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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 88501 matches for " Radoji?i? Mirjana "
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Globalization, values, interests
RadojiiMirjana S.
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/fid0323133r
Abstract: The nature of the international politics, after the Cold War directed by the U.S. as the only current super-power, are considered in the text. The author’s intention is to stress the main points of divergence between moralistic-valuable rhetoric and the foreign policy practice of the U.S. In that sense, the examples of the American stand, i.e. the active treatment of the Yugoslav crisis, on the one hand, and the crisis in the Persian Gulf, on the other hand, is considered. The author’s conclusion is that the foreign policy of the only current super-power is still directed by interests rather then by values. In the concluding part, the author presents an anthropologic argument in favor of reestablishing "balance of power" as the only guarantee for peace and stability of the world.
NATO aggression against FRY: “A war on the border between law and morality”
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/fid1103137r
Abstract: The paper focuses on the ethical aspects of NATO aggression (or so-called “humanitarian intervention”), exerted against the FRY, actually Serbia, in the period from March to June 1999. The paper has been conceived as a critical dialogue with Jürgen Habermas, or rather the positions presented by him in a text entitled “Bestialit t und Humanit t: Eine Krieg an der Grenze zwischen Recht und Moral”. Following a short presentation of Habermas’s point of view, in the introduction to her paper the author discusses the moral implications of, as he points out, “the surgical precision of the air-strikes, as well as the programmatic sparing of the civilian population”, which are, according to him, the characteristics of this aggression with “a highly legitimating effect”. She then focuses on the key and declaratively moral argument that served to justify the aggression - the protection of human rights of Kosmet Albanians and the prevention of the humanitarian catastrophe they had been allegedly exposed to. After analyzing this argument thoroughly, in several steps, the author concludes that the aggression was not, as Habermas claimed, a “war on the border between law and morality”, but that it was actually beyond the borders of both law and morality and was deeply situated into a domain of interest-driven armed acts of the US foreign policy.
Serbia in the processes of European integrations: Between traumatic experience and real politic necessity
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/fid0630135r
Abstract: The article contains an explanation of the topic to be dealt with by the author in the next research cycle. In the first part of the article author try to identify the main obstacles facing Serbia in the imperative processes of its European integrations. According to the author, those obstacles are numerous and mostly unique, based on the fact that in the last decade Serbian people was a subject of complete state disintegration to which the most powerful external contribution was given by the USA and Western Europe itself. In spite of those obstacles, Serbia faces inevitable duty to carry out a complete political, economic and cultural reconstitution of its destroyed society as a condition sine qua non its own survival and successful development. In the final section of the text, what is pleaded is realistic approach to the multitude of the problems facing Serbia on the threshold of the new millennium.
Non-governmental organizations and politics of interpretation of South-Slavic’s recent past
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/fid0527109r
Abstract: In the text the author considers politics of interpretation of South-Slavic peoples' recent past, which was demonstrated by the most prominent activists of Serbian non-governmental organizations. By summarizing the interpretation in a few points, the author attempts to identify its key features: arrogance and extremism as a style, counter factuality as a strategy and anti-Serbian nationalism and racism as an ideological strongpoint. In the final section of the text, what is pleaded is a precise legal regulation of that delicate area of civil activism, which in the last decade has presented a malignant protuberance on destroyed social tissue of Serbia and serious threat to the rest of its considerably lost national interests.
Influence of manufacturing procedure on stability of Unguentum contra perniones preparations
Bo?kovi? Mirjana,Toski?-Radojii? Marija
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0504293b
Abstract: Background. Application of various technological procedures for the manufacture of officinal preparation ointment against chilblains (Unguentum contra perniones) produce essential variations in the quality and stability of the final product. Changing the sequence of admixing active substances into the ointment base indicated the presence of incompatibility between the active substances, as well as between the active substances and the ointment base components. The aim was to examine the influence of various technological manufacturing procedures on quality and stability of the preparation. Methods. Changes in the samples of ointments and aqueous solutions of active substances were analyzed microscopically. Results. Microscopic analysis of hydrosoluble active substance solutions demonstrated destruction of ichthammol, induced by an acidic medium due to the dissolution of tannin and resorcinol, which is well known from the literature. It also demonstrated the destruction of tannin and resorcinol in aqueous solution, which had not been described in the literature. Application of the prescribed procedure for the manufacturing of ointment against chilblains, conceals the incompatibility reactions due to a slow dissolution of the tannin suspended in the officinal ointment base Unguentum cera lanae. Admixture of an ready-made aqueous solution of tannin caused an instant contact between ichthammol and the acidic medium, which caused the destruction or the complete absence of the formation of emulsion droplets. The problem of incompatibility reactions between lanolin alcohols in the ointment base and ichthammol and resorcinol, as well as the reaction between Peruvian balsam and sulfur from the ichthammol sulfate ion was observed. Numerous incompatibility reactions of ointment against chilblains, components indicated that it was necessary to introduce alterations in both the qualitative and quantitative composition of the preparation. Conclusion. Excipient preparation procedure, as well as the technological procedure for incorporation of active ingredients can cause the incompatibilities and therefore the formulation stability problems.
Traditional costume as a migration phenomenon on the part of the Adriatic coast in the 17th and 18th century
Radojii? Dragana S.
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/gei0351055r
Abstract: Migrations from Herzegovina and Montenegro to the Herceg Novi region, during the period from the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries, were the reasons for investigation (thanks to the preserved archive material) of female "traditional costumes" involved in these migrations. Clothing retained the influence of Balkan, Slav, Oriental and Mediterranean cultures. The function of clothing (for work and ceremonial occasions) was studied, as well as changes within the generation, regardless of whether the individual items were in constant use or only used on one occasion.
Costume style from Vr in
Radojii? Dragana
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/gei0654259r
Abstract: Suburbs in general are very much affected by the distance from urban centers and its internal changes. Belgrade, for example, has, in the past two centuries, undergone major changes in forms of territorial expansion and population growth. Vr in so became a suburb of Belgrade and an important crossroad. This paper analyses the changes which transformed Vr in from rural settlement into suburb, using variables such as industry, migrations and accompanying influences to its daily life, including dress habits of the Vr in population. A general tendency to transform from rural to urban is present, along with an effort to attain a bio-rhythm of the bigger city. The scope of this paper is limited to only a few sources, which, nevertheless picture this general tendency. The process of abandoning a traditional dress has begun long before 1970’s and has reached its final phase at present. The rural population gradually abandoned the traditional costume, and adopted urban way of dressing, most of the time mixing the two. It is evident that only elderly individuals have kept parts of the traditional dress and jewelry, while so called middle and young generations dress in the latest urban fashion style. This is especially evident in women’s style of dress brought about with a new role they entered during the years after WW II employment outside home and the city’s influences. In conclusion, dress mode in Vr in was determined by general social, economic and historical events that took place.
Sanitary cordon
Radojii? Dragana S.
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/gei0452301r
Abstract: One of the primary goals of the Venetians in the 18th century was to maintain trade with Turkish markets; economic and political interests stretched out to the Middle East and the "Gulf" (the Adriatic Sea). The developments of health institutions, sanitary measures, epidemic diseases and epidemic prevention are closely connected with the development of maritime affairs sea-borne trade and economic development in general. Even before the 18th century, the Boka Kotorska Bay developed maritime affairs, preconditioned by the existence and development of health institutions. The goals of the latter were to promote a health culture and to assure free development of naval and trade activities. Infectious diseases were the main risk posed to mariners and maritime affairs; therefore, a number of legal activities were applied in order to prevent epidemics and protect the local population. Based on the rich archival materials, this paper attempts to discuss the work of health committees, quarantine hospitals (for people and merchandise), and regulations and measures administrated by the Health Civic Authorities of Venice in order to prevent epidemics and to include the total population in the process of the health culture.
Professions of Risan population according to 1704 land-registry
Radojii? Dragana
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/gei0801211r
Abstract: This paper is based on the registrar data on Risan and the surrounding settlements, created in 1704 by the Venetians. The Venetians took over the area in 1684, after the two century rule by the Turks. The registrar contains data on agriculture, fruit and olive growing and milling industry. The registrar includes these settlements: Risan, Orahovac, Krivoshije Gornje and Donje Ledenice, Kostanjice (Risan's and Perast's), Gornje and Donje Uble, Gornji and Donji Morinj and Bunovichi. This registrar provided many more data than what is usual for this type of document. Besides the names of real estate owner, the registrar provides names of the previous owners, the Turks or local (domicile) population, who sold the land or whose land was given away to the incomers. Many parcels bear the note as an old ownership. In addition to the land size, there are data on the quality and usage: plough land, uncultivated, untilled, stony, pasture. There are data on planted soil too: wine-grows, figs, olives, chestnuts. Gardens were described separately. In addition to the population basic demography, the registrar provides data on cattle, horses owned by individual families, and whose number is described in this paper. In addition to descriptive data on houses and accompanying buildings, the registrar also describes mills and their state, whether they are damaged or in function as well as threshing-floors. At the end of the registrar, there is a list of owners by places, size and type of cultivated land, wine-growing land and required taxes by individual and settlements.
Lime-kiln with recommendation
Radojii? Dragana S.
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/gei0553231r
Abstract: The mode of lime-stone production, used for centuries, almost disappeared today. The only data on lime-stone production from the Herceg Novi area are remains of lime-kiln dated to 18th century, and old archives of Venetian notaries from the cities of Kotor and Herceg Novi. The notaries collected and noted down the data on lime-kilns in many details: on particular lime-kilns, their locations, owners, supplying, reimbursements etc., and these data represent the only testimony on this activity. In order to build a lime-kiln, it was first necessary to find a suitable place and dig a hole. Also, it was an imperative that the selected place is surrounded by trees and stone. Almost all lime-kilns were located near the main roads or shores, which made them accessible to boats. A preparatory work, usually about two weeks, consisted of gathering and collecting wood and stones; the next phase was building of a lime-kiln, followed by a heating/firing wood (heating a lime-stone), a period of cooling off, and at the end, a transport of slacked lime. All these activities involved not only workers employed at the particular lime-kiln, but also their families, relatives and peasants. Based on the available documents, it was very difficult to obtain a good quality lime-stone, but it is said that the island of Lustica had provided the best quality. The lime-stone production employed peasants (one or more families, or friends joined together), which did not diminish the value and organizational aspect of this activity in the period of Venetian rule of the Boka Kotorska Bay. The government paid strict attention to the production, deliveries, judicial proceedings, and reimbursements. From the available data on the lime-kiln owners, it can be assumed that they did not own the land itself. Also, we can only imagine what kinds of troubles and difficulties the people involved in the lime-stone production had to face; this was a very difficult, hard work, and it was believed that the best lime-stone is the one from the surface, baked“ by the Sun.
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