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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4514 matches for " Piccinini Cesar "
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A escolha do cuidado alternativo para o bebê e a crian?a pequena
Rapoport, Andrea;Piccinini, Cesar A.;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2004000300012
Abstract: the choice of an alternative care for the infant is not an easy task for parents and it involves the analysis of several factors. it is even harder when this choice has to be made in the first months of the baby's life. this article aims to discuss the factors which have influence in choosing an alternative care (i.e., relatives, baby sitter, and day care) for the infant, and the advantages and disadvantages mentioned by parents for the different ways of care. the factors involved in the decision process for the parents are: the financial and social status of the family, the social support received in taking care of the child, and the ethnic group. research shows that a proper alternative care not only relaxes and reassures parents as well as contributes to the development of the infant and keeps the quality of the parent-child bond.
Maternidade e situa??es estressantes no primeiro ano de vida do bebê
Rapoport, Andrea;Piccinini, Cesar Augusto;
Psico-USF , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712011000200010
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to investigate stressful situations related to the experience of motherhood and social support in the baby's first year of life. thirty-nine primiparous adult mothers, who lived with their partners, took part in the study. the mothers were interviewed when the baby was a year old. the results show a number of mothers reported stressful situations during baby's first year of life, especially in the first months. there was greater request for social support during these situations, and when this was received, it helped mothers both from an emotional and a practical point of view. the results suggest that social support given to the mother is fundamental both for her and for her relationship with her child.
Práticas Educativas Maternas e Problemas de Comportamento em Pré-Escolares
Alvarenga, Patrícia;Piccinini, Cesar;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722001000300002
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to investigate differences in mothers' childrearing practices toward children with and without behavior problems involving externalizing behaviors (clinical and non-clinical group, respectively). thirty mother-child dyads from both low and medium-low ses level participated in the study. children were of both sexes, with ages ranging from five to six years. the dyads were assigned to the clinical or non-clinical group based on the children's scores on the child behavior checklist (cbcl). the mothers were interviewed about their childrearing practices in both structured and spontaneous situations. content analysis of the interviews regarding the structured situations revealed that the mothers of the clinical group mentioned significantly more coercive practices than did mothers of the non-clinical group. the same trend appeared in the spontaneous situations, although the differences were not significant.
Concep??es de educadoras sobre a adapta??o de bebês à creche
Rapoport, Andrea;Piccinini, Cesar A.;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722001000100010
Abstract: although there is consensus among researchers about the complexity of the period of adaptation to daycare center, inconsistencies still exist about the most adequate moment for the child's entry into daycare center, about the concept of adaptation and how to assess this period. this study examined the way teachers in public and private daycare center characterized the adaptation of babies 4-5 months of age and babies 8-9 months of age. fourty-one teachers answered a questionnaire which examined the way the adaptation process was carried out, its duration, cases where babies retroceded after being adapted and the factors which interfered in the adaptation. content analysis revealed some differences between the conceptions of adaptation in each age group. teachers believe that the adaptation of babies of 8-9 months requires greater preparation and care, being considered, in some cases, a more critical process than the adaptation of the other age group. there were also differences among the mentioned indicators between the two age groups.
O ingresso e adapta??o de bebês e crian?as pequenas à creche: alguns aspectos críticos
Rapoport, Andrea;Piccinini, Cesar Augusto;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722001000100007
Abstract: the present article examines some theoretical aspects and empirical studies related to the entry of babies and small children into daycare center. the problems of early separation and its consequences to child development are also examined. futhermore, it discusses the factors which interfere in adaptation to the daycare center and the infant's coping strategies to deal with potentially stressful events. although there is consensus about the complexity of the period of adaptation to daycare center, there are some inconsistencies among the studies about the most adequate period for entering daycare center, some ages being pointed out as more critical. in any case, the adaptation to daycare center depends on various factors, which makes it impossible for us to make predictions based on any isolated factor.
Famílias uniparentais: a m e solteira na literatura
Marin, Angela,Piccinini, Cesar Augusto
Psico , 2009,
Abstract: A propor o de famílias uniparentais, em especial àquelas envolvendo m es solteiras, tem aumentado nas sociedades ocidentais, o que constitui um significativo reordenamento do sistema familiar. As famílias de m es solteiras têm sido indicadas como exigindo recursos adaptativos intensos devido a aspectos relacionados à ausência paterna apontados como importantes para o desenvolvimento infantil. Nesse sentido, o presente artigo visa apresentar as eventuais implica es de ser m e solteira e como esta configura o familiar tem sido abordada pela literatura nacional e internacional. Estudos têm mostrado que a crian a pode se desenvolver sem prejuízos em lares de m es solteiras, mas em oposi o a estes, parte expressiva da literatura aponta para as implica es negativas destas configura es, especialmente em rela o às suas características sociodemográficas, psicológicas e sociais. Apesar da inconsistência de achados, é possível pensar que a ausência do pai pode ser compensada pela dedica o das m es ou por outros fatores, como o apoio social recebido.
Concep es de educadoras sobre a adapta o de bebês à creche
Rapoport Andrea,Piccinini Cesar A.
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2001,
Abstract: Embora haja consenso entre os pesquisadores sobre a complexidade do período de adapta o à creche, existem ainda inconsistências sobre o momento mais adequado para se colocar o bebê na creche, quanto ao conceito de adapta o e como avaliar este período. Este estudo examinou como educadoras de creches públicas e particulares caracterizavam a adapta o dos bebês de 4-5 meses e 8-9 meses. Quarenta e uma educadoras responderam a um questionário aberto que examinava como era feito o processo de adapta o, sua dura o, os casos de bebês que apresentavam retrocesso após estarem adaptados e os fatores que interferiam na adapta o. Análise de conteúdo revelou algumas diferen as entre as concep es de adapta o dos bebês das duas faixas etárias. Segundo as educadoras a adapta o dos bebês de 8-9 meses requer maior prepara o e cuidado, sendo em alguns aspectos uma etapa mais crítica do que a do outro grupo. Houve também diferen as entre os indicadores mencionados para as duas faixas etárias.
Práticas Educativas Maternas e Problemas de Comportamento em Pré-Escolares
Alvarenga Patrícia,Piccinini Cesar
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2001,
Abstract: O presente estudo investigou as diferen as entre as práticas educativas relatadas por m es de crian as com e sem problemas de comportamento envolvendo externaliza o (grupo clínico e grupo n o-clínico, respectivamente). Participaram do estudo 30 díades m e-crian a, de nível sócio-econ mico baixo e médio-baixo. As crian as eram de ambos os sexos e tinham entre cinco e seis anos de idade. As díades foram designadas aos grupos clínico e n o-clínico com base na pontua o da crian a no Inventário de Comportamentos da Infancia e Adolescência - CBCL. As m es responderam a uma entrevista sobre práticas educativas envolvendo situa es estruturadas e espontaneas. Análise de conteúdo das entrevistas, relacionada às situa es estruturadas, mostrou que as m es do grupo clínico mencionaram práticas coercitivas com uma freqüência significativamente maior do que as m es do grupo n o-clínico. A mesma tendência, embora n o significativa, apareceu para as situa es espontaneas.
O ingresso e adapta o de bebês e crian as pequenas à creche: alguns aspectos críticos
Rapoport Andrea,Piccinini Cesar Augusto
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2001,
Abstract: O presente artigo examina algumas quest es teóricas e estudos empíricos acerca do ingresso de bebês e crian as pequenas à creche. Analisa-se, em particular, a problemática da separa o precoce e as conseqüências para o desenvolvimento infantil do ingresso na creche durante o primeiro ano de vida. Discute-se, ainda, os fatores que interferem na adapta o à creche e as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas pelos bebês e crian as pequenas para se adaptar e enfrentar às situa es potencialmente estressantes no contexto da creche. Embora haja consenso sobre a complexidade do período de adapta o à creche, existem inconsistências entre os estudos sobre o período mais adequado para ingresso na creche, sendo que algumas idades s o apontadas como mais críticas. De qualquer modo, a adapta o à creche depende de diversos fatores, o que n o permite fazer previs es com base em um ou outro fator isoladamente.
Gesta??o do segundo filho: percep??es maternas sobre a rea??o do primogênito
Pereira, Caroline Rubin Rossato;Piccinini, Cesar Augusto;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2011000100007
Abstract: the present study investigated mothers' perceptions regarding the reaction of the firstborn to the pregnancy with second child. eight pregnant women, who had one pre-school child and were in the third trimester of pregnancy, participated in the study. a qualitative content analysis of the interviews revealed that the pregnancy and the proximity of childbirth unleashed anxiety and jealousy in the firstborn, accompanied by demonstrations of joy at the arrival of the sibling. all the children showed attitudes indicative of jealousy, including fear of losing mother's attention and affection, as well as signs of aggressiveness towards the mother's belly. the results suggest that the mother's pregnancy is an outstanding event in the life of the firstborn, emphasizing the importance of parental support in this period.
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