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Overweight and obesity in brazilian schoolchildren aged 10 to 15 years: data from a Brazilian sports project
Pelegrini,Andreia; Luiz Petroski,Edio; da Silva Coqueiro,Raildo; Araujo Gaya,Adroaldo César;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2008,
Abstract: the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among brazilian schoolchildren according to gender, age and geographic region. a descriptive association study was conducted on 36,976 schoolchildren (20,914 boys and 16,062 girls aged 10 to 15 years) between 2004 and 2005 using secondary data originating from a school-based cross-sectional epidemiological survey. the cut-off body mass index proposed by the international obesity task force was used as diagnostic criterion for overweight and obesity. the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 11.9% and 2.6%, respectively, with a higher proportion of overweight among girls and of obesity among boys. an association was observed between overweight, age and region, with the demonstration of higher odds ratios for overweight among children aged 10 to 13 years and children from the south, center-west and southeast regions. obesity was significantly associated with gender, age and region, indicating higher odds ratios among boys, children aged 10 to 13 years and children from the south and southeast regions. although lower than that observed in most developed countries, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among brazilian schoolchildren is a matter of concern. in this respect, health policies and strategies should take into account gender and age of the individuals and geographic region of the country.
Diabetes mellitus auto-referido e sua associa??o com excesso de peso em idosos
Pelegrini, Andreia;Silva Coqueiro, Raildo da;Petroski, Edio Luiz;Benedetti, Tania R. Bertoldo;
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano , 2011, DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n6p442
Abstract: this study aimed to identify the prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus in the older adults in florianópolis and its relationship with being overweight. 857 older adults took part in the study. sociodemographic (sex, age group, schooling, monthly income), anthropometric (weight, height), usual physical activity, arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus information was collected. the body mass index (bmi) was adopted to diagnose the overweight. the adjustment variables were: sociodemographic, usual physical activity and arterial hypertension. the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 13.5% (male = 12.1%; female = 14.8%; p<0.05) and the overweight was 59.4% (male = 58.0%; female = 60.7%; p=0.40). a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus was observed in the older adults who were overweight. the overweight was positively associated with diabetes, regardless of sex, age, schooling, monthly income, usual physical activity and arterial hypertension. one can conclude that overweight in the older adults in florianopolis was an independent factor and positively associated with diabetes mellitus.
Insatisfa??o com a imagem corporal: avalia??o comparativa da associa??o com estado nutricional em universitários
Coqueiro, Raildo da Silva;Petroski, Edio Luiz;Pelegrini, Andreia;Barbosa, Aline Rodrigues;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082008000100009
Abstract: introduction: the objective of this study was to investigate the association between body image dissatisfaction and two indicators of nutritional status in brazilian university students, and also to identify the best predictor of body image dissatisfaction in brazilian university students. methods: this was a cross-sectional study of 256 university students (128 males). data were collected on demographics (age and sex), anthropometrics (body mass, stature and skinfold thickness), and body image (current silhouette and ideal silhouette). body mass index (< 18.5 or ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 = abnormal) and the sum of five skinfolds (≤ 30 or ≥ 62 and ≤ 43 or ≥ 76 mm = abnormal, for men and women, respectively) were then calculated. the analysis included descriptive statistics, proportionality testing, chi-square test and logistic regression. results: mean age of the sample was 23.1 years (standard deviation = 5.3) and the frequency of body image dissatisfaction was 78.8%. body image dissatisfaction was not associated with sex or body mass index. the multivariate analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio for abnormal sum of five skinfolds was 2.56. conclusion: body mass index was not a determinant of body image dissatisfaction, whereas the sum of five skinfolds proved to be a significant predictor of this disorder, irrespective of sex.
QUEDAS E CAPACIDADE FUNCIONAL EM IDOSOS LONGEVOS RESIDENTES EM COMUNIDADE
Tha s Alves Brito,Marcos Henrique Fernandes,Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Cleber Souza de Jesus
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: El objetivo fue verificar la asociación entre caídas y capacidad funcional en ancianos residentes en la comunidad. Se trata de estudio transversal de base comunitaria. La población fue compuesta por mayores con edad ≥80 a os, habitantes de zona urbana del municipio de Lafaiete Coutinho-BA, Brasil. La recolección de datos, se dio en enero de 2011, fue domiciliar a través de un cuestionario con informaciones socio-demográficas, ocurrencia de caídas y capacidad funcional por Katz. El análisis de datos fue realizado a partir de regresión de Poisson adoptándose nivel de significancia de 5%. Fueron entrevistados 94 mayores con media de 86,1 a os (±6,39), siendo 59,6% de sexo femenino. La prevalencia de caídas fue 27,7% y fueron clasificados como dependientes para actividades de vida diária 19,6% de ancianos. Se identificó fuerte asociación entre caídas y capacidad funcional (RP=2,08; 1,17 -3,70). Los resultados sugieren que la proporción de caídas es significativamente mayor entre los ancianos funcionalmente dependientes que entre adultos mayores independientes.
Capacidade funcional e fatores associados em idosos: estudo populacional Capacidade funcional y factores asociados en ancianos: estudio poblacional Functional capacity and associated factors in the elderly: a population study
Roberta Souza Freitas,Marcos Henrique Fernandes,Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Wanderley Matos Reis Júnior
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-21002012000600017
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Analisar a associa o do comprometimento da capacidade funcional com condi es de saúde e fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais entre idosos residentes em comunidade do interior do Nordeste brasileiro. MéTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com 316 idosos residentes em Lafaiete Coutinho-BA. A capacidade funcional foi avaliada por escala hierárquica, verificando associa o com condi es de saúde e fatores sóciodemográficos e comportamentais pela técnica de regress o logística multinomial. RESULTADOS: A dependência nas atividades independentes da vida diária (AIVD) foi associada ao grupo etário > 80 anos, uso de dois ou mais medicamentos e comprometimento cognitivo. A dependência nas atividades básicas da vida diária e AIVD foi associada ao grupo etário > 80 anos, falta de participa o em atividades religiosas, hospitaliza o nos últimos 12 meses, comprometimento cognitivo e sobrepeso. CONCLUS O: Houve associa o com comprometimento da capacidade funcional e condi es de saúde e fatores sociodemográficos entre idosos residentes em comunidade no Nordeste brasileiro. OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación del compromiso de la capacidad funcional con condiciones de salud y factores sociodemográficos y comportamentales entre ancianos residentes en una comunidad del interior del Noreste brasile o. MéTODOS: Estudio transversal de base poblacional realizado con 316 ancianos residentes en Lafaiete Coutinho-BA. La capacidad funcional fue evaluada por una escala jerárquica, verificando asociación con condiciones de salud y factores sociodemográficos y comportamentales por la técnica de regresión logística multinomial. RESULTADOS: La dependencia en las atividades independentes de la vida diaria (AIVD) fue asociada al grupo etáreo > 80 a os, uso de dos o más medicamentos y compromiso cognitivo. La dependencia en las actividades básicas de la vida diária y AIVD fue asociada al grupo etáreo > 80 a os, falta de participación en actividades religiosas, hospitalización en los últimos 12 meses, compromiso cognitivo y sobrepeso. CONCLUSIóN: Hubo asociación con compromiso de la capacidad funcional y condiciones de salud y factores sociodemográficos entre ancianos residentes en una comunidad del Noreste brasile o. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of impaired functional capacity with health conditions and sociodemographic and behavioral factors among elderly residents in a community of northeastern Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study, conducted with 316 elderly residents in Lafaiete Coutinho-BA. Functional capacity was e
Are self-reported measures valid for the assessment of nutritional status in the brazilian population?
Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Lucélia Justino Borges,Valbério Candido Araújo,Andreia Pelegrini
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2009,
Abstract: Self-reported measures have been widely used for the assessment of nutritional status in epidemiological studies. This paper discusses aspects regarding the validity of self-reported measures of body weight and height for the assessment of nutritional statusin Brazilian children, adolescents, adults and elderly subjects. The available evidence suggests that: a) in children, the use of self-reported measures is not recommended because of the lack of Brazilian studies; b) in adolescents, these measures should be used with caution since the only study carried out in Brazil was restricted to a local sample and may not represent the situation in other regions; c) in adults, this method can be considereda viable alternative for assessing and monitoring nutritional status in situations in which these data cannot be measured directly; d) in the elderly, the use of self-reported measures cannot yet be recommended for two reasons: first, studies specifically includingsubjects older than 60 years have not been conducted and, second, this age group tends to estimate these measures less accurately.
Factors associated to the overweight in adults assisted by a family health unit
Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Adriana Alves Nery,Zoraide Vieira Cruz,Cloud Kennedy Couto de Sá
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2008,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with overweight in adults and the frequencies of these factors. The sample comprised 101 adults, all aged ≥ 18 years, 75 (74.0%) females and 26 (26.0%) males, registered at a Family Health Center (FHC) in the town of Jequié, and distributed proportionally throughout the FHC’s seven sub-areas. Patients were defined as overweight if their body mass index (BMI) was ≥ 25kg/m2. The proportion of overweight people was calculated for the whole sample and for each of the associated variables (age, sex, occupation, educational level, number of meals per day, smoking, alcoholism, arterial hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and habitual level of physical activity). The chi-square test was applied to test associations between the variables and the proportion of overweight to a significance level of 5% (p ≤ 0.05). the overall frequency of overweight was 28.0%, and this was more prevalent only among individuals who do not consume alcoholic beverages, although the comparison between those with and without hypertension was borderline (p = 0.052). The results of this study suggest a need for further investigation into the effect of alcoholic beverages on the nutritional status of adults and for implementation of nutritional vigilance strategies at this FHC, with special attention given to hypertense patients. Resumo ResumoO objetivo do estudo foi verificar a freqüência e fatores associados ao sobrepeso em adultos acompanhados por uma Unidade de Saúde da Família (USF), na cidade de Jequié, Bahia, Brasil. O desenho foi transversal em amostra de 101 adultos ≥ 18 anos de idade, cadastrados e distribuídos proporcionalmente entre as sete microáreas da USF, sendo 75 (74,0%) do sexo feminino e 26 (26,0%) do masculino. Com sobrepeso foram considerados aqueles que apresentaram índice de massa corporal (IMC) ≥ 25kg/m2. Calculou-se a freqüência do sobrepeso no total e por variáveis associadas (idade, sexo, ocupa o, escolaridade, número de refei es diárias, tabagismo, etilismo, hipertens o arterial, diabetes, dislipidemias e nível de atividade física habitual - NAFH). As associa es foram verificadas utilizando o teste do qui-quadrado, ao nível de significancia de 5% (p ≤ 0,05). A freqüência do sobrepeso foi de 28,0%, sendo mais prevalente apenas em indivíduos que n o consomem bebidas alcoólicas, embora a compara o entre hipertensos e n o hipertensos tenha se apresentado limítrofe (p = 0,052). Os resultados deste estudo sugerem outras investiga es sobre o efeito do consumo de bebidas alcoólicas sobre o estad
Self-reported diabetes mellitus and its association with overweight in the older adults. 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n6p442
Andreia Pelegrini,Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Edio Luiz Petroski,Tania Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2011,
Abstract: This study aimed to identify the prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus in the older adults in Florianopolis and its relationship with being overweight. 857 older adults took part in the study. Sociodemographic (sex, age group, schooling, monthly income), anthropometric (weight, height), usual physical activity, arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus information was collected. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was adopted to diagnose the overweight. The adjustment variables were: sociodemographic, usual physical activity and arterial hypertension. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 13.5% (male = 12.1%; female = 14.8%; p<0.05) and the overweight was 59.4% (male = 58.0%; female = 60.7%; p=0.40). A higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus was observed in the older adults who were overweight. The overweight was positively associated with diabetes, regardless of sex, age, schooling, monthly income, usual physical activity and arterial hypertension. One can conclude that overweight in the older adults in Florianopolis was an independent factor and positively associated with diabetes mellitus.
Desempenho motor de idosos do Nordeste brasileiro: diferen as entre idade e sexo Desempe o motriz de ancianos del noreste brasile o: diferencias entre edad y sexo Motor performance of the elderly in northeast Brazil: differences with age and sex
Paloma Andrade Pinheiro,Tássia D'El-Rei Oliveira Passos,Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Marcos Henrique Fernandes
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2013,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o desempenho motor, de acordo com o sexo e o grupo etário, em idosos residentes em comunidade do Nordeste brasileiro. Trata-se de estudo transversal que analisou dados de 316 idosos de uma pesquisa epidemiológica de base domiciliar e populacional realizada em janeiro de 2011. Participaram do estudo 173 mulheres (54,7%) e 143 homens com idade média de 74,2 (± 9,8 anos). As mulheres apresentaram maior declínio funcional com o avan o da idade e mais limita o funcional em testes de for a/resistência de membros inferiores e locomo o. Em ambos os sexos, a prevalência de limita o funcional foi mais elevada nos grupos etários de 70-79 anos e > 80 anos, com as mulheres apresentando mais limita o a partir dos 70 anos e os homens, a partir dos 80 anos. Os dados desta pesquisa podem subsidiar o planejamento de medidas para preven o, manuten o ou melhora da limita o funcional em idosos, proporcionando maiores cuidados integrados. Se apuntó a identificar el desempe o motriz de acuerdo a sexo y grupo etario en ancianos residentes en comunidad del Noreste brasile o. Estudio transversal analizando datos de 316 ancianos de una investigación epidemiológica de base domiciliaria y poblacional realizada en enero 2011. Participaron 173 mujeres (54,7%) y 143 hombres con media etaria de 74,2±9,8 a os. Las mujeres presentaron mayor declinación funcional con el avance de la edad y más limitaciones funcionales en tests de fuerza/resistencia de miembros inferiores y locomoción. En ambos sexos, la prevalencia de limitación funcional fue mayor en los grupos etarios de 70-79 a os y >80 a os, presentando las mujeres mayores limitaciones desde los 70 a os y los hombres a partir de los 80. Los datos de esta investigación pueden colaborar en la planificación de medidas de prevención, mantenimiento o mejora de la limitación funcional en ancianos, proporcionando mayores cuidados integrados. The aim of this study was to examine motor performance according to sex and age group in community-dwelling elderly individuals of the Brazilian Northeast. This was a cross-sectional study, which analyzed data of 316 elderly individuals from a population-based household epidemiological survey performed in January 2011. Participants of the study included 173 women (54.7%) and 143 men with an mean age of 74.2 ± 9.8 years. Women presented higher functional decline due to aging and more functional limitations in strength/endurance tests in lower members and locomotion. In both sexes, the prevalence of functional limitation was higher in the age groups 70-79 year
Signs of musculoskeletal disorders in bus drivers and fare collectors
Lélia Renata das Virgens Carneiro,Raildo da Silva Coqueiro,Malú de Oliveira Freire,Aline Rodrigues Barbosa
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2007,
Abstract: To describe the signs of musculoskeletal disorders (SMD) in drivers and fare ollectors and to investigate their association with hours worked per day, nutritional status and level of physical activity (PA). A cross-sectional study undertaken with 40 bus drivers and 39 fare collectors working intercity routes. The “Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire” was used to identify SMD. The working day was defi ned according to median values (< 8 hours or ≥ 8 hours). Level of PA was assessed using the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Body mass index was used to verify nutritional status. The chi squared test was used to test for associations. Musculoskeletal pain during the previous 12 months was reported by 70.0% and 76.9% of drivers and fare collectors, respectively; 30.0% of the drivers and 33.3% of the fare collectors reported pain during the previous 7 days; 26.6% (drivers) and 33.3% (fare collectors) had had to miss work due to musculoskeletal pain. The highest prevalence rates (previous 12 months) were observed in the following anatomical areas: shoulders (32.5%), for drivers and lower back (48,7%), for fare collectors. There was a signifi cant difference (p = 0.029) between drivers and fare collectors in terms of reported lower back pain. The prevalence of overweight was greater among drivers (72,0%) than fare collectors (33,3%) and this difference was signifi cant (p = 0,000). Signs of musculoskeletal disorders were frequent among the workers and their symptoms did not exhibit any association with the length of working day, nutritional status or level of physical activity. ABSTRACT O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os sintomas de distúrbios osteomusculares (SDO) em motoristas e cobradores de nibus e investigar sua associa o com jornada de trabalho, estado nutricional e nível de atividade física. Estudo transversal realizado com 40 motoristas e 39 cobradores de nibus de viagens intermunicipais. Os SDO foram verificados, utilizando-se o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares. A jornada de trabalho foi categorizada a partir dos valores da mediana (< 8 horas e ≥ 8 horas). O índice de massa corporal (IMC) foi usado para verificar o estado nutricional. O nível de atividade física foi avaliado, usando-se o Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física (vers o curta). As associa es foram verifi cadas por teste qui-quadrado. A freqüência de dor em alguma regi o do corpo (últimos 12 meses) foi de 70,0% e 76,9% para motoristas e cobradores respectivamente; 30,0% dos motoristas e 33,3% dos cobradores referiram do
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