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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 15568 matches for " REN Chunhua "
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Thiocyanate Oxidation by Coculture from a Coke Wastewater Treatment Plant  [PDF]
Huijing Huang, Chunhua Feng, Xiaxia Pan, Haizhen Wu, Yuan Ren, Chaofei Wu, Chaohai Wei
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.42A005
Abstract:

Bacterial strains in an activated sludge aerobic reactor from a coke wastewater were found to be able to utilize thiocyanate as carbon source when the thiocyanate-containing wastewater was deprived of carbon source. This study showed that three thiocyanate-oxidizing bacterial strains, Burkholderia sp., Chryseobacterium sp., and Ralstonia sp. were isolated from the activated sludge of a coke wastewater treatment plant as evidenced by the fact that complete decomposition of thiocyanate was achieved either by coculture or individual pure culture. The thiocyanate biodegradation by the coculture occurred with an optimal pH range between 6.5 and 8.5 and an optimal temperature range between 30°C and 40°C. The biodegradation kinetics of thiocyanate was well fitted with the Andrew-Haldane model, which demonstrated a distinct substrate concentration-inhibited bacterial growth pattern. The effects of different types of additional carbon, nitrogen or sulfur sources on thiocyanate biodegradation were also investigated. Analysis of the end-products indicated that thiocyanate degradation by these strains should proceed via two pathways.

Application of Wet Waste from Shrimp(Litopenaeus vannamei) with or Without Sea Mud to Feeding Sea Cucumber(Stichopus monotuberculatus) Application of Wet Waste from Shrimp(Litopenaeus vannamei) with or Without Sea Mud to Feeding Sea Cucumber(Stichopus monotuberculatus)
CHEN Yanfeng,HU Chaoqun,REN Chunhua
- , 2015,
Abstract: In the present study, the applicability of the wet waste collected from shrimp(Litopenaeus vannamei) to the culture of sea cucumber(Stichopus monotuberculatus) was determined. The effects of dietary wet shrimp waste on the survival, specific growth rate(SGR), fecal production rate(FPR), ammonia- and nitrite-nitrogen productions of sea cucumber were studied. The total organic matter(TOM) level in the feces of sea cucumber was compared with that in corresponding feeds. Diet C(50% wet shrimp waste and 50% sea mud mash) made sea cucumber grow faster than other diets. Sea cucumber fed with either diet D(25% wet shrimp waste and 75% sea mud mash) or sole sea mud exhibited negative growth. The average lowest total FPR of sea cucumber occurred in diet A(wet shrimp waste), and there was no significant difference in total FPR between diet C and diet E(sea mud mash)(P > 0.05). The average ammonia-nitrogen production of sea cucumber in different diet treatments decreased gradually with the decrease of crude protein content in different diets. The average highest nitrite-nitrogen production occurred in diet E treatment, and there was no significant difference in nitrite-nitrogen production among diet A, diet B(75% wet shrimp waste and 25% sea mud mash) and diet C treatments(P > 0.05). In each diet treatment, the total organic matter(TOM) level in feces decreased to different extent compared with that in corresponding feeds
Asymmetric Totally-corrective Boosting for Real-time Object Detection
Peng Wang,Chunhua Shen,Nick Barnes,Hong Zheng,Zhang Ren
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: Real-time object detection is one of the core problems in computer vision. The cascade boosting framework proposed by Viola and Jones has become the standard for this problem. In this framework, the learning goal for each node is asymmetric, which is required to achieve a high detection rate and a moderate false positive rate. We develop new boosting algorithms to address this asymmetric learning problem. We show that our methods explicitly optimize asymmetric loss objectives in a totally corrective fashion. The methods are totally corrective in the sense that the coefficients of all selected weak classifiers are updated at each iteration. In contract, conventional boosting like AdaBoost is stage-wise in that only the current weak classifier's coefficient is updated. At the heart of the totally corrective boosting is the column generation technique. Experiments on face detection show that our methods outperform the state-of-the-art asymmetric boosting methods.
Effect of Shrimp(Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming Waste on the Growth, Digestion, Ammonium-Nitrogen Excretion of Sea Cucumber(Stichopus monotuberculatus) Effect of Shrimp(Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming Waste on the Growth, Digestion, Ammonium-Nitrogen Excretion of Sea Cucumber(Stichopus monotuberculatus)
CHEN Yanfeng,LUO Peng,HU Chaoqun,REN Chunhua
- , 2015,
Abstract: In this study, specific growth rate(SGR), ingestion rate(IR), food conversion ratio(FCR), apparent digestion ratio(ADR) and ammonium-nitrogen excretion were determined for sea cucumber(Stichopus monotuberculatus) reared in plastic containers(70 L; 4 containers each diet treatment). Sea cucumbers were fed with five diets containing different amounts of farming waste from shrimp(Litopenaeus vannamei)(100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 0) and a formulated compound(20% sea mud and 80% powdered algae). Sea cucumbers grew faster when they were fed with diet D(25% shrimp waste and 75% formulated compound) than those fed with other diets. Although IR value of sea cucumber fed with diet A(shrimp waste) was higher than those fed with other diets, both the lowest SGR and the highest FCR occurred in this diet group. The highest and the lowest ADR occurred in diet E(formulated compound) and diet A group, respectively, and the same to ammonium-nitrogen excretion. The contents of crude protein, crude lipid and total organic matter(TOM) in feces decreased in comparison with corresponding diets. In the feces from different diet treatments, the contents of crude protein and TOM increased gradually as the contents of crude protein and TOM in diets increased, while crude lipid content decreased gradually as the crude lipid content in diets increased
Experiment Teaching Innovation of the Course Computer Hardware Fundamentals  [PDF]
Chunhua Fang, Zhendi Wu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25007
Abstract: The course Computer Hardware Fundamentals to non-electrical engineering students aims to teach the basic principles and applications of microcomputers so that the students could use computers to solve practical problems in professional or related fields. The teachers have to face the fact that the current experiment teaching cannot meet the demand of students because of less class hour. Based on the analysis of a questionnaire which focuses on the students’ expectation of the experiments as well as the problems existing in the current experiments, a new general elective experimental course “Computer hardware Technology Fundamental Application Experiments” is put forward, and some innovative experiment teaching content and methods are introduced in this paper.
Finite Element Analysis on a Square Canister Piezoelectric Energy Harvester in Asphalt Pavement  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.42035
Abstract: A novel square canister piezoelectric energy harvester was proposed for harvesting energy from asphalt pavement. The square of the harvester was of great advantage to compose the harvester array for harvesting energy from the asphalt pavement in a large scale. The open circuit voltage of the harvester was obtained by the piezoelectric constant d33 of the piezoelectric ceramic. The harvester is different from the cymbal harvester which works by the piezoelectric constant d31. The finite element model of the single harvester was constructed. The open circuit voltage increased with increase of the outer load. The finite element model of the single harvester buried in the asphalt pavement was built. The open circuit voltage, the deformation difference percent and the stress of the ceramic of the harvester were obtained with different buried depth. The open circuit voltage decreased when the buried depth was increased. The proper buried depth of the harvester should be selected as 30 - 50 mm. The effects of structure parameters on the open circuit voltage were gotten. The output voltage about 64.442 V could be obtained from a single harvester buried under 40 mm pavement at the vehicle load of 0.7 MPa. 0.047 mJ electric energy could be gotten in the harvester. The output power was about 0.705 mW at 15 Hz vehicle load frequency.
Finite Element Analysis and Test of an Ultrasonic Compound Horn  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.53029
Abstract: An?ultrasonic compound horn is designed and manufactured, and the horn is analyzed by wave equation, finite element method and test. The modal frequencies and frequencies of the first and second longitudinal vibration of the horn are obtained by the finite element analysis. The horn is made and modal testing is carried out. The modal frequencies of the first and second longitudinal vibration are obtained respectively. The test results are in good agreement with the theoretical calculation. Experimental results show the maximum amplitude of the horn can reach 9?nm with applied excitation voltage of amplitude 7?V and frequency 21,450?Hz, when the amplitude of voltage increases?to 80?V, the horn of maximum amplitude reaches?23 μm. The maximum amplitude of the horn is approximately proportional to the amplitude of excitation voltage. The horn has the characteristics of high sensitivity and large amplitude, and can be used in ultrasonic machining and other fields.
Research Status of Wind Energy Piezoelectric Generator  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Guangqing Shang
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2018.1012031
Abstract: It is of great significance for developing self-powered micro-devices to explore the research of piezoelectric effect in conversion of wind energy into electricity. Based on the different excitation modes, the existing wind energy piezoelectric generators are firstly classified. The research status of wind piezoelectric generators is further analyzed, and characteristics of various types of wind energy piezoelectric generators are summarized. Finally, the future research direction and emphasis of wind energy piezoelectric generators is proposed to carry out its miniaturization, lightweight and integration.
Research Status and Development Direction of Piezoelectric Wind Energy Harvesting Technology  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.73001
Abstract: In recent years, with the rapid development of large-scale distributed wireless sensor systems and micro-power devices, the disadvantages of traditional chemical battery power supply mode are becoming more and more obvious. Piezoelectric energy collector has attracted wide attention because of its simple structure, no heating, no electromagnetic interference, environmental protection and easy miniaturization. Wind energy is a reproducible resource. Wind energy harvester based on piezoelectric intelligent material can be named piezoelectric wind energy harvesting which converts wind energy into electric power and will have great application prospect. To promote the development of piezoelectric wind energy harvesting technology, research statuses on piezoelectric wind energy harvesting technology are reviewed. The existing problem and development direction about piezoelectric wind energy harvester in the future are discussed. The study will be helpful for researchers engaged in piezoelectric wind energy harvesting.
Developmental Differences in the Structure of Executive Function in Middle Childhood and Adolescence
Fen Xu, Yan Han, Mark A. Sabbagh, Tengfei Wang, Xuezhu Ren, Chunhua Li
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077770
Abstract: Although it has been argued that the structure of executive function (EF) may change developmentally, there is little empirical research to examine this view in middle childhood and adolescence. The main objective of this study was to examine developmental changes in the component structure of EF in a large sample (N = 457) of 7–15 year olds. Participants completed batteries of tasks that measured three components of EF: updating working memory (UWM), inhibition, and shifting. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test five alternative models in 7–9 year olds, 10–12 year olds, and 13–15 year olds. The results of CFA showed that a single-factor EF model best explained EF performance in 7–9-year-old and 10–12-year-old groups, namely unitary EF, though this single factor explained different amounts of variance at these two ages. In contrast, a three-factor model that included UWM, inhibition, and shifting best accounted for the data from 13–15 year olds, namely diverse EF. In sum, during middle childhood, putative measures of UWM, inhibition, and shifting may rely on similar underlying cognitive processes. Importantly, our findings suggest that developmental dissociations in these three EF components do not emerge until children transition into adolescence. These findings provided empirical evidence for the development of EF structure which progressed from unity to diversity during middle childhood and adolescence.
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