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EXPROPIACIóN INDIRECTA POR MEDIDAS CAUTELARES EN PROCEDIMIENTO TRIBUTARIO INDIRECT EXPROPRIATION FOR PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES IN A TAX PROCEDURE
María José Prieto
Revista Chilena de Derecho : Publicado por la Facultad de Derecho Universidad Católica de Chile , 2012,
Abstract: El presente artículo tiene por finalidad comentar un laudo dictado recientemente por un panel arbitral al amparo del Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias Relativas a Inversiones. Dicho fallo da cuenta del estado de la situación en materia de expropiación indirecta de inversiones extranjeras, enumerando una serie de criterios que comúnmente se ha utilizado para discernir cuándo se trata de un caso de ejercicio legítimo de los poderes de policía de los Estados, que permiten proteger sus intereses esenciales; o de una situación en que surge la responsabilidad del Estado por la conducta de sus entes regulatorios. Los parámetros analizados para determinar la responsabilidad del Estado por haber adoptado medidas que equivalen a la expropiación son: (i) la gravedad de las consecuencias; (ii) la extensión de los efectos; (iii) el carácter de las medidas; y (iv) la eficacia de las mismas. The present article’s purpose is to comment an arbitral award that has been recently dictated by a panel constituted under the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, which reflects the present state of art in the subject of indirect expropriation of foreign investment. The ruling deals with the commonly used criteria to distinguish the legitimate exercise of State’s police powers, that allows it to protect its essential interests; from other situations that gives raise to the State’s responsibility for the conduct of its regulatory organs. The criteria analyzed to determine the responsibility of the State for having adopted measures tantamount to expropriation are: (i) the gravity of the consequences; (ii) the extension of its effects; (iii) the character of the measures; and (iv) its effectiveness.
Obituario
José María Prieto
Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas , 2005,
Abstract:
"EL balsamo de Feirabrás"
José María Prieto
Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas , 2005,
Abstract:
"Wanted": Guión de un delirio
Prieto Payo,Iria María;
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0211-57352009000200018
Abstract: in this case delusionary process reminds of our pacient's paranoid movie script writing.
"Wanted". Guión de un delirio.
Iria María Prieto Payo
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 2009,
Abstract: El trabajo delirante aboca, en el caso presentado, a la escritura del guión, de la película paranoica de nuestro paciente.
EL DISCURSO DE EUROPA: LOS NACIONALISMOS
José María Laso Prieto
Nómadas , 2000,
Abstract:
EL DISCURSO DE EUROPA: LA GUERRA
José María Laso Prieto
Nómadas , 2000,
Abstract:
Dating the Diversification of the Major Lineages of Ascomycota (Fungi)
María Prieto, Mats Wedin
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065576
Abstract: Establishing the dates for the origin and main diversification events in the phylogeny of Ascomycota is among the most crucial remaining goals in understanding the evolution of Fungi. There have been several analyses of divergence times in the fungal tree of life in the last two decades, but most have yielded contrasting results for the origin of the major lineages. Moreover, very few studies have provided temporal estimates for a large set of clades within Ascomycota. We performed molecular dating to estimate the divergence times of most of the major groups of Ascomycota. To account for paleontological uncertainty, we included alternative fossil constraints as different scenarios to enable a discussion of the effect of selection of fossils. We used data from 6 molecular markers and 121 extant taxa within Ascomycota. Our various ‘relaxed clock’ scenarios suggest that the origin and diversification of the Pezizomycotina occurred in the Cambrian. The main lineages of lichen–forming Ascomycota originated at least as early as the Carboniferous, with successive radiations in the Jurassic and Cretaceous generating the diversity of the main modern groups. Our study provides new information about the timing of the main diversification events in Ascomycota, including estimates for classes, orders and families of both lichenized and non–lichenized Ascomycota, many of which had not been previously dated.
Psicología Positiva: una moda polémica
Prieto-Ursúa,María;
Clínica y Salud , 2006,
Abstract: csikszentmihalyi (2003) states that new ideas can die from opposition or from non-critical acceptance and that there is a real danger that positive psychology becomes an ideological movement. the aim of this paper is to bring up the debate spurred by this approach, and to give the reader the opportunity to share the reflections held about the possibilities and shortcomings of positive psychology. a number of issues are dealt with, such as the pretended novelty of the topic, the lack of acknowledgement for prior research on the topic and its still poor scientific standards (i.e., poor definitions, the need to clarify correlations between variables, the lack of a coherent theoretical framework, the need of better research designs, etc.). also, there is a danger of dichotomizing and oversimplifying human experience, a risk of overemphasizing the positive side and losing sight of other side of the world, and the creation of needs in people. finally, there is a discussion about the overlap between positive psychology goals and issues and those of health psychology.
Problemas contemporáneos de la Axiología
Prieto Ramírez,Doris María;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2002,
Abstract: the nature of value raises the debate among scientists of different disciplines. this is a complex problem that demands a philosophical specification. axiology is the science that studies values, which possesses a philosophical connotation. in the article, the antecedents of axiology are exposed and diverse interpretations to the concept value are presented, analyzing them from the perspective of marxist philosophy. the dialectical-materialistic point of view with regard to values is pointed out, outlining that they represent a social phenomenon that possesses significance in the context of the subject-object relationship and that they express necessities and human interests. it is a phenomenon that synthesizes the ideal and the material and arises in the process of reciprocal conversion among them
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