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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 87464 matches for " Rafael Ferreira da Costa "
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A negocia??o do cuidado de enfermagem obstétrica através das práticas educativas na casa de parto
Progianti, Jane Márcia;Costa, Rafael Ferreira da;
Escola Anna Nery , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452008000400025
Abstract: the study discusses the obstetric nursing care provided at the childbirth center david capistrano filho. this reflection, based on the negotiation concept of the cultural care theory and on the health education concept, searched for the reason why in this space, that was created for the development of actions under humanized model perspective, obstetric nurses ground their practices on health education principles. it was concluded that the health education is an instrument of cultural care and the nurses while using educational practices are also using the negotiation for caring, in a humanized perspective, with the woman who socially uses to deal with the conceptions of the technocratic model. therefore, without invasions and impositions, nurses collaborate with the physiology of pregnancy and childbirth, because acting this way they avoid the culture shock. they restructure the cultural care in the obstetric field for changing the hospitalized woman's way to give birth.
Oportunidades e barreiras para políticas locais e subnacionais de enfrentamento das mudan?as climáticas em áreas urbanas: evidências de diferentes contextos
Martins, Rafael D'Almeida;Ferreira, Leila da Costa;
Ambiente & Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-753X2010000200002
Abstract: cities and urban areas are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. subnational and local governments play an important role in implementing public policies to cope with these changes. referenced in the international debate, this paper investigates the main factors that support, limit and facilitate the implementation of mitigation and adaptation to climate change in urban areas. through the analysis of 38 case studies from different regions of the world, it seeks to go beyond the analysis of specific contexts and restricted realities, capturing the variety of strategies being adopted by local and subnational governments in developed and developing countries. the paper identifies three groups of factors that support and limit these actions: resources and capacities, knowledge and information and institutions and governance.
Governing climate change: urbanization, vulnerability and challenges for the northern coast of the state of S o Paulo, Brazil
Rafael D’Almeida Martins,Leila da Costa Ferreira
Sustentabilidade em Debate , 2011,
Abstract: Este artigo discute a vulnerabilidade do Litoral Norte do Estado de S o Paulo, Brasil, em rela o às mudan as climáticas. Baseando-se em uma revis o da literatura específica e num estudo de caso que englobou a análise de documentos oficiais, dados secundários e entrevistas semi-estruturadas com gestores e representantes da sociedade civil, o artigo busca contribuir com o debate das mudan as climáticas nos municípios costeiros brasileiros por meio de uma proposta conceitual e analítica para investigar e discutir os múltiplos processos e as intera es entre mudan a ambiental, socioecon mica e climática nesses espa os. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que a vulnerabilidade dos municípios do Litoral Norte Paulista é amplamente dependente de seus fatores históricos e contextos socioecon micos. Nesse sentido, as transforma es trazidas para a regi o nas últimas quatro décadas por meio de um intenso processo de urbaniza o turística e crescentes atividades industriais aprofundaram problemas sociais e ambientais, aumentando a vulnerabilidade n o só da regi o como um todo, como também de grupos específicos, em rela o à variabilidade e mudan as do clima. A sobreposi o de processos socioambientais e os diferentes níveis da problemática da mudan a do clima colocam grandes desafios para a governan a e as institui es presentes nesses municípios que têm falhado em responder às causas dessa situa o de vulnerabilidade, deixando claro que s o pouco capazes de responderem, sozinhos, ao crescente risco de impactos das mudan as climáticas.This paper examines the climate change vulnerability of the Northern Coast of the State of S o Paulo (Litoral Norte Paulista), Brazil. Based on a literature review and a case-study encompassing the analysis of policy documents, secondary data and semi-structured interviews with policymakers and civil society representatives, it aims to provide a useful way to examine the multiple and overlapping processes of environmental, social-economic and climatic change in this region. By analyzing its vulnerability, the paper argues that the degree to which these cities are vulnerable to climate change is largely determined by the broader historic and socio-economic contextual factors. The finding indicates that the social, economic and cultural changes brought by the last four decades of intense process of urbanization, tourism exploitation and increasingly economic activities have deepened social and environmental problems, increasing the vulnerability of particular groups and the region as a whole to climate variability and change. The cross-
Uma revis o crítica sobre cidades e mudan a climática: vinho velho em garrafa nova ou um novo paradigma de a o para a governan a local? A critical review on cities and climate change: old wine in new bottle or a new paradigm for local governance action?
Rafael D'Almeida Martins,Leila da Costa Ferreira
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122011000300004
Abstract: A mudan a climática e o aquecimento global passaram, em curto espa o de tempo, para o centro do debate público como o maior desafio do século XXI. Este artigo busca apresentar uma revis o crítica sobre a temática das cidades e a mudan a climática baseando-se numa análise da literatura internacional e nacional disponível. Ressalta-se que os impactos da mudan a climática s o esperados em áreas urbanas afetando vários setores do cotidiano das cidades. A evidência empírica mostra que governos locais s o fundamentais para implementar políticas públicas relativas à mudan a climática. De forma geral, a resposta dada por esses governos concentra-se em a es de mitiga o e adapta o. Buscou-se, neste sentido, compreender os processos de urbaniza o e industrializa o como forma de entender a condi o e as origens da vulnerabilidade socioambiental urbana no Brasil, bem como alertar para os enormes déficits socioecon micos e ambientais das cidades brasileiras que tornam políticas públicas e respostas mais urgentes e complicadas. Assim, n o se trata de vinho velho em garrafa nova, mas sim da oportunidade n o só de corrigir erros do passado, como também transformar as cidades brasileiras para o futuro de forma mais sustentável e justa. Para isso torna-se necessário um maior envolvimento dos estudos em administra o pública e gest o local nessa discuss o. Climate change and global warming have become the center of public debate as the biggest challenge of the century XXI in a short period of time. This paper aims to present a critical review on the subject of cities and climate change based on an analysis of national and international literature available. It is emphasized that the impacts of climate change are expected in urban areas affecting several sectors of urban life. Empirical evidence shows that local governments are essential to implement policies related to climate change. Overall, the response of cities focuses on mitigation and adaptation. The paper tried to understand the processes of urbanization and industrialization as a way to realize the condition and the origins of urban environmental vulnerability in Brazil, and to alert the large socioeconomic deficits and environmental impacts of Brazilian cities that make policies and responses more urgent and more complicated. Thus, it is not old wine in new bottle, but the opportunity not only to correct past mistakes, but also transform the Brazilian cities for the future in a more sustainable and just manner. For this to happen it is necessary to involve studies in public administration and local governanc
Práticas educativas desenvolvidas por enfermeiras: repercuss es sobre vivências de mulheres na gesta o e no parto Prácticas educativas desarrolladas por enfermeras: repercusiones sobre las experiencias de mujeres en el embarazo y parto Educational practices developed by nurses: reflections on women's pregnancy and labor experiences
Jane Márcia Progianti,Rafael Ferreira da Costa
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-71672012000200009
Abstract: Objetivou-se discutir as repercuss es das práticas educativas desenvolvidas por enfermeiras sobre a vivência das mulheres na gravidez e no parto. Estudo qualitativo cuja coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista semiestruturada com dezesseis mulheres que pariram e que frequentaram os grupos educativos e consultas puerperais em uma Casa de Parto. A análise foi mediante as diretrizes de análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Os resultados mostraram que as práticas educativas foram reestruturantes para a vivência tranquila, forma o do vínculo materno, livre express o da sexualidade durante a gesta o e sensa es vividas no parto. Concluiu-se que a educa o em saúde utilizada como instrumento do cuidar, oportuniza a ades o da mulher a práticas obstétricas menos intervencionistas. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de las prácticas educativas desarrolladas por enfermeras en la experiencia de las mujeres en el embarazo y parto. Un estudio cualitativo fue desarrollado, cuyos datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semi estructuradas con diez y seis mujeres que dieron a luz y que asistieron a los grupos de educación y consulta de puerperio en una casa de parto. El análisis fue efectuado según las directrices para análisis de contenido de Bardin. Los resultados mostraron que las prácticas eran reestruturantes para una vida pacífica, unión con la madre, la libre expresión de la sexualidad durante el embarazo y sensaciones experimentadas durante el parto. Se concluyó que la educación para la salud utilizado como un instrumento de cuidado, alimentación a la adhesión de las mujeres a prácticas obstétricas menos intervencionistas. The objective was to discuss the impact of educational practices developed by nurses on the experience of women in pregnancy and childbirth. A qualitative study was carried out, whose data was collected through semi-structured interviews with sixteen women who gave birth and who attended the educational groups and puerperal consultations in a Birth Center. Analysis was done according to the guidelines for content analysis of Bardin. The results showed that the practices were essential for peaceful pregnancy experience, maternal bonding, free expression of sexuality during pregnancy and sensations experienced in childbirth. It was concluded that health education, used as an instrument of care, nurture the accession of women to less interventionist obstetric practices.
Desafios para a pesquisa sobre as dimens es humanas das mudan as ambientais globais: um olhar latino-americano
Rafael D’Almeida Martins,Leila da Costa Ferreira
Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente , 2011,
Abstract: The environmental field has developed slowly within social sciences in Latin America. However, the last two decades have been marked by the expansion of research and teaching activities in the environmental area. In this sense, the likely impact of global environmental changes have rapidly penetrated the contemporary debates on environment and society, primarily in developed countries and later on in developing countries, including Latin America. This paper seeks to contribute to the discussion by providing an overview and identifying the challenges for the development and consolidation of the research on the human dimensions of global environmental change. Based on the assessment and systematization of the intellectual production, this paper seeks to understand this field in Latin America, building upon the contribution of authors such as D.J. Hogan and L.C. Ferreira. The paper argues that although it is possible to identify an emergent body of literature in the region, the involvement of Latin American social science in the human dimension research is still timid and tentative.
Avalia??o da composi??o corporal e dos níveis de aptid?o física de atletas de futsal classificados segundo a tipologia dos esquemas de gênero
Gomes, Sérgio Adriano;Sotero, Rafael da Costa;Giavoni, Adriana;Melo, Gislane Ferreira de;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922011000300001
Abstract: introduction: self-concept is a structure formed by cognitive schemas, among of these there are gender schemas (male and female schemas). according to the interactive model, all individuals are composed of both schemas resulting in different psychological profile. objective: this study aimed to evaluate if futsal athletes who differ in gender schemas typological groups present differences in body composition and physical fitness level. method: the initial sample was composed of 92 male athletes, who were classified in the following gender schema typological group: male heteroshematic (mh), female heteroshematic (fh) and isoshematic (iso). in order to classify the sample in typological groups, the male inventory of the self-concept's gender schemas (imega) was used. the squat jump, counter movement jump and running anaerobic sprint tests were used to assess explosive power and anaerobic capacity, respectively. the results were analyzed with analysis of variance (anova): one way, mixed and manova. results: the results showed no differences in body composition, but mh presented more fatigue than the iso and fh groups. in the assessment of six sprints executed by the athletes, it was observed that mh presented more variation between the initial and final maximum power, when compared with the other groups. conclusion: these results lead to the conclusion that different psychological profiles adapt better to some game positions performance and/or to some specific situations during the game. finally, it is suggested that the psychological profile must be used as a criterion in the selection of the athletes, considering also physiological and technical factors
Characterization and sensorial evaluation of cereal bars with jackfruit = Caracteriza o e avalia o sensorial de barras de cereais com jaca.
Calila Teixeira Santos,Renata Ferreira Bonomo,Rafael da Costa Ilhéu Fontan,Paulo Bonomo
Acta Scientiarum : Technology , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to elaborate a homemade and alternative cereal bar using dehydrated jackfruit and seed meal as fiber source, due to the availability of this fruit in the region, without reducing the nutritional values if comparing to those already existent in the market. In order to evaluate the centesimal content and the acceptance of the homemade bars, both light and traditional bars were used as reference. The results showed that the elaborated bar presented protein values very close with products already found in the market. However, the new bars presented higher content offibers. Formulations of 30 and 40% of seed meal were the ones with the best acceptance. Objetivou-se com o presente trabalho elaborar uma barra de cereal caseira e alternativa, utilizando a jaca desidratada e o farelo da semente como fonte de fibras, a fim de aproveitar a disponibilidade dessa fruta regional, sem reduzir o valor nutricional em rela o às existentes no mercado. Para avaliar a composi o centesimal e aceita o das barras caseiras foram utilizadas barras comerciais na forma light e tradicional, como parametros de referências. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram que a barra formulada apresentou valores bem próximos aos produtos comercializados no mercado no que se refere à proteína, mas com teores de fibras superiores. As formula es com 30 e 40% de teor de farelo da semente foram as quetiveram maior aceita o.
Cinética e modelagem da secagem de carambola (Averrhoa carambola L.) em secador de bandeja = Kinetics and modeling of star fruit (Averrhoa carambola L.) drying in a tray dryer
Calila Teixeira Santos,Renata Ferreira Bonomo,Modesto Antonio Chaves,Rafael da Costa Ilhéu Fontan
Acta Scientiarum : Technology , 2010,
Abstract: No presente trabalho, objetivou-se obter curvas de secagem de carambola (Averrhoa carambola L.) em secador de bandejas. A partir dessas curvas foram obtidos dados de taxa de secagem e de difusividade, além do ajuste de modelos semiteóricos aos dados experimentais. As curvas de secagem foram obtidas, utilizando-se um secador de bandejas nas temperaturas de 50, 60 e 70°C e com fluxo de ar de 1,5 m s-1. Aos dados experimentais foram ajustados os modelos dePage, Henderson e Pabis e Exponencial, utilizando-se regress o n o-linear. Todos os ajustes tiveram coeficiente de determina o (R2) superior a 0,96, mas o modelo de Page foi o que apresentou melhor ajuste. Observou-se que a difusividade efetiva, calculada a partir da lei de Fick, aumentou com a eleva o da temperatura. In this work, drying curves were obtained for the star fruit (Averrhoa carambola L.) in a tray dryer. From theses curves, drying rates and diffusivity data were also obtained and semitheoreticalmodels were adjusted. The drying curves were obtained using a tray dryer with temperatures of 50, 60 and 70°C and an air flux of 1.5 m s-1. The Page, Henderson & Pabis and Exponential models were fitted to the experimental data by non-linear regression. All fitted models presented high determination coefficients (R2). The Page model showed the best fit. It was observed that effective diffusivity, calculated by Fick’s law, increased with temperature.
Economic evaluation of scenarios for manufacturing systems using discrete event simulation based experiments
José Arnaldo Barra Montevechi,Rafael Florêncio da Silva Costa,Fabiano Leal,Alexandre Ferreira de Pinho
Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management , 2010,
Abstract: This paper aims to perform economic evaluation of scenarios for manufacturing systems via discrete event simulation based experiments. First, three simulation models were built to mimic three manufacturing cells from two companies. In these simulation models, there are eight, thirty two and sixty four scenarios to be economically analyzed. Then, the decision makers can choose the best scenario by selecting the highest net present value, according to a future predicted demand. The research′s results allowed the identification of an activity that should not exist inside the production process (an analyzed scenario). So, the simulation model gained credibility among the decision makers after it pointed out a 35% of increase in the current monthly output. Finally, this work is concluded by highlighting the role of the design of experiments to select the most relevant scenarios to be economically analyzed. This saves time, when there are a large number of scenarios.
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