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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4521 matches for " Quadir Abdul "
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Comparison of esmolol and labetalol, in low doses, for attenuation of sympathomimetic response to laryngoscopy and intubation
Singh Sarvesh,Quadir Abdul,Malhotra Poonam
Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: The present study compared the efficacy of esmolol and labetalol, in low doses, for attenuation of sympathomimetic response to laryngoscopy and intubation. Design: Prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, double-blinded study. Setting: Operation room. Patients and Methods: 75 ASA physical status I and II adult patients, aged 18-45 years undergoing elective surgical procedures, requiring general anesthesia and orotracheal intubation. Interventions: Patients were allocated to any of the three groups (25 each)-Group C (control)10 ml 0.9% saline i.v. Group E (esmolol) 0.5 mg/kg diluted with 0.9% saline to 10 ml i.v. Group L (labetalol) 0.25 mg/kg diluted with 0.9% saline to 10 ml i.v. In the control group 10 ml of 0.9% saline was given both at 2 and 5 min prior to intubation. In the esmolol group 0.5 mg/kg of esmolol (diluted with 0.9% saline to 10 ml) was given 2 min prior and 10 ml of 0.9% saline 5 min prior to intubation. In the labetalol group 10 ml of 0.9% saline was administered 2 min prior and 0.25 mg/kg of labetalol (diluted with 0.9% saline to 10 ml) 5 min prior to intubation. All the patients were subjected to the same standard anesthetic technique. Measurements: Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were recorded prior to induction, at time of intubation and 1, 3, 5, and 10 min after intubation. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and rate pressure product (RPP) were calculated. Abnormal ECG changes were also recorded. Results: Compared to placebo and esmolol (0.5 mg/kg), labetalol (0.25 mg/kg) significantly attenuated the rise in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and RPP during laryngoscopy and intubation. However, the difference was not statistically significant among the values for DBP and MAP. Conclusion: In lower doses, labetalol (0.25 mg/kg) is a better agent than esmolol (0.5 mg/kg) in attenuating the sympathomimetic response to laryngoscopy and intubation.
Muhammed Monjurul Quadir
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues , 2012,
Abstract: This article investigates the effects of macroeconomic variables of treasury bill interest rate and industrial production on stock returns on Dhaka Stock Exchange for the period between January 2000 and February 2007 on the basis of monthly time series data using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model. The paper has taken the overall market stock returns as an independent variable. It does not consider the stock returns of different companies separately. Though the ARIMA model finds a positive relationship between Treasury bill interest rate and industrial production with market stock returns but the coefficients have turned out to be statistically insignificant.
Financial Distress in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMES) of Bangladesh: Determinants and Remedial Measures
Mohammad Saleh JAHUR,S. M. Nasrul QUADIR
Economia : Seria Management , 2012,
Abstract: Financial distress in SMEs is a common phenomenon across the world, which has been a subject matter of academicians, professionals and government. Although SMEs are contributing to the economy in the form of employment, supply of products and services by using indigenous technologies, social entrepreneurship, income generating activities etc. SMEs are found most vulnerable to the macro-economic as well as internal management crises. Consequently, they fall into financial distress. In view of this, the present study has been undertaken aiming at identifying the causes of financial distress in SMEs of Bangladesh. The study has employed both financial and statistical techniques for analyzing the data collected for the study. The study has identified some potential problem areas related to financial distress such as rate adequacy, sales trends, indebtedness, management capability, financial planning, etc. The study has also identified some most important causes of financial distress such as fund management & resource crunch, poor accounting system, poor financial control, poor productivity and profitability and management succession. The study has finally come out some strategic and policy related measures for both viable and financially distressed SMEs for preventing them from the exposition to financial and operating risk.
Rural development scheme of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited - A study on its growth, effectiveness and prospect in Bangladesh
Mohammad Saleh JAHUR,S. M. Nasrul QUADIR
Economia : Seria Management , 2010,
Abstract: Most of the people of Bangladesh are living under poverty line. To alleviate poverty, thousands of NGOs and GOs have been working since the inception of the Bangladesh. But the success rate of these programs appears to be insignificant. Rural Development Scheme (RDS) being a shariah and teaching of Islam based technique has been introduced in order to graduate the rural poor from poverty trap by bringing them in the main stream of economy by providing micro-credit and teaching for value creation. The present study has been undertaken aiming at evaluating the effectiveness of the program and its prospect. It has collected both primary and secondary data, and analyzed these with the help of both financial and statistical techniques. The findings of the study are: the growth performance of RDS in important parameters are robust across study period, and RDS influence the income and income generating activities of borrowing members significantly. Finally the study has put forward some logical suggestions for enhancing the sustainability as well as robustness of the program.
Variability and Trends of Summer Monsoon Rainfall over Bangladesh
MN Ahasan,Md AM Chowdhary,DA Quadir
Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/jhm.v7i1.5612
Abstract: In this paper, the updated rainfall data of 50 years (1961-2010) for 30 selected rain gauge stations of Bangladesh have been used. The data were analyzed to investigate the variability and trends of summer monsoon (June- September) rainfall over Bangladesh. The possible teleconnection of monsoon rainfall variability with ENSO has also been investigated. Annual profile of the station mean monthly rainfall of Bangladesh shows a unimodal pattern with high rainfall between June-September (monsoon season) with highest in July and low rainfall between December – February with lowest in January. All Bangladesh mean summer monsoon rainfall is 1769.14 mm, standard deviation 209.16 mm (coefficient of variance 11.82 %) and annual country average rainfall is 2456.38 mm. Summer monsoon rainfall widely varies over the geographical areas with lowest in central-western part and highest in southeastern part with next highest in northeastern part of the country. The trend analysis shows that the trend of the country average monsoon rainfall is decreasing (-0.53 mm/year). The spatial distribution of the trend values indicates that the summer monsoon rainfall exhibits increasing trends at the rate of 5-6 mm/year in the NW region and 3-4 mm/ year in the south-central and extreme SE region. The eastern region exhibits decreasing trends of about -2 to -7 mm/year with highest (-6 to -7 mm/year) in the east-central part. The time series plot of country average summer monsoon rainfall shows the inter-annual variability in the timescales of 2-3 years and 4-6 years. The time series of 5 year moving average reveals existence of low frequency variability of timescales of 9-14 years. The time series of Bangladesh monsoon rainfall shows that there were 11 strong monsoon years and 8 weak monsoon years within the periods of 1961-2010 (50 years). The analysis of the decadal mean rainfall shows that the decades 1961-1970 and 1981-1990 were wet and the decades 1971-1980, 1991-2000 and 2001-2010 were dry. Floods in Bangladesh result from the excess rainfall occurring both inside and outside the country. Summer monsoon rainfall is characterized by active and weak (break) spells, which are associated with the fluctuation of monsoon rainfall in the time scales of 20-25 and 40-50 days. Such fluctuations are caused due to north-south movement of the monsoon trough. The fluctuations in the time scales of 4-7 and 10-14 days are associated with the formation of low pressure systems over the head Bay. The possible atmospheric teleconnections of summer monsoon rainfall with ENSO have also been
Stability of Triangular Points of the Generalized Photogravitational Robes Restricted Three-Body Problem  [PDF]
Abdul Razaq Abdul Raheem
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.46117

The linear stability of the triangular points was studied for the Robes restricted three-body problem when the bigger primary (rigid shell) is oblate spheroid and the second primary is radiating. The critical mass obtained depends on the oblateness of the rigid shell and radiation of the second primary as well as the density parameter k. The stability of the triangular points depends largely on the values of k. The destabilizing tendencies of the oblateness and radiation factors were enhanced when k > 0 and weakened for k < 0.

Towards Semantic Mutation Testing of Aspect-Oriented Programs  [PDF]
Abdul Azim Abdul Ghani
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.610A002

Aspect-oriented programs have received much attention from software testing researchers. Various testing techniques and approaches have been proposed to tackle issues and challenges when testing aspect-oriented programs including traditional mutation testing. In traditional mutation testing of aspect-oriented programs, mutants are generated by making small changes to the syntax of the aspect-oriented language. Recently, a new approach known as semantic mutation testing has been proposed. This approach mutates the semantics of the language in which the program is written. The mutants generated misunderstandings of the language which are different classes of faults. Aspect-oriented programming presents itself with different properties that can be further explored with respect to semantic mutation testing. This paper describes various possible scenarios that semantic mutation testing strategy might have particular value in testing aspect-oriented programs.

An Analysis of Consumers Food Purchasing Attitudes and Habits in Relation to Food Safety
Didem Onay,Seher Ersoy-Quadir,Mehmet Akman
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2011,
Abstract: Through the recent developments in food industry, natural and synthetic additive substances are being used in food production to increase the quality and taste of food, to prolong their shelf life and to decrease costs. Despite their many benefits, these applications can sometimes cause allergy, chronic or acute food poisonings, deaths and labor force loss. Therefore, it is crucial that consumers perceive risks stemming from food and learn how to manage them when purchasing and thereby decide whether the food is safe or not. The aim of this study is to examine consumers attitudes pertaining to food safety when buying food and their habits of taking precautions against this matter. The sample of the study was composed of 546 civil servants and teachers residing in the city center of Konya. It was found out that the subjects in the sample group had correct habits in terms of paying attention to food safety but their attitudes in this issue were inadequate. Teachers were found to be more sensitive to the risks stemming from the food additives than civil servants (p<0.01). As for the attitudes to precautions taken in food purchase, teachers were found to be less careless (p<0.05). Contrary to our expectations, it was found out that those with lower educational levels were found to display more conscious consumer attitudes (p<0.05). In terms of habits, women were seen to observe the precautions to be taken when purchasing food more carefully compared to men (p<0.001). Younger consumers were found to pay more attention to the precautions mentioned than older ones (p<0.05).
Simulation of High Impact Rainfall Events Over Southeastern Hilly Region of Bangladesh Using MM5 Model
M. N. Ahasan,M. A. M. Chowdhury,D. A. Quadir
International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/657108
Abstract: Simulation of high impact rainfall events over southeastern hilly region of Bangladesh has been carried out using Fifth-Generation PSU/NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) conducting two historical rainfall events, namely, 21 June, 2004 and 11 July, 2004. These extraordinary rainfall events were localized over the Rangamati region and recorded 304 mm and 337?mm rainfall on 21 June, 2004 and 11 July, 2004, respectively, over Rangamati within a span of 24?h. The model performance was evaluated by examining the different predicted and derived parameters. It is found that the seasonal monsoon trough has northerly position compared to normal and pass through Bangladesh extending up to northeast India for both cases. The heat low was found to be intense (996?hPa) with strong north-south pressure gradient (12–15?hPa). The analysis of the geopotential height field at 200?hPa shows that the Tibetan high is shifted towards south by 7-8° latitudes with axis along 22–25°N for both cases. The analysis of the wind field shows that the areas of high impact rainfall exhibit strong convergence of low level monsoon circulation ( 19–58?knots). The strong southwesterlies were found to exist up to 500?hPa level in both cases. The lower troposphere (925–500?hPa) was characterized by the strong vertical wind shear ( 9–18?ms?1) and high relative vorticity ( 20–40 × 10?5?s?1). The analysis also shows that the areas of high impact rainfall events and neighbourhoods are characterized by strong low level convergence and upper level divergence. The strong southwesterly flow causes transportation of large amount of moisture from the Bay of Bengal towards Bangladesh, especially over the areas of Rangamati and neighbourhoods. The high percentage of relative humidity extends up to the upper troposphere along a narrow vertical column. Model produced details structure of the spatial patterns of rainfall over Bangladesh reasonably well though there are some biases in the rainfall pattern. The model suggests that the highly localized high impact rainfall was the result of an interaction of the mesoscale severe convective processes with the large scale active monsoon system. 1. Introduction Rangamati (22.53°N, 92.20°E), the southeastern hilly city of Bangladesh (latitudes 20°34′–26°38′N and longitudes 88°01′–92°41′E), is situated on the western slopes of Mizo Hills and Arakan Mountains. Rangamati is very different in terms of topography from the rest of Bangladesh, as the city is built on the hilly regions. On 21 June, 2004 and 11 July, 2004, Rangamati received 304?mm and 337?mm rainfall within 24
A New Expression for Rhotrix  [PDF]
Abdul Mohammed
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2014.42011
This paper presents a new technique for expressing rhotrices in a generalize form. The method involves using multiple array indexes as analogous to matrix expressions, unlike the earlier method in the literature, which can only be functional in a single array computational environment. The new rhotrix look will encourage the study of rhotrix algebra and analysis from a better perspective. In addition, computing efficiency and accuracy will also be improved, particularly when the operations in rhotrix space over the new expression are algorithmatized for computing machines.
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