Abstract:
World cannot be imagined without electricalpower. Generally the power is transmitted through transmission networks. This paper describes an original idea to eradicate the hazardous usage of electrical wires which involve lot of confusion in particularly organizing them. Imagine a future in which wireless power transfer is feasible: cell phones, household robots, mp3 players, laptop computers and other portable electronic devices capable of charging themselves without ever being plugged in freeing us from that final ubiquitous power wire. Thispaper includes the techniques of transmitting power without using wires with an efficiency of about 95% with non-radioactivemethods. In this paper wireless power transfer technique have been implemented on test system.Keywords : power, ubiquitous, efficiency

Abstract:
We study the mechanism of the associated Lambda-kaon and Sigma-kaon production in nucleon-nucleon collisions over an extended range of near threshold beam energies within an effective Lagrangian model, to understand of the new data on pp --> p Lambda K+ and pp --> p Sigma0 K+ reactions published recently by the COSY-11 collaboration. In this theory, the hyperon production proceeds via the excitation of N*(1650), N*(1710), and N*(1720) baryonic resonances. Interplay of the relative contributions of various resonances to the cross sections, is discussed as a function of the beam energy over a larger near threshold energy domain. Predictions of our model are given for the total cross sections of pp --> p Sigma+K0, pp --> n Sigma+K+, and pn --> n Lambda K+ reactions.

Abstract:
We present an overview of the description of K and eta meson productions in nucleon-nucleon collisions within an effective Lagrangian model where meson production proceeds via excitation, propagation and subsequent decay of intermediate baryonic resonant states. The $K$ meson contains a strange quark ($s$) or antiquark ($\bar s$) while the $\eta$ meson has hidden strangeness as it contains some component of the $s{\bar s}$ pair. Strange meson production is expected to provide information on the manifestation of quantum chromodynamics in the non-perturbative regime of energies larger than that of the low energy pion physics. We discuss specific examples where proper understanding of the experimental data for these reactions is still lacking.

Abstract:
We investigate the associated strangeness Lambda K+ and Sigma0 K+ productions in proton-proton collisions within an effective Lagrangian model. The initial interaction between the two nucleons is modeled by the exchange of pi, rho, omega, and sigma mesons and the strangeness production proceeds via excitations of N*(1650), N*(1710), and N*(1720) baryonic resonances. The parameters of the model at the nucleon-nucleon-meson vertices are determined by fitting the elastic nucleon-nucleon scattering with an effective interaction based on the exchange of these four mesons, while those at the resonance vertices are calculated from the known decay widths of the resonances and from the vector meson dominance model. Experimental data taken recently by the COSY-11 collaboration are described well by this approach. The one-pion-exchange diagram dominates the production process at both higher and lower beam energies. The excitation of the N*(1650) resonance dominates both the production channels at near threshold energies. Our model with final state interaction effects among the outgoing particles included within the Watson-Migdal approximation, is able to explain the observed beam energy dependence of the ratio of the total cross sections of these two reactions.

Abstract:
In these lectures we discuss the investigation of the strange meson production in proton-proton ($pp$) and in proton-nucleus ($pA$) reactions within an effective Lagrangian model. The kaon production proceeds mainly via the excitations of $N^*$(1650), $N^*$(1710), and $N^*$(1720) resonant intermediate nucleonic states, in the collision of two initial state nucleons. Therefore, the strangeness production is expected to provide information about the resonances lying at higher excitation energies. For beam energies very close to the kaon production threshold the hyperon-proton final state interaction effects are quite important. Thus, these studies provide a check on the models of hyperon-nucleon interactions. The in-medium production of kaons show strong sensitivity to the self energies of the intermediate mesons.

Abstract:
In the domain of Nuclear reactions at intermediate energies, the QCD coupling constant $\alpha_s$ is large enough ($\sim$ 0.3 - 0.5) to render the perturbative calculational techniques inapplicable. In this regime the quarks are confined into colorless hadrons and it is expected that effective field theories of hadron interactions via exchange of hadrons, provide useful tools to describe such reactions. In this contribution we discuss applications of one such theory, the effective Lagrangian model, in describing the hadronic reactions at intermediate energies whose measurements are the focus of a vast international experimental program.

Abstract:
Localized Content based image retrieval is an effective technique for image retrieval in large databases. It is the retrieval of images based on visual features such as color, texture and shape. In this paper, our desired content of an image is not holistic, but is localized. Specifically, we define Localized Content-Based Image Retrieval, where the user is only interested in a portion of the image, and the rest of the image is irrelevant. Some work already has been done in this direction. We are interested to retrieve the images on basis of shape and texture.

Abstract:
We investigate the Coulomb breakup of neutron rich nuclei 11Be and (19,17,15)C within a theory developed in the framework of Distorted Wave Born Approximation. Finite range effects are included by a local momentum approximation, which allows incorporation of realistic wave functions for these nuclei in our calculations. Energy and angular as well as parallel momentum distributions of the fragments emitted in the breakup of these nuclei on heavy targets have been calculated using several structure models for their ground state. Comparison with the available experimental data shows that the results are selective about the ground state wave function of the projectile. Our investigations confirm that the nuclei 11Be, 19C and 15C have a one-neutron halo structure in their ground states. However, for 17C such a structure appears to be less likely. Calculations performed within our method have also been compared with those from an adiabatic model and the results are discussed.

Abstract:
We investigate the properties of the single Lambda hypernuclei within a Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) model. The parameters of the Skyrme type effective lambda-nucleon (Lambda N) interaction are obtained by fitting to the experimental Lambda binding energies of hypernuclei with masses spanning a wide range of the periodic table. Alternative parameter sets are also obtained by omitting nuclei below mass number 16 from the fitting procedure. The SHF calculations are performed for the binding energies of the Lambda single-particle states over a full mass range using the best fit parameter sets obtained in these fitting procedures and the results are compared with the available experimental data. The data show some sensitivity to the parameter sets obtained with or without including the nuclei below mass 16. The radii of the Lambda orbits in the hypernuclear ground states and the Lambda effective mass in nuclear matter show some dependence on different parameter sets. We present results for the total binding energy per baryon of the hypernuclei over a large mass region to elucidate their stability as a function of the baryon number. We have also employed the our best fit Lambda N parameter sets to investigate the role of hyperons in some key properties of neutron stars.

Abstract:
We extend our Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) approach, which was used earlier to describe successfully the single-$\Lambda$ hypernuclei, to investigate the binding and the $\Lambda \Lambda$ bond energies of the double-$\Lambda$ hypernuclei. The nucleon-nucleon ($NN$) and $\Lambda$-nucleon ($\Lambda N$) interactions are taken from our previous study. For the $\Lambda \Lambda$ force several Skyrme-like potentials available in the literature have been used. We discuss the sensitivity of the calculated $\Lambda \Lambda$ binding and bond energies to the $\Lambda \Lambda$ and $\Lambda N$ force parameters. It is found that the existing $\Lambda \Lambda$ hypernuclear data do not allow to distinguish between various $\Lambda \Lambda$ force parameter sets used by us. However, they show some selectivity for a particular set of the $\Lambda N$ potential determined in our previous work.