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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 673082 matches for " Raed S. A. Faqir "
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The Criminal Liability of Parent Corporations for Acts of Its Subsidiaries under Criminal Law in Jordan: A Comparative Study  [PDF]
Raed S. A. Faqir
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2016.73022
Abstract: The present study deals with many legal aspects of criminal liability of legal entities, as well tries to explain the legislative and judicial attitude towards this sort of liability. The current research examines laws on criminal liability of parent companies for illegal acts of the subsidiary under criminal legislation in Jordan, and discerns legal norms and applicable aspects related to the doctrine of corporate criminal liability and the legal relationship of the parent company with the subsidiary. This study will first conduct a comprehensive analysis of the provisions of the Jordanian Company Law on the relationship between the parent company and the subsidiary. Issues of corporate criminal liability under the Jordanian legal and other selective comparative legal systems, several aspects of legal systems of common law and civil law about the criminal liability of parent corporations for conduct of parties outside of organization, or for offences of dissolved corporations, or for offences of predecessor’s corporations will be discussed. On the light of secrecy of studies in the direct theme of the present study and ambiguity of regulatory and legal framework in this topic, the researcher will carry out the analysis of the related legislation, including criminal laws merely with respect to the criminal liability of corporation for offences committed by its subsidiaries in order to revamp the legal framework of this issue. An attempt will take into consideration both national and international legal attitudes towards the theme of this research at national and international levels. Finally, this study is a bold step for the detection of weaknesses in the Jordanian legislation in regulating this matter, which is necessary for the interest of the national economy and to protect companies, corporation, economic units and their shareholders, and to create an attractive investment environment for investors.
Protection of Individual Privacy under the Continental and Anglo-Saxon Systems: Legal and Criminal Aspects  [PDF]
Saleh Sharari, Raed S. A. Faqir
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.53018
Abstract: The present study tries to explain the legal position of privacy in the legal practices of two global different legal cultures: The Continental and Anglo-Saxon systems. This study aims at making sufficient explanation as regard the historical development of the concept and its terminology, and to define the scope of privacy protection and its several forms. Moreover, the study aims to undercover the legal treatment with privacy issues as related to legal protection of dwelling houses, private places, photography, personal communication and conversations, as well as the professional secret’s safeguards under both civil and common law systems.
Democracy & Judicial Controlling in Jordan: A Constitutional Study
Muddather Abu- Karaki,Raed S. A Faqir,Majed Ahmad K. Marashdah
Journal of Politics and Law , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v4n2p180
Abstract: The establishment of the constitutional courts is regarded as the main demand for democratic states; the regular courts and high court of justice in Jordan have delivered many several decisions that insist on the issue of judicial review on the constitutionality of law and administrative actions. The present study comprises a number of sections. The first section, general notion on democracy and judicial controlling in Jordan, is statement of the study problems, purposes and significance of the study and the methodology applied by the researchers. Democracy under the constitution of Jordan and the main features of democracy in this constitution are undertaken in the second section. The third section aims to acquaint the reader with the structure of the judiciary and the national standers pertaining to judicial independence and rule of law in Jordan. The fourth section evaluates the judicial review under the constitution of Jordan and the national charter, while section five examines respectively the role of judiciary in defending human rights of Jordanian citizens and the norms of judicial independence and rule of law in Jordan. The sixth section highlights the issue of constitutional court and the judicial reform in Jordan. The subject of judicial review, control of the constitutionality laws and types of the constitutional review as well judiciary's attitude towards judicial review in Jordan is discussed deeply in the seventh section. Finally, section eight, conclusion and recommendation to the issue of democracy and judicial controlling in Jordan. This study suggests that the violable constitutional court in Jordan should be provided by the constitution as it is included in the national charter, 1992 which requires a new constitutional amendment. The court should be completely independent and separated from any type of controlling of other courts, either regular or administrative. It also recommends that the court should be interlay constituted from experienced, impartial and talented judges with long term of service and should exercise equally progressive role in intervening power politics and that more precautions may be taken for the court.
Determination of Antibiotic Drug Cefdinir in Human Plasma Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectroscopy  [PDF]
Mohammad A. Al Bayyari, Raed S. Abu Ajjour
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2015.63022

The following article has been retracted due to the investigation of complaints received against it. The Editorial Board found that there are conflicts of interests between the authors and their organization. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter, and the American Journal of Analytical Chemistry treats all unethical behavior seriously. This paper published in Vol. 6 No. 3 239-254, 2015 has been removed from this site.

Title: Determination of Antibiotic Drug Cefdinir in Human Plasma Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectroscopy

Author: Mohammad A. Al Bayyari, Raed S. Abu Ajjour
Generalized Form of Hermite Matrix Polynomials via the Hypergeometric Matrix Function  [PDF]
Raed S. Batahan
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2014.42012
The object of this paper is to present a new generalization of the Hermite matrix polynomials by means of the hypergeometric matrix function. An integral representation, differential recurrence relation and some other properties of these generalized forms are established here. Moreover, some new properties of the Hermite and Chebyshev matrix polynomials are obtained. In particular, the two-variable and two-index Chebyshev matrix polynomials of two matrices are presented.
Identification and pathogenicity of Botryosphaeria parva associated with grapevine decline in Kurdistan region - Iraq
Raed A. Haleem,Samir K. Abdullah,Jaladet M. S. Jubrael
Acta Agrobotanica , 2012, DOI: 10.5586/aa.2012.045
Abstract: During a survey on fungi associated with decline symptoms on grapevine cultivars growing in Kurdistan region of Iraq, several isolates of Botryosphaeria species were encountered. All isolates were identified as Botryosphaeria parva Pennycook and Samuels. Pathogenicity test for isolate DKI 1 was performed on two cultivars, Taefi and Rashmew. Under greenhouse conditions, one-year grape rooted cuttings were inoculated with the pathogen isolate by two methods, injecting the spore suspension into the green shoots and by artificial inoculation of wounded shoots with mycelial mat. The highest canker length (15.0 mm) was produced after four months on the shoots of the Taife cultivar artificially inoculated with mycelial mat of the pathogen. Under field conditions, two methods of inoculation were adopted, wounding the green shoots and drilling a hole in the arms of mature vine, followed by inoculation with mycelial mat. The highest canker length (11.17 mm) was obtained after 5 months on wounded shoots of the Rashmew cultivar and with a significant difference from the Taefi cultivar. The pathogen caused a reduction in fresh and dry weight of green shoots and roots compared with the non-inoculated control. This is the first report on B. parva in Iraq.
Self-Optimization of Pilot Power in Enterprise Femtocells Using Multi objective Heuristic
Lina S. Mohjazi,Mahmoud A. Al-Qutayri,Hassan R. Barada,Kin F. Poon,Raed M. Shubair
Journal of Computer Networks and Communications , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/303465
Abstract: Deployment of a large number of femtocells to jointly provide coverage in an enterprise environment raises critical challenges especially in future self-organizing networks which rely on plug-and-play techniques for configuration. This paper proposes a multi-objective heuristic based on a genetic algorithm for a centralized self-optimizing network containing a group of UMTS femtocells. In order to optimize the network coverage in terms of handled load, coverage gaps, and overlaps, the algorithm provides a dynamic update of the downlink pilot powers of the deployed femtocells. The results demonstrate that the algorithm can effectively optimize the coverage based on the current statistics of the global traffic distribution and the levels of interference between neighboring femtocells. The algorithm was also compared with the fixed pilot power scheme. The results show over fifty percent reduction in pilot power pollution and a significant enhancement in network performance. Finally, for a given traffic distribution, the solution quality and the efficiency of the described algorithm were evaluated by comparing the results generated by an exhaustive search with the same pilot power configuration. 1. Introduction Coverage and capacity are two major aspects which operators have to address while offering new mobile multimedia services to their customers such as video on demand, web 2.0 services, and social networking. At the same time, indoor coverage presents many challenges in the current 3rd generation (3G) (e.g., UMTS) and future 4th generation (4G) (e.g., LTE) cellular networks. Those networks operate at higher frequencies in comparison with the conventional 2nd generation (2G) (e.g., GSM) networks [1]. Consequently, signal penetration through building walls becomes a complex process. This fact creates a real challenge, especially that studies on wireless usage show that more than 50% of voice calls and more than 70% of data traffic are generated indoors [2]. Therefore, proposing data intensive services in conjunction with the presence of the indoor coverage challenges are the main drives for deploying specific devices such as femtocells to complement the traditional outdoor base stations. A femtocell is a short-range (up to 40?m) low-cost low-power base station (BS) installed by end users indoors to enhance voice and data receptions. Femtocells make use of the broadband connections such as digital subscriber line (DSL), cable modem, or a separate radio frequency (RF) backhaul channel to communicate with the cellular network [3] as shown in Figure 1.
Harmonics Measurement on Active Patch Antenna Using Sensor Patches
Dawei Zhou;Raed A. Abd-Alhameed;Chan Hwang See;Nazar T. Ali;Mohammad S. Bin-Melha
PIER C , 2010, DOI: 10.2528/PIERC10092802
Abstract: Performance of the sensing patch technique for measuring the power accepted at the antenna feed port of active patch antennas has been evaluated at harmonic frequencies. A prototype antenna, including two sensors at appropriate locations, was fabricated and tested at the fundamental and two harmonic frequencies to estimate the power accepted by the antenna, including determination of the sensor calibration factor.
Hybrid Computational Scheme for Antenna-Human Body Interaction
K. N. Ramli;Raed A. Abd-Alhameed;Chan Hwang See;Peter S. Excell;J. M. Noras
PIER , 2013, DOI: 10.2528/PIER12082209
Abstract: A new hybrid method of moments (MoM)/finite-difference time-domain (FDTD), with a sub-gridded finite-difference time-domain (SGFDTD) approach is presented. The method overcomes the drawbacks of homogeneous MoM and FDTD simulations, and so permits accurate analysis of realistic applications. As a demonstration, it is applied to the short-range interaction between an inhomogeneous human body and a small UHF RFID antenna tag, operating at 900 MHz. Near-field and far-field performance for the antenna are assessed for different placements over the body. The cumulative distribution function of the radiation efficiency and the absorbed power are presented and analyzed. The algorithm has a five-fold speed advantage over fine-gridded FDTD.
Ethyl 7-chloro-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-8-nitro-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate
Raed A. Al-Qawasmeh
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2012, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536812011373
Abstract: In the title compound, C15H12ClFN2O5, molecules are packed in the crystal lattice in a parallel fashion sustained by various C—H...O [C...O = 3.065 (5)–3.537 (5) ] and C—H...Cl [3.431 (5)–3.735 (4) ] interactions.
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