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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 260034 matches for " R. Zhao-Geisler "
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Dust and molecular shells in asymptotic giant branch stars - Mid-infrared interferometric observations of R Aql, R Aqr, R Hya, W Hya and V Hya
R. Zhao-Geisler,A. Quirrenbach,R. Koehler,B. Lopez
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201118150
Abstract: Mid-IR (8 - 13 micron) interferometric data of four oxygen-rich AGB stars (R Aql, R Aqr, R Hya, and W Hya) and one carbon-rich AGB star (V Hya) were obtained with MIDI/VLTI between April 2007 and September 2009. The spectrally dispersed visibility data are analyzed by fitting a circular fully limb-darkened disk (FDD). Results. The FDD diameter as function of wavelength is similar for all oxygen-rich stars. The apparent size is almost constant between 8 and 10 micron and gradually increases at wavelengths longer than 10 micron. The apparent FDD diameter in the carbon-rich star V Hya essentially decreases from 8 to 12 micron. The FDD diameters are about 2.2 times larger than the photospheric diameters estimated from K-band observations found in the literature. The silicate dust shells of R Aql, R Hya and W Hya are located fairly far away from the star, while the silicate dust shell of R Aqr and the amorphous carbon (AMC) and SiC dust shell of V Hya are found to be closer to the star at around 8 photospheric radii. Phase-to-phase variations of the diameters of the oxygen-rich stars could be measured and are on the order of 15% but with large uncertainties. From a comparison of the diameter trend with the trends in RR Sco and S Ori it can be concluded that in oxygen-rich stars the overall larger diameter originates from a warm molecular layer of H2O, and the gradual increase longward of 10 micron can be most likely attributed to the contribution of a close Al2O3 dust shell. The chromatic trend of the Gaussian FWHM in V Hya can be explained with the presence of AMC and SiC dust. The observations suggest that the formation of amorphous Al2O3 in oxygen- rich stars occurs mainly around or after visual minimum. However, no firm conclusions can be drawn concerning the mass-loss mechanism.
The mid-infrared diameter of W Hydrae
R. Zhao-Geisler,A. Quirrenbach,R. Koehler,B. Lopez,C. Leinert
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201016310
Abstract: Mid-infrared (8-13 microns) interferometric data of W Hya were obtained with MIDI/VLTI between April 2007 and September 2009, covering nearly three pulsation cycles. The spectrally dispersed visibility data of all 75 observations were analyzed by fitting a circular fully limb-darkened disk (FDD) model to all data and individual pulsation phases. Asymmetries were studied with an elliptical FDD. Modeling results in an apparent angular FDD diameter of W Hya of about (80 +/- 1.2) mas (7.8 AU) between 8 and 10 microns, which corresponds to an about 1.9 times larger diameter than the photospheric one. The diameter gradually increases up to (105 +/- 1.2) mas (10.3 AU) at 12 microns. In contrast, the FDD relative flux fraction decreases from (0.85 +/- 0.02) to (0.77 +/- 0.02), reflecting the increased flux contribution from a fully resolved surrounding silicate dust shell. The asymmetric character of the extended structure could be confirmed. An elliptical FDD yields a position angle of (11 +/- 20) deg and an axis ratio of (0.87 +/- 0.07). A weak pulsation dependency is revealed with a diameter increase of (5.4 +/- 1.8) mas between visual minimum and maximum, while detected cycle-to-cycle variations are smaller. W Hya's diameter shows a behavior that is very similar to the Mira stars RR Sco and S Ori and can be described by an analogous model. The constant diameter part results from a partially resolved stellar disk, including a close molecular layer of H2O, while the increase beyond 10 microns can most likely be attributed to the contribution of a spatially resolved nearby Al2O3 dust shell.
Millimetric and sub-millimetric observations of IRAS 05327+3404 "Holoea" in M36
O. Morata,Y. J. Kuan,P. T. P. Ho,H. C. Huang,E. A. Magnier,R. Zhao-Geisler
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/146/3/49
Abstract: The transition between the proto-star, Class I, and the pre-main sequence star, Class II, phases is still one of the most uncertain, and important, stages in the knowledge of the process of formation of an individual star, because it is the stage that determines the final mass of the star. We observed the YSO "Holoea", associated with IRAS 05327+3404, which was classified as an object in transition between the Class I and Class II phases with several unusual properties, and appears to be surrounded by large amounts of circumstellar material. We used the SMA and BIMA telescopes at millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelengths to observe the dust continuum emission and the CO (1-0) and (2-1), HCO+ (1-0) and (3-2), and HCN (1-0) transitions in the region around IRAS 05327+3404. We detected two continuum emission peaks at 1.1-mm: SMM 1, the sub-mm counterpart of IRAS 05327+3404, and SMM 2, ~6 arcsec to the West. The emissions of the three molecules show marked differences. The CO emission near the systemic velocity is filtered out by the telescopes, and CO mostly traces the high-velocity gas. The HCO+ and HCN emissions are more centrally concentrated around the central parts of the region, and show several intensity peaks coincident with the sub-mm continuum peaks. We identify two main molecular outflows: a bipolar outflow in an E-W direction that would be powered by SMM 1 and another one in a NE direction, which we associate with SMM 2. We propose that the SMM sources are probably Class I objects, with SMM 1 in an earlier evolutionary stage.
High-resolution CO observation of the carbon star CIT 6 revealing the spiral structure and a nascent bipolar outflow
Hyosun Kim,Sheng-Yuan Liu,Naomi Hirano,Ronny Zhao-Geisler,Alfonso Trejo,Hsi-Wei Yen,Ronald E. Taam,Francisca Kemper,Jongsoo Kim,Do-Young Byun,Tie Liu
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: CIT 6 is a carbon star in the transitional phase from the asymptotic giant branch (AGB) to the protoplanetary nebulae (pPN). Observational evidences of two point sources in the optical, circumstellar arc segments in an HC$_3$N line emission, and a bipolar nebula in near-infrared provide strong support for the presence of a binary companion. Hence, CIT 6 is very attractive for studying the role of companions in the AGB-pPN transition. We have carried out high resolution $^{12}$CO $J=2-1$ and $^{13}$CO $J=2-1$ observations of CIT 6 with the Submillimeter Array combined with the Submillimeter Telescope (single-dish) data. The $^{12}$CO channel maps reveal a spiral-shell pattern connecting the HC$_3$N segments in a continuous form, and an asymmetric outflow corresponding to the near-infrared bipolar nebula. Rotation of the $^{12}$CO channel peak position may be related to the inner spiral winding and/or the bipolar outflow. An eccentric orbit binary is suggested for the presences of an anisotropic mass loss to the west and a double spiral pattern. The lack of interarm emission to the west may indicate a feature corresponding to the periastron passage of a highly eccentric orbit of the binary. Spatially-averaged radial and spectral profiles of $^{12}$CO $J=2-1$ and $^{13}$CO $J=2-1$ are compared with simple spherical radiative transfer models, suggesting a change of $^{12}$CO/$^{13}$CO abundance ratio from $\sim30$ to $\sim50$ inward in the CSE of CIT 6. The millimeter continuum emission is decomposed into extended dust thermal emission (spectral index $\sim-2.4$) and compact emission from radio photosphere (spectral index $\sim-2.0$).
Controlling a Permanent State of Change – IT Management Framework (ITMF)
Janelle R. Pollard,Shane R. Geisler
Journal of Economics, Business and Management , 2014, DOI: 10.7763/joebm.2014.v2.97
Abstract: In acknowledgement that organisations are in a permanent state of change; that IT needs to deliver change at the pace of business; and the rejection of ‘one size fits all’ delivery model resulting in hybrid methodologies, a blended and encompassing management partnerships across an organisation have become even more pertinent in business. To this goal the IT Management Framework (ITMF) has established a framework that provides the organisation with the ability to identify and capture information across multiple level throughout the organisations structure without impacting delivery. ITMF forms a single delivery orientated ICT Environment which establishes methodology independent framework, without being prescriptive about the execution methodologies; simultaneously empowering leadership teams simplification of the governance touch points and reporting obligations into the delivery environment
ESPRI: Astrometric planet search with PRIMA at the VLTI
Quirrenbach A.,Geisler R.,Henning T.,Launhardt R.
EPJ Web of Conferences , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20111607005
Abstract: The ESPRI consortium will conduct an astrometric survey for extrasolar planets, using the PRIMA facility at the Very Large Telescope Interferometer. Our scientific goals include determining orbital inclinations and masses for planets already known from radial-velocity surveys, searches for planets around nearby stars of all masses, and around young stars. The consortium has built the PRIMA differential delay lines, developed an astrometric operation and calibration plan, and will deliver astrometric data reduction software.
A supermatrix analysis of genomic, morphological, and paleontological data from crown Cetacea
Jonathan H Geisler, Michael R McGowen, Guang Yang, John Gatesy
BMC Evolutionary Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-112
Abstract: We combined new nuclear DNA sequences, including segments of six genes (~2800 basepairs) from the functionally extinct Yangtze River dolphin, with an expanded morphological matrix and published genomic data. Diverse analyses of these data resolved the relationships of 74 taxa that represent all extant families and 11 extinct families of Cetacea. The resulting supermatrix (61,155 characters) and its sub-partitions were analyzed using parsimony methods. Bayesian and maximum likelihood (ML) searches were conducted on the molecular partition, and a molecular scaffold obtained from these searches was used to constrain a parsimony search of the morphological partition. Based on analysis of the supermatrix and model-based analyses of the molecular partition, we found overwhelming support for 15 extant clades. When extinct taxa are included, we recovered trees that are significantly correlated with the fossil record. These trees were used to reconstruct the timing of cetacean diversification and the evolution of characters shared by "river dolphins," a non-monophyletic set of species according to all of our phylogenetic analyses.The parsimony analysis of the supermatrix and the analysis of morphology constrained to fit the ML/Bayesian molecular tree yielded broadly congruent phylogenetic hypotheses. In trees from both analyses, all Oligocene taxa included in our study fell outside crown Mysticeti and crown Odontoceti, suggesting that these two clades radiated in the late Oligocene or later, contra some recent molecular clock studies. Our trees also imply that many character states shared by river dolphins evolved in their oceanic ancestors, contradicting the hypothesis that these characters are convergent adaptations to fluvial habitats.It has been 12 years since the publication of Messenger and McGuire [1], the first major effort to develop a phylogenetic hypothesis for crown Cetacea (Neoceti) based on a combined phylogenetic analysis of morphological and molecular charact
The helium content of globular clusters: NGC6121 (M4)
S. Villanova,D. Geisler,G. Piotto,R. Gratton
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/748/1/62
Abstract: He has been proposed as a key element to interpret the observed multiple MS, SGB, and RGB, as well as the complex horizontal branch (HB) morphology. Stars belonging to the bluer part of the HB, are thought to be more He rich (\Delta Y=0.03 or more) and more Na-rich/O-poor than those located in the redder part. This hypothesis was only partially confirmed in NGC 6752, where stars of the redder zero-age HB showed a He content of Y=0.25+-0.01, fully compatible with the primordial He content of the Universe, and were all Na-poor/O-rich. Here we study hot blue HB (BHB) stars in the GC NGC 6121 (M4) to measure their He plus O/Na content. We observed 6 BHB stars using the UVES@VLT2 spectroscopic facility. In addition to He, O, Na, and Fe abundances were estimated. Stars turned out to be all Na-rich and O-poor and to have a homogeneous enhanced He content with a mean value of Y=0.29+-0.01(random)+-0.01(systematic). The high He content of blue HB stars in M4 is also confirmed by the fact that they are brighter than red HB stars (RHB). Theoretical models suggest the BHB stars are He-enhanced by \Delta Y=0.02-0.03 with respect to the RHB stars. The whole sample of stars has a metallicity of [Fe/H]=-1.06+-0.02 (internal error). This is a rare direct measurement of the (primordial) He abundance for stars belonging to the Na-rich/O-poor population of GC stars in a temperature regime where the He content is not altered by sedimentation or extreme mixing as suggested for the hottest, late helium flash HB stars. Our results support theoretical predictions that the Na-rich/O-poor population is also more He-rich than the Na-poor/O-rich generation and that a leading contender for the 2^{nd} parameter is the He abundance.
The metallicity spread and the age-metallicity relation of Omega Centauri
S. Villanova,D. Geisler,R. G. Gratton,S. Cassisi
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/107
Abstract: Omega Centauri is a peculiar Globular Cluster formed by a complex stellar population. To shed light on this, we studied 172 stars belonging to the 5 SGBs that we can identify in our photometry, in order to measure their [Fe/H] content as well as estimate their age dispersion and the age-metallicity relation. The first important result is that all of these SGBs has a distribution in metallicity with a spread that exceeds the observational errors and typically displays several peaks that indicate the presence of several sub-populations. We were able to identified at least 6 of them based on their mean [Fe/H] content. These metallicity-based sub-populations are seen to varying extents in each of the 5 SGBs. Taking advantage of the age-sensitivity of the SGB we showed that, first of all, at least half of the sub-populations have an age spread of at least 2 Gyrs. Then we obtained an age-metallicity relation that is the most complete up to date for this cluster. The interpretation of the age-metallicity relation is not straightforward, but it is possible that the cluster (or what we can call its progenitor) was initially composed of two populations having different metallicities. Because of their age, it is very unlikely that the most metal-rich derives from the most metal-poor by some kind of chemical evolution process, so they must be assumed as two independent primordial objects or perhaps two separate parts of a single larger object, that merged in the past to form the present-day cluster.
Revisitando o conceito de cidadania: notas para uma educa??o politécnica
Geisler, Adriana;
Trabalho, Educa??o e Saúde , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-77462006000200008
Abstract: in opposition to a community and school project which have been denying the effective citizenship to a great contingent of youth and brazilian workers, the polytechnic conception emerges as a part of an emancipating project which is far from the liberal ideology and from its reflexes on the education and work fields. retaking the issue of the citizenship meaning nowadays, this text aims to identify to which citizenship concept the polytechnic conception belongs, considering the educational practices field and its connection to the current aspect of the world of work.
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