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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 254405 matches for " R?mulo Araújo Fernandes "
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RELA O ENTRE QUALIDADE DE VIDA E ATIVIDADE FíSICA: UMA REVIS O SISTEMáTICA DA LITERATURA NACIONAL
Deise Pelozatto,Rmulo Araújo Fernandes
Colloquium Vitae , 2011, DOI: 10.5747/cv.2011.v03.n2.v053
Abstract: It is possible that physical activity practice affects the quality of life of any subject, independently of age, sex and ethnicity. Therefore, this issue has received increasing attention. The aim of this study was to analyze through systematic review, national data about the relationship between physical activity and quality of life, as well as, to indicate future lines of research. It was carried out a systematic review in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). Only Brazilian original articles were taken into count. Statistical analysis was composed by signal test and Fisher’s exact test, being significance set at p<5%. In all analyzed studies (n=6; 100%), sample size ranged from 30 to 863 subjects. Higher number of articles was published in last two years, and many analyses involved elderly (66.7%; p=0.404). Quality of life was measured by two questionnaires: SF-36 and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL). There was less articles analyzing men, comparing with women. In all analyzed articles, physical activity was positively related to better quality of life, independently of age. In summary, quality of life seems positively related to higher physical activity independently of age, however, more studies are necessary.
TREINAMENTO COM PESOS E PROMO O DA SAúDE EM ADULTOS: UMA REVIS O SISTEMáTICA DA LITERATURA NACIONAL ACERCA DOS MéTODOS EMPREGADOS EM ESTUDOS CIENTíFICOS
Lourival Cecotti de Andrade,Rmulo Araújo Fernandes
Colloquium Vitae , 2011, DOI: 10.5747/cv.2011.v03.n2.v054
Abstract: The practice of resistance training (RT) has been stimulated by important societies related to sports medicine and prevention/treatment of some diseases of musculoskeletal order and thus their practice for the treatment of chronic diseases has been discussed. However, there are severe limitations in the experimental design of many studies, this limitation creates bias in its application for such purposes. The aim of this study was to analyze, using a model of systematic review of national literature, the methodological quality of the papers used in weight training in adults and thus identify possible gaps in the national literature. A systematic literature review was conducted in an electronic database. The electronic search was performed in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). Among the detected items, inclusion criteria were established: (i) original study involving the practice of weight training, (ii) study conducted in Brazil, (iii) is not a review article, (iv) does not involve other age groups, as children and adolescents. The statistical analysis was made using the chi-square test to compare proportions and the Fisher exact test. Among the studies that examined health-related outcomes, 75% used a control group, while only 26.7% of the studies did not analyze health used a control group. Only 47.8% of the studies used the 1RM test to prescribe intensity. Of the 23 articles analyzed only 30.4% used prior to the familiarization training protocol. There are more scientific studies male samples. Finally, our findings support the conclusion that there is a significant lack of discretion in the conduct of national studies involving RT. In addition, there is little national information on the RT to improve health and that this absence is most felt in specific age groups such as children and adolescents.
Prática de atividades físicas e custo do tratamento ambulatorial de diabéticos tipo 2 atendidos em unidade básica de saúde
Codogno, Jamile Sanches;Fernandes, Rmulo Araújo;Monteiro, Henrique Luiz;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302012000100002
Abstract: objectives: to observe differences in healthcare costs according to the level of physical activity in type 2 diabetes mellitus. subjects and methods: a total of 121 type 2 diabetic patients were interviewed in two basic units of healthcare in bauru, brazil. physical activity level was assessed by a questionnaire carried out during an interview. costs of exams, medications and doctor and nurse visits were assessed for the previous year using invoices obtained from basic units of healthcare. results: sedentary type 2 diabetic patients presented higher costs for doctor visits (63%; p = 0.017) and medication to treat diseases other than diabetes (p = 0.001) than active patients. conclusions: sedentary type 2 diabetic patients presented higher healthcare costs related to doctor visits and medicine purchase.
Behavioral and biological correlates of medicine use in type 2 diabetic patients attended by Brazilian public healthcare system
Codogno, Jamile Sanches;Freitas Júnior, Ismael Forte;Fernandes, Rmulo Araújo;Monteiro, Henrique Luiz;
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano , 2013, DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2013v15n1p82
Abstract: the relationship between physical activity and the use of medicines is not clear. the purpose of this study was to investigate this relationship between the level of physical activity and the use of medications by type 2 diabetic patients who were attended in the brazilian public healthcare system. the sample was composed of 121 brazilian diabetic patients, of both genders, attended by the public healthcare system. body fat (estimated by anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance), physical activity (measured by baecke's questionnaire), and the participant's use of medicines (during the 15 days before evaluation) were assessed. there was a relationship between the use of medicines and: gender (r = 0.18; p = 0.045), body mass index (bmi) (r = 0.22; p = 0.012), waist circumference (r = 0.19; p = 0.029), body fat percentage (r = 0.21; p = 0.016), age (r = 0.23; p = 0.009), and level of physical activity (r = -0.22; p = 0.012). linear regression included in the multivariate model only age (β = 0.718; p = 0.057), bmi (β= 0.057; p = 0.022), and level of physical activity (β = -0.176; p = 0.044). in conclusion, physical activity decreases medicinal use independent of age or obesity.
Resposta da frequência cardíaca durante sess?o de treinamento de karatê
Milanez, Vinicius Flavio;Dantas, José Luiz;Christofaro, Diego Giulliano Destro;Fernandes, Rmulo Araújo;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922012000100009
Abstract: karate practice can promote beneficial adaptations on the health-related components of physical fitness. among the components, the maximum oxygen uptake (vo2max) is an important indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness, as it is also a strong and independent predictor of the risk of death from cardiovascular disease and all other causes. previous studies have evaluated the heart rate (hr) responses in the karate modality during protocols elaborated by researchers who simulated training. however, the results should be carefully interpreted, since elaborated protocols can compromise the ecological validity of the hr behavior. thus, the aim of the study was to monitor the hr to investigate the distribution of intensity during a karate training session (ts) with ecological validity preserved. nine athletes (m (sd) = 22 (5.2) years; 60.3 (12.9) weight; 170.0 (0.10) height; 170.0 (0.10) cm; 11.6 (5.7) % fat) performed a maximal incremental test (it) and one ts with continuous hr monitoring, subsequently distributed by edward′s method. the mean ts duration was 91.3 (11.9) min (ic95% = 82.0 - 100.5). the values of average and maximum hr of the ts were equivalent to 72 % (ic95% = 66 - 78 %) and 94 % (ic95% = 89 - 99 %) respectively, of maximum hr reached in the incremental test (hrmax). during 79.9 % (ic95% = 65.7 - 94.1 %) of the total time of ts the athletes remained at intensity above 60% of hrmax. thus, it was concluded that the ts lies within the acsm recommendations concerning intensity, duration and weekly frequency, presenting itself as an interesting alternative of exercise to promote cardiorespiratory fitness.
Percep o da qualidade de vida e atividade física em idosos brasileiros Perceived quality of life and physical activity in Brazilian older adults
Denilson Braga Porto,Dartagnan Pinto Guedes,Rmulo Araújo Fernandes,Felipe Fossati Reichert
Motricidade , 2012, DOI: 10.6063/motricidade.8(1).237
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associa o entre auto-percep o da qualidade de vida e atividade física em idosos brasileiros. Foram investigados 199 indivíduos (117 homens e 82 mulheres) com idade entre 60 a 70 anos, funcionários de uma universidade pública. A atividade física foi estimada pela vers o curta do Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física (IPAQ). A auto-percep o da qualidade de vida foi avaliada utilizando o questionário World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) composto por quatro domínios: físico, psicológico, rela es sociais e meio ambiente. N o houve diferen a na auto-percep o da qualidade de vida entre homens e mulheres. Em contrapartida, a qualidade de vida foi associada com atividade física quando ajustada pelo sexo, escolaridade e renda. O domínio físico foi o que apresentou a associa o mais elevada com a atividade física (Odds Ratio = 2.70, IC 95% 1.87 3.52). Apenas o domínio meio ambiente avaliado pelo WHOQOL-Bref n o foi associado com inatividade física. Em sujeitos idosos, a melhoria da auto-percep o da qualidade de vida está significativamente associada à atividade física. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between self-perceived quality of life and physical activity in Brazilian older adults. We investigated 199 individuals (117 men and 82 women) aged between 60 to 70 years old, employees of a public university. Physical activity was estimated by the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Self-perceived quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire composed of four domains: physical, psychological, social relationship and environment. There was no difference in self-perceived quality of life between men and women. In contrast, quality of life was associated with physical activity even after adjustment for gender, schooling and income. The physical domain presented the strongest association with physical inactivity (Odds Ratio = 2.70, 95% CI 1.87 3.52). Only the environment domain evaluated by WHOQOL-Bref was not associated to physical inactivity. Among the older, improved self-perceived quality of life is positively associated to physical activity.
Concordancia entre duas classifica es para a aptid o cardiorrespiratória em crian as Concordancia entre dos clasificaciones para la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria en ni os Concordance between two classifications for cardiorespiratory fitness in children
Ana Carolina Paludo,Rmulo Araújo Fernandes,Gabriela Blasquez,Lidyane Ferreira Zambrin
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-05822012000300015
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Analisar a concordancia entre duas diferentes tabelas de pontos de corte para a classifica o da aptid o cardiorrespiratória em escolares de sete a 10 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos. MéTODOS: Estudo de delineamento transversal do qual participaram 184 escolares (106 meninos e 78 meninas) de sete a 10 anos de idade. A aptid o cardiorrespiratória dos escolares foi obtida por meio do teste de campo de corrida ou caminhada de nove minutos. Para a discrimina o do desempenho no teste, foram utilizados dois critérios ajustados por sexo e idade: Fitnessgram (1987) e o de Bergmann et al (2010). A concordancia entre os pontos de corte foi verificada pelo teste de McNemar e pelo índice Kappa, com significancia estatística de p<0,05. RESULTADOS: As análises demonstraram que n o houve diferen a no percentual de jovens classificados como aptos fisicamente (Fitnessgram com 58,1% e Bergmann et al, 59,2%; p=0,864). De forma similar, a concordancia entre os pontos de corte apresentou-se moderada (Kappa=0,61). CONCLUS ES: Ambos os pontos de corte para aptid o cardiorrespiratória classificaram de maneira semelhante os escolares, independentemente do sexo. OBJETIVO: Analizar la concordancia entre dos distintas tablas de puntos de corte para la clasificación de la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria, en escolares de siete a diez a os de edad, de ambos sexos. MéTODOS: Estudio de delineación transversal, en el que participaron 184 escolares (106 muchachos y 78 muchachas) de siete a 10 a os de edad. La aptitud cardiorrespiratoria de los escolares se obtuvo a través de la prueba de campo de carrera o caminata de 9 minutos. Para la discriminación del desempe o en la prueba, se utilizaron dos criterios ajustados por sexo y edad: Fitnessgram (1987) y el de Bergmann et al (2010). La concordancia entre los puntos de corte fue verificada por la prueba de McNemar e índice Kappa, con significancia estadística de p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Los análisis demostraron que no hubo diferencia en el porcentaje de jóvenes clasificados como aptos físicamente (Fitnessgram con 58,1% y Bergmann et al, 59,2%; p=0,864). De modo similar, la concordancia entre los puntos de corte se presentó moderada (Kappa=0,61). CONCLUSIONES: Ambos puntos de corte para aptitud cardiorrespiratoria clasificaron de manera semejante a los escolares, independiente del sexo. OBJECTIVE: To verify the agreement between two different cutoff points for cardiorespiratory fitness in schoolchildren, with ages ranging from seven to 10 years of both genders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study composed of 184 schoolchildren (106 boys and
Nutritional status, physical activity level, waist circumference, and flexibility in brazilian boys
Rmulo Araújo Fernandes,Diego Giuliano Destro Christofaro,Gabriel Grizzo Cucato,Lucas Agostini
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2007,
Abstract: This study examined the relationships between nutritional status, physical activity, waist circumference, and fl exibility in boys. The sample comprised 74 boys (11,8 years old, SD= 1,6). The following were measured: body weight, height, waist circumference, physical activity, body fat (bioelectrical impedance) and fl exibility. Body fat percentage was calculated, and the children were classifi ed as well nourished (G1), overweight (G2), or obese (G3) according to the age and sex adjusted cutoffs described by Taylor et al.18. The statistical procedures adopted were: mean, standard deviation, analysis of variance, chi-square test, linear correlation and binary logistic regression. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. There was a statistical difference between G3 and G1 in flexibility scores (p = 0.048). Obese and inactive boys were more than twice as likely to exhibit a poor fl exibility score than well nourished and active boys, respectively (odds ratio= 2.9; p = 0.046, and 5.1; p = 0.047, respectively). This study identifi ed the existence of relationship and association between obesity, physical inactivity and poor performance in fl exibility test. RESUMO Este estudo examinou o relacionamento entre estado nutricional atividade física, circunferência de cintura e flexibilidade em meninos. A amostra compreendeu 74 meninos (11,8±1,6 anos). Foram medidos o peso corporal, a estatura, a circunferência de cintura, atividade física, gordura corporal (impedancia bioelétrica) e flexibilidade. O percentual de gordura corporal foi calculado e os sujeitos foram classifi cados como eutróficos (G1), com sobrepeso (G2) ou obesos (G3) de acordo com a tabela específi ca para sexo e idade proposta por Taylor et al.18. Os procedimentos estatísticos adotados foram: média, desvio-padr o, análise de variancia, teste qui-quadrado, correla o linear e regress o logística binária. O nível de signifi cancia foi estabelecido em p < 0.05. Houve diferen as entre G3 e G1 nos escores de fl exibilidade (p = 0,048). Garotos inativos e ou obesos, quando comparados a garotos ativos e ou eutrófi cos, possuíam mais do que duas vezes mais chances de apresentar um escore baixo de fl exibilidade (raz o de chance= 2,9; p = 0,046, e 5,1; p = 0,047, respectivamente). Este estudo identificou a existência de rela o e associa o entre obesidade, inatividade física e fraca performance no teste de fl exibilidade.
Correlation between different body fat indicators and habitual physical activity in boys
Rmulo Araújo Fernandes,Arli Ramos de Oliveira,Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2006,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between different body fat indicators, habitual physical activity and exposure to sedentary behavior in pre-adolescent males. The sample involved 60 subjects from 10 to 14 years old. The used body fat indicators were: the Body Mass Index, waist circumference, the sum of eight skinfolds, and estimation of percent of body fat using bioelectric impedance. The indicators of physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed through a questionnaire. Descriptive statistical procedures were: mean, medium, standard deviations, minimum and maximum values, as well as the Spearman correlation. The SPSS software was used and P values lower than 5% were considered statistically signifi cant. None of the body fat indicators presented signifi cant correlation (p> 0.05) with indicators of habitual physical activity, although, all of them were moderately associated with time spent in sedentary activities (Body Mass Index: r= 0.42, waist circumference: r= 0.43, sum of skinfolds: r= 0.43 and percent of body fat: r= 0.43). Therefore, it is concluded that exposure to sedentary behavior correlates with body composition in pre-adolescent males aged 10 to 14 years. RESUMOO objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a rela o entre diferentes indicadores de adiposidade corporal, atividade física habitual e exposi o a comportamentos sedentários em jovens do sexo masculino. A amostra foi composta por 60 indivíduos com idade compreendida entre 10 e 14 anos. Foram utilizados como indicadores de adiposidade corporal: o índice de Massa Corporal, circunferência de cintura, somatória de oito dobras cutaneas e estimativas do percentual de gordura corporal, calculada por meio de impedancia bioelétrica. Os indicadores de prática de atividade física e comportamentos sedentários foram avaliados através da aplica o de questionário. Os procedimentos estatísticos adotados foram: valores de média, mediana, desvio padr o, valores mínimos, máximos e correla o de Spearman. O software utilizado foi o SPSS e valores de P inferiores a 5% foram considerados estatisticamente signifi cantes. Nenhum dos indicadores de adiposidade corporal apresentou correla o signifi cante (p> 0,05) com os indicadores de prática de atividade física, no entanto, todos foram moderadamente associados (índice de Massa Corporal: r= 0,42; circunferência de cintura: r= 0,43; somatória de dobras cutaneas: r= 0,43 e gordura percentual corporal: r= 0,43) com o tempo despendido em atividades sedentárias. Desta forma, conclui-se que a exposi o a comportamentos sedentários ap
Prevalence of overweight and obesity among students at private schools in Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
Rmulo Araújo Fernandes,Sandra Satie Kawaguti,Lucas Agostini,Arli Ramos de Oliveira
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2007,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren attending private schools in the town of Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil. The sample comprised 1,215 male and female students with an age range of 10 to 17 years. Body mass and height measurements were evaluated. Nutritional status was identifi ed by means of Body Mass Index and the international table of reference values proposed by Cole et al.12 Data are represented in the form of means, standard deviations and frequencies. The Chi-square test was used to compare frequencies and Student’s t test was applied to and means. P values below 5% were considered statistically significant and all statistical analysis were performed using SPSS 10.0 dedicated software. The observed prevalence rate of overweight and obesity was 35.7% for males, 20% for females (p = 0.001) and 28.6% for the whole sample. Therefore, this study concludes that the high overweight and obesity rates observed among students from the town of Presidente Prudente, particularly among the male sex, should be seen as a warning and indicate the need for interventions by health professional in the school environment. RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi descrever a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade entre escolares da rede privada de ensino do município de Presidente Prudente - SP. A amostra foi composta por 1215 jovens de ambos os sexos e idade entre 10 e 17 anos. Foram coletados valores referentes à massa corporal e estatura. Para indica o do estado nutricional, foi calculado o índice de Massa Corporal e utilizada a tabela internacional de referência proposta por Cole et al.12. Os dados s o apresentados em valores de média, desvio padr o e freqüência. Foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado e “t” de Student para compara o entre freqüências e médias, respectivamente. Valores de p inferiores a 5% foram considerados estatisticamente signifi cantes e todo o tratamento estatístico foi realizado no software específico SPSS 10.0. Verificou-se que a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade foi de 35,7% para o sexo masculino, 20% para o feminino e 28,6% para a amostra total, sendo a prevalência no sexo masculino superior a observada no feminino (p = 0,001). Assim, conclui-se que os altos valores de sobrepeso e obesidade observados entre os escolares de Presidente Prudente, principalmente entre os indivíduos do sexo masculino, servem como forma de alerta e indicam a necessidade de interven o por parte de profi ssionais da área da saúde em meio escolar.
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