa cultura da paz. Parte se de uma crítica à narrativa convencional sobre conflitos, a qual evoluiu com a Agenda para a Paz de Boutros Ghali, reflectindo desde ent o uma narrativa centrada na paz. Contudo, apesar da adop o de uma nova agenda política para a paz, os resultados práticos n o têm reflectido esta altera o, que se tem revelado mais formal do que operacional. O artigo defende, assim, que a paz e a violência n o s o mutuamente exclusivas, adoptando o conceito do continuum de pazes e violências e propondo uma peace web para melhor enquadrar as dinamicas em quest o, atendendo especialmente ao ambito da implementa o. Peace Studies are at present at a crossroads, critiqued for their too broad research programme, for their acritical stance with respect to the terminlogy used, and for the disconnection between research and action. This article proposes the reconceptualisation of Peace Studies’ theoretical nucleus, not just reclaiming peace as a central value, but also framing the research-action binomium within a culture of peace. The article takes as its starting point a critique of the conventional conflict narrative, which evolved with Boutros Ghali’s Agenda for Peace, since then reflecting a peace-centred narrative. However, despite the adoption of a new political agenda for peace, results in practice have not reflected this change, which has proved to be more formal than operational. Our article thus argues that peace and violence are not mutually exclusive, adopting the concept of the continuum of states of peace and violence and proposing a peace web, the better to frame the dynamics in question, with special attention to the area of implementation. Les études pour la paix se trouvent actuellement dans un carrefour, étant donné qu’elles sont critiquées pour leur programme de recherche trop ample, leur position a-critique relativement à la terminologie utilisée et pour la déconnexion entre recherche et action. Cet article propose la re-conceptualisation du noyau théorique des études pour la paix, non seulement en reconsidérant la paix comme valeur centrale, mais aussi en intégrant le bin me recherche-action dans une culture d
A Bayesian Approach for Stable Distributions: Some Computational Aspects  [PDF]
Jorge A. Achcar, Sílvia R. C. Lopes, Josmar Mazucheli, Raquel R. Linhares
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2013.34031
Abstract: In this work, we study some computational aspects for the Bayesian analysis involving stable distributions. It is well known that, in general, there is no closed form for the probability density function of stable distributions. However, the use of a latent or auxiliary random variable facilitates to obtain any posterior distribution when being related to stable distributions. To show the usefulness of the computational aspects, the methodology is applied to two examples: one is related to daily price returns of Abbey National shares, considered in [1], and the other is the length distribution analysis of coding and non-coding regions in a Homo sapiens chromosome DNA sequence, considered in [2]. Posterior summaries of interest are obtained using the OpenBUGS software.
Artisanal commercial fisheries at the southern coast of s?o paulo state, brazil: Ecological, social and economic structures
Macedo Lopes,Priscila Fabiana; Francisco,Arlaine S; Begossi,Alpina;
Interciencia , 2009,
Abstract: fishery problems and their management alternatives go beyond the simple scope of fish stock analysis, encompassing the socio-economic and behavioral characteristics of fishermen. a case study is presented in which a fish-oriented community on the s?o paulo coast, se brazil, is being displaced by southern shrimp trawlers. the two local fishing systems, gillnet and shrimp trawl fisheries, are described, focusing on their current socio-economic characteristics. local fishermen (n= 51) have a high average monthly income compared to other brazilian fishermen (usd442 ±265), explained by the fact that they usually have secondary jobs. the fisheries are not as diverse now as tropical fisheries were formerly, as they target only 17 species (shannon h?= 2.31), two of which are shrimp species. families are the main units of production for trawlers, but gillnetters work on their own. shrimp-processing plants dominate the local economy. trawlers (49%), who were originally from the southern region of brazil, explain their northward migration as being a consequence of an earlier shrimp failure in their place of origin. management measures are necessary in order to prevent negative environmental and social consequences brought about by another shrimp failure.
Envolvimento materno e desempenho acadêmico: comparando crian?as residindo com a m?e e com ambos os pais
Costa, Carolina Severino Lopes da;Cia, Fabiana;Barham, Elizabeth Joan;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572007000200012
Abstract: this study aimed to compare maternal involvement among children living with their mother or with both parents and the academic performance of children in these two family contexts and correlate the frequency of the mother's involvement with their child's academic performance. the 30 children who participated in this study ranged in age from 9 to 11 years, studying in the third or fourth grade, with half living in single-parent families and half living with both parents. the academic achievement test (aat) was used to evaluate the children's academic performance. the questionnaire on the quality of family interactions - child version captured maternal involvement. results showed that there were several significant differences between the two children's groups, in terms of their mothers' involvement. in addition, maternal involvement in the single parent group showed a much stronger relationship with the children's academic performance than in the two parent groups.
Photography as language to civil education A fotografia como linguagem para a forma o cidad
Luzia Mitsue Yamashita Deliberador,Fabiana A. Alves,Mariana Ferreira Lopes
Discursos Fotográficos , 2013, DOI: 10.5433/1984-7939.2013v9n14p13
Abstract: This research aims to analyze how the media education's workshop in photographic language performed with students of Colégio de Aplica o da Universidade Estadual de Londrina(Application School from Londrina’s Public University) contributes to critical literacy in photography as well as the growth and strengthening of their commitment to their school community. It is a work that stands on two major fronts: literary critical in photographic language and the use of this language to evoke the feeling of belonging. Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo analisar como a oficina de midiaeduca o na linguagem fotográfica realizada com educandos do Colégio de Aplica o da Universidade Estadual de Londrina contribui para a alfabetiza o crítica em fotografia, bem como no crescimento e fortalecimento de seu comprometimento com a sua comunidade escolar. Trata-se de um trabalho que se situa em duas grandes frentes: a alfabetiza o crítica na linguagem fotográfica e o uso desta linguagem para despertar o sentimento de perten a.
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