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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11045 matches for " Pierre Schott "
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How to Introduce the Cyclic Group and Its Properties Representation with Matlab ? Thanks to Magic Using the Perfect Faro Shuffle  [PDF]
Pierre Schott
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.21005
Abstract: Why use Magic for teaching arithmetic and geometric suit, additive groups, and algorithmic notions through Matlab? Magicians know that, once the surprise has worn off, the audience will seek to understand how the trick works. The aim of every teacher is to interest their students, and a magic trick will lead them to ask how? And why? And how can I create one myself? In this article we consider a project I presented in 2009. I summarize the project scope, the students' theoretical studies, their approach to this problem and their computer realizations. I conclude using the mathematical complement as well as weak and strong points of this approach. Whatever the student's professional ambitions, they will be able to see the impact that originality and creativity have when combined with an interest in one's work. The students know how to “perform” a magic trick for their family and friends, a trick that they will be able to explain and so enjoy a certain amount of success. Sharing a mathematical / informatics demonstration is not easy and that they do so means that they will have worked on understood and are capable of explaining this knowledge. Isn't this the aim of all teaching?
The Use of Magic in Optics in Higher Education  [PDF]
Pierre Schott
Creative Education (CE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2010.11003
Abstract: Why use Magic for teaching Optics? Magicians know that, once the surprise has worn off, the audience will seek to understand how the trick works. The aim of every teacher is to interest their students, and a magic trick will bring them to ask how? And why? And how can I create one myself? In this article we consider a project I gave in 2006. I summarize the project scopes, the student theoretical studies, their “new” Grand Illusion realization. I conclude by the weak and strong points of this approach… but let's not reveal all the secrets just yet! Whatever the student's professional ambitions, they will be able to see the impact that originality and creativity have when combined with an interest in one's work. The students know how to “perform” a magic trick for their family and friends, a trick that they will be able to explain and so enjoy a certain amount of success. Sharing a mathematical/physical demonstration is not easy and that they do so means that they will have worked on, understood and are capable of explaining this knowledge. Isn't this the aim of all teaching?
How to Introduce the Basis of Algorithmics? Thanks to the Enumeration and Composition of All Riffle Shuffles from a N Card Deck Used in MathMagic  [PDF]
P. Schott
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34082
Abstract: Why use magic for teaching combinatory, algorithms and finally informatics basis as tables, control structure, loops and recursive function? Magicians know that once the surprise has worn off, the audience will seek to understand how the trick works. The aim of every teacher is to interest their students, and a magic trick will lead them to ask ‘how?’ and ‘why?’ and ‘how can I create one myself?’ In this article we consider a project I presented in 2009, the subject of which was ‘How many riffle shuffles does exist from a N card deck? Find the composition of each possible riffle shuffle’. The aim of the paper is not only to describe the project scope, the students’ theoretical studies, their approach to this problem and their computer realizations, but also to give ideas for a course or project using pedagogy. That is why only remarkable students’ realizations are shown. In order to complete the given project, the students must answer three steps: the first one is to answer to the following question: “how can I find all possible riffle shuffles with few cards? (for exe*ample 3, 4 or 5 cards) the second one (to go further ) is to answer to the following question “how can I generalize this solution through an algorithm?” the last one (to obtain the results!) is to program the algorithm with a recursive and a non-recursive solution). Each step of the Matlab? solution code is associated with an informatics basis. Whatever the student's professional ambitions, they will be able to see the impact that originality and creativity have when combined with an interest in one’s work. That’s why, two ameliorations of the ‘basic’ algorithm are proposed and a study of the gain thanks to these ameliorations is done. The students know how to “perform” a magic trick for their family and friends thanks to the use of riffle shuffle in Gilbreath’s principles, a trick that they will be able to explain and so enjoy a certain amount of success with. Sharing a mathematical/informatics demonstration is not easy and the fact that they do so means that they will have worked on and understood and are capable of explaining this knowledge. Isn’t this the aim of all teaching?
Effects of Neurokinin-1 Receptor Inhibition on Anxiety Behavior in Neonatal Rats Selectively Bred for an Infantile Affective Trait  [PDF]
Amanda L. Schott, Betty Zimmerberg
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.59096
Abstract:

Interest in understanding the etiology and developing new treatments for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents has led to recent studies of neurotransmitters not traditionally associated with neural pathways for fear and anxiety. The binding of the neurotransmitter substance P (SP) to its neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor may be a crucial component in mediating the anxiety response. While previous studies using rodent models have documented the anxiolytic effects of SP antagonists, the role of individual differences in affective temperament has not yet been examined in studies of drug response. This study used intracerebroventricular injections of the NK1 antagonist Spantide II at concentrations of 10 and 100 pmol to examine the consequences of blocking the SP-NK1 pathway in high and low line rats selectively bred for high or low levels of ultrasonic distress calls after a brief maternal separation. Affective temperament was a significant factor in determining drug response. Spantide II resulted in a significant reduction of distress calls in subjects in the high anxiety line, while low line subjects with low anxiety were resistant to the drug. These data indicate that the SP-NK1 pathway could be an important therapeutic target for the treatment of various stress disorders, but drug response might be influenced by the individual’s state anxiety or history of chronic stress.

Psychological trauma from the perspective of medical history: from Paracelsus to Freud
Heinz Schott
Poiesis & Praxis , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-008-0064-0
Abstract: La traumatisation psychologique, telle que nous la comprenons aujourd’hui, fut, conformément à l’histoire des idées, anticipée par diverses approches qui ont eu un impact durable sur la psychiatrie moderne, la psychothérapie et la médecine psychosomatique. D’un c té, nous avons le concept traditionnel de possession et d’exorcisme avec ses manifestations psychodynamiques impressionnantes. D’un autre c té, il y a la théorie de l’imagination, de l’illusion impliquée dans une infection pathogène. C’est surtout l’enseignement de la pathologie de Paracelse (16ième siècle) mais aussi Johann Baptiste Van Helmont (17ième siècle), ce dernier ayant fait évoluer l’ancienne pratique de l’alchimie, qui démontrent à quel point la démonologie, la parasitologie et les notions psychologiques étaient amalgamés dans leur conception “ontologique” de la maladie. L’introduction de l’hypnose, au milieu du 19ième siècle, a rendu possible une compréhension psychologique ou psychodynamique du trauma psychologique, au sens moderne du terme. L’hypnose s’est évertuée à se dissocier complètement des spéculations philosophiques magiques et naturelles de mesmérisme et sa théorie était assez compatible avec les représentations en règle de la médecine scientifique. Sigmund Freud a été capable d’associer ce concept dans ses notions d’hystérie et de névrose et surtout de définir la répression de la sexualité (infantile) comme étant un trauma psychologique culturel inéluctable. Finalement, un bref tout d’horizon de l’histoire médical nous permet d’aborder le trauma artificiel comme un facteur de guérison.
Sachsenspiegel und Magdeburger Stadtrecht: Impuls und Fundament der Rechtsentwicklung in Europa
Clausdieter Schott
Forum Historiae Iuris , 2007,
Abstract: Europa ist kein geografischer Kontinent, sondern ein historischer Erdteil, der durch verschiedene kulturelle Netzwerke als Einheit begriffen wird. Solche Netzwerke sind auch die übergreifenden Rechtssysteme wie das r mische Recht, aber etwa auch das s chsisch-magdeburgische Recht. Dieses beruht auf dem um 1230 vom s chsischen Ritter Eike von Repgow verfassten, von diesem als Spiegel der Sachsen“ bezeichneten Rechtsbuch sowie auf dem aus Rechtsgewohnheiten, Privilegien und Spruchrecht geformten Recht der Stadt Magdeburg. Beide historisch verwandten Quellenbereiche berühren und durchdringen sich wiederholt im Sp tmittelalter, so dass von einem s chsisch-magdeburgischen Recht gesprochen werden kann. In der einen oder anderen Form und in vielf ltigen Be- und Verarbeitungen breitet sich das s chsisch-magddeburgische Recht nach Westen, Süden und Osten aus. Im Westen und Süden – hier vor allem in der weiter entwickelten Form des sp ter so genannten Schwabenspiegels – erkl rt sich die Rezeption aus dem Bedürfnis nach Schriftlichkeit des Rechts. Im Osten erscheint es, auch in der Bezeichnung Ius Theutonicum, mit einer Reichweite bis über den Dnjepr hinaus als fortschrittliches Element der Siedlerbewegung und der St dtegründungen bzw. –erweiterungen und wird Bestandteil des polnischen Rechts. Die Stadt Magdeburg versteht sich als rechtlicher Brückenpfeiler zwischen dem Westen und Osten Europas und pr gt durch ihren Sch ffenstuhl weithin die Rechtsentwicklung. Mit einem Exkurs zum Judenrecht wird noch aufgezeigt, für welche Berührpunkte zur jüdischen Bev lkerung Regelungsbedarf bestand und wie sich der Sachsenspiegel und die im 14. Jahrhundert entstandene Glosse um emotionslose, sachliche L sungen bemühten.
A Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of First-Person Shooter Audio and its Potential Use for Game Engines
Mark Grimshaw,Gareth Schott
International Journal of Computer Games Technology , 2008, DOI: 10.1155/2008/720280
Abstract: We introduce and describe a new conceptual framework for the design and analysis of audio for immersive first-person shooter games, and discuss its potential implications for the development of the audio component of game engines. The framework was created in order to illustrate and acknowledge the direct role of in-game audio in shaping player-player interactions and in creating a sense of immersion in the game world. Furthermore, it is argued that the relationship between player and sound is best conceptualized theoretically as an acoustic ecology. Current game engines are capable of game world spatiality through acoustic shading, but the ideas presented here provide a framework to explore other immersive possibilities for game audio through real-time synthesis.
ENTREPRENEURS’ CONFIDENCE IN INNOVATION AND THEIR INNOVATIVENESS
Nastooh Nochian,Thomas Schott
Economic Review : Journal of Economics and Business , 2012,
Abstract: This article tests the hypothesis that entrepreneurs’ confidence in innovation has a positive effect on their innovativeness. The sample is 550 owner managers sampled from the population of owner managers in Iran in 2010, surveyed in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, GEM. An organizational innovation confidence index is constructed from three questions asking whether the organization that they work in is likely to buy products or services that are new, use new technologies in their daily work, and use new products and services that will improve their working life. Innovation is measured by two questions asking if customers consider the product or service new and unfamiliar, if the technologies or procedures required for the product or service are new. Using structural equations modeling, we conclude that there is a positive effect of organizational innovation confidence on innovation. Therefore, the Iranian owner managers who have more confidence in innovation act more innovatively.
Irriguer dans le bassin du Rh ne
Florence Richard-Schott
M@ppemonde , 2012,
Abstract: La question des ressources en eau constitue l’une des plus angoissantes questions de notre temps. Manquons-nous d’eau, manquerons-nous d’eau un jour? Cette inquiétude est récurrente dans les régions sèches de la planète, et depuis quelques années, elle tend même à le devenir dans des régions tempérées réputées humides . La menace d’une pénurie d’eau, réelle ou présumée, est d’autant plus sensible qu’un changement climatique semble bel et bien se dessiner. Certains épisodes récents ont eu un fort impact sur les populations qui craignent, entre autres, une accélération — non plus seulement saisonnière, mais permanente et définitive — des crises liées au manque d’eau. Les sécheresses de 1976 et de 2003 ont particulièrement marqué les esprits. Désormais, l’eau n’appara t plus comme une richesse naturelle illimitée que l’homme peut ponctionner à son gré, mais bien comme une ressource rare et fragile qu’il doit au contraire partager et préserver.
Aafrika rahvajutud religioonietnoloogilise allikana bulsa (P hja-Ghana) p rimuse n itel II
Rüdiger Schott
M?etagused. Hüperajakiri , 2002,
Abstract: Continued from M etagused 16. In many Bulsa narratives, death, the deceased and ghosts have the central role. The mourning festivities have an important place in Bulsa tradition, being held not after the funeral but at the earliest in the dry season following the death, but oftern only one or more years later. Mourning ceremonies and festivities are not elaborated on in Bulsa narratives. However, they display the attitude of the Bulsas: in proper families, the members of the family feel connected with the deceased person even after his or her death. Many Bulsa narratives emphasise that God must be believed in. Nobody can be killed against the intent of the God and God punishes those doubting its power. Bulsa narratives lack the sentimental happy end: evil and ingratitude are human vices that unavoidably lead to doom. In conclusion, Bulsa folk tales can be used as an additional source in relion studies. The narratives convey no information on the details elementary for the narrator and the characters are stereotypical, the situations expressing fictive circumstances nor directly relative to everyday life. Their value in religion ethnology lies mostly in that they mark the so-called neuralgic nodes of the religion and can be used to assess the ethos, values and attitudes of the community. They are authentic in that they relay religious information not induced by European concepts and questions by foreigners.
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