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The dietary consumption
of fruit and vegetable is associated with a lower incidence of degenerative diseases
such as cardiovascular disease. Most recent interest has focused on the bioactive
phenolic compounds in vegetable products. All varieties of apple contain several
antioxidants and polyphenols that possess many biological activities, such as antioxidant
and anti-inflammation properties. The review describes the nutritional properties
of apples and their derivatives, with a particular attention to polyphenol compounds.
Moreover, the health benefits of apples and the potential molecular mechanisms against
cardiovascular disease are reviewed.