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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 295451 matches for " R. I. Davies "
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The quenching of star formation in accretion-driven clumpy turbulent tori of active galactic nuclei
B. Vollmer,R. I. Davies
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321409
Abstract: Galactic gas-gas collisions involving a turbulent multiphase ISM share common ISM properties: dense extraplanar gas visible in CO, large linewidths (>= 50 km/s), strong mid-infrared H_2 line emission, low star formation activity, and strong radio continuum emission. Gas-gas collisions can occur in the form of ICM ram pressure stripping, galaxy head-on collisions, compression of the intragroup gas and/or galaxy ISM by an intruder galaxy which flies through the galaxy group at a high velocity, or external gas accretion on an existing gas torus in a galactic center. We suggest that the common theme of all these gas-gas interactions is adiabatic compression of the ISM leading to an increase of the turbulent velocity dispersion of the gas. The turbulent gas clouds are then overpressured and star formation is quenched. Within this scenario we developed a model for turbulent clumpy gas disks where the energy to drive turbulence is supplied by external infall or the gain of potential energy by radial gas accretion within the disk. The cloud size is determined by the size of a C-type shock propagating in dense molecular clouds with a low ionization fraction at a given velocity dispersion. We give expressions for the expected volume and area filling factors, mass, density, column density, and velocity dispersion of the clouds. The latter is based on scaling relations of intermittent turbulence whose open parameters are estimated for the CND in the Galactic Center. The properties of the model gas clouds and the external mass accretion rate necessary for the quenching of the star formation rate due to adiabatic compression are consistent with those derived from high-resolution H_2 line observations. Based on these findings, a scenario for the evolution of gas tori in galactic centers is proposed and the implications for star formation in the Galactic Center are discussed.
The Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey V : The Virgo Cluster (I)
R. Taylor,J. I. Davies,R. Auld,R. F. Minchin
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20914.x
Abstract: We present 21 cm observations of a 10 $\times$ 2 degree region in the Virgo cluster, obtained as part of the Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey. 289 sources are detected over the full redshift range (-2,000 $<$ $v$$_{hel}$ $<$ + 20,000 km/s) with 95 belonging to the cluster ($v$$_{hel}$ $<$ 3,000 km/s). We combine our observations with data from the optically selected Virgo Cluster Catalogue (VCC) and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Most of our detections can be clearly associated with a unique optical counterpart, and 30% of the cluster detections are new objects fainter than the VCC optical completeness limit. 7 detections may have no optical counterpart and we discuss the possible origins of these objects. 7 detections appear associated with early-type galaxies. We perform HI stacking on the HI-undetected galaxies listed in the VCC in this region and show that they must have significantly less gas than those actually detected in HI. Galaxies undetected in HI in the cluster appear to be really devoid of gas, in contrast to a sample of field galaxies from ALFALFA.
How effective is harassment on infalling late-type dwarfs?
R. Smith,J. I. Davies,A. H. Nelson
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16545.x
Abstract: A new harassment model is presented that models the complex, and dynamical tidal field of a Virgo like galaxy cluster. The model is applied to small, late-type dwarf disc galaxies (of substantially lower mass than in previous harassment simulations) as they infall into the cluster from the outskirts. These dwarf galaxies are only mildly affected by high speed tidal encounters with little or no observable consequences; typical stellar losses are $<10\%$, producing very low surface brightness streams ($\mu_B > 31$ mag arcsec$^{-2}$), and a factor of two drop in dynamical mass-to-light ratio. Final stellar discs remain disc-like, and dominated by rotation although often with tidally induced spiral structure. By means of Monte-Carlo simulations, the statistically likely influences of harassment on infalling dwarf galaxies are determined. The effects of harassment are found to be highly dependent on the orbit of the galaxy within the cluster, such that newly accreted dwarf galaxies typically suffer only mild harassment. Strong tidal encounters, that can morphologically transform discs into spheroidals, are rare occurring in $<15 \%$ of dwarf galaxy infalls for typical orbits of sub-structure within $\Lambda$CDM cluster mass halos. For orbits with small apocentric distances ($<$250 kpc), harassment is significantly stronger resulting in complete disruption or heavy mass loss ($>90 \%$ dark matter and $> 50 \%$ stellar), however, such orbits are expected to be highly improbable for newly infalling galaxies due to the deep potential well of the cluster.
The Collimated Wind in NGC 253
H. Sugai,R. I. Davies,M. J. Ward
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/368271
Abstract: Near-infrared Fabry-Perot imaging has revealed H2 emission extended to about 130 pc from the disk of NGC 253. It is closely related to the hot plasma observed in soft X-rays: filamentary H2 features are found at the edges of the hot plasma. These are the places of direct interaction between a superwind and its surrounding molecular gas. We suggest that the filamentary features actually trace a more or less conical shell-like structure, whose tangential line of sight to us is intensely observed. The H2 emission shell is most likely from the molecular gas blown out or swept to the side by the hot plasma outflow. Dust is associated with this molecular gas structure. The outflow is tilted with respect to the disk, possibly suggesting the inhomogeneous nature of the interstellar medium in which the starburst takes place.
Investigating the central engine and excitation mechanisms of ultraluminous infrared galaxies: near infrared spectroscopy
A. J. Burston,M. J. Ward,R. I. Davies
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2001.04623.x
Abstract: We present NIR observations of a sample of mainly interacting ULIRGs, comprising H and K band spectra. Our main aims are to investigate the power source of these extremely luminous objects and the various excitation mechanisms of the strong molecular hydrogen emission often seen in such objects. Broadened emission lines were only detected in one object, IRAS 23498, consistent with previous results for this galaxy. The [SiVI] emission line was detected in IRAS17179 and IRAS20210, both classified as Sy2s. Two of the sample were unclassified, IRAS00150 and IRAS23420, which exhibit neither [SiVI] emission or broadened HI emission. However this does not rule out the presence of an obscured AGN. Analysis of the molecular hydrogen emission showed that the major excitation mechanism for most objects was thermal. Modelling of the more luminous objects indicate for IRAS20210 10 per cent, and for both IRAS23365 and IRAS23420, 30 per cent of their 1-0S(1) line emission has a non-thermal origin.
Diffraction Limited Imaging of High Redshift Galaxies with Adaptive Optics
R. I. Davies,M. Lehnert,A. J. Baker,S. Rabien
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: The major cornerstone of future ground-based astronomy is imaging and spectroscopy at the diffraction limit using adaptive optics. To exploit the potential of current AO systems, we have begun a survey around bright stars to study intermediate redshift galaxies at high resolution. Using ALFA to reach the diffraction limit of the 3.5-m telescope at Calar Alto allows us to study the structure of distant galaxies in the near-infrared at scales of 100-150 pc for z=0.05 and at scales 1.0-1.5 kpc at z=1. In this contribution we present the initial results of this project, which hint at the exciting prospects possible with the resolution and sensitivity available using an AO camera on the 8-m class VLT.
The Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey VI : The Virgo Cluster (II)
R. Taylor,J. I. Davies,R. Auld,R. F. Minchin,R. Smith
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts042
Abstract: We present 21 cm observations of a 5 x degree region in the Virgo cluster, obtained as part of the Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey. 13 cluster members are detected, together with 36 objects in the background. We compare and contrast the results from this area with a larger 10 x degree region. We combine the two data sets to produce an HI mass function, which shows a higher detection rate at low masses (but finds fewer massive galaxies) than less sensitive wider-area surveys, such as ALFALFA. We find that the HI-detected galaxies are distributed differently to the non-detections, both spatially and in velocity, providing further evidence that the cluster is still assembling. We use the Tully-Fisher relation to examine the possibility of morphological evolution. We find that highly deficient galaxies, as well as some early-type galaxies, have much lower velocity widths than the Tully-Fisher relation predicts, indicating gas loss via ram pressure stripping. We also find that HI detections without optical counterparts do not fit the predictions of the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation, implying that they are not primordial objects.
The Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey VII : A Dense Filament With Extremely Long HI Streams
R. Taylor,R. F. Minchin,H. Herbst,J. I. Davies,R. Rodriguez,C. Vazquez
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1305
Abstract: We present completed observations of the NGC 7448 galaxy group and background volume as part of the blind neutral hydrogen Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey (AGES). Our observations cover a region spanning 5x4 degrees, over a redshift range of approximately -2,000 < cz < 20,000 km/s. A total of 334 objects are detected, mostly in three overdensities at cz $\sim$7,500, cz $\sim$9,600 and cz $\sim$ 11,400 km/s. The galaxy density is extremely high (15 per square degree) and many ($\sim$24%) show signs of extended HI emission, including some features as much as 800 kpc in projected length. We describe the overall characteristics of this environment : kinematics, typical galaxy colours and mass to light ratios, and substructure. To aid in the cataloguing of this data set, we present a new FITS viewer (FRELLED : Fits Realtime Explorer of Low Latency in Every Dimension). This incorporates interactive source cataloguing tools which increase our source extraction speed by approximately a factor of 50.
Arp220: extinction and merger-induced star formation
H. Engel,R. I. Davies,R. Genzel,L. J. Tacconi,E. Sturm,D. Downes
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/729/1/58
Abstract: We analyse new spatially resolved integral field spectroscopic H- and K-band data at a resolution of 0.3arcsec (100pc) and re-analyse interferometric CO(2-1) line observations of the prototypical merging system Arp220. We find that the majority of the K-band luminosity is due to a 10Myr old starburst, with a significant contribution from an underlying ca 1Gyr old stellar population, and a small contribution from stars less than 8Myr old. The Calzetti (2000) reddening law provides the best fit to photometric datapoints spanning 0.45um -- 2.12um. Furthermore, estimates of the bolometric luminosity from IRAS fluxes in conjunction with our stellar population analysis indicate that we observe less than 10% of the emitted K-band light. The stellar and CO(2-1) kinematic centre of the western nucleus coincides with the compact hot dust emission, indicating that the latter marks the centre of the gravitational potential. In the eastern nucleus, the CO(2-1) data are well matched by a model in which the gas orbits around the peak of the dust emission. This, and the similarity of the K-band tracer kinematics, shows that despite the irregular morphology, the eastern nucleus is also a kinematically coherent structure. Comparison of the extinction map and EW_CO and EW_Br-gamma maps indicates that the lower half of the eastern nucleus is significantly more extincted than the upper half, suggesting that the lower half is buried in the larger-scale gas disk.
The Mid-infrared Emission of Narrow-Line Active Galactic Nuclei: Star-Formation, Nuclear Activity and two populations revealed by WISE
D. J. Rosario,L. Burtscher,R. I. Davies,R. Genzel,D. Lutz,L. J. Tacconi
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/778/2/94
Abstract: We explore the nature of the long-wavelength mid-infrared (MIR) emission of a sample of 13000 local Type II (narrow-line) Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) using 12 and 22 micron photometry from the WISE all-sky survey. In combination with FIRST 1.4 GHz measurements, we show that AGNs divide into two relatively distinct populations or "branches" in the plane of MIR and radio luminosity. Seyfert galaxies lie almost exclusively on a MIR-bright branch (Branch A), while low-ionization nuclear emission line galaxies (LINERs) are split evenly into Branch A and the MIR-faint Branch B. We devise various tests to constrain the processes that define the branches, including a comparison to the properties of pure star-forming (SF) inactive galaxies on the MIR-Radio plane. We demonstrate that the total MIR emission of objects on Branch A, including most Seyfert galaxies, is governed primarily by host star-formation, with about 15% of the 22 micron luminosity coming from AGN-heated dust. This implies that on-going dusty star-formation is a general property of Seyfert host galaxies. We show that the 12 micron broad-band luminosity of AGNs on Branch A is suppressed with respect to star-forming galaxies, possibly due to the destruction of PAHs or deeper 10 microns Si absorption in AGNs. We uncover a correlation between the MIR luminosity and [O III] luminosity in AGNs. This suggests a relationship between the SFR and nuclear luminosity in the AGN population, but we caution on the importance of selection effects inherent to such AGN-dominated emission-line galaxies in driving such a correlation. We highlight the MIR-radio plane as a useful tool in comparative studies of SF and nuclear activity in AGN.
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