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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 39212 matches for " Rafael; Prieto González "
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Student Research Work and Modeled Situations in Order to Bridge the Gap between Basic Science Concepts and Those from Preventive and Clinical Practice. Meaningful Learning and Informed beneficience  [PDF]
Elio A. Prieto González
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.77099
Abstract: Meaningful learning of basic science concepts is a difficult goal to reach among students from different health related university careers. We present an integrative approach based on different educational strategies like problem based, and situated learning as well as the use of models and organizers. Three cases from Medicine, Nursing and Nutrition show the difficulties in the comprehension and integration of basic and applied knowledge as well as the educational approaches adopted and the evolution of students. There is a discussion on the ethical relevance of deep basic and applied knowledge in the right solution of problems posed in class that attempt to model real life scenarios. There is a term introduced in this paper: informed beneficence. This concept expresses the assumption that the professional fulfillment of the ethical principle of beneficence is linked to knowledge and skills to propose appropriate solutions to individual or collective health problems.
Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada Family caregivers in the University Hospital Traumatología and Rehabiblitación in Granada
Aurora Quero Rufián,Rafael Briones Gómez,Ma ángeles Prieto González,Nuria Pascual Martínez
Index de Enfermería , 2005,
Abstract: Introducción: La hospitalización afecta a la dinámica de las relaciones familiares y obliga a cambios en la representación de los roles habituales. El papel de los cuidadores familiares adquiere toda su relevancia en la medida que satisfacen las necesidades del enfermo. Esta actividad en la mayoría de los casos es realizada por mujeres. Objetivos: Conocer el perfil y tipo de cuidados que prestan los cuidadores familiares en las unidades de Maxilofacial, Neurología, Neurocirugía y Traumatología del Hospital de Traumatología de Granada. Analizar las necesidades y problemas con los que se encuentran en el hospital. Conocer la opinión del personal de enfermería sobre el cuidador familiar. Dise o: Cualitativo, mediante Observación sistemática, grupos focales (uno con enfermeras y otro con auxiliares), encuestas y entrevistas en profundidad. El análisis de contenido ha sido realizado mediante el soporte informático Atlas/ti, 2.4. Resultados: correspondientes a la categoría de hábitat hospitalario, en relación con las actividades, nivel de información, demandas, etc, de los cuidadores familiares. Conclusiones: El ámbito hospitalario es hostil para el cuidador familiar; es necesario establecer un nuevo marco relacional entre los profesionales y los cuidadores y reconocer su presencia y actividad dentro de la institución sanitaria. Introduction: Generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. That is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. Most of the times, this activity is performed by women. Aims: The aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: Maxilofacial, Neurology, Neurosurgery and Traumatology in the University Hospital Traumatología y Rehabilitación in Granada.This article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. Design: A qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. Surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. The results obtained have been analysed by the programme Atlas/ti 2.4. Results: The results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. Conclusion: On the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to f
Estudio de la densidad y de la viscosidad de algunos ácidos grasos puros
Cede?o González, Fidel Oscar,Prieto González, M.a Manuela,Bada Gancedo, Juan Carlos,Alonso Suárez, Rafael
Grasas y Aceites , 1999,
Abstract: An experimental study is carried out according to ASTM analysis methods of two physical properties, density and viscosity, of palmitic, stearic and oleic fatty acids; compounds which are present in the deodorization effluents of edible oils, with a view to their physics chemical characterisation needed for the design of surface condensers and freezers that could be employed in the recovery of these effluents. The measures are carried out every 5 °C, from temperatures close to those of solidification in each compound, of great interest in our study, to 100 °C. The values of these properties are contrasted with those that appear in the literature, and the experimental measures are correlated. Values of the density are also obtained applying Rackett's equation and those of dynamic viscosity using Andrade's equation, and then compared with experimental measures. Experimental data of the dynamic viscosity for oleic acid at low temperatures (between 0 and 24 °C) are also presented, because of their interest in the design of the previously mentioned equipment. En este trabajo se realiza un estudio experimental de acuerdo con los métodos de análisis de la ASTM de las propiedades físicas, densidad y viscosidad en los ácidos grasos palmítico, esteárico y oleico; compuestos que están presentes en los efluentes de la desodorización de aceites comestibles, con vistas a la caracterización físico química necesaria en el dise o de condensadores y congeladores de superficie que pueden aplicarse a la recuperación de estos efluentes. Las medidas se realizan de 5 en 5 °C entre temperaturas muy próximas a las de solidificación en cada compuesto, de gran interés en nuestro estudio, y los 100 °C. Se contrastan los valores de estas propiedades, con los que aparecen en la literatura y se correlacionan las medidas experimentales. También se obtienen valores de la densidad aplicando la ecuación de Rackett y de la viscosidad dinámica utilizando la ecuación de Andrade, que se comparan con medidas experimentales. Se presentan, además, datos experimentales de la viscosidad dinámica del ácido oleico a baja temperatura (entre O y 24 °C), por ser de interés para el dise o de los equipos anteriormente mencionados.
Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada
Quero Rufián,Aurora; Briones Gómez,Rafael; Prieto González,Ma ángeles; Pascual Martínez,Nuria; Navarro López,Adela; Guerrero Ruiz,Carmen;
Index de Enfermería , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962005000100003
Abstract: introduction: generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. that is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. most of the times, this activity is performed by women. aims: the aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: maxilofacial, neurology, neurosurgery and traumatology in the university hospital traumatología y rehabilitación in granada.this article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. design: a qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. the results obtained have been analysed by the programme atlas/ti 2.4. results: the results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. conclusion: on the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to family caregivers. for this reason it will be convenient to set up a different kind of professional relations between health staff and family caregivers. moreover, it is necessary to recognize the importance of family caregivers role in the hospital.
Challenges Analyzing RNA-Seq Gene Expression Data  [PDF]
Liliana López-Kleine, Cristian González-Prieto
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2016.64053
Abstract: The analysis of messenger Ribonucleic acid obtained through sequencing techniques (RNA-se- quencing) data is very challenging. Once technical difficulties have been sorted, an important choice has to be made during pre-processing: Two different paths can be chosen: Transform RNA- sequencing count data to a continuous variable or continue to work with count data. For each data type, analysis tools have been developed and seem appropriate at first sight, but a deeper analysis of data distribution and structure, are a discussion worth. In this review, open questions regarding RNA-sequencing data nature are discussed and highlighted, indicating important future research topics in statistics that should be addressed for a better analysis of already available and new appearing gene expression data. Moreover, a comparative analysis of RNAseq count and transformed data is presented. This comparison indicates that transforming RNA-seq count data seems appropriate, at least for differential expression detection.
La consolidación del Monterrey "imaginario" en el contexto de la globalización: "Macroproyectos" urbanos
Prieto González, José Manuel;
Frontera norte , 2011,
Abstract: without ignoring functional effectiveness, cities are emphasizing seductive aesthetics as a tool for beneftting their own economy. over the last two decades, monterrey has joined a global trend that develops urban policies based on the construction of architectural and urban icons, and organizing large international cultural and sporting events, which are in themselves essential projects for transforming the city and solving its current problems. the development of urban "macroprojects" in monterrey has permitted the creation of an "imaginary city" -one that is marketable and ignores and substitutes the "real city". however, acting in this way entails its own risks, which is the subject of this article.
DETERIORO GENóMICO Y MANIPULACIóN GENéTICA: DESEQUILIBRIO EN LA PRIORIDAD DE LAS AGENDAS PúBLICAS
Prieto González,Elio A;
Acta bioethica , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2007000200010
Abstract: unbalance in the treatment of two topics related to the conservation of the human genome integrity is analyzed here: the technologies for genetic manipulation and genome damage due to environmental pollution. lack of education and of information based on real facts, and the media sensationalist treatment, among other factors, provoke an unbalance between the media agenda and public needs. this leads to a lack of citizenship consciousness over the true threats that genetic material faces and the health risks that it involves
Extracción de puntos característicos del rostro para medidas antropométricas
González,Alejandro; Prieto,Flavio;
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín , 2010,
Abstract: in this research, a technique for the extraction of a 22 face landmarks set oriented to anthropometry applications has been proposed. the technique is based on wavelets gabor transformation and the elastic bunch graph matching (ebgm) algorithm. the ebgm algorithm was modified so that the extracted points correspond to face landmarks which are commonly used in face anthropometric measures. modifications were: some geometric restrictions to initially fit the centers location of the region search, and later for the definition of the region. results show that the face central points present location errors smaller than a millimeter, which is consistent with the measures in direct face anthropometry.
DETERIORO GENóMICO Y MANIPULACIóN GENéTICA: DESEQUILIBRIO EN LA PRIORIDAD DE LAS AGENDAS PúBLICAS DETERIORIZA O GEN MICA E MANIPULA O GENéTICA: DESEQUILíBRIO NA PRIORIDADE DAS AGENDAS PúBLICAS GENOME DAMAGE AND GENETIC MANIPULATION: UNBALANCE IN PUBLIC POLICIES PRIORITY
Elio A Prieto González
Acta Bioethica , 2007,
Abstract: Se analiza el desequilibrio en el tratamiento de dos temas que ata en a la conservación de la integridad del genoma humano: las tecnologías de manipulación genética y el deterioro genómico provocado por la contaminación ambiental. Las carencias educativas, la falta de información asentada en los hechos y un manejo sensacionalista en los medios, entre otros factores, desajustan las agendas mediáticas con las necesidades públicas, lo que desemboca en una falta de conciencia ciudadana acerca de las verdaderas amenazas a las que está expuesto el material genético y los riesgos de salud que ello implica O presente texto analisa o desequilíbrio no tratamento de dois temas que dizem respeito à conserva o da integridade do genoma humano: as tecnologias de manipula o genética e a deterioriza o gen mica provocada pela contamina o ambiental. As carências educativas, a falta de informa o assentada nos fatos e um manejo sensacionalista dos meios, entre outros fatores, desajustam as agendas mediáticas com as necessidades públicas, o que desemboca numa falta de consciência cidad em rela o às verdadeiras amea as à que se exp s o material genético e os riscos de saúde que isto implica Unbalance in the treatment of two topics related to the conservation of the human genome integrity is analyzed here: the technologies for genetic manipulation and genome damage due to environmental pollution. Lack of education and of information based on real facts, and the media sensationalist treatment, among other factors, provoke an unbalance between the media agenda and public needs. This leads to a lack of citizenship consciousness over the true threats that genetic material faces and the health risks that it involves
La consolidación del Monterrey "imaginario" en el contexto de la globalización: "Macroproyectos" urbanos
José Manuel Prieto González
Frontera norte , 2011,
Abstract: Sin renegar de la eficiencia funcional, las ciudades están poniendo mucho empe o en la seducción estética como herramienta de beneficio económico. Monterrey se ha sumado a una corriente global que concibe el desarrollo de políticas urbanas a partir de la construcción de íconos arquitectónicos y urbanísticos, y de la organización y celebración de grandes eventos culturales y deportivos de alcance internacional, como instrumentos esenciales para transformar la ciudad y solucionar sus problemas. La realización de "macroproyectos" urbanos en Monterrey ha permitido configurar una "ciudad imaginaria" -"vendible"- que ignora y suplanta a la "ciudad real". Actuar así, sin embargo, conlleva riesgos. éste es el tema del presente artículo.
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