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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 44726 matches for " Ram Kumar Singh "
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Leaf Colour Chart vis-a-vis Nitrogen Management in Different Rice Genotypes  [PDF]
Avijit Sen, Vinod Kumar Srivastava, Manoj Kumar Singh, Ram Kumar Singh, Suneel Kumar
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.22024
Abstract: A field trial comprising 3 rice varieties (NDR-359, Sarju 52, HUBR 2-1) and 4 LCC scores (≤ 2, ≤ 3, ≤ 4, ≤ 5) along with the recommended dose of N was conducted in a split plot design to calibrate the LCC for nitrogen requirement of rice. Maximum grain yields of NDR-359, Sarju 52 at LCC ≤ 5 and HUBR 2-1 at LCC ≤ 4 were found to be 47.10, 40.66 and 36.04 q/ha respectively. The critical LCC score for real time nitrogen requirement for NDR 359 and Sarju 52 was found to be ≤ 5, while for HUBR 2-1 it was ≤ 4. Agronomic and recovery efficiency of nitrogen also followed the same trend. In the functional relationship between SPAD value and LCC score, while it was linear in NDR-359 and Sarju 52, for HUBR 2-1 it was quadratic. Further a positive correlation between SPAD values and LCC score was observed in all the 3 varieties.
Analysis of macro and micro nutrients in some Indian medicinal herbs grown in Jaunpur (u.p.) soil  [PDF]
Arun Kumar, Ram Prakash Singh, Narendra Pal Singh
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.37077
Abstract: Concept of trace elements being “the Inorganic Switches” has evolved during the last several decades. Ayurveda, the traditional Indian medicinal system also emphasises the importance of minor and trace elements in human health and disease. To evaluate elemental contents of some commonly used as health promoter and fever, 5 medicine herbs (stems) namely Guduchi, Vach, Mulahati, Joytishmati and Vidhara have been analyzed for four minor (Na, K, Mg and Ca) and eight trace elements (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn and Cd) by atomic absorption spectrometry and flame photometry. Their accuracy was measured by replicate analyses. In general, elemental contents were found in varying amounts with large range. It is observed that many of medicinal herbs are enriched in one or more elements. Since these elements are bioavailable in natural form, probably in combination with organic constituents, these are likely to be easily assimilated by human bodies. Besides them, two toxic elements Ni and Cd were also found in insignificant amounts as these are likely to have originated from environmental contamination.
Analysis of nutritional elements in Indian medicinal herbs used to cure general weakness  [PDF]
Arun Kumar, Ram Prakash Singh, Narendra Pal Singh
Natural Science (NS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.44032
Abstract: Concept of trace elements being “the Inorganic Switches” has evolved during last several decades. Ayurveda, the traditional Indian medicinal system also emphasises the importance of minor and trace elements in human health and disease. To evaluate elemental contents of some commonly used to cure general weakness, 3 medicine herbs namely Beezband (seeds), Gok-shur (fruit) and Talmakhana (seeds) have been analyzed for four minor (Na, K, Mg and Ca) and eight trace elements (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn and Cd) by atomic absorption spectrometry and flame photometry. Their accuracy was measured by replicate analyses. In general, elemental contents were found in varying amounts with large range. It is observed that many of medicinal herbs are enriched in one or more elements. Since these elements are bioavailable in natural form, probably in combination with organic constituents, these are likely to be easily assimilated by human Bodies. Besides them, two toxic elements Ni and Cd were also found in insignificant amounts as these are likely to have originated from environmental contamination.
Highly Fluorescent Conducting Polymer Hybrid Materials Based on Polyaniline-Polyethylene Glycol-Arsenic Sulphide  [PDF]
Vivek Kumar Singh, Amit Singh, Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ram Adhar Singh
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2016.61006
Abstract: Highly fluorescent binary and ternary hybrid materials based on polyaniline, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and arsenic sulphide have been prepared via oxidative chemical polymerization and characterized by FT-IR and powder X-ray diffraction techniques. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that all the materials are thermally stable up to 250℃. The optical behaviour was investigated using UV-Vis. and fluorescence spectroscopy. Fluorescence spectra of polyaniline and its hybrids were found to be concentration dependent, and concentrations were optimized to achieve maximum intensity of emission. Aggregation caused quenching (ACQ) may be the possible reason for concentration dependent emission. Hybrids showed significantly enhanced fluorescence than polyaniline. The AC electrical conductivity was also measured and found to be better for hybrids than the polyaniline. In the PAni-PEG-As2S3 hybrid, the conductivity was found to be 9.57 × 10-1 S/cm at 100 KHz. This valuable improvement in luminescent property and conducting behaviour may be useful in various optoelectronic and electronic applications.
Architecture of Wireless Network
Ram Kumar Singh,Shweta Singh
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2012,
Abstract: To allow for wireless communications among a specific geographic area, an base stations of communication network must be deployed to allow sufficient radio coverage to every mobile users. The base stations, successively, must be linked to a central hub called the MSC (mobile switching centre). The mobile switching centre allow connectivity among the PSTN (public switched telephone network) and the numerous wireless base stations, and finally among entirely of the wireless subscribers in a system. The global telecommunications control grid of PSTN which associate with conventional (landline) telephone switching centre (called central office) with MSCs all around the world.
Calculations for Density of Quark Core Consisting of Mono Flavored Closely Packed Quarks inside Neutron Star  [PDF]
Jehangir A. Dar, Pawan Kumar Singh, Ram Swaroop
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2015.54029
Abstract: The attempt has been taken to calculate the density of stars possessing quark matter core using sphere packing concept of crystallography. The quark matter has been taken as solid in nature as predicted in references 36 and 37, and due to immense gravitational pressure at the core of the star the densest packing of quarks as spheres has been assumed to calculate the packing fraction Φ, thus the density ρ of the matter. Three possible types of pickings—mono-sized sphere packing, binary sphere packing and ternary sphere packing, have been worked out using three possible types of quark matter. It has been concluded that no value about the ρ of quark matter can be calculated using binary and ternary packing conditions and for mono-sized packing condition different flavor quark matters of different values in the density have been calculated using results from the experiments done by HI, ZEUS, L3 and CDF Collaborations about the radius limit of quark. For example, for u quark matter ρ ranges from 4.0587 × 1048 - 7.40038 × 1048 MeV/c2 cm3 using results of L3 Collaboration, for s quark matter 15.91794 × 1048 - 17.6866 × 1048 MeV/c2 cm3, etc.
Simple Simulated Inductor, Low-Pass/Band-Pass Filter and Sinusoidal Oscillator Using OTRA  [PDF]
Raj Senani, Abdhesh Kumar Singh, Ashish Gupta, Data Ram Bhaskar
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.73009
Abstract: Although a variety of applications of the OTRAs have been reported in literature, the pole of the transresistance gain Rm of the OTRA has been usually considered to affect the performance of the circuits due to being parasitic. In this paper, the pole of the OTRA has been used to evolve some simple OTRA-based active-R circuits for realizing a synthetic inductor, single resistance controlled oscillator and low-pass/band-pass filter. The workability of all the proposed circuits has been verified by SPICE simulations and all the new circuits have been found to work as predicted by theory. The exemplary propositions suggest that it is worthwhile to further investigate new circuit designs using OTRA-pole.
Comparative Study of Cooling under Shades of Some Forestry Tree Species with Respect to Ambient Temperatures  [PDF]
S. K. Gupta, Jeet Ram, Hukum Singh, Parmanad Kumar
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.611004
Abstract: Trees create microclimate under their crowns in comparison to the outside ambient atmospheric temperature. Sun is the pivotal source of radiant energy reaching the earth atmosphere of which heat is more important than light. The radiant energy reaches the ground without any barricade whereas the tree crown impedes it in reaching the earth’s surface. During the day, when insolation impinges on tree crown, a portion of it is reflected back to the space, other portion is absorbed by the canopy increasing the temperature of leaves and the remaining part reaches the ground penetrating through the crown. Thus, a significant coolness is experienced under the shade of trees in comparison to open sunshine, with qualitative variations. The cooling produced by trees under their shades varies with species to species due to variation in several anatomical, structural and physiological attributes of the species. Climate is changing more rapidly prominently due to human activities especially indiscriminate felling of trees and it is feared that it will create problems on availability of energy, water and food security. Economic value takes over ecological benefits in selection of species in plantation programmes and this might have been due to the lack of scientific data about varying effectiveness of ecological services bestowed by different species. In the present study, an endeavor has been made to understand as to how a tree is integrated to the effects on atmosphere and responses to changing conditions with respect to differential cooling produced by five selected forestry tree species belonging to different categories. Analysis of data has come out with gradation of the sample species in respect to their cooling effect in the atmosphere in terms of yearly, quarterly, monthly and diurnal basis.
Structural and Electrical Characteristics of Ba(Fe0.5Nb0.5)O3-SrTiO3 Ceramic System  [PDF]
Narendra Kumar Singh, Pritam Kumar, Ajay Kumar Sharma, Ram Naresh Prasad Choudhary
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.211213
Abstract: A complex structure of barium iron niobate, Ba(Fe0.5Nb0.5)O3 (BFN) and strontium titanate SrTiO3 (ST) was fabricated by a solid-state reaction method. The phase formation of Ba(Fe0.5Nb0.5)O3-SrTiO3 was checked using X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The X-ray structural analysis of BFN and BFN-ST ceramics, showed the formation of single-phase compound in the monoclinic system, which is a distorted structure of an ideal cubic perovskite. Careful examination of microstructures of the individual compounds of the system was done by the scanning electron micrograph (SEM), and confirms the polycrystalline nature of the systems. Detailed studies of dielectric and electrical impedance properties of the systems in a wide range of frequency (100Hz - 5MHz) and different temperatures (30°C-285°C) showed that these properties are strongly dependent on temperature and frequency.
Matrix Based Energy Efficient Scheduling With S-MAC Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network
Ram Kumar Singh,Akanksha Balyan
International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Communication is the main motive in any Networks whether it is Wireless Sensor Network, Ad-Hoc networks, Mobile Networks, Wired Networks, Local Area Network, Metropolitan Area Network, Wireless Area Network etc, hence it must be energy efficient. The main parameters for energy efficient communication are maximizing network lifetime, saving energy at the different nodes, sending the packets in minimum time delay, higher throughput etc. This paper focuses mainly on the energy efficient communication with the help of Adjacency Matrix in the Wireless Sensor Networks. The energy efficient scheduling can be done by putting the idle node in to sleep node so energy at the idle node can be saved. The proposed model in this paper first forms the adjacency matrix and broadcasts the information about the total number of existing nodes with depths to the other nodes in the same cluster from controller node. When every node receives the node information about the other nodes for same cluster they communicate based on the shortest depths and schedules the idle node in to sleep mode for a specific time threshold so energy at the idle nodes can be saved.
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