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Berberis lycium a Medicinal Plant with Immense Value
Purvika Sood1*, Rajni Modgil1,Monika Sood2
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research , 2013,
Abstract: Berberis lycium belong to family Berberidaceae is an evergreen shrub growing in Himalayan region. The various parts of the plant like root, bark, stem, leaves and fruits are used by the people as a medicine or food. This plant has also gained wide acceptance for its medicinal value in ayurvedic drugs. The plant is known to prevent liver disorders, abdominal disorders, skin diseases, cough, ophthalmic etc. Moreover the pharmacological studies have shown that plant is hypoglycemic, hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, anticarcinogenic and antipyretic properties. The fruits of the plant are also very nutritious and are rich source of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, anthocyanin etc. These fruits are consumed in raw form or are utilized in the preparation of juices, jams, preserve etc. by the local inhabitants. In the present article an attempt has been made to summarize the various properties of Berberis lycium plant.
A REVIEW ON APPLICATION OF HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING TO FOREST RESOURCES IN MALAYSIA
MOHD HASMADI ISMAIL1,*KAMARUZAMAN JUSOFF2, ALIAS MOHD SOOD1, PAKHRIZAD HASSAN ZAKI1 and MANOHAR MARIAPAN1
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management , 2009,
Abstract: Remote sensing application of hyperspectral imaging is relatively new to Malaysian forestry. Through a wide range of wavelengths of hyperspectral data, precise and narrow bands of spectra are captured. Airborne sensors typically offer greatly enhanced spatial and spectral resolution compared to their satellite counterparts, and are able to control experimental design closely during image acquisition. Hyperspectral imaging for forest inventory in Malaysia was first conducted by The Centre for Precision Agriculture and Bioresource Remote Sensing of Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). The study which was conducted in 2001 used the AISA sensor manufactured in Finland. The main objective was to develop methods that are directly suited for practical tropical forestry application at high level of accuracy. Forest inventory and tree classification including development of single spectral signatures are of important interest. Studies have shown that retrieval of timber volume and tree discrimination using this system is successful and is often better than other remote sensing methods. This article reviews the research and application of airborne hyperspectral remote sensing for forest survey and assessment in Malaysia.
Therapeutic efficacy of AV/UTL/17 in cases of post-partum gynaecological disorders in cows: a field study
Rajiv Walia1,K.Ravikanth2,Shivi Maini2 and Divesh Sood2
Veterinary World , 2010,
Abstract: Cross bred cows with the history of retained placenta (n=5), endometritis (n=5) and two of postpartum anestrus (n=2), were presented at Veterinary Hospital, Darang, (H.P.), India. The animals were treated with the polyherbal uterine tonic, restorative and ecbolic coded product AV/UTL/17. 83.33% recovery was recorded in this case study which reveals that the administration of herbal uterine tonic preparation is helpful in the treatment of reproductive disorders viz. retained placenta, post partum anestrus and endometritis in cows. [Veterinary World 2010; 3(12.000): 544-545]
Dynamic Identity Based Authentication Protocol for Two-Server Architecture  [PDF]
Sandeep K. Sood
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2012.34040
Abstract: Most of the password based authentication protocols make use of the single authentication server for user's authentication. User's verifier information stored on the single server is a main point of susceptibility and remains an attractive target for the attacker. On the other hand, multi-server architecture based authentication protocols make it difficult for the attacker to find out any significant authentication information related to the legitimate users. In 2009, Liao and Wang proposed a dynamic identity based remote user authentication protocol for multi-server environment. However, we found that Liao and Wang's protocol is susceptible to malicious server attack and malicious user attack. This paper presents a novel dynamic identity based authentication protocol for multi-server architecture using smart cards that resolves the aforementioned flaws, while keeping the merits of Liao and Wang's protocol. It uses two-server paradigm by imposing different levels of trust upon the two servers and the user's verifier information is distributed between these two servers known as the service provider server and the control server. The proposed protocol is practical and computational efficient because only nonce, one-way hash function and XOR operations are used in its implementation. It provides a secure method to change the user's password without the server's help. In e-commerce, the number of servers providing the services to the user is usually more than one and hence secure authentication protocols for multi-server environment are required.
A Rare Case of Vanishing Lung Syndrome
Nidhi Sood,Nikhil Sood
Case Reports in Pulmonology , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/957463
Abstract: We describe here a rare case of Idiopathic Bullous Emphysema/Vanishing Lung Syndrome (VLS) in a 33-year-old male patient with a history of marijuana abuse who presents to the hospital with pleuritic chest pain thought to be due to pneumothorax based on the chest radiograph. This case emphasizes the need to obtain chest computed tomography in a relatively stable patient suspected of VLS to reduce the potential risk of overseeing a bronchopleural fistula.
Angle closure and India
Sood Devindra,Sood N
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2006,
Abstract:
Evaluation of Best Management Practices in Millsboro Pond Watershed Using Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) Model  [PDF]
Aditya Sood, William F. Ritter
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.25047
Abstract: The Inland Bays in southern Delaware (USA) are facing eutrophication due to the nutrient loading from its watershed. The source of nutrients in the watershed is predominantly agriculture. The Millsboro Pond, a sub-watershed within the Inland Bays basin, was modeled using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model. It was found that the contribution of ground water from outside the watershed had a signifi-cant impact on the hydrology of the region. Once the model was calibrated and validated, five management scenarios were implemented, one at a time, to measure its effectiveness in reducing the nutrient loading in the watershed. Among the Best Management Practices (BMPs), planting winter cover crops on the agricul-ture land was the most effective method in reducing the nutrient loads. The second most effective method was to provide grassland riparian zones. The BMPs alone were not able to achieve the nutrient load reduc-tion as required by the Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). Two extra scenarios that involved in replac-ing agriculture land with forest, first with deciduous trees and then with high yielding trees were considered. It is suggested that to achieve the required TMDL for the watershed, some parts of the agricultural land may have to be effectively converted into the managed forest with some high yielding trees such as hybrid poplar trees providing cellulose raw material for bio fuels. The remaining agriculture land should take up the prac-tice of planting winter cover crops and better nutrient management. Riparian zones, either in form of forest or grasslands, should be the final line of defense for reducing nutrient loading in the watershed.
On Secure Digital Image Watermarking Techniques  [PDF]
Manjit Thapa, Sandeep Kumar Sood
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2011.24017
Abstract: Digital watermarking is used to hide the information inside a signal, which can not be easily extracted by the third party. Its widely used application is copyright protection of digital information. It is different from the encryption in the sense that it allows the user to access, view and interpret the signal but protect the ownership of the content. One of the current research areas is to protect digital watermark inside the information so that ownership of the information cannot be claimed by third party. With a lot of information available on various search engines, to protect the ownership of information is a crucial area of research. In latest years, several digital watermarking techniques are presented based on discrete cosine transform (DCT), discrete wavelets transform (DWT) and discrete fourier transforms (DFT). In this paper, we propose an algorithm for digital image watermarking technique based on singular value decomposition; both of the L and U components are explored for watermarking algorithm. This technique refers to the watermark embedding algorithm and watermark extracting algorithm. The experimental results prove that the quality of the watermarked image is excellent and there is strong resistant against many geometrical attacks.
Developing a Framework to Measure Watershed Sustainability by Using Hydrological/Water Quality Model  [PDF]
Aditya Sood, William F. Ritter
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.311089
Abstract: A framework is built, wherein hydrological/water quality model is used to measure watershed sustainability. For this framework, watershed sustainability has been defined and quantified by defining social, environmental and biodiversity indicators. By providing weightage to these indicators, a “River Basin Sustainability Index” is built. The watershed sustainability is then calculated based on the concepts of reliability, resilience and vulnerability. The framework is then applied to a case study, where, based on watershed management principles, four land use scenarios are created in GIS. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) is used as a hydrology/water quality model. Based on the results the land uses are ranked for sustainability and policy implications have been discussed. This results show that landuse (both type and location) impact watershed sustainability. The existing land use is weak in environmental sustainability. Also, riparian zones play a critical role in watershed sustainability, although beyond certain width their contribution is not significant.
On a 3-Way Combinatorial Identity  [PDF]
Garima Sood, Ashok Kumar Agarwal
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2014.44012
Abstract: Recently in [1] Goyal and Agarwal interpreted a generalized basic series as a generating function for a colour partition function and a weighted lattice path function. This led to an infinite family of combinatorial identities. Using Frobenius partitions, we in this paper extend the result of [1] and obtain an infinite family of 3-way combinatorial identities. We illustrate by an example that our main result has a potential of yielding Rogers-Ramanujan-MacMahon type identities with convolution property.
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