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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 223873 matches for " R. Mingesz "
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Marked signal improvement by stochastic resonance for aperiodic signals in the double-well system
R Mingesz,Z Gingl,P Makra
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2006-00135-8
Abstract: On the basis of our mixed-signal simulations we report significant stochastic resonance induced input-output signal improvement in the double-well system for aperiodic input types. We used a pulse train with randomised pulse locations and a band-limited noise with low cut-off frequency as input signals, and applied a cross-spectral measure to quantify their noise content. We also supplemented our examinations with simulations in the Schmitt trigger to show that the signal improvement we obtained is not a result of a potential filtering effect due to the limited response time of the double-well dynamics.
Spectra for the product of Gaussian noises
L. B. Kish,R. Mingesz,Z. Gingl,C. G. Granqvist
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Products of Gaussian noises often emerge as the result of non-linear detection techniques or as a parasitic effect, and their proper handling is important in many practical applications, including in fluctuation-enhanced sensing, indoor air or environmental quality monitoring, etc. We use Rice's random phase oscillator formalism to calculate the power density spectra variance for the product of two Gaussian band-limited white noises with zero-mean and the same bandwidth W. The ensuing noise spectrum is found to decrease linearly from zero frequency to 2W, and it is zero for frequencies greater than 2W. Analogous calculations performed for the square of a single Gaussian noise confirm earlier results. The spectrum at non-zero frequencies, and the variance of the square of a noise, is amplified by a factor two as a consequence of correlation effects between frequency products. Our analytic results is corroborated by computer simulations.
Review of sound card photogates
Zoltán Gingl,Róbert Mingesz,Péter Makra,János Mellár
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0143-0807/32/4/006
Abstract: Photogates are probably the most commonly used electronic instruments to aid experiments in the field of mechanics. Although they are offered by many manufacturers, they can be too expensive to be widely used in all classrooms, in multiple experiments or even at a home experimentation. Today all computers have a sound card - an interface for analogue signals. It is possible to make very simple yet highly accurate photogates for cents, while much more sophisticated solutions are also available at a still very low cost. In our review we show several experimentally tested ways of implementing sound card photogates in detail, and we also provide a full-featured, free, open-source photogate software as a much more efficient experimentation tool than the usually used sound recording programs. Further information is provided in a dedicated page, www.noise.physx.u-szeged.hu/edudev.
Noise Properties in the Ideal Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise Secure Communication System
Zoltan Gingl, Robert Mingesz
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096109
Abstract: In this paper we determine the noise properties needed for unconditional security for the ideal Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) secure key distribution system using simple statistical analysis. It has already been shown using physical laws that resistors and Johnson-like noise sources provide unconditional security. However real implementations use artificial noise generators, therefore it is a question if other kind of noise sources and resistor values could be used as well. We answer this question and in the same time we provide a theoretical basis to analyze real systems as well.
Information theoretic security by the laws of classical physics
R. Mingesz,L. B. Kish,Z. Gingl,C. G. Granqvist,H. Wen,F. Peper,T. Eubank,G. Schmera
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: It has been shown recently that the use of two pairs of resistors with enhanced Johnson-noise and a Kirchhoff-loop-i.e., a Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) protocol-for secure key distribution leads to information theoretic security levels superior to those of a quantum key distribution, including a natural immunity against a man-in-the-middle attack. This issue is becoming particularly timely because of the recent full cracks of practical quantum communicators, as shown in numerous peer-reviewed publications. This presentation first briefly surveys the KLJN system and then discusses related, essential questions such as: what are perfect and imperfect security characteristics of key distribution, and how can these two types of securities be unconditional (or information theoretical)? Finally the presentation contains a live demonstration.
Totally secure classical networks with multipoint telecloning (teleportation) of classical bits through loops with Johnson-like noise
Laszlo B. Kish,Robert Mingesz
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1142/S021947750600332X
Abstract: First, we show a new inexpensive defense against intruders and the man-in-the-middle attack in the Kirchhoff's-loop-Johnson-like-noise (KLJN) cipher. Then instead of point-to-point communication, we propose a high efficiency, secure network. The (in the idealistic case totally secure) classical network is based on an improved version of the KLJN cipher. The network consists of two parallel networks: i) a chain-like network of securely communicating, electrically isolated Kirchhoff-loops with Johnson-like noise and driven by a specific switching process of the resistances; ii) and a regular non-secure data network with a Coordinator-server. If the classical network is fast enough, the chain-like network of N communicators can generate and share an N bit long secret key within a single clock period of the ciphers and that implies a significant speed-up compared to the point-to-point key exchanges used by quantum communication or RSA-like key exchange methods. This is a teleportation-type multiple telecloning of the classical information bit because the information transfer can take place without the actual presence of the information bit at the intermediate points of the network. With similar quantum schemes the telecloning of classical bits via quantum communicator networks without telecloning the quantum states is also possible.
Thermal noise informatics: Totally secure communication via a wire; Zero-power communication; and Thermal noise driven computing
Laszlo B. Kish,Robert Mingesz,Zoltan gingl
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1117/12.727078
Abstract: Very recently, it has been shown that thermal noise and its artificial versions (Johnson-like noises) can be utilized as an information carrier with peculiar properties therefore it may be proper to call this topic Thermal Noise Informatics. Zero Power (Stealth) Communication, Thermal Noise Driven Computing, and Totally Secure Classical Communication are relevant examples. In this paper, while we will briefly describe the first and the second subjects, we shall focus on the third subject, the secure classical communication via wire. This way of secure telecommunication utilizes the properties of Johnson(-like) noise and those of a simple Kirchhoff's loop. The communicator is unconditionally secure at the conceptual (circuit theoretical) level and this property is (so far) unique in communication systems based on classical physics. The communicator is superior to quantum alternatives in all known aspects, except the need of using a wire. In the idealized system, the eavesdropper can extract zero bit of information without getting uncovered. The scheme is naturally protected against the man-in-the-middle attack. The communication can take place also via currently used power lines or phone (wire) lines and it is not only a point-to-point communication like quantum channels but network-ready. Tests have been carried out on a model-line with ranges beyond the ranges of any known direct quantum communication channel and they indicate unrivalled signal fidelity and security performance. This simple device has single-wire secure key generation/sharing rates of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 bit/second for copper wires with diameters/ranges of 21 mm / 2000 km, 7 mm / 200 km, 2.3 mm / 20 km, and 0.7 mm / 2 km, respectively and it performs with 0.02% raw-bit error rate (99.98 % fidelity).
Johnson(-like)-Noise-Kirchhoff-Loop Based Secure Classical Communicator Characteristics, for Ranges of Two to Two Thousand Kilometers, via Model-Line
Robert Mingesz,Zoltan Gingl,Laszlo B. Kish
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2007.07.086
Abstract: A pair of Kirchhoff-Loop-Johnson(-like)-Noise communicators, which is able to work over variable ranges, was designed and built. Tests have been carried out on a model-line performance characteristics were obtained for ranges beyond the ranges of any known direct quantum communication channel and they indicate unrivalled signal fidelity and security performance of the exchanged raw key bits. This simple device has single-wire secure key generation and sharing rates of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 bit/second for corresponding copper wire diameters/ranges of 21 mm / 2000 km, 7 mm / 200 km, 2.3 mm / 20 km, and 0.7 mm / 2 km, respectively and it performs with 0.02% raw-bit error rate (99.98 % fidelity). The raw-bit security of this practical system significantly outperforms raw-bit quantum security. Current injection breaking tests show zero bit eavesdropping ability without triggering the alarm signal, therefore no multiple measurements are needed to build an error statistics to detect the eavesdropping as in quantum communication. Wire resistance based breaking tests of Bergou-Scheuer-Yariv type give an upper limit of eavesdropped raw bit ratio of 0.19 % and this limit is inversely proportional to the sixth power of cable diameter. Hao's breaking method yields zero (below measurement resolution) eavesdropping information.
Power spectral density estimation for wireless fluctuation enhanced gas sensor nodes
Robert Mingesz,Gergely Vadai,Zoltan Gingl
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1142/S0219477514500114
Abstract: Fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES) is a promising method to improve the selectivity and sensitivity of semiconductor and nanotechnology gas sensors. Most measurement setups include high cost signal conditioning and data acquisition units as well as intensive data processing. However, there are attempts to reduce the cost and energy consumption of the hardware and to find efficient processing methods for low cost wireless solutions. In our paper we propose highly efficient signal processing methods to analyze the power spectral density of fluctuations. These support the development of ultra-low-power intelligent fluctuation enhanced wireless sensor nodes while several further applications are also possible.
What kind of noise guarantees security for the Kirchhoff-Loop-Johnson-Noise key exchange?
Robert Mingesz,Gergely Vadai,Zoltan Gingl
Computer Science , 2014, DOI: 10.1142/S0219477514500217
Abstract: This article is a supplement to our recent one about the analysis of the noise properties in the Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) secure key exchange system [Gingl and Mingesz, PLOS ONE 9 (2014) e96109, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096109]. Here we use purely mathematical statistical derivations to prove that only normal distribution with special scaling can guarantee security. Our results are in agreement with earlier physical assumptions [Kish, Phys. Lett. A 352 (2006) 178-182, doi: 10.1016/j.physleta.2005.11.062]. Furthermore, we have carried out numerical simulations to show that the communication is clearly unsecure for improper selection of the noise properties. Protection against attacks using time and correlation analysis is not considered in this paper.
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