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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11924 matches for " Qinghe Yin "
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Hausdorff Dimension and Hausdorff Measure for Non-integer based Cantor-type Sets
Qinghe Yin
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: We consider digits-deleted sets or Cantor-type sets with $\beta$-expansions. We calculate the Hausdorff dimension $d$ of these sets and show that $d$ is continuous with respect to $\beta$. The $d$-dimentional Hausdorff measure of these sets is finite and positive.
Network-Load Aware Adaptive Channel Access Control for WLAN  [PDF]
Xiaoyan Wu, Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2085

Wireless local area network (WLAN) brings us a low cost and high bandwidth experience and thus plays a critically important role in current/future networks to support high-rate transmissions. To better provide quality-of-service (QoS) for WLAN users, we in this paper propose an improved scheme called “A-EDCA”(adaptive EDCA), based on enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) of IEEE 802.11e under the infrastructure mode. Our proposed scheme aims at efficiently adapting the transmission over WLAN to the time-varying network conditions and mitigating the competition ability unfairness between access point (AP) and non-AP stations (STAs). Specifically, all non-AP STAs adaptive-ly modify the contention window based on the network condition. Moreover, AP skips the backoff phase by setting its backoff counter as zero when non-AP STA completes transmission successfully to relieve the unfairness. At last, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Qinghe Gao,Yanping Zhu
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536811026997
Abstract: In the title compound (r.m.s. deviation for the non-H atoms = 0.020 ), C10H6Br2O2, an intramolecular O—H...O hydrogen bond generates an S(6) ring. In the crystal, the same H atom also forms an intermolecular O—H...O hydrogen bond, generating a C(2) chain propagating in [100]. The other O—H hydrogen forms a weak O—H...π interaction, and short Br...Br contacts [3.5972 (9) ] also occur.
QoS-Aware Base-Station Selections for Distributed MIMO Links in Broadband Wireless Networks
Qinghe Du,Xi Zhang
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We propose the QoS-aware BS-selection schemes for the distributed wireless MIMO links, which aim at minimizing the BS usages and reducing the interfering range, while satisfying diverse statistical delay-QoS constraints characterized by the delay-bound violation probability and the effective capacity technique. In particular, based on the channel state information (CSI) and QoS requirements, a subset of BS with variable cardinality for the distributed MIMO transmission is dynamically selected, where the selections are controlled by a central server. For the single-user scenario, we develop two optimization frameworks, respectively, to derive the efficient BS-selection schemes and the corresponding resource allocation algorithms. One framework uses the incremental BS-selection and time-sharing (IBS-TS) strategies, and the other employs the ordered-gain based BS-selection and probabilistic transmissions (OGBS-PT). The IBS-TS framework can yield better performance, while the scheme developed under the OGBS-PT framework is easier to implement. For the multi-user scenario, we propose the optimization framework applying the priority BS-selection, block-diagonalization precoding, and probabilistic transmission (PBS-BD-PT) techniques. We also propose the optimization framework applying the priority BS-selection, time-division-multiple-access, and probabilistic transmission (PBS-TDMA-PT) techniques. We derive the optimal transmission schemes for all the aforementioned frameworks, respectively. Also conducted is a set of simulation evaluations which compare our proposed schemes with several baseline schemes and show the impact of the delay-QoS requirements, transmit power, and traffic loads on the performances of BS selections for distributed MIMO systems.
Base-Station Selections for QoS Provisioning Over Distributed Multi-User MIMO Links in Wireless Networks
Qinghe Du,Xi Zhang
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We propose the QoS-aware BS-selection and the corresponding resource-allocation schemes for downlink multi-user transmissions over the distributed multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) links, where multiple location-independent base-stations (BS), controlled by a central server, cooperatively transmit data to multiple mobile users. Our proposed schemes aim at minimizing the BS usages and reducing the interfering range of the distributed MIMO transmissions, while satisfying diverse statistical delay-QoS requirements for all users, which are characterized by the delay-bound violation probability and the effective capacity technique. Specifically, we propose two BS-usage minimization frameworks to develop the QoS-aware BS-selection schemes and the corresponding wireless resource-allocation algorithms across multiple mobile users. The first framework applies the joint block-diagonalization (BD) and probabilistic transmission (PT) to implement multiple access over multiple mobile users, while the second one employs time-division multiple access (TDMA) approach to control multiple users' links. We then derive the optimal BS-selection schemes for these two frameworks, respectively. In addition, we further discuss the PT-only based BS-selection scheme. Also conducted is a set of simulation evaluations to comparatively study the average BS-usage and interfering range of our proposed schemes and to analyze the impact of QoS constraints on the BS selections for distributed MIMO transmissions.
Genome-Wide Mapping of DNA Methylation in Chicken
Qinghe Li,Ning Li,Xiaoxiang Hu,Jinxiu Li,Zhuo Du,Li Chen,Guangliang Yin,Jinjie Duan,Haichao Zhang,Yaofeng Zhao,Jun Wang,Ning Li
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019428
Abstract: Cytosine DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification termed as the fifth base that functions in diverse processes. Till now, the genome-wide DNA methylation maps of many organisms has been reported, such as human, Arabidopsis, rice and silkworm, but the methylation pattern of bird remains rarely studied. Here we show the genome-wide DNA methylation map of bird, using the chicken as a model organism and an immunocapturing approach followed by high-throughput sequencing. In both of the red jungle fowl and the avian broiler, DNA methylation was described separately for the liver and muscle tissue. Generally, chicken displays analogous methylation pattern with that of animals and plants. DNA methylation is enriched in the gene body regions and the repetitive sequences, and depleted in the transcription start site (TSS) and the transcription termination site (TTS). Most of the CpG islands in the chicken genome are kept in unmethylated state. Promoter methylation is negatively correlated with the gene expression level, indicating its suppressive role in regulating gene transcription. This work contributes to our understanding of epigenetics in birds.
Schedule-Aware Power Management for Energy-Efficiency Improvement in 802.11u WLAN  [PDF]
Di Zhang, Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren, Li Sun
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2084

Mobile stations supporting the 802.11u standard can access WLAN automatically when they are within the coverage of the network service provided by this WLAN. To achieve this goal, the stations need to keep “on” states includingidleandactiveall the time. However, studies have noted that the idleness of stations often lead to considerable power consumption. Although the conventional power saving mode (PSM) can provide energy saving effect to some extent, its own disadvantage leads to lower energy efficiency when the number of stations accessing the target WLAN. In this paper, we propose a Schedule-Aware PSM (S-PSM), which can improve the energy efficiency in 802.11u WLAN. Particularly, we use the Generic advertisement service (GAS) defined in 802.11u standard to broadcast the transmission schedule information and all stations switch off their radios based on this information accordingly. We introduce the Respond Contention Window to reduce the collision probability of competition channel. When there is no packet in the access point (AP), AP broadcasts the GAS frame and actives the Idle Timer. All stations will turn into sleep and AP will not send GAS frame until Idle Timer expires. Simulations have shown that our proposed scheme can significantly reduce power consumption compared with the conventional PSM.

Adaptive Rate Control for Multi-Antenna Multicast in OFDM Systems  [PDF]
Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren, Yi Jia, Zhigang Chen
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2029
Abstract: We propose two rate control schemes for multi-antenna multicast in OFDM systems, which aim to maximize the minimum average rate over all users in a multicast group. In our system, we do not require all multicast users to successfully recover the signals received on each subcarrier. In contrast, we allow certain loss for multicast users, such that the multicast transmission rate can be increased. We assume that the loss-repairing can be completed at upper protocol layers via advanced fountain codes. Following this principle, we formulate the rate control problem via beamforming in multi-antenna multicast to optimize the minimum achievable rate for all multicast users. While the computation complexity to solve for the optimal beamformer is prohibitively high, we propose a suboptimal iterative rate control scheme. Moreover, we modify the above optimization problem by selecting a ?xed proportion of users on each subcarrier. The beamformer searching process will then be performed only based on the selected users on each subcarrier, such that the complexity can be further reduced. We also solve this new problem with a low complexity approach. Theoretical analyses and simulation results show that our proposed two rate control schemes can have higher minimum average rate than the baseline scheme without rate control, while achieving low complexity.
A Novel Cooperative Multicast Scheme Based on Fountain Code  [PDF]
Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren, Jincheng Lu, Zhigang Chen
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2028
Abstract: Multicast is an efficient way to support emerging multimedia services over wireless network. Fountain codes are used in multicast systems to enable a robust transmission without CSI feedback and ARQ. We propose a cooperative multicast scheme based on fountain code to improve the performance of multicast. The users are coordinated with each other to decode the message at different time slots within the data transmission of a multicast session. Speci?cally, we take the local channel state information (CSI) and the local residual energy information (REI) into consideration, and apply a relay-selection and power-allocation strategy in our cooperative multicast scheme to prolong the network lifetime, while keeping the transmission delay as low as possible. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme can achieve a good tradeoff between transmission delay and network lifetime.
Phytophthora sojae Avirulence Effector Avr3b is a Secreted NADH and ADP-ribose Pyrophosphorylase that Modulates Plant Immunity
Suomeng Dong,Weixiao Yin,Guanghui Kong,Xinyu Yang,Dinah Qutob,Qinghe Chen,Shiv D. Kale,Yangyang Sui,Zhengguang Zhang,Daolong Dou,Xiaobo Zheng,Mark Gijzen,Brett M. Tyler,Yuanchao Wang
PLOS Pathogens , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002353
Abstract: Plants have evolved pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI) to protect themselves from infection by diverse pathogens. Avirulence (Avr) effectors that trigger plant ETI as a result of recognition by plant resistance (R) gene products have been identified in many plant pathogenic oomycetes and fungi. However, the virulence functions of oomycete and fungal Avr effectors remain largely unknown. Here, we combined bioinformatics and genetics to identify Avr3b, a new Avr gene from Phytophthora sojae, an oomycete pathogen that causes soybean root rot. Avr3b encodes a secreted protein with the RXLR host-targeting motif and C-terminal W and Nudix hydrolase motifs. Some isolates of P. sojae evade perception by the soybean R gene Rps3b through sequence mutation in Avr3b and lowered transcript accumulation. Transient expression of Avr3b in Nicotiana benthamiana increased susceptibility to P. capsici and P. parasitica, with significantly reduced accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) around invasion sites. Biochemical assays confirmed that Avr3b is an ADP-ribose/NADH pyrophosphorylase, as predicted from the Nudix motif. Deletion of the Nudix motif of Avr3b abolished enzyme activity. Mutation of key residues in Nudix motif significantly impaired Avr3b virulence function but not the avirulence activity. Some Nudix hydrolases act as negative regulators of plant immunity, and thus Avr3b might be delivered into host cells as a Nudix hydrolase to impair host immunity. Avr3b homologues are present in several sequenced Phytophthora genomes, suggesting that Phytophthora pathogens might share similar strategies to suppress plant immunity.
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