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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16278 matches for " ROCHA ROSALI TEIXEIRA "
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Pneumonia adquirida na comunidade em pacientes tratados ambulatorialmente: aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e radiológicos das pneumonias atípicas e n o atípicas
Jornal de Pneumologia , 2000,
Abstract: Objetivo: Avaliar o percentual etiológico das pneumonias atípicas tratadas ambulatorialmente. Identificar os fatores epidemiológicos, clínicos e radiológicos que permitam diferenciar pneumonia atípica de n o atípica. Métodos: Os pacientes foram submetidos a avalia o clínica, radiológica, coleta de escarro para estudo pelo método de Gram e sangue para testes sorológicos, incluindo Legionella pneumophila, Chlamydia sp, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, vírus Influenza A e Influenza B, no primeiro dia e 21 dias após inclus o. As radiografias de tórax foram revistas por três observadores independentes que desconheciam o quadro clínico. Resultados: Avaliados inicialmente 129 pacientes durante 22 meses. A amostra final para estudo comparativo entre os grupos consistiu de 69 pacientes que tinham em média 37 anos, sendo 46 (67%) homens e 23 (33%) mulheres. O diagnóstico etiológico foi definido em 34 (50%) dos pacientes. Chlamydia sp foi o agente atípico mais freqüente, com 11 (16%) casos, seguido por M. pneumoniae com 7 (10%). Influenza A respondeu por 4 (6%) dos casos e Legionella em 4 (6%) pacientes. Infec es mistas foram evidenciadas, com associa o de Chlamydia sp e M. pneumoniae em 5 (7%) casos, Chlamydia sp e Influenza B em um caso e M. pneumoniae e Influenza A em outro. A presen a de sintomas respiratórios e achados gerais sugestivos de pneumonia atípica foram comparados entre os grupos e n o foram observadas diferen as significantes. A avalia o radiológica realizada por três observadores independentes mostrou discordancia entre eles para os tipos de pneumonia. O diagnóstico radiográfico de cada observador comparado com o diagnóstico clínico n o mostrou associa o significante. Conclus es: A pneumonia causada por agente atípico ocorre em 50% dos pacientes com pneumonia adquirida na comunidade em tratamento ambulatorial. N o é possível distinguir pacientes com pneumonia atípica de pneumonia n o atípica. A apresenta o clínica e a radiológica s o similares nos dois grupos.
Jornal de Pneumologia , 2000,
Pneumonia adquirida na comunidade em pacientes tratados ambulatorialmente: aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e radiológicos das pneumonias atípicas e n?o atípicas
Jornal de Pneumologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-35862000000100003
Abstract: aim: to evaluated the etiologic percentage of the atypical pneumoniae in outpatients and to identify the epidemiologic, clinical and radiographic features that permit to distinguish between atypical and non-atypical pneumonia. methods: all patients underwent clinical and radiographic evaluation. serum and sputum samples were obtained to serological tests including legionella sp, chlamydia sp, m. pneumoniae, influenza a and influenza b virus, and gram stain, respectively. these procedures were performed on the first and 21 days after inclusion. three independent observers reviewed chest x-rays. results: during 22 months, 129 patients were evaluated. the final population under study comprised 69 patients (46 men ? 23 women) with a mean age of 37 years. the etiologic diagnosis was defined in 34 (50%) of the patients. etiologic agents included chlamydia sp, 11 (16%) isolated cases; m. pneumoniae 7 (10%) cases. influenza a was the third more frequent agent in 4 (6%) patients, and legionella sp in 4 (6%). mixed infections were observed with association of chlamydia sp and m. pneumoniae in 5 (7.3%) cases, chlamydia sp and influenza b one (1.5%) case, and another of m. pneumoniae and influenza a. the atypical pneumonia and non-atypical pneumonia groups were compared to respiratory symptoms and signs. there were no differences between them. the three independent observers' radiographic evaluation showed disagreement among them as to the type of pneumonia. radiographic diagnoses of individual observers were compared to the clinical diagnoses, and no significant association was obtained for any observer. conclusion: pneumonia caused by "atypical" agents occurs in 50% of the outpatients with community acquired pneumonia. it is not possible to distinguish atypical pneumonia from non-atypical pneumonia. the clinical and radiographic presentations are similar in both groups.
Diretrizes brasileiras para pneumonia adquirida na comunidade em adultos imunocompetentes - 2009
Corrêa, Ricardo de Amorim;Lundgren, Fernando Luiz Cavalcanti;Pereira-Silva, Jorge Luiz;Silva, Rodney Luiz Frare e;Cardoso, Alexandre Pinto;Lemos, Ant?nio Carlos Moreira;Rossi, Flávia;Michel, Gustavo;Ribeiro, Liany;Cavalcanti, Manuela Araújo de Nóbrega;Figueiredo, Mara Rúbia Fernandes de;Holanda, Marcelo Alcantara;Valery, Maria Inês Bueno de André;Aidê, Miguel Abidon;Chatkin, Moema Nudilemon;Messeder, Octávio;Teixeira, Paulo José Zimermann;Martins, Ricardo Luiz de Melo;Rocha, Rosali Teixeira da;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132009000600011
Abstract: community-acquired pneumonia continues to be the acute infectious disease that has the greatest medical and social impact regarding morbidity and treatment costs. children and the elderly are more susceptible to severe complications, thereby justifying the fact that the prevention measures adopted have focused on these age brackets. despite the advances in the knowledge of etiology and physiopathology, as well as the improvement in preliminary clinical and therapeutic methods, various questions merit further investigation. this is due to the clinical, social, demographical and structural diversity, which cannot be fully predicted. consequently, guidelines are published in order to compile the most recent knowledge in a systematic way and to promote the rational use of that knowledge in medical practice. therefore, guidelines are not a rigid set of rules that must be followed, but first and foremost a tool to be used in a critical way, bearing in mind the variability of biological and human responses within their individual and social contexts. this document represents the conclusion of a detailed discussion among the members of the scientific board and respiratory infection committee of the brazilian thoracic association. the objective of the work group was to present relevant topics in order to update the previous guidelines. we attempted to avoid the repetition of consensual concepts. the principal objective of creating this document was to present a compilation of the recent advances published in the literature and, consequently, to contribute to improving the quality of the medical care provided to immunocompetent adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
A educa o patrimonial no ensino de História
Cláudia Adriana Rocha Teixeira
BIBLOS : Revista do Instituto de Ciências Humanas e da Informa??o , 2008,
Abstract: O presente artigo tem o intuito de expor a importancia da Educa o Patrimonial no ambiente escolar, dando ênfase ao ensino de História. Neste caso, esta será vista como incentivadora de a es para conserva o, preserva o e valoriza o dos bens culturais. No entanto, o que causa a degrada o e a desvaloriza o do patrim nio cultural é, entre outros motivos, a falta de práticas educativas.
Interaction Profile of Diphenyl Diselenide with Pharmacologically Significant Thiols
Waseem Hassan,Joao Batista Teixeira Rocha
Molecules , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/molecules171012287
Abstract: Diphenyl diselenide has shown interesting biological activities in various free-radical-induced damage models and can be considered as a potential candidate drug against oxidative stress. Apart from its anti-oxidant activity, this compound can oxidize various thiols. However there are no detailed studies in the literature about the thiol oxidase-like activity of this compound against biologically significant mono and di-thiols with respect to various pH conditions. Keeping in mind the scarcity of data in this area of organochalcogen chemistry, we report for the first time the kinetics of thiol oxidation by diphenyl diselenide, which was carried out in a commonly used phosphate buffer, not only at physiological pH, but also at a number of acidic values. The relative reactivities of the different thiols with diphenyl diselenide were independent of the pKa of the thiol group, such that at pH 7.4, cysteine and dithiothreitol were the most reactive, while 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid and glutathione were weakly reactive and extremely low reactivity was observed with dimercaptosuccinic acid. Rate of oxidation was dependent on the pH of the incubation medium. The results obtained will help us in the design of rational strategies for the safe pharmacological use of diphenyl diselenide.
Methodology for inspection of wood pathologie using ultrasonic pulses
Carrasco, Edgar Vladimiro Mantilla;Teixeira, Amanda Rocha;
CERNE , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-77602012000300016
Abstract: awareness has been on the rise on the part of society about the importance of wooden structures, in particular historic buildings. this concern is reflected in continued maintenance of historic heritage and has been increasingly leading professionals working in the field of wooden structures to seek improved techniques for inspection of such structures. methods involving nondestructive testing (ndt) are the most recommended for inspection, as they do not affect the relevant architecture and thus help maintain the integrity and originality of the building. among the various existing ndt methods, a widespread and promising option is the ultrasound technique. this work introduces a methodology for inspection of wooden structural elements using ultrasonic pulses. the methodology was applied to a glued laminated timber beam with signs of decay on its interior. ultrasound results helped map the damaged areas of the beam on a plane by using isochromatic patterns. the contribution of this work is a methodology to help investigate wood pathologies which, in combination with other complementary techniques, will allow more accurate and reliable evaluations of wooden structures, avoiding unnecessary replacement of sound structural elements mistakenly presumed to be damaged, or else ensuring maintenance of extremely deteriorated elements that would otherwise compromise the overall stability of the structure.
Enfermeiras do Exército Brasileiro no transporte aéreo de feridos: um desafio enfrentado na 2a. Gerra Mundial
Bernardes, Margarida Maria Rocha;Lopes, Teixeira;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000100012
Abstract: this historic-sociologic study aims to analyse the challenges faced by the brazilian expeditionary force′s air transportation nurses of the army with the theatre of operations on the course of world war ii. the primary source was comprised of a photograph from this time period and oral testimonies of those who participated in the conflict. ideas by sociologist pierre bourdieu support the discussion. results suggest that brazilian nurses were challenged to transport the wounded without medical advice. we conclude that the challenge to fulfill the task imposed, which led to independent decision-making, gave confidence and autonomy to the ones already responsible for the transportation of the wounded.
Parto hospitalar: experiências de mulheres da periferia de Cuibá-MT
Teixeira, Neuma Zamariano Fanaia;Pereira, Wilza Rocha;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672006000600004
Abstract: the objective of this article was to analyze some cultural aspects of women who have experienced normal deliveries at hospitals of the national health system. it is a qualitative research, and its theoretic-methodological reference was the theory of social representation. for data collection ten women who had normal childbirth were interviewed. as a result, we could notice that many of the aspects that they had experienced were mostly associated to an institutional culture that revealed a treatment based on violence, and disrespect to the principles of the birth humanization program created by the brazilian health ministry. we concluded that there are still a lot of investments to be done to improve the quality of the assistance given to labor deliveries at the studied hospitals.
As enfermeiras da for?a expedicionária brasileira no front italiano
Bernardes, Margarida Maria Rocha;Lopes, Gertrudes Teixeira;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342007000300015
Abstract: this social-historical study analyzes the proximity between the nurses at the brazilian expeditionary force (feb, in the portuguese-language acronym) and the authorities in charge of the u.s. the brazilian armies in world war ii. primary sources: two photographs that complement each other and reports from nine nurses who participated in the conflict. secondary sources: literature on the subject. some of pierre bourdieu's concepts were used to give support to the discussion. conclusions: in the military milieu the nurses received a special treatment from the commanders of the u.s. and the brazilian armies, and had more visibility to the brazilian nurses amongst soldiers and in the media. the nurses won a battle by being respected in a new and unknown world, within the universe of the armed forces, which is historically dominated by men. working as part of a team, those nurses struggled for self-affirmation and respect in that peculiar historical moment.
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