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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1719 matches for " Rajinder Kaur "
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Impact of Asthma Educational Intervention on Self-Care Management of Bronchial Asthma among Adult Asthmatics  [PDF]
Varalakshmi Manchana, Rajinder Kaur Mahal
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.411080
Abstract: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide [1]. Despite advancement in science and technology and pharmacological revolutions, worldwide asthma prevalence is uncontrolled, morbidity and mortality from asthma. The most common reasons are non adherence to treatment, poor knowledge and skills in disease management [2]. Aim: The study aims to assess the impact of Asthma Education on self care management among Bronchial asthma patients. Objectives: 1) to assess the knowledge on self care management of Bronchial asthma; 2) to develop and administer the Asthma educational intervention on self care management of asthma; 3) to evaluate the impact of Asthma educational intervention on patient knowledge levels in comparison of pre and post test scores. Design: Quasi experimental Pre test-post test design was chosen. Methods: Study was done to assess the effectiveness of structured asthma education program on self care management of Bronchial asthma. Thirty patients, meeting the inclusive criteria, were selected by simple random sampling, and were tested for their knowledge levels on identification of asthma triggers, and warning signs, adherence to specified drugs, diet and breathing exercises. Based on the patient needs, structured education program was developed, validated and administered. Two weeks after administering structured asthma education, post-test was conducted. The Pre-test and Post-test scores were compared to evaluate the effectiveness of the Asthma education. Results: There was significant enhancement on knowledge levels on four areas of assessment and education. After asthma education the knowledge levels on disease process raised from minimum of 10% in the pre test to 77.50% in the post test. The knowledge scores on asthma triggers and warning signs enhanced 12% to 72%. The area of self monitoring and management records a rise in knowledge levels from 20% minimum scoring in pre test to 82.5% in the post test. The scores in diet, breathing exercises and adherence to drugs rose from 12.5% to 72.5% after asthma education. Conclusion: The findings reveal that educating patients remarkably increased their knowledge levels, which facilitate their behavioral modification thus enhances their self-care. Effective self care management at home level decreases asthma related morbidity and frequent visit to hospitals.
Organizational Performance and Retail Challenges: A Structural Equation Approach  [PDF]
Rajwinder Singh, Harminder Singh Sandhu, Bhimaraya A. Metri, Rajinder Kaur
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.32022
Abstract: Organized retailing is a sunrise industry in India. Many big industrial houses and international players are in the arena. The perfect competition in the market posed many challenges to retailers for better organizational performance. In this study we attempt to identify items for retail challenges (RC) and organizational performance (OP) based on strong literature support in consultation of practitioners and consultants in the field of organized non-livestock retailing (NLR). The retail challenges so selected were classified with factor analysis using principal component analysis with varimax rotation. Here, the retail challenges are classified into four categories as: strategic challenges, environmental challenges, customer challenges, and supply chain (SC) challenges. The six identified items for organizational performance are: market performance, SC competencies, stakeholder satisfaction, innovation and learning, customer satisfaction, and financial performance. A confirmatory model was tested using structural equation modeling to prove hypotheses: strategic challenges, environmental challenges, and customer challenges influence SC challenges and all the challenges affect organizational performance. The data were collected from organized non-livestock retail players operating in north India. All the results are validated using rigorous statistical analysis.
Comparative Analysis and Implementation of Image Encryption Algorithms
Rajinder Kaur,Er. Kanwalpreet Singh?
International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing , 2013,
Abstract: Due to the rapid growth of digital communication and multimedia application, security becomesan important issue of communication and storage of images. Image security has found a great need in manyapplications where the information (in the form of image) is to be protected from unauthorized access.Encryption is one of the ways to ensure high security. In recent years, encryption technology has beendeveloped and many image encryption methods have been used. These methods produce randomness in theimage so that the content is not visible. Encryption and decryption consume a considerable amount of time.So there is a need for an efficient algorithm. This paper proposed three different image encryptiontechniques for color image. Simulation results are presented and a comparative analysis of the differentmethods is discussed.
Adaptation of a Home Inventory for Children in Simple Hindi
Adarsh Kohli,Manju Mohanty,Rajinder P. Kaur
Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health , 2005,
Abstract: Background: Physical surroundings and child rearing practices play important roles in the development ofchildren. Preschoolers who develop well intellectually have homes rich in toys and books. There is a need tounderstand environmental influences upon children’s behavior. In view of the need and importance of aHome Inventory in simple Hindi for use with our population, it was decided to adapt an existing HomeInventory by Bradley (1993) consisting of 55 items.Methods: The scale was translated, discussed with experts, administered to forty-eight mothers and itemanalysis carried out resulting in the final shortened Hindi version with 35 items only. This is in Hindi andwas well accepted by subjects. Further work with the scale is going on and will be reported in due course.Results and Conclusions: The Home Inventory emerged to be a valid and reliable instrument and would beuseful in assessing the home environment of the children in the Northern India.
Dignostic Yield of Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy in a Teaching Hospital
Rajinder Singh,Harneet Kaur,Gurmeet Singh
JK Science : Journal of Medical Education & Research , 2008,
Abstract: Fiberoptic bronchoscopy is minimally invasive procedure which can be performed on outpatient basis.Thestudy is a reterospective review of the data at a tertiary center and compares the diganostic yield of thepatients (n=720), who underwent FB at our pulmonary unit with the data from international centers. Thediagnostic yield of the FB was high(70%) with good selection of the patients and growth was the mostcommon finding followed by infections.FB was normal in 218(30%) patients. Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopyis a useful diagnostic tool with a low rate of complications. The diagnostic yield in our institution is alsmostsimilar to that reported in other series.
Evaluation of the agricultural vocational training programmes conducted by the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Farm Science Centres) in Indian Punjab
Kuldeep Singh,Rajinder Peshin,Surinder Kaur Saini
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics , 2010,
Abstract: Krishin Vigyan Kendras-KVKs (Farm Science Centres) have been established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 569 districts. The trust areas of KVKs are refinement and demonstration of technologies, and training of farmers and extension functionaries. Imparting vocational trainings in agriculture and allied fields for the rural youth is one of its mandates. The study was undertaken to do a formative and summative (outcome and impact) evaluation of the beekeeping and mushroom growing vocational training programmes in the Indian state of Punjab. One-group pre and post evaluation design was employed for conducting a formative and outcome evaluation. The knowledge tests were administered to 35 beekeeping and 25 mushroom cultivation trainees, before and after the training programmes organized in 2004. The trainees significantly gained in knowledge. A separate sample of 640 trainees, trained prior to 2004, was selected for finding the adoption status. Out of 640, a sample of 200 was selected by proportionate sampling technique out of three categories, namely: non-adopters, discontinued-adopters and continued-adopters for evaluating the long-term impact of these training programmes. Ex-post-facto one-shot case study design was applied for this impact analysis. The vocational training programmes have resulted in continued-adoption of beekeeping and mushroom cultivation enterprises by 20% and 51% trained farmers, respectively. Age and trainee occupation had significant influence on the adoption decision of beekeeping vocation, whereas education and family income significantly affected the adoption decision of mushroom cultivation. The continued adopters of beekeeping and mushroom growing had increased their family income by 49% and 24%, respectively. These training programmes are augmenting the dwindling farm income of the farmers in Indian Punjab.
Knowledge and Attitude of DOT Providers in Tuberculosis Unit of Patiala
Amanpreet Kaur,Rajinder Singh Balgir,Paramjeet Kaur,Vikram Gupta
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) has been implemented in the country for close to a decade now. DOT providers are primarily responsible for the success of the programme at the field level by giving a VIP status to the patient in the programme. The present study is an attempt to know the knowledge and attitude of DOT providers about TB and its treatment. Material and methods: A pre-tested questionnaire was used to seek information from DOT providers about their knowledge and attitude regarding tuberculosis, RNTCP and DOTS. The analysis of association between knowledge regarding TB and training status of the DOT provider was done using chi- square test. Results: Out of 50 DOT providers 37 (74%) were females and 13 (26%) were males. On statistical analysis the knowledge about treatment schedule between trained & untrained DOT Providers was found to be highly Significant. Conclusions: The study highlights the need for training and reorientation courses for DOT providers regarding TB. Constant monitoring and supervision is required by trained staff in Tuberculosis Unit.
Sexual behavior of married young women: A preliminary study from north India
Avasthi Ajit,Kaur Rajinder,Prakash Om,Banerjee Anindya
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Background: There are significant gaps in the scientific literature concerning female sexual behavior and attitudes surrounding sexuality, which have definitive implications on public health and clinical work. Aim: To study the sexual behavior of young married Indian women. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 100 consecutive women attending the Department of Pediatrics for the care of noncritical children in a multispecialty, tertiary care teaching hospital setting in North India. Current levels of sexual functioning and satisfaction were assessed by using the Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women (BISF-W). All participants were also administered a translated and culturally adapted instrument called Sex Knowledge and Attitude Questionnaire-II (SKAQ-II). Results: Peno-vaginal sex continues to be considered the most desired and actually performed sexual activity for arousal and orgasm, followed by kissing and foreplay. Difficulties while performing sexual activity, in the form of physical problems, were faced by 17% of the participants. The participants displayed adequate sexual knowledge and favorable attitude towards sexuality as measured by SKAQ-II. Conclusion: The present study is a preliminary effort to understand the contemporary female sexual behavior, knowledge and attitude by employing standard instruments. Still further studies are required in this area.
Contraceptive practices adopted by women attending an urban health centre in Punjab, India
Rajinder Singh Balgir,Sumeet Singh,Paramjeet Kaur,Gaurav Verma
International Journal of Research and Development of Health , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: An estimated 215 million women in theworld who want to avoid pregnancy are not using aneffective method of contraception, despite increases inuse in recent years. Studies to determine the sociodemographicfactors responsible for adoptingcontraceptive methods by the eligible couples would helpus in planning for effective management of family planningservices as we would focus our resources towards placeswhich are neglected and those which will give us the bestresults.Objectives: 1. To determine the prevalence of differenttypes of contraceptive usage among eligible couples(aged 15-45 years). 2. To study different variablesaffecting the prevalence of contraceptive use amongeligible couples.Materials and Methods: Cross-Sectional descriptive study byinterview method of 260 Eligible couples from January toDecember 2011 was done.Results: Contraceptive prevalence was found to be 53.84%.Among the permanent sterilization methods, the mostcommonly used method was Tubectomy (4.23%) while only0.7 % of the eligible couples opted for Vasectomy. Among thespacing methods Condoms, Oral Contraceptive Pills andIntra-Uterine Devices were used by 41.6%, 28.4% and 8.0%of the eligible couples respectively. The percentage of familyplanning methods used by Hindus and Sikhs were almostequal i.e. 54.96% and 56.52% respectively. A huge contrastwas seen in the context of socio-economic status.Conclusion: Increased usage of contraceptives requirescontinuous motivation and the factors affecting the prevalencerates of usage should be found in the local community.
In vitro Antiviral Activity of Crinum latifolium Lectin Against Poxvirus Replication
Amandeep Kaur,Rajinder Singh,Sukhdev Singh Kamboj,Jatinder Singh
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: A monocot mannose-binding Amaryllidaceae lectin from the bulbs of Crinum latifolium, specific for methyl-α-D-mannopyranoside, has earlier been reported as a nonmitogenic, nonglycosylated homodimeric protein with a subunit molecular mass of 12 kDa. In addition to the conventional protein purification techniques, lectin has also been purified using reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography and evaluated for biological properties such as antiviral and cytotoxic potential. Lectin did not show inhibition against five human cancer cell lines representing different organs and tissues. Interestingly, it was found to be nontoxic towards BSC-1 cells (African green monkey kidney epithelial cells) and exhibited a significant antiviral potential against a strain of vaccinia virus in vitro.
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