Abstract:
Mycobacterium celatum is a newly discovered micro-organism causing disseminated infections in immuno compromised patients. Here we report a case of Mycobacterium celatum in an apparently immuno competent young patient with Koch’s spine, the organism was confirmed at tuberculosis research centre, Chennai. The patient was started with clarithromycin and ciprofloxin along with category-I ATT.

Abstract:
Acute Abdomen is defined as a syndrome induced by a wide variety of pathological conditions that require emergent medical or more often surgical management. The cardinal presenting symptom is abdominal pain which has many underlying causes. Over the past 10 years, sonography has gained acceptance for examining patients with acute abdominal pain. Sonography is dynamic, noninvasive, rapid, inexpensive, and readily accessible. It is very tedious and time consuming to analyze the sonographic images manually. The authors propose a novel method for diagnosing acute appendicitis using Euclidean distance measures. This paper details the image mining system that automates the diagnosis of acute appendicitis with significant speed up, experimentation methods, real data used for testing and the result.

Abstract:
Digital topology was first studied by the computer image analysis researcher Azriel Rosenfeld [12]. The concept of *gα-closed sets in a topological spaces was introduced by M. Vigneshwaran and R. Devi[14]. In this paper, we study the properties of *gα-closed and *gα-open sets in the digital plane (Z2, k2). Also proved that the family of all *gα-open sets of (Z2, k2), say *GαO(Z2, k2), forms an alternative topology of Z2. Also we derive the properties of *gα-closed and *gα-open sets in the digital plane via the singletons points. Keywords: *gα-closed sets, *gα-open sets,digital plane, digital topology

Abstract:
We carryout a comparative study of spin distributions defined over the sphere for bipartite quantum spin assemblies. We analyse Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm (EPRB) spin correlations in a spin-s singlet state using these distributions. We observe that in the classical limit EPRB spin distributions turn out to be delta functions, thus reflecting the perfect anticorrelation property of two spin vectors associated with a spin-s singlet state.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a group. We define the coprime graph of subgroups of $G$, denoted by $\mathcal P(G)$, is a graph whose vertex set is the set of all proper subgroups of $G$, and two distinct vertices are adjacent if and only if the order of the corresponding subgroups are coprime. In this paper, we study some connections between algebraic properties of a group and graph theoretic properties of its coprime graph.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a group. The intersection graph of cyclic subgroups of $G$, denoted by $\mathscr I_c(G)$, is a graph having all the proper cyclic subgroups of $G$ as its vertices and two distinct vertices in $\mathscr I_c(G)$ are adjacent if and only if their intersection is non-trivial. In this paper, we classify the finite groups whose intersection graph of cyclic subgroups is one of totally disconnected, complete, star, path, cycle. We show that for a given finite group $G$, $girth(\mathscr I_c (G)) \in \{3, \infty\}$. Moreover, we classify all finite non-cyclic abelian groups whose intersection graph of cyclic subgroups is planar. Also for any group $G$, we determine the independence number, clique cover number of $\mathscr I_c (G)$ and show that $\mathscr I_c (G)$ is weakly $\alpha$-perfect. Among the other results, we determine the values of $n$ for which $\mathscr I_c (\mathbb{Z}_n)$ is regular and estimate its domination number.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a group. The intersection graph of subgroups of $G$, denoted by $\mathscr{I}(G)$, is a graph with all the proper subgroups of $G$ as its vertices and two distinct vertices in $\mathscr{I}(G)$ are adjacent if and only if the corresponding subgroups having a non-trivial intersection in $G$. In this paper, we classify the finite groups whose intersection graph of subgroups are toroidal or projective-planar. In addition, we classify the finite groups whose intersection graph of subgroups are one of bipartite, complete bipartite, tree, star graph, unicyclic, acyclic, cycle, path or totally disconnected. Also we classify the finite groups whose intersection graph of subgroups does not contain one of $K_5$, $K_4$, $C_5$, $C_4$, $P_4$, $P_3$, $P_2$, $K_{1,3}$, $K_{2,3}$ or $K_{1,4}$ as a subgraph. We estimate the girth of the intersection graph of subgroups of finite groups. Moreover, we characterize some finite groups by using their intersection graphs. Finally, we obtain the clique cover number of the intersection graph of subgroups of groups and show that intersection graph of subgroups of groups are weakly $\alpha$-perfect.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a group. \textit{The permutability graph of cyclic subgroups of $G$}, denoted by $\Gamma_c(G)$, is a graph with all the proper cyclic subgroups of $G$ as its vertices and two distinct vertices in $\Gamma_c(G)$ are adjacent if and only if the corresponding subgroups permute in $G$. In this paper, we classify the finite groups whose permutability graph of cyclic subgroups belongs to one of the following: bipartite, tree, star graph, triangle-free, complete bipartite, $P_n$, $C_n$, $K_4$, $K_{1,3}$-free, unicyclic. We classify abelian groups whose permutability graph of cyclic subgroups are planar. Also we investigate the connectedness, diameter, girth, totally disconnectedness, completeness and regularity of these graphs.

Abstract:
In this paper, we study the structure of the permutability graphs of subgroups, and the permutability graphs of non-normal subgroups of the following groups: the dihedral groups $D_n$, the generalized quaternion groups $Q_n$, the quasi-dihedral groups $QD_{2^n}$ and the modular groups $M_{p^n}$. Further, we investigate the number of edges, degrees of the vertices, independence number, dominating number, clique number, chromatic number, weakly perfectness, Eulerianness, Hamiltonicity of these graphs.

Abstract:
In this paper, an approximate analytical method to solve the non-linear differential equations in an immobilized enzyme film is presented. Analytical expressions for concentrations of substrate and product have been derived for all values of dimensionless parameter. Dimensionless numbers that can be used to study the effects of enzyme loading, enzymatic gel thickness, and oxidation/ reduction kinetics at the electrode in biosensor/biofuel cell performance were identified. Using the dimensionless numbers identified in this paper, and the plots representing the effects of these dimensionless numbers on concentrations and current in biosensor/biofuel cell are discussed. Analytical results are compared with simulation results and satisfactory agreement is noted.