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Feelings and Spiritual Practices of Patients with Mastectomy: A Qualitative Study from Turkey  [PDF]
Gul Pinar
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.325100
Abstract: Purpose: This study was conducted to describe feelings and spiritual practices of patients with mastectomy. Method: The study was employed a qualitative design at a private university hospital oncology unit in Ankara, Turkey. Interviews were performed with 20 mastectomized women. Results: The findings indicated that commonly used in several spiritual practices; prayer was used by 96%, of the patients, and 94% requested that others pray for their health, the practice to positive reframing (76%), the practice to planning for family-friends activities (74%), visiting mos-que-shrine (73%), and the practice to reading Quran (71%). The categorization of the data led to identification of three thematic units. The first we described as “Experiencing the consequences of illness as a disorder”. The second was “Restoring a sense of order to life”, and the third was “Living with the new condition”. Conclusion: We concluded that a having mastectomy was difficult for the subjects. In this respect, nurses’ role is vital to help women with breast cancer in such a difficult and modifying process as breast removal.
Simulation-Enhanced Interprofessional Education in Health Care  [PDF]
Gul Pinar
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.617189
Abstract: Using simulation-enhanced interprofessional education in health care increasingly refers to the development of team member. Collaborative teamwork in a simulated healthcare environment can contribute to increasing students’ understanding of professional roles and team building in clinical settings. Common objectives are developed for both teams that focused on safer care, effective communication, and implementation of appropriate decision-making in the management of patients. Studies highlight the benefits of social learning with peers, noting that collaboration enhances knowledge, especially when learners are responsive to the contributions of others. However, simulated interprofessional education presents many challenges that can impact teamwork opportunities. Additional research needs to be conducted to evaluate the most effective way to incorporate simulation in teamwork learning. The purpose of this study is to present a framework of IPE and specific recommendations to achieve competencies and address these challenges for IPE using simulation.
Simulation-Based Learning in Healthcare Ethics Education  [PDF]
Gul Pinar, Sibel Peksoy
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.71013
Abstract: Every year, millions of people die or get seriously injured due to errors in health practices. Therefore, it is crucial that safe care is enabled and medical errors are minimized in nursing practices and rapid response is given to changing health conditions. In order to train nurses who have professional values and are efficient in their field, simulation-based ethical education has become popular today. Enabling patient safety and preserving legal rights are ethical obligations in terms of personal, institutional and vocational benefit. Simulation is an educational model consisting of ethical and legal concepts. In this context, it is envisaged that simulation-based training such as self-rule, patient consent, patient defensiveness, empathy, communication skills and care in special patient groups are integrated in all health fields. It is considered that this approach regarded as an innovative practice can contribute to the training of health team, which has ethical values. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the current state of the simulation-based ethical training under the light of literature review.
RETRACTED: Do Deaf Children Delay in Their Executive Functioning Due to Their Delayed Language Abilities?  [PDF]
Rafet Firat Sipal, Pinar Bayhan
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.27113
Abstract: Short Retraction Notice

The substantial portions of the text came from Figueras et al., \" Executive Function and Language in Deaf Children \".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. Aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Peter Walla?(EiC of PSYCH)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Os estudos de seguran?a na Turquia: situando a Turquia no "ocidente" por meio de "escrever a seguran?a"
Bilgin, Pinar;
Contexto Internacional , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-85292004000100004
Abstract: the externally oriented and military-focused conception of national security does not fare well when accounting for the insecurities turkey has shared with other developing countries. yet, throughout the cold war era, there was little discussion on the limited relevance of such standard concepts and theories of international relations when accounting for turkey's insecurities. the article seeks to explain this with reference to a prevalent policy concern of the time: locating turkey firmly in the "west". scholarly writings on security during this period, the article suggests, helped to locate turkey in the "west" through representing its concerns as aspects of "western" security - but not as concerns typical to developing countries. the point being that throughout the cold war, representations of turkey as a "junior partner" of the united states in the fight against communism not only helped to (re)produce its "western" identity but also underlay the production of writings on security in turkey. the article falls into three parts. part i discusses the issue of misfit between international relations concepts and theories and "realities" of the developing world and emphasises the significance of historical context for understanding why and how theories and concepts travel between worlds. part ii looks at how the issue of the (ir)relevance of standard concepts and theories was treated in turkey's international relations literature during the cold war. part iii looks at the 1990s debates on turkey's conception of national security.
Sociedades económicas e ingenieros de montes en Filipinas. Sobre el aprovechamiento forestal durante el período de administración espa ola, 1775-1898
Pinar, Susana
Revista de Indias , 1999,
Abstract: It has been my intention to analyze the role of the economic societes and the Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Montes in relation with the rational use of the Philippine's forests, since the last quarter of the 18th century until the end of the Spanish administration. From a commercial point of view lacking any conservationist awareness, the necessity of a rational use of the forests will be obvious for the forestry experts along the 19th century, but because of the survival of outdated practises and a scarce institutional support on economic and staff matters their conservationist efforts were fruitless. En este artículo se analiza el papel de las sociedades económicas y del posterior cuerpo de Ingenieros de Montes en relación a la explotación forestal filipina, desde el último cuarto del siglo XVIII hasta el final de la administración espa ola. Desde su perspectiva comercial, carente de conciencia conservacionista, la necesidad de racionalizar la explotación de los bosques fue cobrando fuerza a lo largo del siglo XIX, si bien el mantenimiento de prácticas inadecuadas y un escaso apoyo institucional a nivel económico y de personal hicieron infructuosos los esfuerzos de sus responsables.
El peso del carácter. Algunas consideraciones sobre la historia de la botánica espa ola en el tránsito de sistemas
Pinar, Susana
Asclepio : Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia , 1996,
Abstract: In the present article is commented some aspects of the history of botanical classification, focusing during the transition from the so called artificial systems to natural methods, personified by Linneo and Michel Adanson. Such transition was not clear or sharp defined, intermingling in some author as much the theorical principles as the formal ones, which it is exemplified by the classification made by the Spanish botanists Francisco Noro a and Antonio José Cavanilles. En el presente estudio se discutirán algunos aspectos de la historia de las clasificaciones botánicas, centrándonos en el tránsito de los llamados sistemas artificiales a los naturales, personificados por Linneo y Michel Adanson, respectivamente. Dicha transición no fue en ningún sentido clara ni tajante, entremezclándose en diversos autores tanto los principios teóricos, como los formales, lo que se ejemplifica con los sistemas de clasificación de los botánicos espa oles, Francisco Noro a y Antonio José Cavanilles.
La recepción de la teoría cromosómica-mendeliana en Espa a. La contribución de José Fernández Nonídez
Pinar, Susana
Asclepio : Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia , 1999,
Abstract: On this paper I would like to make known the work of José Fernández Nonídez as introductor in Spain of the Mendelian-Chromosome theory developed in Morgan's school. Likewise, I make a especial mention of the training stage of Nonídez in América, I analyce his books Herencia Mendeliana and Variación y herencia, and I give especial mention of his later task as histologist since his return to the United States and until his death. Con este estudio se quiere dar a conocer la labor de José Fernández Nonídez como introductor en Espa a de la teoría mendeliano-cromosómica desarrollada en la escuela de Morgan. Asimismo, se hace especial mención de su etapa formativa en América, se analiza el contenido de sus obras Herencia Mendeliana y Variación y herencia, y se informa de su posterior labor investigadora como histólogo tras su vuelta a Estados Unidos y hasta su muerte.
La vertiente histológica de José Fernández Nonídez. Introductor de la teoría mendeliano-cromosómica en Espa a
Pinar, Susana
Asclepio : Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia , 2002,
Abstract: On this paper I would like to show the histological research of José Fernández Nonídez, who was the introducer of the Mendelian-Chromosome Theory in Spain. His studies on the parafollicular cells of thyroid, his description of the glomus aorticum and, in particular, the application of silver staining techniques from the Spanish School of Histology, bring him close to the tradition and research lines of this group, despite his career was done at the Unites States. En el presente artículo se quiere dar a conocer la labor de José Fernández Nonídez, quien fuera introductor de la teoría mendeliano-cromosómica en Espa a, como histólogo en los Estados Unidos. Sus estudios sobre las células parafoliculares del tiroides, su descripción del glomus aorticum y, en especial, la aplicación de las técnicas de impregnación argéntica de la Escuela Histológica Espa ola le acercan a la tradición y a las líneas de investigación de este grupo, a pesar de su distancia geográfica.
Bias in Epidemiological Studies: A Special Focus on Paediatric Research
Pinar AY
Journal of Pediatric Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The objective of this article is to provide an overview of bias and to discuss its impact on study results. Examples from paediatric studies are provided to acquaint the reader to different bias types.
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