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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198045 matches for " Quero Rufián "
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Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada Family caregivers in the University Hospital Traumatología and Rehabiblitación in Granada
Aurora Quero Rufián,Rafael Briones Gómez,Ma ángeles Prieto González,Nuria Pascual Martínez
Index de Enfermería , 2005,
Abstract: Introducción: La hospitalización afecta a la dinámica de las relaciones familiares y obliga a cambios en la representación de los roles habituales. El papel de los cuidadores familiares adquiere toda su relevancia en la medida que satisfacen las necesidades del enfermo. Esta actividad en la mayoría de los casos es realizada por mujeres. Objetivos: Conocer el perfil y tipo de cuidados que prestan los cuidadores familiares en las unidades de Maxilofacial, Neurología, Neurocirugía y Traumatología del Hospital de Traumatología de Granada. Analizar las necesidades y problemas con los que se encuentran en el hospital. Conocer la opinión del personal de enfermería sobre el cuidador familiar. Dise o: Cualitativo, mediante Observación sistemática, grupos focales (uno con enfermeras y otro con auxiliares), encuestas y entrevistas en profundidad. El análisis de contenido ha sido realizado mediante el soporte informático Atlas/ti, 2.4. Resultados: correspondientes a la categoría de hábitat hospitalario, en relación con las actividades, nivel de información, demandas, etc, de los cuidadores familiares. Conclusiones: El ámbito hospitalario es hostil para el cuidador familiar; es necesario establecer un nuevo marco relacional entre los profesionales y los cuidadores y reconocer su presencia y actividad dentro de la institución sanitaria. Introduction: Generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. That is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. Most of the times, this activity is performed by women. Aims: The aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: Maxilofacial, Neurology, Neurosurgery and Traumatology in the University Hospital Traumatología y Rehabilitación in Granada.This article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. Design: A qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. Surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. The results obtained have been analysed by the programme Atlas/ti 2.4. Results: The results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. Conclusion: On the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to f
Profile and social features concerning family caregivers in a traumatology and rehabilitation hospital
Aurora Quero Rufián,Rafael Briones Gómez,María ángeles Prieto Rodríguez,Adela Navarro López
NURE Investigación , 2004,
Abstract: Studies on family care giving within hospitals are not frequent. This situation contributes to make these people underconsidered by the health system. The aim of this study is to analyze the profile of family caregivers, the needs they attend and how they are considered by the health professionals in a traumatology and rehabilitation hospital.Methodology: Descriptive and cross-sectional study, which included one hundred interviews performed between September and October 2002 in traumatology, maxillofacial surgery, neurology, and neurosurgery wards. Results: The family caregiver profile corresponds to a female with a median age of 48 years who spends a mean of 20 hours per day in the hospital. Surveillance and company were the main contributions to the patient care according to caregivers’ answers. Conclusions: Wives or mothers become the main family caregivers. Their contribution implies monetary and time costs as well as physic, psychological and social impact. The care offered by the family caregivers is scarcely supported by professional help. Increasing the professionals’ recognition of the family caregivers is a social requirement.
Presente y futuro de los servicios de las bibliotecas médicas. Revisión de la literatura y estudio realizado en un hospital de más de 1.400 camas
Rodríguez del Castillo Martín, M.,Rodríguez del águila, M. M.,Herrera Espi?eira, C.,Quero Rufián, A.
Revista Espa?ola de Documentación Científica , 2006,
Abstract: More and more information resources exist in electronic format, such as online databases, journals, books, etc., instead of the traditional print format. Advances in information technology have introduced both new capabilities and interesting challenges in the access to medical literature. This has influenced dramatically medical libraries which have changed and will continue to do so. Studies of the impact of the internet on information retrieval behaviour of users in medical environments could provide very valuable information for medical libraries trying to adapt to this rapid evolution. This study aims to explore the real information needs of physicians at the hospital and their medical library use. A review was carried out of literature relating to health libraries in Pubmed, LISA, CINAHL, and Google Scholar. An ad hoc questionnaire was sent to the different hospital services. A systematic sample was made. Results of 118 completed questionnaires collected from 34 different services were analysed. Items regarding: medical information needs; change of information seeking behaviour; use of library services and services offered by the hospital librarian such as quality filtering and users training. Most users are familiar with information technologies such as Internet, online journals, webs, etc., but at the same time traditional systems are used. The assistance of professional medical librarians retrieving new and relevant information from databases and the Internet and teaching skills to retrieve and select information is considered necessary. En los últimos a os se han producido grandes cambios en la forma de acceder a la información en medicina y esto ha incidido profundamente en las bibliotecas médicas y en el modo de organizar sus servicios. Los bibliotecarios médicos han dedicado un especial interés en tratar de adaptarse al cambiante entorno de la información y satisfacer las demandas de sus usuarios. El presente estudio, aparte de realizar una revisión del estado de la cuestión, pretende averiguar las necesidades reales de información de los médicos de un hospital de más de 1.400 camas. Para ello se realizó una amplia revisión de la literatura a través de las bases de datos Pubmed, LISA, CINAHL y Google Scholar con el fin de conocer la actualidad de los sistemas de acceso a la información en Biomedicina. También se confeccionó un cuestionario ad hoc, con el objetivo de recabar datos concretos sobre necesidades y hábitos actuales de información de los médicos del Hospital. Los cuestionarios se distribuyeron al azar entre los distintos profesion
Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada
Quero Rufián,Aurora; Briones Gómez,Rafael; Prieto González,Ma ángeles; Pascual Martínez,Nuria; Navarro López,Adela; Guerrero Ruiz,Carmen;
Index de Enfermería , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962005000100003
Abstract: introduction: generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. that is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. most of the times, this activity is performed by women. aims: the aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: maxilofacial, neurology, neurosurgery and traumatology in the university hospital traumatología y rehabilitación in granada.this article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. design: a qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. the results obtained have been analysed by the programme atlas/ti 2.4. results: the results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. conclusion: on the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to family caregivers. for this reason it will be convenient to set up a different kind of professional relations between health staff and family caregivers. moreover, it is necessary to recognize the importance of family caregivers role in the hospital.
Docencia universitaria semipresencial: Experiencia en el uso de la plataforma virtual SWAD Semi-presential university teaching: An experience in the use of SWAD virtual platform
Manuel López-Morales,Matilde Celma-Vicente,M. Dolores Cano-Caballero Gálvez,Aurora Quero-Rufián
Educación Médica , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción: La innovación en la metodología docente universitaria es una exigencia del nuevo Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. La utilización de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación es una realidad de la sociedad actual, y especialmente del alumnado universitario. Materiales y métodos: Este artículo muestra la experiencia en el uso de la plataforma virtual de apoyo a la docencia, en la asignatura de Salud y Medio Ambiente en la Universidad de Granada. Resultados y conclusiones: La opinión de los alumnos es muy favorable hacia su uso. Su nivel de satisfacción es muy alto, aunque les supone una dedicación y esfuerzo mayores a los esperados. La plataforma virtual ofrece unas posibilidades académicas que permiten el acercamiento y adaptación a los nuevos perfiles de alumnado. Para el profesorado supone un cambio en sus principales actividades: la preparación y dise o de contenidos, las tutorías virtuales y la gestión de foros. Introduction: The new European Space of higher education demands innovation in the university teaching methodology. The use of the new information and communication technologies is a reality in our current society, especially among university students. The use of virtual platforms for teaching is more developed in post graduate lifelong learning than in university education. Materials and methods: This articles narrates an experience in the use of SWAD virtual platform, teaching aid, in the subject course Health and Environment, in the University of Granada. Results and conclusions: The students have a positive opinion about the use of this platform. Their satisfaction level is very high, although it means more dedication and effort than expected. This virtual platform offers academic possibilities that allows us to get close and adapt to the new student profiles. To professors, it means a change in their main activities: preparing and designing contents, virtual tutorials, and forums managing.
Docencia universitaria semipresencial: Experiencia en el uso de la plataforma virtual SWAD
López-Morales,Manuel; Celma-Vicente,Matilde; Cano-Caballero Gálvez,M. Dolores; Quero-Rufián,Aurora; Rodríguez-López,M. Ascensión;
Educación Médica , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132011000400006
Abstract: introduction: the new european space of higher education demands innovation in the university teaching methodology. the use of the new information and communication technologies is a reality in our current society, especially among university students. the use of virtual platforms for teaching is more developed in post graduate lifelong learning than in university education. materials and methods: this articles narrates an experience in the use of swad virtual platform, teaching aid, in the subject course health and environment, in the university of granada. results and conclusions: the students have a positive opinion about the use of this platform. their satisfaction level is very high, although it means more dedication and effort than expected. this virtual platform offers academic possibilities that allows us to get close and adapt to the new student profiles. to professors, it means a change in their main activities: preparing and designing contents, virtual tutorials, and forums managing.
Evaluación de un programa de atención sanitaria con enfermera tutora en cirugía de traumatologia en un hospital de Granada, 2004
Herrera-Espi?eira,Carmen; Rodríguez del Aguila,Ma del Mar; Rodríguez del Castillo,Mercedes; Aguayo de Hoyos,Eduardo; Quero Rufián,Aurora; Martínez Cirre,Carmen; Cuesta Santos,Dolores; álvarez García,Pilar; Reyes Sánchez,Isabel;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272008000100006
Abstract: background: the current trend in patient care is towards a more humanized and higher-quality healthcare. the objective of the present study was to evaluate the results of implementing a programme of healthcare with a reference nurse who welcomes the patient at hospital admission, visits regularly during hospital stay, and resolves doubts and problems. methods: quasi-experimental study (149 cases and 454 non-tutored controls) in patients admitted for scheduled trauma surgery at the virgen de las nieves university hospital, granada. sociodemographic and clinical data were gathered at admission. at 15 days after discharge, patients were administered with an interviewer-administered zung score and anad hoc questionnaire on satisfaction with different healthcare aspects during hospital stay and understanding of information received. bivariate analyses and linear and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed with a study of confunding variables. results: for the outcome variable anxiety level non-tutored patiens had a b coeficient of 2.64 (p<0,01) in the multivariate linear regression analisys controlling for the other variables in the final model: sex, presence of informal carer, professional activitiy, days of hospital stay and understanding of health information. for the outcome variable inadequate understanding information non-tutored patients showed an odds ratio of 3.48 in the multivariate analysis controlling for educational level and presence of informal carer. satisfaction with he friendliness of health care personnel and with the hospital setting did not significantly diference, although the percentage of dissatisfied patiens was higher in the non-tutored group: 15% vs 11% (p= 0.34) and 18% vs 12 % (p= 0.11) respectively. conclusions: the implemented continued care programme proved effective for these patients, increasing their understanding of information received and reducing anxiety levels.
Some relations between variational-like inequalities and efficient solutions of certain nonsmooth optimization problems
Lucelina Batista Santos,Marko A. Rojas-Medar,Antonio Rufián-Lizana
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2006, DOI: 10.1155/ijmms/2006/26808
Abstract: We study the equivalence between the solutions of the variational-like inequality problem and the solutions of certain nonsmooth and nonconvex vectorial optimization problem.
Respuesta plástica a la luz y al agua en cuatro especies mediterráneas del género Quercus (Fagaceae) Plastic response to light and water in four Mediterranean Quercus species (Fagaceae)
JOSé L QUERO,RAFAEL VILLAR,TEODORO MARA?óN,ANA MURILLO
Revista chilena de historia natural , 2008,
Abstract: La luz y el agua son dos de los principales factores que regulan el crecimiento y la supervivencia de las plantas le osas mediterráneas. El objetivo de este estudio es conocer el nivel de respuesta plástica de plántulas de cuatro especies de Quercus a tratamientos de sombra y sequía. Además queremos evaluar qué variables son más plásticas a uno u otro factor, y probar la hipótesis de que los rasgos fisiológicos son más plásticos que los rasgos estructurales. Se cultivaron en condiciones controladas plántulas de Quercus ilex subsp. ballota, Q. súber, Q. pyrenaica y Q. canariensis en tres tratamientos de luz (100, 27 y 3 % de luz incidente) y con agua abundante. A partir de mediados de primavera, a la mitad de las plántulas se les suprimió el agua, de forma que recibieron dos tratamientos de agua (riego versus no riego) dentro de cada tratamiento de luz. Se analizaron distintos rasgos fisiológicos como la tasa de fotosíntesis y respiración, el punto de compensación y de saturación a la luz, la conductancia estomática, la eficiencia en el uso del agua y de nitrógeno y la eficiencia fotosintética a la luz. También se estudiaron distintos rasgos morfológicos o estructurales, como el área foliar, el área específica foliar, las concentraciones foliares de N y C, y un índice de clorofila. En general, la respuesta plástica de las variables estructurales al factor agua fue muy baja, mientras que la respuesta de las fisiológicas fue relativamente alta. Con la luz, no se detectaron diferencias significativas en la respuesta plástica entre las variables estructurales y fisiológicas. En estas especies de Quercus mediterráneos, la mayor respuesta plástica a la luz podría estar ligada con una estrategia de tolerancia a la sombra, mientras que la baja respuesta plástica al agua (i.e., canalización) respondería a una estrategia de tolerancia a la sequía, indicando que la tolerancia a bajos niveles de recursos puede ser alcanzada mediante diferentes estrategias. Light and water availability are two of the main factors that regulate growth and survival of Mediterranean woody plants. The objective of this study is to investigate the plastic response of seedlings of four Mediterranean Quercus species to these factors, as well as to determine what traits are more plastic to one or another factor. Our hypothesis was that physiological variables are more plastic than structural variables. We cultivated in controlled conditions seedlings of Quercus ilex ssp. ballota, Q. súber, Q. pyrenaica and Q. canariensis in three treatments of light (100, 27 and 3 % of incident light) and wit
Un caso de hermafroditismo verdadero 78, XX en una perra Weimaraner A case of true hermaphroditism 78, XX Weimaraner bitch
L Martin,AAM Quero,DM Ferré,L Albarracín
Archivos de medicina veterinaria , 2011,
Abstract: Una perra Weimaraner con ambigüedad sexual al nacimiento fue diagnosticada como hermafrodita verdadera. A los 14 meses presentaba un agrandamiento del clítoris, una protuberancia rojiza que sobresalía 3 cm de la vulva, un os clitoris radioopaco análogo al os penis en los machos. Las metafases coloreadas con Giemsa revelaron una hembra normal con complemento cromosómico 78, XX. La hibridización in situ por fluorescencia confirmó la presencia de dos zonas centroméricas del X en cada célula analizada. La perra presentó un ciclo estral normal seguido de una pre ez y parición. Los hallazgos histopatológicos en la perra muestran ovotestis bilateral y confirman hermafroditismo verdadero. XX true hermaphroditism was identified in a 14 months Weimaraner female with a 3 cm radiopaque os clitoris analogue the male os penis, shown as a reddish structure protruding from the vulva. Giemsa metaphases revealed a normal female 78, XX chromosomal complement. The in situ fluorescence hybridization confirmed the presence of two X chromosome centromeric zones in each analyzed cell. The bitch presented a normal estrous cycle follow by pregnancy and delivery. The hystopathological findings of the dog confirmed hermaphroditism with bilateral ovotestis.
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