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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 82019 matches for " Pin Liu "
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Lifting to cluster-tilting objects in higher cluster categories
Pin Liu
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: In this note, we consider the $d$-cluster-tilted algebras, the endomorphism algebras of $d$-cluster-tilting objects in $d$-cluster categories. We show that a tilting module over such an algebra lifts to a $d$-cluster-tilting object in this $d$-cluster category.
A Numerical Prediction of Tip Vortices from Tandem Propellers in the Counter-Rotating Type Tidal Stream Power Unit  [PDF]
Hoyun Jung, Toshiaki Kanemoto, Pin Liu
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2017.512009
Abstract: Ocean energy has a potential of providing a large amount of renewable energy around the world. One of the forms of ocean energy, tidal stream power is widely recognized as the continuous, predictable and eco-friendly ocean energy source. Unique tandem propellers that can counter-rotate have been designed to generate electric power effectively from a tidal stream. This type of power unit has several advantages compare to the conventional unit with a single propeller. At the design of the tidal stream power unit, it is important to investigate the structure of the tip vortex tubes shedding to predict the load of the propeller. In this research, we investigated the tip vortex shedding using the CFD method for the conventional single propeller and counter-rotating type tandem propellers and estimated the performance efficiency using RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) model and we confirmed the limitation of RANS model on the calculation of the tip vortex stretching.
Delay-Range-Dependent Stability Criteria for Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Systems with Fast Time-Varying Delays
Pin-Lin Liu
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/475728
Abstract: The problem of delay-range-dependent stability for T-S fuzzy system with interval time-varying delay is investigated. The constraint on the derivative of the time-varying delay is not required, which allows the time delay to be a fast time-varying function. By developing delay decomposition approach, integral inequalities approach (IIA), and Leibniz-Newton formula, the information of the delayed plant states can be taken into full consideration, and new delay-dependent sufficient stability criteria are obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) which can be easily solved by various optimization algorithms. Simulation examples show resulting criteria outperform all existing ones in the literature. It is worth pointing out that our criteria are carried out more efficiently for computation and less conservatism of the proposed criteria.
Further Results on the Stability Analysis of Singular Systems with Time-Varying Delay: A Delay Decomposition Approach
Pin-Lin Liu
International Journal of Analysis , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/721407
Abstract: This paper deals with the problem of stability analysis for singular systems with time-varying delay. By developing a delay decomposition approach, information of the delayed plant states can be taken into full consideration, and new delay-dependent sufficient stability criteria are obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), which can be easily solved by various optimization algorithms. The merits of the proposed results lie in their less conservatism which is realized by choosing different Lyapunov matrices in the decomposed intervals and taking the information of the delayed plant states into full consideration. It is proved that the newly proposed criteria may introduce less conservatism than some existing ones. Meanwhile, the computational complexity of the presented stability criteria is reduced greatly since fewer decision variables are involved. Numerical examples are included to show that the proposed method is effective and can provide less conservative results. 1. Introduction Delay phenomena widely exist in many practical engineering systems, such as aircraft, chemical, and process control systems. The study on time delay systems is thus of great significance both in theory and in practice. The time delay is frequently a source of instability and performance deterioration. Therefore, stability analysis and controller synthesis for time-delay system have been one of the most challenging issues [1–23]. On the other hand, singular time-delay systems, which are also referred to as implicit time-delay systems, descriptor time-delay systems, or generalized differential-difference equations, have strong practical relevance in various engineering systems, including aircraft attitude control, flexible arm control of robots, large-scale electric network control, chemical engineering systems, lossless transmission lines, and so forth (see, e.g., [3–11, 13, 15–21]). For this reason, over the past decades, there has been increasing interest in the stability analysis for singular time-delay systems, and many results have been reported in the literature [6, 9, 15–20]. Recently, some improved delay-dependent stability criteria have been obtained without using different model transformations and bounding techniques for cross terms [4–6, 13, 16, 19]. However, some slack variables are introduced apart from the matrix variables appearing in Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals (LKFs), and the results are still conservative, which can be seen by applying these types of criteria to the nominal singular system with a constant time delay and comparing with
Lifting to cluster-tilting objects in 2-Calabi-Yau triangulated categories
Changjian Fu,Pin Liu
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: We show that a tilting module over the endomorphism algebra of a cluster-tilting object in a 2-Calabi-Yau triangulated category lifts to a cluster-tilting object in this 2-Calabi-Yau triangulated category. This generalizes a recent work of D. Smith for cluster categories.
Regulatory Function of a Novel Population of Mouse Autoantigen-Specific Foxp3? Regulatory T Cells Depends on IFN-γ, NO, and Contact with Target Cells
Cyndi Chen,Chih-Pin Liu
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007863
Abstract: Both naturally arising Foxp3+ and antigen-induced Foxp3? regulatory T cells (Treg) play a critical role in regulating immune responses, as well as in preventing autoimmune diseases and graft rejection. It is known that antigen-specific Treg are more potent than polyclonal Treg in suppressing pathogenic immune responses that cause autoimmunity and inflammation. However, difficulty in identifying and isolating a sufficient number of antigen-specific Treg has limited their use in research to elucidate the mechanisms underlying their regulatory function and their potential role in therapy.
Role of the APOE ε2/ε3/ε4 Polymorphism in the Development of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: Evidence from a Comprehensive Meta-Analysis
Qinglu Song, Pin Chen, Qinghuai Liu
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082347
Abstract: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. The association between the APOE ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism and the risk of POAG has been widely reported, but the results of previous studies remain controversial. To comprehensively evaluate the APOE ?2/?3/ε4 polymorphism on the genetic risk for POAG, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of previously published studies. The PubMed and Web of Science databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies. Data were extracted from these studies and odds ratios with corresponding 95% confidence intervals were computed to estimate the strength of the association. Stratified analyses according to ethnicity and sensitivity analyses were also conducted for further confirmation. A total of nine studies were eligible for the meta-analysis, and these studies included data on 1928 POAG cases and 1793 unrelated match controls. The combined results showed that there were no associations between the APOE ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism and POAG risk in any of the 10 comparison models. The analysis that was stratified by ethnicity subgroups also failed to reveal a significant association. The sensitivity analysis confirmed the stability and reliability of the findings. There was no risk of publication bias. Our meta-analysis provides strong evidence that the APOE ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism is not associated with POAG susceptibility in any populations.
Profit Incentive In A Secondary Spectrum Market: A Contract Design Approach
Shang-Pin Sheng,Mingyan Liu
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we formulate a contract design problem where a primary license holder wishes to profit from its excess spectrum capacity by selling it to potential secondary users/buyers. It needs to determine how to optimally price the excess spectrum so as to maximize its profit, knowing that this excess capacity is stochastic in nature, does not come with exclusive access, and cannot provide deterministic service guarantees to a buyer. At the same time, buyers are of different {\em types}, characterized by different communication needs, tolerance for the channel uncertainty, and so on, all of which a buyer's private information. The license holder must then try to design different contracts catered to different types of buyers in order to maximize its profit. We address this problem by adopting as a reference a traditional spectrum market where the buyer can purchase exclusive access with fixed/deterministic guarantees. We fully characterize the optimal solution in the cases where there is a single buyer type, and when multiple types of buyers share the same, known channel condition as a result of the primary user activity. In the most general case we construct an algorithm that generates a set of contracts in a computationally efficient manner, and show that this set is optimal when the buyer types satisfy a monotonicity condition.
Design of Half-Ducted Axial Flow Fan Considering Radial Inflow and Outflow  [PDF]
Pin Liu, Yusuke Oka, Yoichi Kinoue, Norimasa Shiomi, Toshiaki Setoguchi, Yingzi Jin
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.32A001

Half-ducted fan and ducted fan have been designed and numerically analyzed for investigating the radial flow effect on the overall performance and the three dimensional flow field in design. Based on quasi-three dimensional flow theory, the meridional flow was calculated by adopting the radial balance equations, while the calculation of the blade to blade flow was obtained by 2D cascade data with the correction by a potential flow theory. Two types of axial flow fan were designed. One is the full ducted case as if it was in the straight pipe and another is the half-ducted case with the radial inflow and outflow. The previous experimental results of authors were used to decide the inclinations of both the inflow and outflow. And the circular arc blade with equal thickness was adopted. The numerical results indicate that both of the designed fans can reach the specified efficiency and also the efficiency surpasses more than 11%. Furthermore, the static pressure characteristic of half-ducted fan is much better than that of ducted fan. In comparison of the three dimensional internal flow of these two fans, the improvement of the flow angle at inlet and outlet, the distributions of velocity in the flow field and the pressure distributions on the blade surfaces can be achieved more successfully in accordance with the design intension on consideration of flow angle in design. The conclusion that half-ducted design with considering radial inflow and outflow is feasible and valid in comparison with ducted design for axial flow fans has been obtained at the end of the paper.

Existence of Qiongnan suture zone on the north margin of South China Sea
Hailing Liu,Pin Yan,Yingchun Liu,Hui Deng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2006, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-006-9107-x
Abstract: This paper aims to explore whether paleo-suture zone exists in the pre-Cenozoic basement of South China Sea (SCS). By taking advantage of integrated geophysical surveying data, including multi-channel reflection seismicity, oceanic bottom seismicity, gravity and magnetic data as well as paleomagnetism and drilling information, a comprehensive analysis on sedimentary stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, magmatic and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, gravity study, magnetics, paleogeomagnetics as well as geotectonics was carried out, and the results clearly indicate that a pre-Cenozoic suture zone, i.e. “Qiongnan (south Hainan Island) suture zone”, does exist on the north margin of SCS. This suture zone starts in the west from the Jiusuo-Lingshui fault zone in the south of Hainan Island, extends eastward across the continental slope to the north of SCS, and links with Shoufeng fault in Taiwan. It is inferred that the Qiongnan suture zone was sutured approximately in Indosinian (Triassic) Epoch and is actually the vestige of “Qiongnan ocean basin”, the extension of the main paleo-Tethys ocean basin in SCS. The formation of Qiongnan suture zone marked the collision-accretion of the Qiongnan Block toward the Qiongzhong Block. The Qiongnan suture zone is linked to the west with the southward extension of the principal suture zone of the Paleo-Tethys at Bitu-Changning-Menglian-Bentong-Raub, across the southern segment of the Red River-East Vietnam-Wanna strike-slip fault zone, and connected to the east with the suture zone emplaced into the south margin of the Oki-Hida Pre-Jurassic terranes in southwest Japan, across the northern segment of the Manila trench fault zone in the northeast side of Taiwan Island. The discovery of this suture zone is believed to be potentially significant toward study of the pre-Cenozoic geotectonic pattern of SCS, the temporal and spatial distribution of the east paleo-Tethys structural domain in SCS and the relationship of recombination and superimposition between the east paleo-Tethys structural domain and the west Pacific structural domain, in addition to the oil/gas geological potentials in the pre-Cenozoic marine vestige-superimposed basin in the study area.
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