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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 486320 matches for " R. S. Raghavan "
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Zero Threshold Reactions for Detecting Ultra Low Energy Cosmic Relic Neutrinos
Raghavan, R. S.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007,
Abstract: Paper withdrawn by author. Theoretical formalism employed is inappropriate to the problem considered.
Hypersharp Neutrino Lines
R. S. Raghavan
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.091804
Abstract: Neutrino lines from very long lived nuclei in simple crystals such as metals have hypersharp natural width, motionally narrowed by lattice vibrations in analogy to recoilless emission. A generalized hypersharp line fraction including the recoilless part can be derived in a frequency modulation approach. The nue lines of natural width in 3H to 3He 2-body beta-decay can then be resonantly captured with geometrical cross section. The extreme sharpness DeltaE/E~10-29 of the tritium nue line can probe the Planck length L via its limits on the widths of states, DeltaE/E(L) =L(L/R)beta =10-20(beta ~1) to 10-40 (beta= L/R(fm)). Stringent limits can be set on beta, thus, on models of quantum gravity.
A New Model of Solar Neutrinos in Manifest Violation of CPT Invariance
R. S. Raghavan
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2003/08/002
Abstract: The large mixing (mass)(LMA)-MSW model of solar neutrinos (nue) is now widely held to be near definitive, based on global consistency with data. No physical effect, however, compels its uniqueness. The present search for an explicitly testable competitive model was stimulated by a surprising finding--the high energy part of the standard solar model (SSM) 8B nue spectrum can be scaled very precisely to observed flux levels without measurable shape distortion via sensitive combinations of long wavelength flavor conversion in vacuum and a 8B flux f(B)
Hypersharp Resonant Capture of Anti-Neutrinos
R. S. Raghavan
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Recent ideas suggest that the 18.6 keV antineutrino (nuebar) line from 2-body decay of 3H in crystals is emitted with natural width, motionally narrowed by lattice vibrations as in recoilless emission. It can be resonantly captured in 3He with geometrical cross section sigma ~10 ^ -17 cm2. A key technique solves a basic obstacle for achieving resonance--the chemical difference of H and He in metals. The low nue energy, the high sigma and the hypersharp sensitivity DELTA E/E ~10^--29 make an extraordinary tool for bench scale tests of nue theta13 oscillations and predicted Planck length limits on nuclear level widths in models of quantum gravity.
Detecting a Nuclear Fission Reactor at the Center of the Earth
R. S. Raghavan
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: A natural nuclear fission reactor with a power output of 3- 10 terawatt at the center of the earth has been proposed as the energy source of the earth's magnetic field. The proposal can be directly tested by a massive liquid scintillation detector that can detect the signature spectrum of antineutrinos from the geo-reactor as well as the direction of the antineutrino source. Such detectors are now in operation or under construction in Japan/Europe. However, the clarity of both types of measurements may be limited by background from antineutrinos from surface power reactors. Future U. S. detectors, relatively more remote from power reactors, may be more suitable for achieving unambiguous spectral and directional evidence for a 3TW geo-reactor.
pp-Solar Neutrino Spectroscopy: Return of the Indium Detector
R. S. Raghavan
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: A new indium-loaded liquid scintillator (LS) with up to 15wt% In and high light output promises a breakthrough in the 25y old proposal for observing pp solar neutrinos (nue) by tagged nue capture in 115In. Intense background from the natural beta-decay of In, the single obstacle blocking this project till now, can be reduced by more than x100 with the new In-LS. Only non-In background remains, dramatically relaxing design criteria. Eight tons of In yields ~400 pp nue/y after analysis cuts. With the lowest threshold yet, Q=118 keV, In is the most sensitive detector of the pp nue spectrum, the long sought touchstone for nue conversion.
New Physics with MeV Neutrino Sources Brighter than a Thousand Suns
Sanjib K. Agarwalla,R. S. Raghavan
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Short baseline oscillations of neutrinos (nue and nuebar) due to active-sterile (a-s) mixing can be observed explicitly using MeV neutrino beams and existing/planned neutrino detectors. The typical baseline/energy (L/E) of this approach allows flavor survival waves to be observed in the spatial distribution of events inside the detector itself. Single/multiple oscillations can be tested using a variety of sources of nue and nuebar matched to Cerenkov (C), liquid scintillator (LS) and LENS (In-LS) detectors. Distinct tags for nue (from In) and nuebar (from p in the LS) in LENS allow access to nue and nuebar for probing (a-s) mixing, CPT symmetry and in a new way, limits on lepton number violation (LNV) via wrong helicity neutrino reactions comparable to limits for neutrinoless double beta decay via right handed currents.
Probing Non-Standard Couplings of Neutrinos at the Borexino Detector
Zurab Berezhiani,R. S. Raghavan,Anna Rossi
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(02)00476-5
Abstract: The present experimental status does not exclude weak-strength non-standard interactions of neutrinos with electrons. These interactions can be revealed in solar neutrino experiments. Our discussion covers several aspects related to this issue. First, we perform an analysis of the Super Kamiokande and SNO data to investigate their sensitivity to such interactions. In particular, we show that the \nu_e oscillation into sterile neutrinos can be still allowed if \nu_e has extra interactions of the proper strength. Second, we suggest that the Borexino detector can provide good signatures for these non-standard interactions. Indeed, in Borexino the shape of the recoil electron spectrum from the \nu e \to \nu e scattering essentially does not depend on the solar neutrino conversion details, since most of the signal comes from the mono-energetic ^7Be neutrinos. Hence, the partial conversion of solar \nu_e into a a nearly equal mixture of \nu_\mu and \nu_\tau, as is indicated by the atmospheric neutrino data, offers the chance to test extra interactions of \nu_\tau, or of \nu_e itself.
Phase oscillations in superfluid 3He-B weak links
A. Smerzi,S. Raghavan,S. Fantoni,S. R. Shenoy
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/s10051-001-8695-0
Abstract: Oscillations in quantum phase about a mean value of $\pi$, observed across micropores connecting two \helium baths, are explained in a Ginzburg-Landau phenomenology. The dynamics arises from the Josephson phase relation,the interbath continuity equation, and helium boundary conditions. The pores are shown to act as Josephson tunnel junctions, and the dynamic variables are the inter bath phase difference and fractional difference in superfluid density at micropores. The system maps onto a non-rigid, momentum-shortened pendulum, with inverted-orientation oscillations about a vertical tilt angle $\phi = \pi$, and other modes are predicted.
Coherent oscillations between two weakly coupled Bose-Einstein Condensates: Josephson effects, $π$-oscillations, and macroscopic quantum self trapping
S. Raghavan,A. Smerzi,S. Fantoni,S. R. Shenoy
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: We discuss the coherent atomic oscillations between two weakly coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. The weak link is provided by a laser barrier in a (possibly asymmetric) double-well trap or by Raman coupling between two condensates in different hyperfine levels. The Boson Josephson Junction (BJJ) dynamics is described by the two-mode non-linear Gross-Pitaevskii equation, that is solved analytically in terms of elliptic functions. The BJJ, being a $neutral$, isolated system, allows the investigations of new dynamical regimes for the phase difference across the junction and for the population imbalance, that are not accessible with Superconductor Josephson Junctions (SJJ). These include oscillations with either, or both of the following properties: 1) the time-averaged value of the phase is equal to $\pi$ ($\pi-phase$ oscillations); 2) the average population imbalance is nonzero, in states with ``macroscopic quantum self-trapping'' (MQST). The (non-sinusoidal) generalization of the SJJ `ac' and `plasma' oscillations and the Shapiro resonance can also be observed. We predict the collapse of experimental data (corresponding to different trap geometries and total number of condensate atoms) onto a single universal curve, for the inverse period of oscillations. Analogies with Josephson oscillations between two weakly coupled reservoirs of $^3$He-B and the internal Josephson effect in $^3$He-A are also discussed.
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