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Discussing an Expected Utility and Weighted Entropy Framework  [PDF]
José Pinto Casquilho
Natural Science (NS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.67054
Abstract:

In this paper, it is discussed a framework combining traditional expected utility and weighted entropy (EU-WE)—also named mean contributive value index—which may be conceived as a decision aiding procedure, or a heuristic device generating compositional scenarios, based on information theory concepts, namely weighted entropy. New proofs concerning the maximum value of the index and the evaluation of optimal proportions are outlined, with emphasis on the optimal value of the Lagrange multiplier and its meaning. The rationale is a procedure of maximizing the combined value of a system expressed as a mosaic, denoted by characteristic values of the states and their proportions. Other perspectives of application of this EU-WE framework are suggested.

Combining Expected Utility and Weighted Gini-Simpson Index into a Non-Expected Utility Device  [PDF]
José Pinto Casquilho
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.52023
Abstract: We present and discuss a conceptual decision-making procedure supported by a mathematical device combining expected utility and a generalized information measure: the weighted Gini-Simpson index, linked to the scientific fields of information theory and ecological diversity analysis. After a synthetic review of the theoretical background relative to those themes, such a device—an EU-WGS framework denoting a real function defined with positive utility values and domain in the simplex of probabilitiesis analytically studied, identifying its range with focus on the maximum point, using a Lagrange multiplier method associated with algorithms, exemplified numerically. Yet, this EU-WGS device is showed to be a proper analog of an expected utility and weighted entropy (EU-WE) framework recently published, both being cases of mathematical tools that can be referred to as non-expected utility methods using decision weights, framed within the field of decision theory linked to information theory. This kind of decision modeling procedure can also be interpreted to be anchored in Kurt Lewin utility’s concept and may be used to generate scenarios of optimal compositional mixtures applied to generic lotteries associated with prospect theory, financial risk assessment, security quantification and natural resources management. The epistemological method followed in the reasoned choice procedure that is presented in this paper is neither normative nor descriptive in an empirical sense, but instead it is heuristic and hermeneutical in its conception.
O ensino de línguas baseado em tarefas e o foco na forma: contributos para uma didática do PL2 em cabo verde
Jorge Pinto,Jorge Pinto
Linguarum Arena : Revista do Programa Doutoral em Didáctica de Línguas da Universidade do Porto , 2011,
Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to present a reflection on the Task Based Language Teaching (TBLT) and the focus on form approach due to the importance they currently have in the learning of an L2 and because they are thought to allow a more efficient and effective learning of Portuguese in Cape Verde. The TBLT aims to develop the students’ interlanguage through the execution of a task in which the students need the language to solve it. By resorting to the focus on form approach we want to call students’ attention to the linguistic forms that come up spontaneously in activities whose main focus is the meaning, which is the case of TBLT. Based on these theoretical principles, we present the partial results of a study that counted with the participation of three Cape Verdean teachers who have adopted the TBLT for a month and have included a focus on form approach for the teaching of grammar as an alternative to the more traditional teaching that predominates in the language less the main purpose of this article is to present a reflection on the Task Based Language Teaching (TBLT) and the focus on form approach due to the importance they currently have in the learning of an L2 and because they are thought to allow a more efficient and effective learning of Portuguese in Cape Verde. The TBLT aims to develop the students’ interlanguage through the execution of a task in which the students need the language to solve it. By resorting to the focus on form approach we want to call students’ attention to the linguistic forms that come up spontaneously in activities whose main focus is the meaning, which is the case of TBLT. Based on these theoretical principles, we present the partial results of a study that counted with the participation of three Cape Verdean teachers who have adopted the TBLT for a month and have included a focus on form approach for the teaching of grammar as an alternative to the more traditional teaching that predominates in the language lessons.
AS MICRO-IDENTIDADES DA REGI O DAS MISS ES JESUíTICA-GUARANI ATRAVéS DA INTERPRETA O DAS PAISAGENS CULTURAIS: UMA DIALéTICA COM AS REFLEX ES DE GUY DI MéO - DOI: 10.7154/RDG.2012.0024.0008
Muriel Pinto,Muriel Pinto
Revista do Departamento de Geografia , 2012, DOI: 10.7154/rdg.v0i24.326
Abstract: A Regi o Histórica das Miss es Jesuítica-Guaranis possui um patrim nio diversificado. Atualmente esses bens culturais, est o sendo melhor planejados por órg os nacionais e internacionais. No entanto, percebe-se a falta de estudos voltados para a análise da constru o da identidade missioneira e suas rela es com as transforma es do espa o. O artigo centrou-se em analisar a constru o identitária missioneira a partir da interpreta o das paisagens regionais, visando refletir sobre a constitui o dos espa os sociais. Para tanto, foi utilizado como matriz teórica às reflex es do pensador francês Guy Di Méo. O estudo destaca-se por propor a discuss o de uma vis o n o unificada para a identidade missioneira, pois a pesquisa consegue identificar diversas identidades sócio-espaciais na regi o. Cabe salientar que os pensamentos de Guy di Méo contribuíram para a integra o de conceitos entre, identidade, patrim nio, espa os sociais, paisagens, e turismo. O que prop e uma vis o inovadora para a Geografia Cultural das Miss es. The micro-identities of Region Jesuiti Guarani Missions through interpretation of cultural landscapes: a dialectic with the reflections of Guy Di Méo Abstract: The Historic Region of Jesuit Guarani Missions has a diverse heritage. Currently these cultural assets are being planned by best international and national bodies. However, one notices the lack of studies to analyze the construction of the missionary identity and its relations with the transformations of space. The article focused on analyzing missionary identity construction from the interpretation of regional landscapes, to reflect on the creation of social spaces. There fore, it was used as a theoretical framework to the reflections of the French philosopher Guy Di Meo. The study stands out for proposing the discussion of a unified vision for the identity not missions,because the research can identify various socio-spatial identitie sin the region. It should be noted that the thoughts of Guy Di Meo contributed to the integration of concepts between, identity, heritage, social spaces, landscapes, and tourism. What proposes an innovative vision for the Cultural Geography of the Missions. DOI: 10.7154/RDG.2012.0024.0008
Enhancing Metaphor and Metonymy Comprehension in Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder  [PDF]
Sergio Melogno, Maria Antonietta Pinto
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.511148
Abstract:

This article addresses how to enhance metaphor and metonymy comprehension in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD), who are known to have difficulties with figurative language. After considering some major issues on typical development and in HF-ASD, and some studies on treatment in this specific domain, the authors describe an intervention methodology that can be used in schools and clinics. This methodology is based on two main points: 1) the explicit teaching of strategies for understanding metaphors and 2) activities for enhancing the abstraction of semantic features in metaphors and metonymies. The authors show how these devices can make complex processes such as figurative language comprehension more concrete for children with HF-ASD.

Realismo e interpretación
Pinto,Silvio;
EPISTEME , 2006,
Abstract: en este trabajo intento mostrar, en primer lugar, que el realismo interno de hilary putnam no logra explicar filosóficamente la determinación de la referencia de las expresiones del lenguaje cotidiano. en segundo lugar, sugiero una explicación alternativa de la determinación de la referencia apelando al concepto de interpretación radical; además, el enfoque interpretativo lo voy a concebir como una variante del realismo. finalmente, sugiero que un tipo de enfoque interpretativo está presente en la filosofía del segundo wittgenstein.
Estado de conservación de Eulychnia iquiquensis (Schumann) Britton et rose (Cactaceae) en el extremo norte de Chile
Pinto,Raquel;
Gayana. Botánica , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-66432007000100010
Abstract: this study shows the localization, distribution and conservation status of e. iquiquensis along the northernmost coast of chile. living populations of e. iquiquensis are present only in five of the ten fog ecosystems registered, between 18o 38's - 70o 20'w and 21o 23's - 70o 03'w, among 600 and 1000 m altitude. we describe demographic, phenological and morphological aspects. no more than 20 individuals are still alive in each locality, with density of less than 1 ind/ha. exception to that occur in chipana (21o15's) that correspond to the southernmost study area with 3.000 cacti estimate and 5 ind/ha. e. iquiquensis present a high mortality in northern chile as in camaraca (93%), punta gruesa (45%), patache (42%) and chipana (66%). the background here exposed are enough to comfirm this species as endangered, where the northernmost population at camaraca and pta. madrid are in critically endangered and at junin, iquique and pabellon de pica no alive individual were registered
Rito, cambio cultural y la naturaleza cíclica del turismo
Pinto,Roque;
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2011,
Abstract: this text seeks to present the general model of tourism according to a cyclical perspective, where the activity is understood like a space-time extraordinary and ritualized, considering that the tourist experience is likely to promote changes in the conduct of the tourist on their society of origin, representing a relatively important factor of socio-cultural changes.
EX AEQUO: 10 Anos em revista
Pinto,Teresa;
Ex aequo , 2009,
Abstract: this paper aims at pointing out the most distinctive aspects of the journal ex ?quo throughout its ten years of existence. the journal's objectives and editorial options; its affiliation to apem ? portuguese women studies association and its independence towards any other organization; the working method and the composition of its editorial board all over this years; the central subjects that have been published up to now; the journal's reorganisation and internationalisation.
Mi conciencia de mí: ciudad y memoria en Santiago Waria de Elvira Hernández
Pinto,Karem;
Aisthesis , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-71812011000200011
Abstract: this paper presents an analysis of the poetic text santiago waria (1996) i by elvira hernández based on two reflections: the city of santiago as a territory that stages the post-dictatorship chilean process and the identity's trajectory of the (auto)configuration of her poetic voice, which acts as a recognition of an otherness as gender in its political and ethnic difference. the analysis describes the relationship of both lines with a maverick attitude to the concertaci6n's political project; the poetic speaker provokes the opening of the national history's trauma, revealing the mechanisms of concealment while declaring the difference in her experience in a gesture that install the role of women in the writing scene as well as the revindication of the poet in their critical claims and social roles.
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