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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2029 matches for " Rajesh "
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Existence of Black Neutron Star  [PDF]
Trivedi Rajesh
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2015.51002
Abstract: A sufficiently large star will collapse to form a Black Hole Singularity due to Gravitational Pressure beyond Neutron Degeneracy. A Black Hole exhibits extremely strong Gravitational attraction that no particle or electromagnetic radiation can escape from it. The boundary of the region from which no escape is possible is called Event Horizon. In this work it is proposed that there exists a Neutron star smaller than Event Horizon, which is termed as Black Neutron Star. Furthermore an alternative method is proposed to ascertain the maximum permissible mass limit of the Neutron Star and the minimum mass limit of the naturally occurring gravitationally collapsed Black hole.
Brain initiated interaction  [PDF]
Rajesh Singla, Balraj Gupta
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2008.13028
Abstract: Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) are developed to help locked-in patients, who lose control of their bodies and are unable to perform simple tasks such as speech, locomotion, and can’t even effectively interact, with their environment. BCI shows promise in allowing these individuals to interact with a computer using EEG. A Brain Computer Interface is a communication system in which messages or commands that an indi-vidual sends to the external world do not pass through the brain’s normal output pathways of peripheral nerves and muscles. A system is created to allow individuals with motor disabili-ties to control the motion of the bed on which they are bedridden via BCI for drug delivery and other activities, with the help of eye motion and changes in the absolute power in alpha rhythms of an EEG signal of the patient.
Performance Analysis of Unified Failure Model for Emerging WiMAX Networks  [PDF]
Rajesh Anbazhagan, Nakkeeran Rangaswamy
Wireless Engineering and Technology (WET) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wet.2012.32011
Abstract: In this paper, we present a failure model for WiMAX network developed by considering the collision due to contention, unavailability of bandwidth and channel error assuming them as independent events. Using this model, the performance of bandwidth request based on contention resolution with exponential increase and exponential decrease (EIED) backoff is investigated and observed low contention efficiency with high access delay. Hence, we modify the EIED mechanism by computing the backoff factor with average contention window and estimating the response time from the transmission failure. Simulations validate the developed model with modified EIED backoff and shows better performance than conventional scheme.
A Sustainable Energy Efficiency Solution in Power Plant by Implementation of Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT) Mechanism  [PDF]
Rajesh Kumar, Arun Agarwala
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2013.24020
Abstract:

An enhanced energy efficiency scheme, “Perform, Achieve and Trade” (PAT) is explored in relation to the existing carbon market in India, particularly the Clean Development Mechanism, Renewable Energy Certification and possible Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions. The PAT scheme incentivises energy-intensive large industries and facilities for Enhance Energy Efficiency, through technology upgrade and improvement in process. The PAT scheme currently identified 478 designated consumers from eight energy intensive industrial sectors namely, thermal power plants, iron and steel, cement, textiles, chlor-alkali, aluminum, fertilisers and pulp & paper. The threshold limit in thermal power plant sector to become a PAT designated consumer is 30,000 tonne of oil equivalent annual energy consumption. In the first PAT cycle, run through 2012 to 2015, total 144 designated consumers from various states have been identified with individual target. Thermal power plant sector has been categorized on the basis of their fuel input into three subsectors i.e. gas, oil and coal based plants. This paper reviews the state of the art in PAT mechanism design and operational features for implementation on thermal power plant sector. The possibility of implementing an Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) in India is explored from political and institutional perspectives.

Role of Videonystagmography (VNG) in Epley’s Maneuver  [PDF]
Saloni Shah, Rajesh Vishwakarma
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.36056
Abstract: Aims and Objectives: To study benefit of videonystagmography in confirmation of canalolith repositioning in patients with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo after Epley’s manouver. Study Design: Prospective study of 35 cases of BPPV. Materials and Method: 35 patients of BPPV presenting at vertigo clinic of ENT department at Civil Hospital Ahmedabad were treated with canalolith repositioning procedure and improvement in nystagmus was studied and confirmed by VNG. Observation: 31 patients out of 35 patients were improved with 1st CRP, 2 out of 3 patients improved with 2nd CRP and 1 patient improved with 3rd CRP. This improvement is confirmed using VNG. Conclusion: Videonystagmography is a very useful tool for ensuring the otolith repositioning by the canalith repositioning manouver. It is a confirmatory adjunct to visual analysis.
Adaptive Lifting Transform for Classification of Hyperspectral Signatures  [PDF]
Rajesh Agrawal, Narendra Bawane
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2015.42012
Abstract: Supervised classification of hyperspectral images is a challenging task because of the higher dimensionality of a pixel signature. The conventional classifiers require large training data set; however, practically limited numbers of labeled pixels are available due to complexity and cost involved in sample collection. It is essential to have a method that can reduce such higher dimensional data into lower dimensional feature space without the loss of useful information. For classification purpose, it will be useful if such a method takes into account the nature of the underlying signal when extracting lower dimensional feature vector. The lifting framework provides the required flexibility. This article proposes the adaptive lifting wavelet transform to extract the lower dimensional feature vectors for the classification of hyperspectral signatures. The proposed adaptive update step allows the decomposition filter to adapt to the input signal so as to retain the desired characteristics of the signal. A three-layer feed forward neural network is used as a supervised classifier to classify the extracted features. The effectiveness of the proposed method is tested on two hyperspectral data sets (HYDICE & ROSIS sensors). The performance of the proposed method is compared with first generation discrete wavelet transform (DWT) based feature extraction method and previous studies that use the same data. The indices used for measuring performance are overall classification accuracy and Kappa value. The experimental results show that the proposed adaptive lifting scheme (ALS) has excellent results with a small size training set.
Aperture Coupled Microstrip Antenna for Dual-Band  [PDF]
Rajesh Kumar Vishwakarma, Sanjay Tiwari
Wireless Engineering and Technology (WET) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wet.2011.22013
Abstract: This paper presents air gap aperture coupled microstrip antenna for dual-band operation over the frequency range of (2.9 to 6.0 GHz). This antenna differs from any other microstrip antenna with their feeding structure of the radiating patch element. Input signal couples to the radiating patch trough the aperture that exists on the ground plane of microstrip feed line. The dual-band achieved by variation of air gap [2 mm to 6 mm] between single patch antenna and aper-ture coupled microstrip antenna. The main advantage of this type antenna is increased the bandwidth of the antenna as compared to a single layered patch antenna. The two resonant frequencies can vary over a wide frequency range and the input impedance is easily matched for both frequencies. The obtain ratios of resonance frequencies are variable from 2.1 GHz to 1.1 GHz with increasing the air gap between single patch and aperture coupled microstrip antenna. The measured return loss [–14 dB] exhibits an impedance bandwidth of 35%. The input impedance and VSWR return loss have been measured with the help of Network analyzer.
Common Fixed Point Result of Multivalued and Singlevalued Mappings in Partially Ordered Metric Space  [PDF]
Rajesh Kumar Saini, Archana Sharma
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.31019
Abstract:

In recent times the fixed point results in partially ordered metric spaces has greatly developed. In this paper we prove common fixed point results for multivalued and singlevalued mappings in partially ordered metric space. Our theorems generalized the theorem in [1] and extends the many more recent results in such spaces.

Experimental Investigation of Woven E-Glass Epoxy Composite Laminates Subjected to Low-Velocity Impact at Different Energy Levels  [PDF]
N. Rajesh Mathivanan, J. Jerald
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.97046
Abstract: This work presents the results of an experimental investigation concerning the low-velocity impact response of woven glass fiber epoxy matrix composite laminates. Experimental tests were performed according to ASTM standards using an instrumented falling weight impact testing machine. Impact tests were conducted to characterize the type and extent of the damages observed in laminate subjected to different impact velocities: 2 to 4.5 m/sec. The response of these laminates to drop-weight low velocity impact at energy levels ranging from 3 to 15 J was investigated. At impact velocity of 4.429 m/sec, there is clearly a catastrophic failure of laminates. It was found that the laminates exhibited two types of failure modes viz., crack initiation and perforation of the laminate.
Interlaminar Fracture Toughness and Low-Velocity Impact Resistance of Woven Glass Epoxy Composite Laminates of EP3 Grade  [PDF]
N. Rajesh Mathivanan, J. Jerald
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.113024
Abstract: This work presents the delamination resistance of woven glass fibre reinforced polymers (GFRP) and its influence on GFRP’s resistance to point impact. Two different types of laminates were fabricated by hand lay-up technique; (i) woven glass fibre epoxy matrix laminates and (ii) woven glass fibre epoxy matrix laminates with 3% graphite particulate fillers. End Notch Flexure (ENF) test was adopted for the measurement of delamination resistance. The two GFRPs laminates show similar mode II delamination resistance. At impact velocities between 2.215 and 4.429 m/sec, the GFRP developed a smaller damage size than the graphite-based GFRP laminates, indicating higher impact toughness. Difference of the impact resistance between the two GFRPs is mainly on the impact damage size developed. The total energy absorbed during the impact remains the same, which is independent of mode II delamination resistance of the GFRP. The history of relevant dynamic and energetic quantities, both to synthesize the dependency of the energy parameters and force threshold values on the impact velocity are discussed.
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