Abstract:
This paper investigates the well posedness of ordinary differential equations and more precisely the existence (or uniqueness) of a flow through explicit compactness estimates. Instead of assuming a bounded divergence condition on the vector field, a compressibility condition on the flow (bounded jacobian) is considered. The main result provides existence under the condition that the vector field belongs to $BV$ in dimension 2 and $SBV$ in higher dimensions.

Abstract:
We consider integro-differential models describing the evolution of a population structured by a quantitative trait. Individuals interact competitively, creating a strong selection pressure on the population. On the other hand, mutations are assumed to be small. Following the formalism of Diekmann, Jabin, Mischler, and Perthame, this creates concentration phenomena, typically consisting in a sum of Dirac masses slowly evolving in time. We propose a modification to those classical models that takes the effect of small populations into accounts and corrects some abnormal behaviours.

Abstract:
We present a divergence free vector field in the Sobolev space $H^1$ such that the flow associated to the field does not belong to any Sobolev space. The vector field is deterministic but constructed as the realization of a random field combining simple elements. This construction illustrates the optimality of recent quantitative regularity estimates as it gives a straightforward example of a well-posed flow which has nevertheless only very weak regularity.

Abstract:
We prove global existence of appropriate weak solutions for the compressible Navier--Stokes equations for more general stress tensor than those covered by P.-L. Lions and E. Feireisl's theory. More precisely we focus on more general pressure laws which are not thermodynamically stable; we are also able to handle some anisotropy in the viscous stress tensor. To give answers to these two longstanding problems, we revisit the classical compactness theory on the density by obtaining precise quantitative regularity estimates: This requires a more precise analysis of the structure of the equations combined to a novel approach to the compactness of the continuity equation. These two cases open the theory to important physical applications, for instance to describe solar events (virial pressure law), geophysical flows (eddy viscosity) or biological situations (anisotropy).

Abstract:
We consider a integro-differential nonlinear model that describes the evolution of a population structured by a quantitative trait. The interactions between traits occur from competition for resources whose concentrations depend on the current state of the population. Following the formalism of\cite{DJMP}, we study a concentration phenomenon arising in the limit of strong selection and small mutations. We prove that the population density converges to a sum of Dirac masses characterized by the solution $\phi$ of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation which depends on resource concentrations that we fully characterize in terms of the function $\phi$.

Abstract:
We obtain the mean field limit and the propagation of chaos for a system of particles interacting with a singular interaction force of the type $1/|x|^\alpha$, with $\alpha <1$ in dimension $d \geq 3$. We also provide results for forces with singularity up to $\alpha < d-1$ but with large enough cut-off. This last result thus almost includes the most interesting case of Coulombian or gravitational interaction, but it is also interesting when the strength of the singularity $\alpha$ is larger but close to one, in which case it allows for very small cut-off.

Abstract:
We prove compactness and hence existence for solutions to a class of non linear transport equations. The corresponding models combine the features of linear transport equations and scalar conservation laws. We introduce a new method which gives quantitative compactness estimates compatible with both frameworks.

Abstract:
We study strong existence and pathwise uniqueness for stochastic differential equations in $\RR^d$ with rough coefficients, and without assuming uniform ellipticity for the diffusion matrix. Our approach relies on direct quantitative estimates on solutions to the SDE, assuming Sobolev bounds on the drift and diffusion coefficients, and $L^p$ bounds for the solution of the corresponding Fokker-Planck PDE, which can be proved separately. This allows a great flexibility regarding the method employed to obtain these last bounds. Hence we are able to obtain general criteria in various cases, including the uniformly elliptic case in any dimension, the one-dimensional case and the Langevin (kinetic) case.

Abstract:
We show the existence and uniqueness of a DiPerna-Lions flow for relativistic particles subject to a Lorentz force in an electromagnetic field. The electric and magnetic fields solves the linear Maxwell system in the void but for singular initial conditions. As the corresponding force field is only in $L^2$, we have to perform a careful analysis of the cancellations over a trajectory.

Abstract:
We consider large systems of particles interacting through rough but bounded interaction kernels. We are able to control the relative entropy between the $N$-particle distribution and the expected limit which solves the corresponding Vlasov system. This implies the Mean Field limit to the Vlasov system together with Propagation of Chaos through the strong convergence of all the marginals. The method works at the level of the Liouville equation and relies on precise combinatorics results.