Abstract:
This paper is concerned with the incompressible limit of the compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations with periodic boundary conditions. It is rigorously shown that the weak solutions of the compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations converge to the strong solution of the viscous or inviscid incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations as long as the latter exists both for the well-prepared initial data and general initial data. Furthermore, the convergence rates are also obtained in the case of the well-prepared initial data.

Abstract:
We study the incompressible limit of the compressible non-isentropic ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations with general initial data in the whole space $\mathbb{R}^d$ ($d=2,3$). We first establish the existence of classic solutions on a time interval independent of the Mach number. Then, by deriving uniform a priori estimates, we obtain the convergence of the solution to that of the incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations as the Mach number tends to zero.

Abstract:
The quasineutral limit of compressible Navier-Stokes-Poisson system with heat conductivity and general (ill-prepared) initial data is rigorously proved in this paper. It is proved that, as the Debye length tends to zero, the solution of the compressible Navier-Stokes-Poisson system converges strongly to the strong solution of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations plus a term of fast singular oscillating gradient vector fields. Moreover, if the Debye length, the viscosity coefficients and the heat conductivity coefficient independently go to zero, we obtain the incompressible Euler equations. In both cases the convergence rates are obtained.

Abstract:
This paper is concerned with the incompressible limit of the compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations with vanishing viscosity coefficients and general initial data in the whole space $\mathbb{R}^d$ $ (d=2$ or 3). It is rigorously showed that, as the Mach number, the shear viscosity coefficient and the magnetic diffusion coefficient simultaneously go to zero, the weak solution of the compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations converges to the strong solution of the ideal incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations as long as the latter exists.

Abstract:
We study the incompressible limit of the compressible non-isentropic magnetohydrodynamic equations with zero magnetic diffusivity and general initial data in the whole space $\mathbb{R}^d$ $(d=2,3)$. We first establish the existence of classic solutions on a time interval independent of the Mach number. Then, by deriving uniform a priori estimates, we obtain the convergence of the solution to that of the incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations as the Mach number tends to zero.

Abstract:
The low Mach number limit for the multi-dimensional full magnetohydrodynamic equations, in which the effect of thermal conduction is taken into account, is rigorously justified in the framework of classical solutions with small density and temperature variations. Moreover, we show that for sufficiently small Mach number, the compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations admit a smooth solution on the time interval where the smooth solution of the incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations exists. In addition, the low Mach number limit for the ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations with small entropy variation is also investigated. The convergence rates are obtained in both cases.

Abstract:
The low Mach number limit for the full compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations with general initial data is rigorously justified in the whole space $\mathbb{R}^3$. The uniform in Mach number estimates of the solutions in a Sobolev space are obtained on a time interval independent of the Mach number. The limit is proved by using the established uniform estimates and a theorem due to M\'etiver and Schochet [Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 158 (2001), 61-90] for the Euler equations that gives the local energy decay of the acoustic wave equations.

Abstract:
Weak-strong uniqueness property in the class of finite energy weak solutions is established for two different compressible liquid crystal systems by the method of relative entropy. To overcome the difficulties caused by the molecular direction with inhomogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition, new techniques are introduced to build up the relative entropy inequalities.

Abstract:
On October 18, 2017, Comrade Jinping Xi proposed a strategy for the revitalization of villages in the report of the 19th CPC National Congress. The issue of agriculture and rural peasants is a fundamental issue related to the national economy and the people’s livelihood. The issue of solving the “three rural issues” must always be regarded as a top priority for the work of the whole Party. Therefore, the strategy of rejuvenating the country is proposed. The problems to be solved in the process of revitalization of rural ecology in China are closely related to Marx’s idea of economy in “Das Kapital”. From the perspective of Marx’s saving ideas, this article combines the content of China’s rural revitalization strategy and sums up Marx’s idea of conservation, drawing an important revelation for in the Process of Revitalizing Rural Ecosystem in China.

Abstract:
Based on boost converter operating in discontinuous mode, this paper proposes an energy balance model (EBM) for analyzing bifurcation and chaos phenomena of capacitor energy and output voltage when the converter parameter is varying. It is found that the capacitor energy and output voltage dynamic behaviors exhibit the typical period-doubling route to chaos by increasing the feedback gain constant K of proportional controller. The accurate position of the first bifurcation point and the iterative diagram of the capacitor energy with every K can be derived from EBM. Finally, the underlying causes for bifurcations and chaos of a general class of nonlinear systems such as power converters are analyzed from the energy balance viewpoint. Com-paring with the discrete iterative model, EBM is simple and high accuracy. This model can be easily devel-oped on the nonlinear study of the other converters.