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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 15064 matches for " Pinyi Ren "
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Network-Load Aware Adaptive Channel Access Control for WLAN  [PDF]
Xiaoyan Wu, Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2085

Wireless local area network (WLAN) brings us a low cost and high bandwidth experience and thus plays a critically important role in current/future networks to support high-rate transmissions. To better provide quality-of-service (QoS) for WLAN users, we in this paper propose an improved scheme called “A-EDCA”(adaptive EDCA), based on enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) of IEEE 802.11e under the infrastructure mode. Our proposed scheme aims at efficiently adapting the transmission over WLAN to the time-varying network conditions and mitigating the competition ability unfairness between access point (AP) and non-AP stations (STAs). Specifically, all non-AP STAs adaptive-ly modify the contention window based on the network condition. Moreover, AP skips the backoff phase by setting its backoff counter as zero when non-AP STA completes transmission successfully to relieve the unfairness. At last, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Two-Step Resource Block Allocation Algorithm for Data Rate Maximization in LTE Downlink Systems  [PDF]
Baorong Jiang, Li Sun, Pinyi Ren
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2015

This study focuses on resource block allocation issue in the downlink transmission systems of the Long Term Evolution (LTE). In existing LTE standards, all Allocation Units (AUs) allocated to any user must adopt the same Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS), which is determined by the AU with the worst channel condition. Despite its simplicity, this strategy incurs significant performance degradation since the achievable system throughput is limited by the AUs having the worst channel quality. To address this issue, a two-step resource block allocation algorithm is proposed in this paper. The algorithm first allocates AUs to each user according to the users' priorities and the number of their required AUs. Then, a re-allocation mechanism is introduced. Specifically, for any given user, the AUs with the worst channel condition are removed. In this manner, the users may adopt a higher MCS level, and the achievable data rate can be increased. Finally, all the unallocated AUs are assigned among users without changing the chosen MCSs, and the total throughput of the system is further enhanced. Simulation results show that thanks to the proposed algorithm, the system gains higher throughput without adding too many complexities.

Schedule-Aware Power Management for Energy-Efficiency Improvement in 802.11u WLAN  [PDF]
Di Zhang, Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren, Li Sun
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2084

Mobile stations supporting the 802.11u standard can access WLAN automatically when they are within the coverage of the network service provided by this WLAN. To achieve this goal, the stations need to keep “on” states includingidleandactiveall the time. However, studies have noted that the idleness of stations often lead to considerable power consumption. Although the conventional power saving mode (PSM) can provide energy saving effect to some extent, its own disadvantage leads to lower energy efficiency when the number of stations accessing the target WLAN. In this paper, we propose a Schedule-Aware PSM (S-PSM), which can improve the energy efficiency in 802.11u WLAN. Particularly, we use the Generic advertisement service (GAS) defined in 802.11u standard to broadcast the transmission schedule information and all stations switch off their radios based on this information accordingly. We introduce the Respond Contention Window to reduce the collision probability of competition channel. When there is no packet in the access point (AP), AP broadcasts the GAS frame and actives the Idle Timer. All stations will turn into sleep and AP will not send GAS frame until Idle Timer expires. Simulations have shown that our proposed scheme can significantly reduce power consumption compared with the conventional PSM.

Adaptive Rate Control for Multi-Antenna Multicast in OFDM Systems  [PDF]
Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren, Yi Jia, Zhigang Chen
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2029
Abstract: We propose two rate control schemes for multi-antenna multicast in OFDM systems, which aim to maximize the minimum average rate over all users in a multicast group. In our system, we do not require all multicast users to successfully recover the signals received on each subcarrier. In contrast, we allow certain loss for multicast users, such that the multicast transmission rate can be increased. We assume that the loss-repairing can be completed at upper protocol layers via advanced fountain codes. Following this principle, we formulate the rate control problem via beamforming in multi-antenna multicast to optimize the minimum achievable rate for all multicast users. While the computation complexity to solve for the optimal beamformer is prohibitively high, we propose a suboptimal iterative rate control scheme. Moreover, we modify the above optimization problem by selecting a ?xed proportion of users on each subcarrier. The beamformer searching process will then be performed only based on the selected users on each subcarrier, such that the complexity can be further reduced. We also solve this new problem with a low complexity approach. Theoretical analyses and simulation results show that our proposed two rate control schemes can have higher minimum average rate than the baseline scheme without rate control, while achieving low complexity.
A Novel Cooperative Multicast Scheme Based on Fountain Code  [PDF]
Qinghe Du, Pinyi Ren, Jincheng Lu, Zhigang Chen
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2028
Abstract: Multicast is an efficient way to support emerging multimedia services over wireless network. Fountain codes are used in multicast systems to enable a robust transmission without CSI feedback and ARQ. We propose a cooperative multicast scheme based on fountain code to improve the performance of multicast. The users are coordinated with each other to decode the message at different time slots within the data transmission of a multicast session. Speci?cally, we take the local channel state information (CSI) and the local residual energy information (REI) into consideration, and apply a relay-selection and power-allocation strategy in our cooperative multicast scheme to prolong the network lifetime, while keeping the transmission delay as low as possible. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme can achieve a good tradeoff between transmission delay and network lifetime.
The Effects of Narrowband Interference on Finite-Resolution IR-UWB Digital Receiver
chao zhang,Huarui Yin,Pinyi Ren
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: Finite-resolution digital receiver is recently considered as a potential way to Ultra Wide Band (UWB) communication systems due to its ability of mitigating the challenge of Analog-Digital Converter (ADC). In this paper, the effects of narrowband interference (NBI) are investigated when finite-resolution digital receiver is used for Impulse Radio-UWB (IR-UWB) system. It is shown that finite-resolution receiver enlarges the impact of NBI. The lower resolution of the UWB receiver is, the more degradations NBI causes.
A Multi-Channel Diversity Based MAC Protocol for Power-Constrained Cognitive Ad Hoc Networks
Yichen Wang,Pinyi Ren,Qinghe Du,Chao Zhang
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: One of the major challenges in the medium access control (MAC) protocol design over cognitive Ad Hoc networks (CAHNs) is how to efficiently utilize multiple opportunistic channels, which vary dynamically and are subject to limited power resources. To overcome this challenge, in this paper we first propose a novel diversity technology called \emph{Multi-Channel Diversity} (MCD), allowing each secondary node to use multiple channels simultaneously with only one radio per node under the upperbounded power. Using the proposed MCD, we develop a MCD based MAC (MCD-MAC) protocol, which can efficiently utilize available channel resources through joint power-channel allocation. Particularly, we convert the joint power-channel allocation to the Multiple-Choice Knapsack Problem, such that we can obtain the optimal transmission strategy to maximize the network throughput through dynamic programming. Simulation results show that our proposed MCD-MAC protocol can significantly increase the network throughput as compared to the existing protocols.
Statistical Delay Control and QoS-Driven Power Allocation Over Two-Hop Wireless Relay Links
Qinghe Du,Yi Huang,Pinyi Ren,Chao Zhang
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: The time-varying feature of wireless channels usually makes the hard delay bound for data transmissions unrealistic to guarantee. In contrast, the statistically-bounded delay with a small violation probability has been widely used for delay quality-of-service (QoS) characterization and evaluation. While existing research mainly focused on the statistical-delay control in single-hop links, in this paper we propose the QoS-driven power-allocation scheme over two-hop wireless relay links to statistically upper-bound the end-to-end delay under the decodeand- forward (DF) relay transmissions. Specifically, by applying the effective capacity and effective bandwidth theories, we first analyze the delay-bound violation probability over two tops each with independent service processes. Then, we show that an efficient approach for statistical-delay guarantees is to make the delay distributions of both hops identical, which, however, needs to be obtained through asymmetric resource allocations over the two hops. Motivated by this fact, we formulate and solve an optimization problem aiming at minimizing the average power consumptions to satisfy the specified end-to-end delay-bound violation probability over two-hop relay links. Also conducted is a set of simulations results to show the impact of the QoS requirements, traffic load, and position of the relay node on the power allocation under our proposed optimal scheme.
Optimal Relay Power Allocation for Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks with Non-linear Power Amplifiers
Chao Zhang,Pinyi Ren,Jingbo Peng,Guo Wei,Qinghe Du,Yichen Wang
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we propose an optimal relay power allocation of an Amplify-and-Forward relay networks with non-linear power amplifiers. Based on Bussgang Linearization Theory, we depict the non-linear amplifying process into a linear system, which lets analyzing system performance easier. To obtain spatial diversity, we design a complete practical framework of a non-linear distortion aware receiver. Consider a total relay power constraint, we propose an optimal power allocation scheme to maximum the receiver signal-to-noise ratio. Simulation results show that proposed optimal relay power allocation indeed can improve the system capacity and resist the non-linear distortion. It is also verified that the proposed transmission scheme outperforms other transmission schemes without considering non-linear distortion.
Novel Degree Distribution Function for LT codes over Finite Field
Siotai Cheong,Pinyi Fan
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: Luby Transform (LT) code over finite field is a recent research topic. In order to find out the properties of LT codes over finite field, a novel degree distribution function is proposed in this paper. The main thinking of our developed distribution function is to improve the decoding success rate with the same overhead, and still to keep the sparse property for the encoding matrix. Numerical simulations are used to show the general performance of our novel function. Various simulation results show that in the environment of LT codes over finite field, our new degree distribution function performs much better than the degree distribution functions proposed by Luby as the field size increasing. In conclusion, our novel degree distribution function is more suitable to be used in LT codes over finite field.
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