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Aging in America: Ageism and General Attitudes toward Growing Old and the Elderly  [PDF]
Raqota Berger
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.58015
Abstract: Ageism is the one form of social prejudice that people from all social back-grounds have to deal with. We live in a world where youth is valued over old age and where old people are often mistreated and negatively stereotyped. Major social institutions are largely behind these negative attitudes toward the elderly, particularly the mass media. The current study examined people’s attitudes and feelings about the elderly and about growing old. Survey data were collected on 154 respondents living in Southern California. Respondents provided information on their feelings and attitudes about the elderly and about how society views and treats the elderly. Respondents also provided information about their feelings, attitudes, and fears about growing old themselves. The data revealed that there is a general sense of ambivalence about the elderly and about growing old. Although the findings were mixed, young people appear to have more negative feelings in general and there appears to be a greater concern among women about growing old. Native Americans and Middle Eastern respondents had the most favorable views about the elderly. The findings of the study support the position that ageism is still a social problem and that most people have somewhat mixed feelings about the elderly and about growing old. Future research should look further at how the mass media and larger cultural stereotypes and attitudes affect the lives, functioning, and treatment of our eldest members of society.
Criminal Behavior among the Elderly: A Look into What People Think about This Emerging Topic  [PDF]
Raqota Berger
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2018.71001
The elderly population is growing fast. With this changing demographic fact we can expect to see overall crime rates among the elderly growing right along with it. This study explored people’s knowledge about elderly crime and their perceptions about elderly offenders. Survey data were collected from 229 respondents living in Southern California. Statistical analyses on the key variables revealed a number of significant group differences in regard to age F(7, 221) = 2.15, p = 0.039, and ethnicity F(5, 223) = 2.60, p = 0.026. The data revealed that most of the respondents believe that elderly crime is going to get worse over time (58.5%) and that white-collar crimes were the biggest problem (44.5%). Male respondents (M = 1.80, SD = 3.83) on average knew more elderly offenders than female respondents (M = 0.99, SD = 2.39). Respondents from all ages tended to believe that older people were less likely to commit street crimes but were about as likely to commit white-collar crimes as younger people. There also appears to be a pattern of increasing drug use and drug abuse among both elderly men and women. Increasing problems with criminal offending among the elderly are going to have major implications across different social systems and institutions, such as political, economic, and legal systems, corrections, rehabilitation, and medical and mental health services.
Crime in Greater Los Angeles: Experiences and Perceptions of Local Urban Residents  [PDF]
Raqota Berger
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2018.62015
The area making up greater Los Angeles is the most populated region in the United States. With over 10 million residents in this largely urban county, we can only expect there to be some ongoing problems with crime and victimization. The current study collected self-reported data from local resident in regard to their personal experiences with crime and victimization. Relevant demographic information was collected to help with our understanding of which types of social groups may be more prone to being targeted for certain types of criminal acts. Information was also gathered to help better understand how Los Angeles area residents felt about crime in the region and how they felt about their own personal safety. Women were found to be more likely to know the perpetrators of crimes against them than the men. Middle Eastern and Black residents generally felt the most unsafe, while Asian residents felt the safest overall. Most of the respondents stated that they have been the target of one or more criminal acts since they have lived in the Los Angeles area, with the most common single type of crime being robbery. Additional findings add further to our knowledge about this important social problem spanning across this major urban territory.
Still Stigmatized? People’s Beliefs and Attitudes about Mental Illness and Dangerousness  [PDF]
Raqota Berger
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104768
Those with mental illnesses have long had to face social rejection and isolation. The social stigma that comes with having a mental illness has real consequences on the lives and experiences of those trying to manage mental health conditions. This study looked at people’s attitudes and perceptions about those with mental illnesses in regard to dangerousness and potential violent behavior. The findings of this study demonstrated that many people still hold negative attitudes and beliefs about those with mental illnesses and that they are generally not that comfortable being in relationships with them. Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, drug addiction, and personality disorders were among the most concerning to the participants. Black and Asian respondents had the highest levels of concern and the strongest feelings of potential dangerousness overall. In regard to gender, men felt that those with bipolar disorder were more likely to be dangerous. Both men and women generally felt that drug addiction (substance use disorder) was the most problematic in regard to dangerousness and concerns about being in relationships with these individuals. Schizophrenia was the mental illness most closely associated to violent and unpredictable behaviors. The findings from this study lend further evidence that those with mental illnesses are widely viewed in negative ways and that they are often denied full social acceptance and participation.
Dropouts Thoughts on Whether Having a Mentor Would Have Helped Them Remain in School  [PDF]
Raqota Berger
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105718
Millions of high school and college students drop out each and every year. For many of these individuals there are resultant problems associated with dropping out, such as being unemployed and living in poverty. Those that graduate from school, especially from college, realize many benefits over the life course. This study looked at the thoughts and attitudes of school dropouts regarding whether or not having a school-based mentor would have helped them to stay enrolled in their respective programs. This study collected information from 381 school dropouts. The findings from this project suggest that having a mentor would be a valuable resource for those students that are at risk of leaving their programs before they graduate. The general findings revealed that the majority of respondents felt that having a school professional working closely with them would have helped them to remain in their classes. Mentoring programs help at-risk students to feel more engaged, less isolated, and more committed to their studies. Mentoring programs aid in improving overall academic standing and they also serve to decrease dropout rates. These findings should be of use to professionals working in any educational setting, such as teachers, program directors, and counselors.
Photon Structure Function Revisited  [PDF]
Christoph Berger
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.68107
Abstract: The flux of papers from electron positron colliders containing data on the photon structure function \"\"ended naturally around 2005. It is thus timely to review the theoretical basis and confront the predictions with a summary of the experimental results. The discussion will focus on the increase of the structure function with x (for x away from the boundaries) and its rise with \"\", both characteristics being dramatically different from hadronic structure functions. The agreement of the experimental observations with the theoretical calculations is a striking success of QCD. It also allows a new determination of the QCD coupling constant \"\"which very well corresponds to the values quoted in the literature.
Chesapeake Bay Tidal Characteristics  [PDF]
Yi Xiong, Charlie R. Berger
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.27071
Abstract: The basic knowledge of tidal characteristics in Chesapeake Bay is a prerequisite to understand the tidal processes in Chesapeake Bay. The tidal characteristics in Chesapeake Bay were assessed in this paper using basic tidal hydraulic analysis. Tidal elevation, currents and salinity data of Chesapeake Bay from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) were retrieved, and analyzed to understand Chesapeake Bay tide. General knowledge of location, geometry, tides, freshwater inputs, wind, salinity, etc in Chesapeake Bay was described. Sediment distribution of Chesapeake Bay was briefly described and discussed. Amplitude and phase of the selected major constituent, form factor, phase difference between tide elevations and currents at a few tidal elevation stations within Chesapeake Bay were calculated. Tidal prism was figured out using cubature method. The analysis approach could also be used as a source of reference for basic tidal study in other tide-affected field.
From Randomness to Order
Jorge Berger
Entropy , 2004, DOI: 10.3390/e6010068
Abstract: I review some selected situations in which order builds up from randomness, or a losing trend turns into winning. Except for Section 4 (which is mine), all cases are well documented and the price paid to achieve order is apparent.
Notas biopolíticas. Potencia y bloqueo de la acción
Nómadas , 2008,
Abstract: this article is a product of a research project undertaken under the regional scholarships program of clacso, about democratic experiences in latin america. here some aspects of collective actions in defense of public health in the city of cordoba, argentina, are reconstructed. the ways and possibilities for its unfolding, as well as the devises that capture and reduce its power, are considered here in the frame of contemporary discussions about the concept of biopolitics.
Subjetividad Adolescente: Tendiendo Puentes Entre la Oferta y Demanda de Apoyo Psicosocial Para Jóvenes
Psykhe (Santiago) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22282004000200011
Abstract: the present article reflects on the existing tension between the programmatic offer for youth and the demand for support and services by this population. it is argued that the absence of the adolescent perspective in the development of programs and policies oriented to this population, the offer of programs and services responds to beliefs and expectancies displayed by the adult world. it is proposed that adolescent subjectivity should be acknowledged and integrated in order to achieve a better matching between offer and demand of youth programs and services. through the analysis of the notions of psycho-social support (as offer) and the adolescent help-seeking behavior (from the demand's perspective), the present article intends to enlighten the discussion about how to approach the design and implementation of programs and policies aimed to foster adolescent development.
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